This image from Henry Lewis' Das Illustrirte Mississippithal (1858)
depicts a Native American party at day's end. In the years before white
soldiers and settlers removed them from their lands in the Upper Mississippi
Valley, many Native Americans used the Mississippi River as a major thoroughfare.
Water transportation provided tribes with opportunities to seek out prime
hunting and fishing grounds, trade with other groups, and launch surprise
attacks upon rival bands. Here a groups of Native American travelers have
retired before a campfire in the shadow of the Upper Mississippi's imposing
bluffs and cliffs.