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 Canoes of the Sacs and Foxes

Canoes of the Sacs and Foxes

This image depicts a Sac and Fox village, presumably along the shores of the Rock River in northern Illinois. The Sacs and Foxes were separate tribes who had lived together in a loose alliance since the great Iroquois incursion of the eighteenth century drove them from their original homes in present-day Michigan. Reliant in equal parts upon agriculture and hunting and fishing, the Native Americans thrived amidst rich soils, and rivers and forests filled with fish and game, in northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin. In 1804 American officials at St. Louis identified a party of visiting Indians there as representatives of the Sac and Fox tribes, and secured their approval of a treaty ceding these lands to the United States. Sac and Fox chiefs and warriors never recognized the legitimacy of this treaty, and resisted their removal to the west side of the Mississippi River as white settlers filled their ancestral homes. These events led to the Black Hawk War of 1832.

Permission: Aurora University.
©Copyright 2002 Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project