Two Faces.


Thursday, October 14, 1858.


I should like to know, if taking this old Declaration of Independence, which declares that all men are equal upon principle, and making exceptions to it, where will it stop? IF ONE MAN SAYS IT DOES NOT MEAN A NEGRO WHY MAY NOT ANOTHER MAN SAY IT DOES NOT MEAN ANOTHER MAN? – Lincoln's Chicago Speech in answer to Senator Douglas, July 10th, 1858

"My friends, I have detained you about as long as I desired to do, and I have only to say, let us discard all this quibbling about this man and the other man – this race and that race, and the other race being inferior, and therefore they must be placed in an inferior position, discarding our standard that we have left us. Let us discard all these things and unite as one people throughout this land, until we shall once more stand up declaring that all men are created equal."


In the discussion at Charleston, he said:
"There is a "physical differance" between the black and white races that will forever prohibit the two races living together upon terms of political equality."

"If there is such a "physical difference" as renders "political equality" impossible, how could the framers of Declaration have included negroes?

In his speech in Urbana, Mr. Lincoln said:
"If it be said I am in favor of allowing negroes to vote, I deny it; if it be said I am in favor of allowing negroes to hold office, I deny it; if it be said I am in favor of allowing negroes to become jurors, I deny it; if it be said I am in favor of allowing negroes to testify in courts of justice against white men, I deny it; if it be said I am in favor of allowing negroes social and political privileges on an equality with white citizens, in any respect whatever, I deny it."

Who will not say that two faces are represented in the above different statements? Can men, who claim rights for the negro, vote for Lincoln? What confidence can the voters of Stephenson county place in a man, who is for and against the negro? Lincoln has declared himself in favor of the Dred Scott Decision in the South, so far as his right to citizenship is concerned. In the North, he has claimed that, by the Declaration of Independence, the negro is equal to the white man. In the South, he claims that "their physical difference will forever prohibit the negro from living upon terms of poltical equality" with the whites. Will he, or his friends tell us where the distinction shall commence and where end, if "that old Declaration" placed the negro upon an equality with the whites? How does Mr. Lincoln conclude that "there is a physical difference" that must "forever prevent the two races from being together upon terms of political equality?" Has "that old Declaration" changed since Lincoln visited the Northern portion of Illinois? Let the Republicans in this section read their candidate's speeches, North and South, and they must see the miserable faces he is presenting to the different sections. How can men justify his course, who profess honestly?