This map shows the locations of Abraham Lincoln's speeches
in the campaign of 1858. It shows that, with the exception of his debate
appearances, he largely ignored voters in extreme southern and northern
Illinois. This pattern suggests that, like Douglas, Lincoln felt confident
that his ardent supporters needed little urging to vote for him, while
his opponents could not be swayed by rallies and speeches. Thus Lincoln
largely eschewed campaign efforts in northern counties where the Republican
Party held sway and in overwhelmingly Democratic southern Illinois.
Like his opponent, Lincoln concentrated his efforts upon the central
portion of the state, which was populated by nearly equal groups of
slavery supporters and opponents, as well as moderate Whigs and Democrats
who hoped to ride out the crisis.
For more information about politics in the 19th century, please look at Lincoln/Net's Getting the Message Out! National Political Campaign Materials, 1840-1860 Web site.