" I was born Feb. 12, 1809 in then Hardin County Kentucky." The birthplace farm is about three miles south of
The census for Hardin County lists the family of Thomas Lincoln as a
male between 25 and 45 years of age with wife between 26 and 45, boy
(Abraham) under ten, and girl (Sarah) under ten.
Spring. Thomas Lincoln and family move from the birthplace farm to a
230-acre farm on Knob Creek, ten miles north and six miles east of
A younger brother of Abraham, named Thomas, is born this year and dies
For a few weeks in the fall of 1815 Abraham and his sister
Sarah attend a school taught by Zechariah Rigney. The following year the
school is taught by Caleb Hazel.
During the first of this month Thomas Lincoln moves his
family from Kentucky to what is now Spencer County, Ind. (then Perry
Thomas Lincoln goes to the government land office at
Vincennes and enters the farm he has settled on.
Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham, dies of milk
Thomas Lincoln, father of Abraham, marries Mrs. Sarah Bush
Johnston in Elizabethtown, Ky.
Thomas Lincoln becomes member of the Pigeon Creek Baptist
Lincoln's sister Sarah, who married Aaron Grigsby on Aug.
2, 1826 dies in childbirth.
During this year Abraham and Allen Gentry take a flatboat loaded with
cargo to New Orleans for Allen's father James Gentry.
Thomas Lincoln's family and the families of his two
stepsons-in-law start for Illinois. Abraham, one of the thirteen in the
party, drives one of the three wagons.
The Lincoln family locates ten miles southwest of
Decatur, on the north bank of the Sangamon River (now Lincoln Trail
Homestead State Park).
Lincoln, his cousin John Hanks, and stepbrother John D.
Johnston leave home. At Springfield Denton Offutt hires them to help
build a flatboat at Sangamon Town, seven miles northwest of Springfield.
Lincoln pilots the flatboat to New Orleans for
Offutt and return to New Salem, eighteen miles northwest of Springfield.
1. Lincoln casts his first vote at John Carmon's house in New
Salem, the voting place of Clary's Grove Precinct which includes New
Lincoln begins clerking in Denton Offutt's
new store at New Salem.
Lincoln becomes a candidate for the legislature on a
platform favoring improvement of navigation on the Sangamon River,
changes in the usury laws, and universal education.
Lincoln is elected a captain in the 31st
Regiment, Illinois Militia.
New Salem neighborhood volunteers for the Black
Hawk War form a company and elect Lincoln captain.
Captain Lincoln's company is mustered out of service
at Fort Johnson, Ottawa. He then enlists in Capt. Elijah Iles' regiment
for twenty days.
Lincoln re-enlists in Capt. Jacob M. Early's
independent spy company at Fort Wilbourn.
The mustering-out roll of
Capt. Early's company, written by Lincoln, is certified by lt. Robert
Anderson ( who was to be command at Fort Sumter in 1861).
Lincoln, a candidate for the first time,
is defeated in his bid for a seat in Illinois legislature. He is eighth
in the field of thirteen candidates.
Lincoln and William F. Berry
purchase from William Greene for $750 the store in New Salem formerly
owned by Reuben Radford.
President Jackson appoints Lincoln
postmaster at New Salem. He serves until May 30, 1836, when the office
Lincoln, as deputy surveyor of
Sangamon County, makes his first known survey for Reason Shipley. He
continues surveying for three years.
Lincoln, in his second try for
public office, is elected to the Illinois House of Representatives as a
representative for Sangamon County.
surveys the town of New Boston on the Mississippi River, now in Mercer
Lincoln takes his seat in
the fifty-five-member Illinois House of Representatives at Vandalia.
25. Ann Rutledge, legendary sweetheart of Lincoln, dies at the
Rutledge farm seven miles northwest of New Salem.
7. Lincoln is present for the opening of a special session of
Illinois legislature at Vandalia.
13. Lincoln addresses a large crowd in Petersburg promoting
the proposed Beardstown and Sangamon Canal.
16. Lincoln purchases from the Federal government a
forty-seven-acre tract of land twelve miles northwest of New Salem on
the Sangamon River.
the first of three steps towards obtaining the license to practice law
when his name is entered on the Sangamon Circuit Court record as a
person of good moral character.
is elected a second time to the Illinois legislature.
9. Two justices of the Supreme Court give Lincoln a license to
practice law in all courts of the State.
Lincoln files a plea in his first suit, Hawthorn vs. Woodridge, in
the Sangamon County Circuit Court.
writes his famous "love letter" to Mary Owens at New Salem.
24. The bill for removal of the capital from Vandalia to
Springfield, which Lincoln and other members from Sangamon County have been
promoted, is passed by the House of Representatives. The Senate reports its
concurrence the following day.
final step towards becoming an attorney, Lincoln's name is entered on the
roll of attorneys in the office of the clerk of Supreme Court.
3. Making his first attack on slavery Lincoln, along with Dan
Stone, enters in the House Journal his protest against an antiabolitionist resolution passed by the House on Jan. 20.
moves to Springfield and becomes the law partner of John T. Stuart. He rooms
with Joshua F. Speed.
Lincoln is elected to the Illinois
legislature for the third time.
opening of the Illinois legislature in Vandalia, Lincoln, a Whig, is
defeated for speaker of the House of Representatives by W. L. D. Ewing, a
Lincoln is elected to the Springfield
Lincoln begins the
practice of law on the newly organized Eighth Judicial Circuit, which he
continues until his nomination for presidency.
8. Lincoln is named a presidential elector by the state Whig
convention meeting in Springfield. He is also chosen in 1844, 1852, and
Judge Nathaniel Pope admits Lincoln to
the practice of law in United States Circuit Court.
9. The Illinois legislature, of which Lincoln is a member, meets
in Springfield, the new capital, for the first time.
Lincoln as Whig president elector
campaigns at rallies in Carlinville, Alton, Belleville, and Pittsfield.
18. Lincoln argues his first case in the Illinois Supreme Court.
3. Lincoln is elected for the fourth time in Illinois legislature.
- September. As a Whig president elector, Lincoln campaigns in
An emotional crisis upsets Lincoln's
relations with Mary Todd and he is absent from the legislature for several
Stuart and Lincoln dissolve their
law partnership and Lincoln becomes the partner of Stephen T. Logan.
- September. Lincoln goes to Louisville, Ky., to visit for three
weeks with his intimate friend Joshua F. Speed.
Paying $2.00 for his certificate,
Lincoln is admitted to practice in U.S. District Court.
22. A proposed duel between Lincoln and James Shields is averted
when friends on both sides intervene.
Lincoln and Mary Todd are married in the evening at the home of her
brother-in-law Ninian W. Edwards by the Rev. Charles Dresser, Episcopal
Mrs. Sarah Beck leases the Globe Tavern
where the Lincolns live.
first child, Robert Todd, is born at the Globe Tavern.
Lincoln and Rev. Charles Dresser sign
a contract for Lincoln's purchase of property now known as "Lincoln's
Home." Price is $1,200 and a lot in the business section of
Springfield. The Lincolns move in on May 1.
November. Lincoln, as a presidential elector, campaigns for Henry
Clay in southern Illinois, Kentucky, and Indiana. He visits and speaks at his
boyhood home near Gentryville, Ind.
H. Herndon is admitted to a bar. The firm of Lincoln and Herndon is
organized soon afterward.
The Lincolns' second child is born and
is named Edward Baker.
Lincoln, with an
unprecedented majority of 1,511 votes over his Democratic opponent Rev.
Peter Cartwright, is the only Whig among seven congressmen elected from
The Lincolns and their two sons visit
most of this month with Mrs. Lincoln's family in Lexington, Ky. From there
they continue to Washington.
takes his seat in the Thirtieth Congress, the only one which he was a
resolutions requesting President James K. Polk to inform the House whether
"spot" on which Americans blood was first shed in Mexican War was
within territory claimed by Mexico.
Lincoln is present at Whig convention
in Philadelphia which nominates General Zachary Taylor - Lincoln's choice -
by his family, makes a ten-day speaking tour of New England.
Lincoln read his amendment to a
resolution in Congress on abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.
His amendment, among other changes, provides for compensated emancipation.
Abandoned by his backers, he never formally introduces the amendment.
7. Lincoln is admitted to practice before U.S. Supreme Court.
10. Lincoln applies for a patent on a "new and improved
manner of combining adjustable buoyant chambers with steam boats or other
vessels". The patent is granted on May 22.
21. Lincoln is bitterly disappointed at not being named Commissioner
of General Land Office, a position for which he had worked for weeks and had
made a special trip to Washington.
declines offer to secretary of Oregon Territory.
27. Lincoln "cannot consent to accept" governorship of
The Lincoln's second son, Edward Baker,
dies after an illness of fifty-two days.
in Chicago for U.S. District Court session, delivers eulogy on President
Zachary Taylor at City Hall.
Lincoln's third son, William Wallace, is born.
Lincoln's father, Thomas, born in
Virginia in 1778, dies in Coles County, Ill.
In Hall of Representatives in the
Capitol, Lincoln delivers an eulogy as Springfield pays tribute to Henry
Lincoln opens his campaign for
Winfield Scott for President with a review of Douglas's speech at Richmond,
July 9. Unable to finish in two hours, he announces he will continue at the
The Lincolns' fourth son, Thomas (Tad),
According to tradition Lincoln
uses watermelon juice to christen the new town of Lincoln, named for him by
the proprietors Latham, Gillette, and Hickox.
Having devoted most of his time since
1849 to the practice of law, Lincoln has lost interest in politics. He is
aroused by the passing and signing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
16. Lincoln and Douglas meet in Peoria. Lincoln delivers one of
his great speeches - substantially the same speech he had made in
Bloomington on Sept. 12 and in Springfield on Oct. 4 on "repeal of the
elected to the Illinois legislature, but resigns on Nov. 27 to become a
candidate for U.S. Senate.
To prevent the election of Joel A.
Matteson to the U.S. Senate by the General Assembly, Lincoln throws his
votes to Lyman Trumbull, who is elected on the tenth ballot. Lincoln regrets
his defeat "moderately."
agent for Mrs. Maria L. Bullock of Lexington, Ky., Mrs. Lincoln's aunt,
Lincoln sells several lots in Bullock's addition to Springfield.
Lincoln is responsible for adoption of
a statement of principles by convention of anti-Nebraska editors meeting in
Decatur. This statement - on which all anti - Nebraska factions agree -
marks beginning of Republican Party in Illinois.
Contractors Hannan and Ragsdale, at a cost of $1,300, enlarge the
Lincolns' home from a story and a half to two full stories.
29. As a presidential elector for the fourth time, Lincoln
delivers his famous "Lost Speech" at the organization of the
Republican Party at Bloomington, Ill. he makes "over fifty
speeches" during the campaign.
first Republican National Convention, meeting in Philadelphia, takes an
informal ballot for vice-president and Lincoln receives 110 votes.
27. To a crowd of 10,000 gathering at Kalamazoo, Mich., for
a Republican demonstration for Freemont, Lincoln makes his only speech in
Because of the absence of
Judge David Davis, Lincoln presides over Sangamon County Circuit Court.
During five years he acts as judge on several occasions in four different
18. The McLean County Circuit Court awards Lincoln his fee
of $5,000 in his suit against Illinois Central Railroad. His largest fee, it
was for successfully representing the railroad in the famous McLean County
Speaking in the House of
Representatives in Springfield, Lincoln delivers his first major speech
against the "erroneous" Dred Scott decision.
Lincoln lectures in "Discoveries
and Inventions" at Centre Hall, Bloomington, Ill. He speaks on the same
subject at Jacksonville (Feb. 11, 1859), Decatur (Feb., 1859), Springfield
(Feb. 21, 1859, April 26, 1860), and Pontiac (Jan. 27, 1860).
7. Using an almanac to discredit the state's star witness, Lincoln
clears Duff Armstrong, son of his old friend Jack Armstrong, of a murder
charge in Cass County Circuit, Beardstown.
Illinois State Republic Convention, meeting in the Hall of Representatives
in the statehouse in Springfield, unanimously resolves "that Abraham
Lincoln is the first and only choice of the Republicans of Illinois for the
U.S. Senate." Lincoln accepts and in the evening delivers his
"House Divided" speech.
Ottawa Lincoln and Douglas hold their first joint debate. Six more debates
are held at Freeport (Aug. 27), Jonesboro (Sept. 15), Charleston (Sept. 18),
Galesburg (Oct.7), Quincy (Oct. 13) and Alton (Oct. 15). Beginning in
Chicago on July 10, Lincoln makes at least sixty - three speeches during the
In the election Lincoln gets a
majority of the votes, but Douglas is re-elected because of the gerry-mannered
legislative districts. Lincoln describes the campaign as a "struggle in
which I felt more than a merely selfish interest."
Sept. 16 - 17.
Lincoln is in Ohio, speaking in
Dayton, Hamilton, Cincinnati, and twice in Columbus.
30 - Oct. 1. Lincoln speaks at the Wisconsin state fair in
Milwaukee, and at Beloit and Janesville the next day.
1-3. Lincoln is in Kansas and speaks at Elwood, Troy, Doniphan,
Atchison, and Leavenworth a few days before the territorial election.
20. At the request of Jesse W. Fell, Lincoln sends his
autobiography, requesting that "If any thing be made out of it, I wish
it to be modest."
In New York City, Lincoln delivers his
famous Cooper Union address, which the New York Tribune prints in its
Lincoln begins a two-weeks
speaking tour of New England, where he speaks eleven times. The stop at
Exeter, N.H., gives him an opportunity to visit his son Robert, who is
attending Phillips Exeter Academy.
May 9 - 10.
Illinois Republican Convention, meeting in Decatur, unanimously instructs
its delegation to the National Convention to support Lincoln who is present,
for President. It is here that he receives the nickname "Rail
Lincoln, who remains in
Springfield, is nominated for President on the third ballot by the
Republican National Convention in Chicago. Hannibal Hamlin of Maine receives the nomination for Vice -
July. Robert Lincoln enrolls in Harvard University. After graduation in
1864 he becomes a captain on the staff of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
Oct. 19. Lincoln receives a suggestion from eleven - year - old Grace
Bedell of Westfield, N.Y., that he grow beard. He writes her, "As to the
whiskers, having never worn any, do you not think people would call it a piece
of silly affection if I were to begin it now?"
Nov. 6. Lincoln becomes the first Republican to be elected President of
the United States, defeating the three other candidates, Douglas (Northern
Democrat), John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrat), and John Bell
Dec. 20. "The Union Is Dissolved " with the secession of South
Jan. 31. Lincoln makes a farewell visit to his aged stepmother in Coles
Feb. 4. The Confederate States of American are formed by representatives
of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana meeting
at Montgomery, Ala. Texas, which has also suceded, is not represented. Jefferson
Davis is elected president and Alexander H. Stephens, vice - president.
Feb. 11. Lincoln delivers his "Farewell Address" to the people
of Springfield from the rear of his car at the Great Western Railroad station.
Feb. 23. After a twelve-day trip and many speeches and public
appearances, Lincoln, because of reports of an assassination plot at Baltimore,
arrives secretly in Washington.
Mar. 4. Lincoln is inaugurated the sixteenth President of the United
Apr. 12 - 14. Fort Sumter is attacked and, after thirty - four hours of
bombardment, surrenders to the Confederate forces and is evacuated.
Apr. 15. In a proclamation President Lincoln calls forth "the
Militia of the several States of the Union to the aggregate number of
seventy-five thousand." He also convenes Congress to meet in extra session
on July 4. Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas secede.
Apr. 19. President Lincoln proclaims a blockade of ports in South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.
Apr. 27. Lincoln suspends writs of hebeas corpus along line of
troop movements between Philadelphia and Washington and extends blockade to the
ports of North Carolina and Virgina.
May 3. Lincoln calls for increase of the regular army by ten regiments -
22,714 men- for 42,034 three - year volunteers, and the enlistment of 18,000 men
for the Navy.
May 10. Lincoln directs suspension of writ of
hebeas corpus on
May 24. Lincoln weeps openly upon learning of the death of his young
friend, Col. E. E. Ellsworth, shot by the proprietor of Marshall House in
Alexandria, Virginia, after he had removed a Confederate flag flying over the
June 3. Lincoln directs thirty days of mourning for Stephen A. Douglas,
who dies in Chicago at the age of forty-eight. Douglas's "Preserve the
Flag" address to the Illinois legislature on April 25 had united Illinois
and encouraged thousands to enlist in the Union Army.
July 2. Lincoln authorizes Gen. Scott to suspend writ of
hebeas corpus along military line between New York and Washington.
July 4. Lincoln's war message is communicated to Congress as a formal
July 21. In the evening Lincoln learns from Secretary Seward that Gen.
Irvin McDowell's army has been badly defeated at Bull Run.
July 27. Lincoln calls Gen. George B. McClellan to the White House and
places him in command of all troops in vicinity of Washington.
Aug. 16. Lincoln issues proclamation forbidding intercourse with states
in insurrection against the government of the United States.
Sept. 11. President orders gen. Fremont to modify his emancipation
proclamation of Aug. 30 to conform to act of Congress of Aug. 6, 1861. This
angers the antislavery faction but preserves the border states' allegiance to
Oct. 21. Lincoln learns of death of Col. Edward D. Baker at battle of
Ball's Bluff. Both the President and Mrs. Lincoln are deeply grieved by the
death of his old friend for whom they had named their second son.
Nov. 1. Cabinet accepts resignation of Gen. Winfield Scott. Lincoln
informs Gen. McClellan, "I have designated you to command the whole
Nov. 23. Lincoln and Secretary Seward on steamer
visit the Union flotilla on Potomac River.
Nov. 24. Lincoln holds conference at War Department with members of
cabinet and several senators concerning Mason and Slidell, Confederate
commissioners to Great Britain and France, who were seized on British steamer Trent.
Dec. 3. Lincoln sends annual message to Congress.
Dec. 25. Cabinet meets in lengthy session on "Trent Affair."
The following day a decision is reached to release the men. Lincoln considers
the "affair has been settled amicably." In the evening the Lincolns
entertain a large number of guests at Christmas dinner.
Jan. 11. Lincoln accepts Secretary of War Cameron's resignation and
offers him the post of minister to Russia, which is accepted. On Jan. 13, Edwin
M. Stanton is named the new Secretary of War.
Jan. 31. Lincoln issues Special War Order No. 1 directing Army of the
Potomac "to move before, or on, the 22nd. Day of February
Feb. 6, 16. Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the
Cumberland are surrendered to Union forces under General Grant, giving the
northern armies their first victories.
Feb. 14. Lincoln issues Executive Order No. 1 relating to political
Feb. 20. William Wallace (Wille) Lincoln dies. He is the second son the
Lincolns have lost.
Feb. 26. Lincoln, by military order pursuant to act of Congress, takes
over all telegraph lines.
Mar. 8. Lincoln issues General War Order No. 2 and General War
Order No. 3.The first orders that McClellan organize the Army of the Potomac
into four army corps, and the second, that sufficient forces be left in and
about Washington to make it entirely secure.
Mar. 9. Lincoln learns that the Confederate ironclad
which had destroyed Northern ships at Hampton Roads, has been forced to retire
by Union ironclad Monitor.
Apr. 1. Lincoln goes to Alexandria, Va., to see General McClellan, who is
beginning a four - month campaign on the Virginia Peninsula.
Apr. 6 - 7. Gen. Grant's Union forces and Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston's
Confederate forces clash at Pittsburgh Landing (Shiloh), Tenn., with serious
losses to both armies.
Apr. 25. Secretary Welles informs Lincoln that New Orleans has been
captured by Adm. David G. Farragut's Northern naval expedition.
May 5 - 12. Lincoln makes trip to Fortress Monroe, Va., for conferences
with military and naval leaders.
May 15. Lincoln approves act establishing the Department of Agriculture.
May 19. Lincoln voids Gen. Hunter's Order no. 11 freeing slaves in
Department of the South.
May 20. Lincoln approves Homestead Law which grants homesteads to actual
settlers on public domain.
May 22 - 23. Lincoln visits army at Fredericksburg, Va.
June 1. Gen. Robert E. Lee succeeds Gen. Joseph E Johnston as commander
of Confederate Army of Northern Virgina after Johnston is wounded in battle with
McClellan's forces at Fair Oaks Station.
June 23 - 25. Lincoln travels by train to New York and West Point for
conference with Gen. Winfield Scott.
June 26. Lincoln issues order combining forces under Gens. Freemont,
Banks, and McDowell into a new Army of Virgina under command of Gen. John Pope.
July 1. Lincoln calls into military service 300,00 volunteers and
approves act providing for a tax of three percent on incomes in excess of $600.
July 2. Lincoln approves Morrill Land Grand College Act donating public
lands to states and territories for colleges of agriculture and mechanical arts.
July 7 - 10. Lincoln takes boat to Fortress Monroe and Harrison's Landing Va., to visit General McClellan and other army and navy leaders.
July 11. Lincoln names General Henry W. Halleck general-in-chief
of all land forces.
July 17. Lincoln signs "an act to suppress insurrection,
and to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels,
and for other purposes." Congress authorizes conscription, and acceptance
of Negroes into military and naval services.
Aug. 9. Lincoln orders a draft of 300,000 militia to serve for
Aug. 22. In answer to Horace Greeley's critical editorial,
"The Prayer of Twenty Millions," Lincoln writes "My paramount
object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to
save or to destroy slavery."
Aug. 30. Northern forces under Gen. Pope are defeated by Bull
Run. Lincoln feels Gen. McClellan "wanted Pope defeated."
Sept. 2. Lincoln places McClellan in "command of the
fortification of Washington, and of all the troops for the defense of the
Sept. 17. Gen. Robert E. Lee's northern invasion is stopped by
McClellan at the battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg, Md.
Sept. 22. Lincoln reads to his cabinet and issues his
preliminary Emancipation Proclamation which frees slaves of rebels, effective
Jan. 1, 1863.
Sept. 24. Lincoln suspends the writ of
habeas corpus as
it applies to "all Rebels and Insurgents" arrested by military
Oct. 1 - 4. Lincoln visits Gen. McClellan at headquarters of the Army
of the Potomac and battlefields in vicinity of Antietam.
Nov. 5. Lincoln replaces Gen. McClellan as commander of the Army
of the Potomac with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside.
Nov. 26 - 27. Lincoln makes trip to Aquia Creek, Va., and
confers with Gen. Burnside on steamer Baltimore.
Dec. 1. Lincoln send second annual message to Congress.
Dec. 12. Gen. Burnside's Army of the Potomac is defeated at
Dec. 31. Lincoln reluctantly approves bill admitting West
Virginia to the union.
Lincoln issues the final Emancipation
Proclamation declaring slaves held in the states in rebellion free.
Feb. 25. Lincoln approves act establishing system
of national banks.
Apr. 4 - 10. Lincoln, Mrs. Lincoln, and Tad visit
Gen. Joseph Hooker at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac at Falmouth, Va.
May 2 - 4.
The army of the Potomac under gen.
Hooker is defeated at Chancellorsville, Va.
May 6 - 7.
Lincoln visits Gen. Hooker and the Army
of the Potomac.
Lincoln relieves Gen. Hooker of command of
the Army of Potomac and replaces him with Gen. George G. Meade.
July 1 -3.
The Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania
under Lee is defeated by gen. Meade at Gettysburg.
Gen. Grant's long siege of Vicksburg come
to an end with the surrender of the Confederate under Gen. John C. Pemberton.
July 30. Lincoln prepares an order of retaliation:
"That for every soldier of the United States killed in violation of the
laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed; and for every one enslaved by
the enemy or sold into slavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at hard labor on
public works," which he issued July 31 by the Adjutant General as General
Order No. 252.
Lincoln orders Army discharge for William
("Duff") Armstrong, whom he had successfully defended in a murder
trial in 1858.
Northern Army is defeated at Chickamauga
Creek. This is later offset by victory at Chattanooga on Nov. 25.
Lincoln sets forth in detail Gen.
Schofield's duties as commander in Missouri.
Lincoln proclaims the first national
observance of Thanksgiving, to be held Nov. 26.
Nov. 19. Lincoln delivers his dedicatory address at
the National Cemetery at Gettyburg, Pa.
Lincoln is ill with mild
case of smallpox.
Lincoln issues a
proclamation of amnesty of Confederates who take the oath to support the U.S.
Dec. 9. Lincoln's annual message is
read to both houses of Congress.
endorsement of Republican national Committee by majority of four to one.
Lincoln presents commission
as lieutenant general to Gen. Grant in Cabinet chamber. The following day he
appoints Grant commander - in - chief of the armies.
Lincoln issues a call and
orders the draft of 200,000 men for military service.
Apr. 18 - 19. Lincoln attends
opening of Maryland Sanitary Commission Fair at Baltimore and delivers a fifteen
- minute speech.
May 5 - 12.
Union armies under Grant
and Southern armies under Lee are engaged in constant battle in Virginia
The national Union Party
convention, meeting in Baltimore, nominates Lincoln for President and Andrew
Johnson of Tennessee for Vice - President.
June 16 - 17.
Lincoln attends Great
Central Fair in Philadelphia.
June 20 - 23. Lincoln visits Gen.
Grant at City Point, Va.
Lincoln approves act
repealing the Fugitive Slave Law.
Lincoln accepts resignation
of Secretary Chase, and the following day nominates William P. Fessenden as the
new Secretary of Treasury.
July 4. Lincoln pocket - vetoes the
"Wade Davis" reconstruction bill.
July 11. Lincoln see his only
military action of the war as the Confederate attack Fort Stevens on the
outskirts of Washington.
July 18. Lincoln gives call for
July 30 - 31.
Lincoln visits Gen.
Grant at Fortress Monroe, Va.
Gen. William T. Sherman's
Union forces occupy Atlanta, a northern victory which helps insure Lincoln's
Lincoln tenders thanks of
nation of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan for successfully conclusion of Shenandoah
Lincoln issues proclamation
admitting Nevada into the Union.
Lincoln is re-elected
President, easily defeating his Democratic opponent George B. McClellan.
Lincoln writes his famous
letter of sympathy to Mrs. Lydia Bixby.
Because of the resignation
of Attorney General bates, Lincoln appoints James Speed in his place.
Lincoln sends his fourth
annual message to Congress.
Lincoln issues call for
Lincoln receives the
capture of Savannah, Ga., as a Christmas gift" from gen. Sherman.
Feb. 1. Lincoln approves resolution
submitting Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery, to the states.
Lincoln conducts peace
conference for four hours with Confederate representatives on board the River
Queen in Hampton Roads, Va.
Lincoln approves act
establishing the Freedmen's Bureau for care of Negroes.
Lincoln delivers his Second
Inaugural Address, "with malice towards none; with charity for all."
Lincoln issues proclamation
offering pardon to deserters who return to service and inflicting loss of
citizenship on those who do not.
Mar. 23 - Apr. 6.
Gen. Grant at City Point,, Va.
Apr. 4 - 5.
Lincoln visits the
evacuated city of Richmond, Va.
Gen. Lee surrenders to Gen.
Grant at Appomattox Court House, Va.
April 11. From a window of the White
House, Lincoln in his last speech, discusses status of Confederate states and
his plan for restoring then to the Union.
Apr. 14. Lincoln is shot by actor
John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theatre.
Abraham Lincoln dies at
7:22 a.m. in the home of William Petersen.
Funeral services for the
President are held in the White House.
The Lincoln funeral train
makes its first stop after leaving Washington at Baltimore. After a brief stop
at York, Pennsylvania, it arrived at Harrisburg in the evening.
The funeral train arrives
in Philadelphia. The body is conveyed to Independence hall.
Leaving Philadelphia early
in the morning, the funeral train arrives in New York at 10:00 a.m. and the body
is taken to city hall.
Leaving New York at 4:15
p.m. the funeral train arrives in East Albany at 10:55 p.m. The remains are
escorted to the Capitol in Albany.
Apr. 27. Funeral train arrives in
Buffalo, New York. the body is carried to St. James Hall.
Funeral train arrives in
Cleveland, Ohio. The body is escorted to specially built temple in City Park.
Funeral train arrives at
Funeral train arrives in
Indianapolis, Indiana. The remains are borne to the statehouse.
May 1. Funeral train arrives in Chicago.
The remains are taken to the court house.
The funeral train reaches its destination in
Springfield, Illinois at 9:00 a.m. The body is escorted to statehouse.
May 4. Lincoln is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield. He leaves a
net estate of $110,296.80 to his widow and two sons. Lincoln's body is moved
from the public receiving vault on Dec. 21, 1865 to a temporary vault, and on
Sept. 19, 1871 to a crypt in a partially completed tomb.
July 14. Congress grants Mrs. Lincoln an annual pension of $3000. On Jan.
16, 1882, this is increased to $5,000, plus a gift of $15,000.
July 15. Thomas "Tad" Lincoln dies of dropsy of chest, in
Chicago. His burial takes place in Lincoln Tomb, Springfield.
Oct. 15 . The National Lincoln Monument Association, organized May 11,
1865, dedicates the partially completed Lincoln Tomb designed by Larkin G. Mead,
Jr. President Ulysses S. Grant speaks briefly and the principal address is
delivered by Ex-Governor Richard J. Oglesby.
Nov. 7. Three men attempt to steal Lincoln's body. Frightened away from
Tomb by secret service agents, they are later captured in Chicago, Tried in
Springfield for burglary, they are sentenced to one year in penitentiary.
July 16. Mrs. Lincoln dies in the Springfield home of her sister, Mrs.
Ninian W. Edwards - the same home where she and Lincoln were married. She is
buried in the Lincoln Tomb with her husband and three of their four sons.
June 16. Robert Todd Lincoln and his wife Mary Harlan Lincoln present the
Lincoln Home in Springfield to the state of Illinois. The first floor is then
opened to public
July 26. Robert T. Lincoln dies and is buried in Arlington National
Cemetery. Five years earlier he had left his father's papers on deposit in the
Library of Congress. Sealed until twenty-one years after his death, they are
made public July 26, 1947.
June 17. The remodeled Lincoln Tomb is rededicated by President Herbert
Hoover. It has previously been rebuilt in1900 - 1901.
Feb. 12. The entire Lincoln Home is restored to the appearance of the
period when the Lincolns lived there, and the second floor opened for the first
time to public.