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Historical Themes

Native American Relations
Selected Primary Sources

These represent a select few of the primary sources available on our site. To find additional materials, please use the search form.

Black Hawk; LeClair, Antoine, interpreter; Patterson, J. B., editor [1882], Autobiography of Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kiak, or Black Hawk, Embracing the Traditions of his Nation, Various Wars In Which He Has Been Engaged, and His Account of the Cause and General History of the Black Hawk War of 1832, His Surrender, and Travels Through the United States. Also Life, Death and Burial of the Old Chief, Together with a History of the Black Hawk War (Oquawka, IL: J. B. Patterson) Permission: Northern Illinois University.

Creator unknown; Black Hawk [1838], Phrenological Developments and Character of the Celebrated Indian Chief and Warrior, Black Hawk; With Cuts (American Phrenological Journal and Miscellany, vol. 1, no. 2, Nov. 1838, 51-61) Permission: Illinois State University.

United States [1804], Treaty with the Sauk and Foxes, Nov. 3, 1804, 7 Stat., 84 (From Indian Treaties, 1778-1883. Ed. Charles J. Kappler. New York: Interland Publishing, Inc., 1972. 74-77.) Permission: Northern Illinois University.

Edwards, William P. [1832], Narrative of the Capture and Providential Escape of Misses Frances and Almira Hall, Two Respectable Young Women (Sisters) of the Ages of 16 and 18--Who Were Taken Prisoners By the Savages, at a Frontier Settlement, Near Indian Creek, in May Last, When Fifteen of the Inhabitants Fell Victims to the Bloody Tomahawk and Scalping Knife ; Among Whom Were the Parents of the Unfortunate Females. Likewise is Added, the Interesting Narrative of the Captivity and Sufferings of Philip Brigdon, A Kentuckian, Who Fell Into the Hands of the Merciless Savages on Their Return to Their Settlement, Three Days After the Bloody Massacre. (New York: William P. Edwards) Permission: Northern Illinois University.

Jackson, Andrew [1832], Letter to Senate and House of Representatives Concerning the Removal of the Indians (From A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents. Ed. James D. Richardson. New York: Bureau of National Literature, 1897. 1128-1029) Permission: Northern Illinois University.

Stewart, Catherine [1843], New Homes in the West (Nashville: Cameron and Fall) Permission: Northern Illinois University.

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