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Wilson, Douglas L., ed.; Davis, Rodney O., ed.; Pinkerton, Allan. 'Allan Pinkerton Agency (Report Furnished to William H. Herndon)' in 'Herndon's Informants: Letters, Interviews, and Statements About Abraham Lincoln' . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998. [format: book], [genre: report]. Permission: University of Illinois Press
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=herndon267.html


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214. Allan Pinkerton Agency (Report Furnished to William H. Herndon) [1].

[1861?]

Opperations on Baltimore Conspirators.
(for the assassination of President Lincoln.)

Sunday 27th, February 1861

A letter was written of which the following is a copy —

Chicago 27th. January 1861

S. M. Felton Esq.
Prest. P.W.&B.R.R. [2]
Philadelphia.
Sir.

Should the suspicions of danger still exist, as was the case at our interview on the 19th Inst. I would suggest in view of the brief time we now have to operate in

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— that I should myself with from four to six operatives, immediately repair to the seat of danger and first endeavor to ascertain if any organization is in existence which might directly or indirectly have for its object the commission of the offence you alluded to, and if so, then to become acquainted with some of the members of such body, and, if practible, some of my operatives should join the same, and so soon as we learn positively who the leading spirits are that would be likely to do The Active Labor on the project you alluded to, an unceasing Shadow should be kept upon them every moment and, if, possible, a Shadow should even be located in the dwelling or boarding house occupied by the parties above alluded to. By some such an effort, I believe (If any organization exists — or any body of men are preparing for the service suspected), I could be able to learn their secrets and proposed plans of operations in sufficient time to be able to communicate them to you.

The only danger which I percieve to our operating is in the short time we have to work in. Basing all my operations upon the attaining a controlling power over the mind of the suspected parties — Our operations are necessarily tedious — Nay frequently very slow — Our strength lays in the secrecy of our movements, and thus we are frequently enabled to penetrate into the abodes of crime in all classes of society.

The shortness of time I design to make up for in part by the number of operatives detailed for this business — Had I plenty of time to work in, I might probably be able to ascertain all that you require with two or three operatives who could make their observations on one class of individuals, or individuals of a class and after applying the necessary test to these parties if it was demonstrated that they were not connected with any such matters as we sought information regarding, my operatives could quit their observations upon them and commence to apply the tests to other suspicious characters. But allowing we were to be already at work the time is too brief for me to work safely in this manner — If any good is to be realized from a movement of the kind contemplated by you it can only be by an attack on every point we can find accessible — and on account of the great importance of the business I should think it best and safest to be under my own personal supervision.

As I have before remarked Secrecy is the Lever of any success which may attend my operations and as the nature of this service may prove of a character which might to some extent be dangerous to the persons of myself, or any operatives I should expect that the Fact of my operating should only be known to myself or such discreet persons connected with your Company as it might be absolutely necessary should be entrusted with the same. But on no conditions would I consider it safe for myself or my operatives were the fact of my operating known to any Politician — no matter of what school, or what position.

As I have other matters which are pressing on me just at present you would confer a favor by letting me hear from you at your earliest convenience — By letter or Telegraph.

Respectfully Yours.
Allan Pinkerton.

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Tuesday 12th, February 1861.

at 8.00. a.m. a Letter was received from A.P. — [3] enclosing one for N. B. Judd.

at 9.10. a.m. a Dispatch was sent of which the following is a copy.

Chicago 12th Feby 1861.

"N. B. Judd
in company with Abraham Lincoln
"Indianapolis
"Ind.

"I have a message of importance for you — where can it reach you by Special Messenger.

Allan Pinkerton."

at 12.20. p.m. a Dispatch was received of which the following is a copy —

"Indianapolis 12th, Feb'y 1861.

"A. Pinkerton

"At Columbus the thirteenth — Pittsburg the Fourteenth.

N. B. Judd."

at 12.30. p.m. a Dispatch was sent of which the following is a copy —

"Chicago 12th Feb'y 1861.

"W. H. Scott [4]
"Lafayette
"Ind.

"J — says will be at Columbus Thirteenth — Pittsburg Fourteenth — form your own estimate by enquiring at Indianapolis.

G. H. Bang's" [5]

Tuesday 12th February 1861 — [6]

***

We then returned to the Fountain Hotel, and from there went to my room on Holliday Street.

I will here mention that while I was in the parlor at Mr. Halls, waiting for my room to be got ready — I was introduced by Hilliard [7] to a man by the name of Hughe's, a Daguerreau Artist, who said that he had lived in New Orleans, and New

-- 270 --

York, and that New Orleans was the Paradise of the United States. Hughes asked me how times were in New Orleans — I replied that times were hard — Hughes remarked "Well — times are hard here — I presume there is some excitement in New Orleans — they are all secession there — here we are about half and half — I understand that they have men watching the Rail Road Bridge between here and Philadelphia: the Rail Roads are afraid that they will be destroyed — but I do not know if it will do any good — " winking at the same time. I then left him to go to my room, inviting him to call at my room when he had leisure — He replied that he would be happy to extend the acquaintance.

When Hilliard and I left Mr. Hall's to go up the Street, he introduced me to a Mr. Starr, a Reporter for one of the Baltimore papers — about 30 years of age — and Hilliard asked him to join us in a drink which invitation he readily accepted. On leaving Starr, Hilliard and I went to supper at Mann's Restaurant, after which we went to Harry Hemlings Billiard Room, when I asked the latter to go with us to the Theatre — but he said it was now 8 o'clock, and too late for him to dress: that he would be pleased to go at any other time.

There was a man at Hemling's who had just arrived from South Carolina — and who was very much in favor of Southern Confederacy.

Hilliard and I left Hembling's and went to the "Pagoda" Concert Saloon and remained there until about 10.00. p.m., when Hilliard proposed to go to Annette Travis, No. 70. Davis Street, which we did. Hilliard and his woman seemed very much pleased at meeting, and hugged and kissed each other for about an hour, when I proposed to go. Hilliard's woman wished him to remain, and finally after asking him several times to come, I started for the door, went out on to the sidewalk and shortly Hilliard came out and we went to my room at Mr. Halls, where we sat and talked until about 1.00 a.m. Hilliard said that Company No. 4. National Volunteers [8] drilled to-night: that the Company which he did belong to would drill to-morrow night, and that he must go to the drill then. He then asked me if I had seen a statement of Lincolns route to Washington City — I replied that I had — Hilliard said "By the By, that reminds me that I must go and see a certain party in the morning the first thing." I asked him what about — He replied "about Lincoln's route, I want to see about the Telegraph in Philadelphia and New York and have some arrangements made about Telegraphing — " I remarked "how do you mean?" Hilliard said "Suppose that some of Lincoln's friends would arrange so that the Telegraph messages should be mis-carried, we would have some signs to telegraph by: for instance supposing, that we should Telegraph to a certain point "all up at 7," that would mean that Lincoln would be at such a point at 7 o'clock.

I would here state that in the evening we went to Farridina's Barber shop, under Barnums Hotel, but he was not in. Hilliard inquired for Captain Farridina. [9]

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In the conversation with Hilliard soon after going to my room, and after the Telegraph had been introduced in regard to Mr. Lincoln — I said to him "It is very singular that some plan of action, and mature arrangement by which you will know how to proceed, had not been proposed". Hilliard replied that there was a plan, and I asked him what it was — He said "My friend, that is what I would like to tell you, but I dare not — I wish I could — anything almost I would be willing to do for you, but to tell you that I dare not."

On Hilliard and I parting with Starr — the former said to me "anything that I have said to you be careful not to mention." He cautioned me in the same manner on leaving Harry Hemlings Billiard Room — as "Be careful not to say anything around here" — From his remarks I inferred that he desired me to be more careful about saying anything around Mrs. Hall's boarding House, and also around Hemling's Saloon.

In the course of the conversation during the evening, Hilliard remarked that there was something the matter with him. I remarked that it might be the ____ at this he seemed horried.

Hilliard left me at 1. oclock in the morning and went to stay all night, or the balance of it with his woman at Annette Travis' house of prostitution No. 70 Davis Street, as he had promised, her to come, so he said — He promised to meet me again at 12.00. m.

During the day Hilliard did not drink as much liquor as usual. He appeared melancholy most of the time that he was with me.

C.D.C.W. [10] — Reports

Tuesday 12th February 1861.

At about 9.00. a.m. I went to the Office and wrote my Reports. I also saw Mr. P— , and told him that I was afraid I could not play my part, as I had come across a Mississippi man who knew every place. A. P— said there was no danger, and all I wanted was self confidence.

I soon after left, and returned to my Hotel, where I got into conversation with Howell Sherwood, who superintends the Bar, and is brother to the Landlord. He told me he was for peace, but would go with the South, although he hated to give up the Stars and Stripes, but if it must be, he would go to Texas; that he was for the union if it could be preserved, but if not he was for the South, although he did not belong to the Seces — crowd in the City: that there was a gentleman here (Baltimore) last week from South Carolina, and he met with an old friend who took him to one of their Secession Meetings, and the next morning he came and told himself, that if any one had said there was such a conspiracy in this or any other City, amongst Christians, he would not have believed it; that last night he heard the vilest proposition proposed, by men, calling themselves men that ever was heard of: that they proposed to blow up the Capitol on the day that the Votes

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were counted, and then blow up the Custom House, and Post Office (Baltimore), and what else he dare not tell.

I said to Sherwood that it was all nonsense, and that the man was humbuging him. "Oh my God, it is so", said Howell, the man had to leave that afternoon by the boat or they would have killed him: that there is a d—d white headed son of a b— , a Lawyer, named Mc — somthing, who goes every day to Washington, and brings the news to this crowd, and that they hold secret meetings every night; that there was another blagard, Tom Smith, the Oyster-man, who would blow h— out of everything: that he was one of the principal leaders for a time: that he did not care what become of the town, so long as he and his party gained their point"

I said there were black sheep in every flock, but that I could not believe that they were so bad as he represented, because if they were why did not the authorities put them down. "Why d— it" said Howell, they hold their meetings secretly at the Eutaw House, or some such place: that at first they held their meeting at Reuben Hall, on Fayette street, but when they found honest men would not join them, they commenced holding the meetings privately: that Tom Smith is a d—d black-hearted villian, and ruined the Democratic ticket in this City, and that he (Howell) voted for Bell and Everett.

** **

Wednesday 13th February 1861.

W.H.S [11] — Reports,

At about 2.00. A.M. I arrived at Cincinnatti, and put up at the Burnett House, and learned that N. B. Judd had been in bed since about 11. o'clock, but that they would not disturb him: that I could see him in the morning as he did not leave until 9. o'clock.

They gave me a room, and I went to bed. I got up at 7.00. a.m. and waited until 8 o'clock when I saw "Judd" and gave him A. P— s letter.

After reading A. P— s letter, "Judd" said that he had been looking for this, and was going on to say more, when I said to him, that from information received from A. P—, I was satisfied that he (A.P.) desired this letter to him to be strictly confidential. Judd replied "that is true, and I am very much obliged to you and A. P— for the information." I asked him if he desired to Telegraph to A. P—, and after a moments reflection said "I think not," but would write to A. P— and that he had his address. I told him that I had a Cipher with me if he desired to Telegraph A.P. Judd said that he would like to take it with him in case he should conclude to do so. I replied that we had but in the Office and I could not spare it. the matter then dropped.

Judd repeated that he was very glad that he had got A. P— s letter, and asked me if I had just come through from Chicago. I replied that I had. He said that he

-- 273 --

had Telegraphed to us in Chicago that he would be in Columbus, Ohio, to-day. I replied that I left before this Dispatch was received. He spoke very feelingly of A.P. and said they had trained in the same school to-gether.

I then shook hands with Judd, and left for the Rail Road Depot, as I had been told a train left for Chicago at 9.00. a.m. On arriving at the Depot I learned that the morning train had left at 5.40. a.m. and that the next train left at 7.35. P.m. so I remained in town and saw the train leave with the President-Elect, and suite on board.

In buying my ticket I had to use some Eight Dollars of Illinois bills, [12] for which I had to allow fifteen per cent before I could get my ticket. I left at 7.35. p.m. for Chicago —

Friday 15th February 1861.

A. P— Reports

****

These opinions pleased Luckett [13] very highly, and he d—d Governor Hicks for the course he had taken, and alluded to the fact that the Legislature of Maryland had called a Convention in despite of the opposition of the Governor. [14] Mr. Luckett said that he was elected a member of that Convention which meets in Baltimore next Monday, that he was elected by the whole vote of his county but two, and that after a full and [15] expression of his views for immediate secession, Mr. Luckett said that he told the meeting which elected him, that this was not a time for men to be elected who would falter in doing their duty; that the responsibility attending on the members of the convention were of such a nature as required men only to be elected who would not hesitate if necessary to peril their lives for the rights of Maryland and the Southern Confederacy — and said that the time was now come for us to act; talking was now at an end — it was action which was necessary, and that action must be soon — No Hesitancy — If people or Governors, or Presidents, called it Treason — which they would after Lincoln is inaugerated — let them call it Treason, but let us act; Mr. Luckett said that the Maryland Convention would appoint a Committee to confer with the convention at Richmond Virginia, and that when Virginia Seceded Maryland would, and that then the District of Columbia having originally been [blank space] to the United States of America specially as a Capitol so long as the United States existed — and now as that Union had ceased to exist, the District [blank space] to the original owners, and that then Maryland and Virginia would take it, let the consequences be what they may; that those two States could concentrate a Hundred Thousand men around the Capitol in a very short time, and then see where General Scott would be.

-- 274 --

Mr. Luckett said that the Northern Rail Roads were using their Roads to transport Troops to Washington, but that this would soon be ended; that the Roads would be stopped by law, or act of the Convention, and by the Virginia and Maryland Troops; that this should, and would be done. Mr. Luckett said that to-day there was a number of Troops coming from the North — they would be here this afternoon, but not many more should be allowed to pass through: that there were Thousands of Mechanics who were at the present time with their families in a state of starvation — We are enlisting them daily — said Mr. Luckett, we can get as many as we want of them — just say to them "all your sufferings come from this Black Republican rule, and we will give you each Ten Dollars and bread for your family, and good pay every month — We do not want you to leave your families, or your houses, but to stay here and fight for them — How many will refuse this"? said Mr. Luckett.

"I tell you my friend" said Mr. Luckett, "it will be but a short time until you will find Governor Hicks will have to fly, or he will be hung — He (Gov. Hicks) is a traitor to his God and his Country."

Mr. Luckett in reply to a remark of mine about President Lincoln passing through Baltimore said — "He (Lincoln) may pass through quietly but I doubt it — " "There are a great many men in this City Mr. Hutcheson [16] — good men — aye — and good blood to." I remarked that Police Marshall Kane had promised Lincoln a safe transit through Baltimore. "Oh!" said Mr. Luckett "that is easily promised, but may not be so easily done — Marshall Kane don't know any more than any other man, and not so much as some others — but time will tell — time will tell."

Mr. Luckett said that probable when the Southern Congress met it would prohibit the importation of Slaves into the Confederate States from the States outside the Confederation, and that if they did so, then then the Border Slave States must join the confederation or become Free States.

I fully endorsed this view of Mr Lucketts, and took strong grounds for immediate secession, and the occupancy of the Capitol. Mr. Luckett said that I should soon see a move made in the right direction; that no more Northern troops should be allowed to pass Southwards through Maryland; that there was an organization here which was powerful enough to bid defiance to Lincoln and his Abolitionist Crew. I (Luckett) shall never so help me God, acknowledge it as a Government — never, Mr. Hutcheson — never. We are raising money and giving it to the organization to purchase Arms, and also getting Arms, and amunition on hand so we can arm the Mechanics who are out of employment and starving — "Those men", said Mr. Luckett "will fight, when they believe that Lincoln is the cause of all this misery, aye, and they will fight to the death." Look Mr. Hutcheson at our City — at what it is now, and what it has been, and tell me if we are not going to ruin — Mr Luckett here told me of several business firms who had become Bankrupt within a few days — Of course in all these things I cordially sympathized with

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Mr. Lucketts views, and taking out my wallet said that I was but a stranger to him, but that I had no doubt but that money was necessary for the success of this patriotic cause, and as I fully agreed with them, I begged to lay my mite at their disposal, and handed Mr. Luckett Twenty five Dollars, telling him that I should be obliged if he would see that this was employed in the best manner possible for Southern rights, and that when more was required I hoped he would call on me, and then took occasion to caution Mr. Luckett to impress it upon the minds of his friends to cautious in talking with ousiders, for myself I did not desire to ought — I would trust Mr. Luckett, and such like patriotic minded men &c. &c.

Mr. Luckett said they were exceedingly cautious, as to who they, talked with; that they knew who they talked with: that some time ago they found that the Government had spies amongst them, and that since then they had been very careful; that none knew anything about the movement of the Southern rights men, but such as were sworn to keep it secret: that he (Mr. Luckett) was not a member of the secret organization, for there were but very few, who could be admitted, but he knew many who were, and that Captain Ferrandina an Italian was the leading man: that he (Ferrandina) was a true friend to the South and was ready to lose his life for their cause, and that he (Ferrandina) had a plan fixed to prevent Lincoln from passing through Baltimore, and would certainly see that Lincoln never should go to Washington: that every Southern Rights man had confidence in Ferrendina, and that before Lincoln should pass through Baltimore he (Ferrendina) would kill him: that Ferrendina had not many friends that knew his purpose, but was a particular friend of his (Lucketts), and that the money I had given him (Luckett) would be given to Ferrandina.

Mr. Luckett said that he was not going home this evening and if I would meet him at Barr's Saloon on South Street he would introduce me to Ferrandina. This was unexpected to me, but I determined to take the chances, and agreed to meet Mr. Luckett at the place named at 7.00. p.m. Mr. Luckett left about 2.30. p.m. and I went to dinner.

I was at the Office in the afternoon in hopes that Mr. Felton might call, but he did not, and at 6.15. p.m. I went to supper. After supper I went to Barr's Saloon, and found Mr. Luckett and several other gentlemen there. He asked me to drink and introduced me to Captain Ferrandina, and Captain Turner. He eulogised me very highly as a neighbor of his, and told Ferrandina that I was the gentleman who had given the Twenty five Dollars, he (Luckett) had given to Ferrandina.

The conversation at once got into Politics, and Ferrandina who is a fine looking, intelligent appearing person, became very excited. He shows the Italian in I think a very marked degree, and although excited, yet was cooler than what I had believed was the general characteristic of Italians. He has lived South for many years and is thoroughly imbued with the idea that the South must rule: that they (Southerners) have been outraged in their rights by the election of Lincoln, and freely justified resorting to any means to prevent Lincoln from taking his seat, and as he spoke his eyes fairly glared and glistened, and his whole frame quivered, but he

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was fully conscious of all he was doing. He is a man well calculated for controlling and directing the ardent minded — he is an enthusiast, and believes that, to use his own words, "Murder of any kind is justifiable and right to save the rights of the Southern people". In all his views he was ably seconded by Captain Turner.

Captain Turner is an American, but although, very much of a gentleman and posessing warm Southern feelings, he is not by any means so dangerous a man as Ferrandina, as his ability for exciting others is less powerfull — but that he is a bold and proud man, there is no doubt, as also that he is entirely under the control of Ferrandina. In fact it could not be otherwise, for even I myself felt the influence of this mans strange power, and wrong though I knew him to be, I felt strangely unable to keep my mind balanced against him.

Ferrandina said that never, never shall Lincoln be President — His life (Ferrandina) was of no consequence — he was willing to give it for Lincoln's — he would sell it for that Abolitionists, and as Orissini [17] had given his life for Italy, so was he (Ferrandina) ready to die for his country, and the rights of the South, and, said Ferrandina, turning to Captain Turner "we shall all die together. We shall show the North that we fear them not — every Captain, said he, will on that day prove himself a hero — The first shot fired, the main Traitor (Lincoln) dead, and all Maryland will be with us, and the South shall be free, and the North must then be ours. "Mr Huchins," said Ferrandina, "If I alone must do it, I shall — Lincoln shall die in this City."

Whilst we were thus talking we (Mr. Luckett, Turner, Ferrandina and Myself ), were alone in one corner of the Bar Room, and while talking two strangers had got pretty near us. Mr Luckett called Ferrandina's attention to this, and intimated that they were listening, and we went up to the Bar — drinked again at my expense, and again retired to another part of the room, at Ferrandina's request to see if the strangers would again follow us — whether by accident or design, they again got near us, but of course we were not talking of any matter of consequence. Ferrandina said he suspected they were Spies, and suggested that he had to attend a secret meeting, and was apprehensive that the two strangers might follow him, and at Mr. Lucketts request I remained with him (Luckett) to watch the movements of the strangers. I assured Ferrandina that if they did attempt to follow him, that we would whip them.

Ferrandina and Turner, left to attend the meeting, and anxious as I was to follow them myself, I was oblige to remain with Mr. Luckett to watch the strangers — which we did for about fifteen minutes, when Mr. Luckett said that he should go to a friends to stay over night, and I left for my Hotel, arriving there about 9.00. p.m., and soon retired.

** **

-- 277 --

Friday 15th February 1861 — C.D.C.W. — Reports.

*****

I then returned to Sherwoods, [18] as I had made an appointment with Sherrington [19] to go to see "Tom Smith". We first went to his (Tom Smiths) Oyster Establisment on Market Street, but not finding him there we returned by way of Market Street, and over-took him (Smith) on the corner of Second and Market Streets.

Sherrington introduced him to me, when we went into Saloon on Market Street and had quite a talk. Smith informed Sherrington that they had broken up their meetings as they could do nothing; that they had become disheartened, and he was disgusted with Maryland; that he was going to settle up his business Summer, and go to South Carolina in the Fall: that he was really ashamed to own that he was a native of Maryland; that he had talked and talked to them but all to no use: that in five years we would be able to cut a good crop of grass in the streets of Baltimore. Sherrington then asked Smith if Lincoln was not coming through on Saturday. Smith replied that he did not know whether he was or not: that he doubted if Lincoln would ever pass through Baltimore. Smith said this in a peculiar manner, and winked at me — "if he does", said I, "I'll be d—d if I don't leave here, and go to South America, for I wont live under him," "Nor will I," said Sherrington, "If he does," Said Tom., "Mark me — if he does, then this town is ruined and grass will grow in the Streets": (He spoke in a slow deliberate manner, seeming to weigh every word, but never once getting excited): that the Marylanders were too slow for him: that they "blow" to much, and don't act enough". I then asked him (Smith) what would have happened if Maryland, had acted like South Carolina. He replied that Washington would have belonged to the Southern Confederacy, and Lincoln shall never have taken his seat; that there was no use talking to the d — d fools any more (meaning the Marylanders): that we must be ready to act, for by God there was hot work ahead. I asked him what he thought of the "Force-Bill". [20] Tom, said that they must never try that, for they could never subjugate the South — they might exterminate them, but they would never surrender.

Sherrington then wanted to know where they held their meetings now. Tom replied that he did not know, for he had nothing to do with them, "Well," said I, "they say us Secessionists want to blow H—l out of everything, "If they won't let the South have what belongs to them, then I say "blow" up the property sooner that let the North have it," said Smith. "Do you know" said I, "that we have a lot of d—d spies in town — Dick Sherwood [21] told us so to-day; that they had been to him for information as he was a Union man". Smith replied to this that there was a S — of a B — who stopped at Bucks Saloon on Lafayette Street; that he

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pretended to be selling watch pockets, made of canton flannel, and pine-burs sewed on them: that they had watched him going to the Telegraph Office several times a day &c". I said if he would show him to me I would make it too hot for him here, Smith answered, that he wished to G—d I would for he (the spy) was watching their every movement, and then said he reckoned we were all right, and to be on hand to act when wanted. He then bade us goodby, and we parted.

****

Monday 18th, February 1861 —

M. B — [22] Reports —

I got up at 7.30. A.M. and breakfasted at 8.30. a.m. — During the forenoon Mr. P— called and said I must get ready to go to New York on the 5.16. p.m. train. He also gave me my instructions and some letter's for N. B. Judd, and E. S. Sanford, [23] and then left.

After dinner I made arrangements to leave, paying my Bill &c — , and told them I wanted to take the train for Philadelphia. At about 4.00 p.m. I left for the Depot where I saw Mr. P—, and at 5.16. p.m. I started for New York.

Tuesday 19th February 1861.

M.B. — Reports

I arrived in New York at 4.00. a.m. took a carriage, drove to the Astor House, where I got a room, after much trouble, and went to bed, but did not sleep. I got up at 7.30. a.m. and had breakfast, after which I sent a note to Adams Express Office for E. S. Sanford, I waited until 3. o'clock, when not receiving any answer, I sent a second note to him (E. S. Sanford)

At 3.30. p.m. Mr. Burn's [24] came to my room with a note for from Mr. Sanford. He acknowledged the receipt of my two notes, and said that anything I had for him, I could send by Mr. Burn's, also anything I had to say Mr. Burn's would hear for him. I gave Mr. B— the letter from A. P— to E. S. Sanford, but told Mr. Burns that I could not talk with him. Mr. Burns then left promising to call again in the evening with any message that Mr. Sanford would have.

At 4.00. p.m. the President and Suite arrived at the Astor House. Lincoln looked very pale, and fatigued. He was standing in his carriage bowing when I first saw him. From the carriage he went direct into the House, and soon after appeared on the Balcony, from where he made a short speech, but there was such a noise, it was impossible to hear what he said. Just about this time Mr. Burn's came again saying that Mr. Sanford would call to see me at 7.00. p.m.

I then wrote a note to N. B. Judd, and asked him to come to my room so soon as convenient. I gave the note to the bell-boy and told him to deliver immediately

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— The boy soon returned, and said that Judd had been left in Albany, but would be in New York on the first train, and so soon as he arrived would get the Note.

It was now about 6.30. p.m., so I went down and had supper — from the supper table I went direct to my room, and had no more that got in, when Mr. Judd called. I gave him a letter from A. P—, which he sat down to read, first asking me if he could light his cigar.

After reading the letter, Mr. Judd asked me a great many questions, which I did not answer, I told him that I could not talk on the business, but if he had any message for A. P— I would take it. He asked me when I would leave for Baltimore — I told him I should leave early in the morning. He said he was much alarmed and would like to show the letter I had given him to some of the party, and also consult the New York Police about it. I advised him to do no such thing, but keep cool, and see Mr. P—. Judd asked me what he should do. I told him would go direct to Baltimore, and have Mr. P— advise him by letter, and by Telegraph. Judd said that he wanted to see A. P— and asked me if I did not think he would come to New York if he Telegraphed for him. I said I knew it would be impossible for him (A. P—) to leave in time to see him (Judd) in New York. Judd did not know what to do; said that he would see me again so soon as possible, and that he must consult with one of his party.

Just at this moment — E. S. Sanford came in, and I introduced him to N. B. Judd. Mr. Sanford then handed Mr. Judd a note, from Mr Pinkerton. Mr. Judd read it, and said it was all right, and that he was glad to meet Mr. Sanford. Mr. Sanford replied that anything he could do for him (Judd) would be done with pleasure. Mr Judd then left promising to see me again during the evening. After Mr. Judd had gone, Mr. Sanford excused himself for not coming directly to see me on receipt of my Notes: said the fact of the matter was he was keeping out of sight for a few days, and did not want to be seen by any one, for all supposed him to be in Philadelphia, and said "Now what is the trouble?" I replied that I had come to deliver letters to him and Mr. Judd, and was ready to take any message back to A. P—; that I would leave early in the morning, and that was all I had to say on business. Mr. Sanford said there was something more, and I could tell him, for Allan always told him anything and everything. I replied that that was no reason why I should tell him all I knew, and that I had no more to say. Mr. Sanford rejoined "Barley, there is something more, and if you will only tell me how you are situated, and what you are doing at Baltimore I can better judge how to act." I said again "Mr Sanford, I have nothing more to say." He appeared quite dissatisfied, and said he supposed I had "roped" so many, I thought I could not be "roped" myself. I replied that it was as easy to "rope" me as, any one else, but that just now I really had nothing to say, Mr. Sanford laughed at this, and said that I was a strange woman. He seemed good natured again, and asked my advice about writing a Dispatch to A. P—, and sending Burn's to Baltimore.

He (Sanford) then wrote a Dispatch, and read it to me, after which he went down to send it, but before going asked me if he could bring Mr. Henry Sanford [25]

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to my room, and introduce him to me. I said that if it was necessary I should see Henry Sanford in regard to any business matter, I would do so, but not otherwise.

Mr. Sanford sent the Dispatch, and saw Mr. Judd, when he returned to my room, and talked to me about sending Burn's to Baltimore: said that it would be a great assistance to Mr. P— for he would give Burn's the full controll of the Telegraph wires from Baltimore to any point A. P— would wish, and that Burns could help A. P— very much in case he needed him. Mr. Sanford then said that he thought we were frightened (meaning Mr. P—, and myself). I suppose he thought now that I would go on and tell him all I knew, but I said nothing, only that we were not frightened and what was more I had never known A. P— to be frightened.

We now conversed on different subjects, and Mr. Sanford told me that he was keeping out of sight, to keep from having some old papers served on him: that it was an old California matter of the Adams Express Company's, for a Hundred and Forty Thousand Dollars; that himself, Dinsmore, and Shoemaker had to keep out of sight until Friday next. He laughed about it, and said I should tell A. P— that the Officers were after him (Sanford). He was very friendly and staid until after 10. oclock, when he bade me good night and left.

Mr. Sanford had not gone long when I received a Dispatch from Mr. P—, saying "Tell Judd I meant all I said, and that to-day they offer Ten for one, and Twenty for two." I immediately sent for Judd, who came at once to my room. I gave the Dispatch, and he (Judd) wanted to show it to Vice President Hamlin, and also that I should have an interview with Hamlin. I said that it would never do: that I could not say anything more to Hamlin than I had said to him (Judd), and that in the morning I should return to Baltimore.

Mr Judd urged me to have Mr. P— come on to Philadelphia and meet them there, so as to advise what to do. I promised Mr. Judd I would tell Mr. P— all he had said, and would do what I could to get him (A.P.) to meet them at Philadelphia. Mr Judd then told me about having been left in Albany, and said that he never felt so mortified in all his life. I could not but laugh to see how bad he felt. He also spoke of Mrs. Lincoln and said that she was tickled to death with all she had seen since leaving home. Mr. Judd left my room at 11.30. p.m. I then sent word to be wakened in time to take the early train for Baltimore in the morning — I went to bed tired.

Tuesday 17th. February 1861 —

T. W — [26] Reports.

****

Captain Keen [27] and some four or five others then came in, and got up a game of Ten-pins. we played until 1.45. p.m., when Springer, Taylor, and I went in to

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dinner — They commenced talking about what route Lincoln would take to Washington. Springer said that he was going over the Philadelphia, Willmington, and Baltimore Rail Road, and Taylor said "No"; that Lincoln would go over the Central Road; that he (Lincoln) had better not come over this road with any Military — for if he did that Boat would never make another across the River. Springer replied that they had not better attempt to take any Military over this Road, for if they did Lincoln would never get to Washington.

Taylor got the Horse and Buggy ready, when Springer and I, left for Aberdeen. We had got about two miles on our way, when we had to turn back on account of the bad roads. On the Springer talked some about Lincoln, and said that when Lincoln arrived in Baltimore, they would try to get him out to speak, and if he did come out, he (Springer) would not be surprised if they killed him; that there was in Baltimore about One Thousand men well organized, and ready for anything. I asked if the leaders were good men. Springer said they had the very best men in Baltimore, and that nearly all the Custom House officers were in the organization. I could not learn from him any of their names.

*****

Tuesday 19th. February 1861 —

A. F. C — Reports.

** ***

After leaving there about half an hour, Hillard came bringing me a pair of worked slippers as a present — At the time I was lying on the bed, and he said to me "You look sober — what is the matter with you?" I replied "I am thinking about what a d — d pretty tumult this country is in — I have had all kinds of bad thoughts shoot through my mind — you know you cannot prevent a man from thinking?" Hillard replied "Of course not — what have you been thinking about?" I told him that I was thinking of a man had the ______ how he could immortalize himself by taking a knife and plunging it to Lincoln's heart; but it is impossible to find a man with the pluck to do it — It is not as it was in the time of Brutus and Ceaser — there is not the courage now that was then." Hillard rejoined "There are men who would do it!" I said "I will give Five Hundred Dollars to see the man who will do it, although it is of no interest to me; that I was out of the Union — I had no claim on this Government, and did not belong here, nevertheless I would give Five Hundred Dollars to see a man do it." Hillard said to me "Give me an article of agreement that you will give my mother Five Hundred Dollars, and I will kill Lincoln between here and Havre-de-Grace" — and then exclaimed in the language of Brutus "Not that I love Lincoln less, but my Country more"! He added the "Five Hundred dollars would help my Mother, but it would do me no good, because I would expect to die — and I would say so soon as it was done — Here gentlemen take me — I am the man who done the deed. Hillard also remarked "If our Company would draw lots to see who would kill Lincoln, and the lot should fall on me, I would do it willingly, even if my Captain should tell me to do it I would

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do it". I said to him "By the By, friend Hillard, talking about your Company, you remind me of one thing I wanted to say to you, which is this: "Yesterday you contradicted yourself in your statements to me in regard to your Company — now you know I am a frank man, and have no desire, for it is none of my business to ask you questions about your Company, and no desire to know anything about it only so far — that I of course feel an interest in the cause, that you know is natural, being a Southern Man." He replied, "Yes my friend — I have told you all I have a right to tell you — and I tell you all I dare without compromising myself, my friends, and my honor — I have unbounded confidence in you, and know you to be a gentleman — I am a judge of human nature — I have been asked by my friends who you was, what you was &c — , and I have replied, that you was a gentleman, and that was all I knew about it, and all I wanted to Know."

We had left my room while this conversation was going on, and on arriving at the corner of Baltimore and Holliday Streets, Hillard said to me "I will go to supper and from there to the National Volunteer room, and will return at 9.00. p.m. to your room. I persuaded him however to go to supper with me at Mann's Resteraunt, where we went up stairs to a private dining room and there resumed our conversation — He said to me "ever since I went to Washington I am very careful in what I say — there are Government spies here all the time, (in Baltimore) even now, do you see that old man at the other end of the Room?" "this is the first time I have noticed him — just as likely as not he is a government spy — there is no telling — and may be before this he has my name down, and what I have said — We are all more careful (meaning the National Volunteers) — twenty times more careful than we were previously. I never recognize any of the boys now in the Street when I see them — We have to be careful — Do not think my friend that it is a want of confidence in you that makes me so cautious — it is because I have to be — I do not remmember to have spoken to a person out of our Company, and the first thing I knew I was at Washington before that Committee [28]We have taken a solemn oath, which is to obey the orders of our Captain, without asking any questions, and in no case, or under any circumstances reveal any orders received by us, or entrusted to us, or anything that is confidential, for instance I was called to Washington City before the Committee — I must not divulge the object nor the nature of our organization, but evade and if necessary decline to answer their questions."

I asked Hillard what was the first object of the organization. He replied "It was first organized to prevent the passage of Lincoln with the troops through Baltimore, but our plans are changed every day, as matters change, and what its object will be from day to day, I do not know, nor can I tell — All we have to do is, to obey the orders of our Captain, whatever he commands we are required to do — Rest assured I have all confidence in you, and what I can and dare tellyou I am willing to and like to do it — I cannot come out and tell you all — I cannot compromise my honor".

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Friday 22d February 1861 —

A. P. — Reports —

At 12.10. A.M. I again left the Continental Hotel in search of Mr. Franciscus, [29] having previously called on Mr. Judd and requested him to remain until I could return. Henry Sanford was with Mr. Judd. I drove to Mr. Franciscus' house but was informed that he was not at home, but sent word to his family that he had gone to his Office in West Philadelphia. I accordingly drove there and found him. I went with him to his Office, and told what was required — viz — a special train to bring Mr. Lincoln from Harrisburg to Philadelphia this evening. Superintendant Franciscus said that if this was necessary of course it should be done, but that they all ready had three special trains on the Road for this evening, wich would be fully loaded with Citizens and Soldiers. My request Mr Franciscus accompanied me to the Continental Hotel, and to Mr. Judd's room, where we found Mr. Sanford. It was fully arranged that as early after dark as possible Mr Lincoln was to leave Harrisburg and get out to the train which would be about half a mile from the Depot, and that Superintendant Franciscus would himself take charge of the train and have Mr. Lincoln in West Philadelphia to meet me at about 10.30. p.m. This being arranged, and it being now about ___.00. a.m., I left with Mr. Franciscus and took him home in the carriage, and from thence drove to Mr. Burn's house on Prune Street, rung the bell and waked him up, and told him of what arrangements had been made, requesting him to be ready early in the morning to go to the Telegraph Office and get a practical Telegraph Climber and make arrangements for the Climber and him (Burns) to go to Harrisburg on the Presidental Train this morning at nine o'clock and to inolate Harrisburg from Telegraphic communications with the world by six p.m. and to keep it so until 7.00. a.m. tomorrow.

After leaving Mr. Burn's I drove to the St Louis Hotel it being now, and settled with the Hack-driver. At this time the people were rapidly assembling in front of Independance Hall to witness the raising of a United States flag by Mr. Lincoln which was announced for sun-rise.

Having washed and put on some clean clothes at 6.00. a.m. I went to see Mr. Dunn, Agent for Harnden's Express Company to procure him to go to Baltimore to see A.F.C. and procure the Reports of Operations in Balimore since I left. Mr. Dunn consented to go on the 8.00. a.m. train. I did not explain what the nature of the business was, but gave him a key to the Office and a letter to "A.F.C." requesting "A.F.C." to give him the Reports of himself and C.D.C.W., which had been made since I left, and also to send by him any verbal Report he might deem necessary for me, and assurring him (A.F.C.) that the bearer (Dunn) was fully reliable. I also gave Mr Dunn, Fifteen Dollars to pay his expenses and directed him to return on the train leaving Baltimore for Philadelphia at 5.15. p.m. and that on arriving at the Depot at Philadelphia he would there find "M.B," and to procure for her such tickets as she might require and see to her getting seats in the

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sleeping car, as also to deliver to. M.B. — all reports, verbal and written he might receive in Baltimore and to keep a look out in the Depot for my arrival which would be a few minutes after the time for the departure of the trains.

After fully instructing Mr. Dunn I returned to the St Louis and had breakfast, after which I went to Mr. Burns house on Prune Street, and arranged with him, that he have some person in the Telegraph Office in this City all evening to supervise any or all Telegraph Messages which might be received or sent, to or from this office bearing on this affair, and if any such were received that they should not be delivered, and if any such were brought in to be sent, that they should not be sent until the next morning, Mr. Burns agreed to see to this, and then I went to the Girard House and met Mr. Sanford (Henry). I rather urged upon Mr. Sanford who was about to return to New York to remain and stay in the Telegraph Office and supervise the messages — but he declined, saying that he must Return to New York to day, but stated that he would aid Mr. Burns to get things in a shape so that this would be taken care of.

It being now about 8.10. a.m. I went to the Continental Hotel to see Mr. Judd prior to the Presidental Cortege leaving for Harrisburg, Mr. Judd was not in his room. I saw W. H. Lamon Esq. who said that he would find Mr. Judd and send him to his room, so I went there and waited. In a few moments Mr. Judd came in. He said that the arrangements I had made last night in regard to the conveyance of Mr. Lincoln to Washington was all satisfactory and that I might go on and make the balance of them, and rely upon meeting Mr. Lincoln at West Philadelphia this evening: that he (Mr Judd) had thought the whole subject over and that he still _____ the course I had suggested as the only feasible one under the circumstances: that it would doubtless create a great deal of excitement throughout the Country and with the Politicians, but that this could not be helped, and that he (Judd) would take the responsibility of it. I assured Mr. Judd that I full believed the course I had indicated was the only one to save the country from Bloodshed at the present time.

After leaving Mr. Judd I went to the La-Pierre House, where I met Mr Felton, and made a full report of what had transpired last night and the arrangements made with reference to Mr. Lincoln going to Washington on to-nights train. Mr. Felton approved of what I had done and desired that I should see Mr. Franciscus and urge him to have the special train with Mr. Lincoln in on time, so as not to delay the departure of other trains on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road, as if that Train was delayed too late, the train from Baltimore to Washington would start, and then Mr. Lincoln would be obliged either lay over in Baltimore or hire a special train to take him through.

I left Mr. Felton to endeavor to see Mr. Franciscus, but on going to the Office of the latter, I found he had gone to Harrisburg on special train on which was Mr. Lincoln. I then returned to Mr. Felton's Office and had a very long interview with him in regard to this business. Mr. Felton said that he thought it would be adviseable to have both the Messrs. Stearn's come into Philadelphia, so that we could

-- 285 --

take steps to have Wm Stearn's [30] go to Baltimore and see the Superintendant of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road and say to him that in the event of this afternoon train on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road, that the train on the Washington Branch Road should be delayed until the arrival of the train on the Philadelphia on account of important Government Dispatches being on said train. Mr. Felton said that he did not think it safe to entrust the Superintendant of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road of the fact that Mr. Lincoln was going through to-night, and that as the Telegraph Office of the Rail Road Company at Philadelphia, George Stearns could be instructed to Telegraph from Wilmington to Wm Stearns at Baltimore the time the train passed Wilmington, so that if the train was much behind time, Mr. Wm Stearns could go and see the Superintendant of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road any get an order to delay the train on the Washington Branch until the arrival of the Train on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road, and that if the train was likely to be on time nothing need be said to the Superintendant of the Baltimore, and Ohio Rail Road.

Mr Felton said that he should like to have me call again at his office at 1.00. p.m. and meet Mr. Kinsey, [31] Master of Transportation of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road who would arrange to take this evening's train until the arrival of Mr. Lincoln and Myself.

On leaving Mr. Felton I went to the St Louis Hotel and received the following Notes and Telegram.

"Office of Adams Express Company,
"320 Chesnut Street
"Philadelphia _______186.

"I opened this to Burn's and it interests you more than him. I leave it with you"

H.S. [32]

"Westvilt [33] has gone to Harrisburg and the tel wire from N.Y. thro, will be watched lest a message be sent around via Buffalo."

Boston x x 11. N.D.

"G. H. Burn's
"Phila

"Tell Plums I had all Sumac [34] messages explainded, there are none that appear irregular — none from points along the route to any one party or to any parties in Baltimore except from Hood who has charge of trains. Is it possible that Plums has fallen on parties who are operating for the same object as himself and they are pumping each other. E. S. Sanford." [35]

-- 286 --

Saturday 23d February 1861 —

A. P— Reports —

We arrived at Baltimore on time about 3.30. a.m., when M. B — left the train, took a Carriage and went to the Hotel, I got up out of my Berth on arriving at the Depot of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road. Whilst at that Depot Mr. Wm. Stearns came in and I learned from him in a whisper that all was right. We now proceeded on to the Depot of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, where at 4.15. a.m. we left for Washington. Mr. Lincoln did not get up — while at the latter Depot we had considerable amusement by the repeated calls of the Night Watchman of the Company to rouse the Ticket Agent who appeared to be asleep in a wooden building close by the sleeping car. He repeatedly attempted to awaken the sleepy Official, by pounding on the side of the building with a club, and hallowing "Captain its Four O'clock", This he kept up for about twenty minutes without any change in the time, and many funny remarks were made by the passengers at the Watchmans time being always the same. Mr. Lincoln appeared to enjoy it very much and made several witty remarks showing that he was as full of fun as ever.

We arrived at Washington about 6.00. a.m. and being all ready we left the car amongst the first In passing through the Depot I obsered Mr. Wm Stearns close by us — A gentleman looked very sharp at Mr. Lincoln who was on my right, and as we passed him he caught hold of Mr. Lincoln saying "Abe you can't play that on me". I hit the gentleman a punch with my elbow as he was close to me, staggering him back, but he recovered himself, and again took hold of Mr. Lincoln remarking that he knew him. I was beginning to think that we were discovered, and that we might have to fight, and drew back clenching my fist, and raising it to take the gentleman a blow, when Mr. Lincoln took hold of my arm saying "Don't strike him Allan, don't strike him — that is my friend Washburne [36] — don't you know him?"

I at once told Mr. Washburne as we walked along not to do or say aught which would attract the attention of the passengers — and we walked out of the Depot and took a Hack — Mr. Lincoln, Messrs Washburne, and Lamon, [37] and Myself got in and drove to Willards Hotel.

Mr. Washburne said that he was at the Depott, expecting Mr. Lincoln on account of a Telegraph Dispatch received from the Son of Governor Seward, and that Gov. Seward was to have been at the Depot also, but that he (Washburne) did not see him. I apologized for "Punching" him at the Depot, on the ground that I did not know him, and he expressed himself satisfied saying that he ought to have been more cautious. Before arriving at the Hotel, Mr. Lincoln, Washburne, and Myself left the carriage and walked to-wards the ladies entrance, and Mr. Lamon drove to the Hotel to request Mr. Willard to meet us at the Ladys entrance.

-- 287 --

He did so, and showed us up to a room, when he would get the suite of rooms designed for Mr. Lincoln ready. In a few minutes Governor Seward arrived and was introduced to Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Lamon, and Myself by Mr. Washburne.

Mr. Lincoln explained to the Governor the Nature of the information I had given him which occasioned him (Mr Lincoln) coming to Washington in this manner. Governor Seward said that he (Seward) and General Scott fully approved of the step and that it had their cordial endorsement — as he felt sure that as circumstances were at present it was the wisest and best course for him (Lincoln) to take: that he (Seward) had in his posession conclusive evidence showing that there was a large organization in Baltimore to prevent the passage of Mr. Lincoln through that City and he felt confident that Mr. Lincoln could not have come through in any other manner without blood-shed: that this knowledge was what induced him after consultation with General Scott to send his (Sewards') son to Philadelphia to meet Mr. Lincoln with these letters and to urge a change of route; that this change would doubtless create quite a "Furore", but that he (Seward) would defend it, and endorse it, and that had Mr. Lincoln not taken this step — Genl. Scott was so plainly convinced of the danger to Mr. Lincoln that in all probability he would have sent United States Troops to Baltimore to-day to receive and escort the President Elect.

I informed Governor Seward of the nature of the information I had, and that I had no information of any large organization in Baltimore, but the Governor reiterated that he had conclusive evidence of this.

Mr. Lincoln expressed himself rather tired, so we left him and at Govr Sewards request went with him to his house where we again talked over this danger of Mr Lincoln's coming through Baltimore according to the published programe. I soon left the Governor's and with W. H. Lamon, I returned to Willards Hotel, where I registered the name E. I. Allen, New York, had a bath and breakfast, and then went and sent the following Dispatches.

****

Friday 22d. February 1861 —

A. P— Reports.

*****

"Friday 10. a.m. — I go to N.Y., at 11. o'clk. It is all arranged to have Telegraph cut at Harrisburg in all directions at 6.00 p.m. This is the better plan for I could not prevent operators talking after dispatches were rec'd here of the kind we apprehend would be. We found Mr. Westervilt in town — he coincides in this plan and will go to Harrisburg at 12. with a professional Climber to do the needful thing in the right place & at the right time. I think we may safely rely that Harrisburg will be isolated completely. For your sake I hope.

H. Sanford"

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At 12.18. p.m. I went to the Express Office and wrote the following Dispatch which Mr. McCullough sent to the Telegraph office.

"I. C. Babcock.
Adams Express New. York.
Telegraph Sanford that Plums is here and says no mistake — no doubt — no question — It is positive and beyond all cavil — as sure as cotton ever had Ten — and that he shall as certainly ruin if his orders is as warmly backed as Lemons did then. [38]

Plums will Sumac Lemons from

(Signed) R. P. McCullough"

At 1.00. p.m. I went to Mr. Feltons Office and met him and Messrs Stevens [39] and McKinsey. We had a very long discussion on the programe for this evening, It was finally agreed that Wm Stearns should go to Baltimore on the accomodation train this evening and be prepared to act as Mr. Felton had suggested in our previous interview, as also that George Stearns should Telegraph Mr. Sanford from Wilmington as greed upon. Mr. Felton put up a Package of old papers and addressed it to E. I. Allen Esq. Williams Hotel, Washington. D.C. sealed it and marked it valuable and gave it to Mr. Kensey and wrote a note to the Conductor of the evening train South — requesting him not to start his train until he would receive this package from Mr. Kinsey — as this package must go through to Washington on to-nights train. Mr. Felton directed Mr. Kinsey to meet at the west Philadelphia Station of the Philadelphia Rail Road at 9.45. p.m. and to come with Myself and Mr. Lincoln to near the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road Depot and after seeing that Myself and Party were on board to run into the Depot and hand the Conductor the package and start the train.

Mr. Felton said that in order not appear Privy to any of these arrangements he would go to the Theatre with his family this evening.

At 3.30. p.m. I left Mr. Feltons and returned to the St Louis Hotel and after getting dinner went to M. B — s room and directed her to be ready to leave the St Louis about 9.20. p.m.: to get a private carriage and drive to the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road Depot and meet Mr. Dunn who would arrive from Baltimore at 9.50. p.m. and have him procure Tickets for three from Philadelphia to Washington, and also to secure four double berths and also to receive from Dunn all written and verbal reports he might have for me from Baltimore, then to get in the sleeping car and keep possession of the Sleeping Car Berths until my arrival with Mr. Lincoln. I directed her to secure the Berths in the rear part of the rear part of the Car, which would be the last in the train, and to request Mr. Dunn to get the rear door in the car opened so I could enter by it.

I then went to the Telegraph and Express Offices to see if any dispatches had been received but found none. I remained around the St Louis in a State of suspence until about 8.30. p.m. when I telegraphed.

-- 289 --

"Geo. H. Burn's
Harrisburg.
Where is Nuts. [40]
I. H. Hutcheson."

At 9.15. p.m. I received the following Dispatch.

Harrisburg Feb'y 22d' — 1861

"I. H. Hutcheson
St Louis Hotel Philadelphia.
"Nuts left at six — Everything as you directed — all is right — (signed) Geo. H. Burns",

I then procured a carriage for M. B — and went with here to the corner of Tenth and Chesnut Streets, where I got out and she went on to the Depot.

I then hired a carriage near the Girard House and drove with it to West Philadelphia. I stood with the carriage a few rods west of the stairs leading from the Street to Mr. Franciscus Office, and was soon joined by Mr. Kinsey. About three minutes past ten, Mr. Lincoln accompanied by W. H. Lamon, Superintendant Lewis, and assistant Superintendant Franciscus arrived. I met them on the steps. Mr. Lincoln wore a brown Kossuth Hat, and an overcoat thrown loosely over his shoulders. The evening was chilly but not cold. We immediately proceeded to the carriage and Mesrs Lewis and Franciscus parted from Mr. Lincoln. Mr Lincoln thanked them for their kindness &c — , and I promised to Telegraph them in the Morning. As the train on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Rail Road did not start until 11.50. p.m. I suggested to Mr. Kinsey to get on the box with the Driver and consume the time by driving Northward in search of some imaginary person, so that we should not arrive at the Depot, until about 11.00. p.m.

Mr. Lincoln, W. H. Lamon and myself took seats in the carriage. Mr. Lincoln said that after I had left him last night at the Continental, and he had gone to bed, that a son of Governor Sewards [41] had called him up, and delivered him letters from his Father (Governor Seward) and General Scott, Stating substantially the same as I had, but much stronger: that about Fifteen Thousand men were organized to prevent his passage through Baltimore, and that arrangements were made by these parties to blow up the Rail Road track, fire the Train &c — , and urging upon him (Lincoln) to change his route. Mr. Lincoln said that he had received the letters, but merely told young Mr. Seward that he would give him an answer at Harrisburg; that he (Mr. Lincoln) had in the morning after leaving Philadelphia told Mr. Judd about this, and on Mr. Judd's advice he had finally told young Seward that "He would change his route;" that after pledging himself to me to secrecy he did not think he had the right to speak to any one on the subject, nor would not until Mr. Judd told him he (Judd) would take the responsibility of his (Lincoln's) telling Seward and make it all right with me.

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Mr. Lincoln also said that upon his telling Mrs. Lincoln of the step he was about to take that she insisted upon Mr. Lamon accompanying him, and that he (Lincoln) found it impossible to get away from the crowd without the aid of Governor Curtin and Col. Sumner, [42] whom he was finally obliged to inform of this movement to secure their co-operation in order to cover his absence; that all approved of the step he had taken, but the Military men were anxious to accompany him, expressing doubt but that I might be leading him into a trap and selling him (Lincoln) to the Secessionists — to all of which Mr. Lincoln said that he knew me, and had confidence in me and would trust himself and his life in my hands.

Mr. Lincoln said that from the great interest I had manifested in this matter he had every confidence in me.

Mr. Lamon offered Mr. Lincoln a Revolver and Bowie Knife and I at once protested saying that I would not for the world have it said that Mr. Lincoln had to enter the National Capitol Armed; that I anticipated no trouble; that if we went through at all we must do so by stratagem, but that if fighting had to be done, it must be done by others than Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln said that he wanted no arms; that he had no fears and that he felt satisfied that all my plans would work right. [43]

Mr. Lincoln was cool, calm, and self possessed — firm and determined in his bearing. He evinced no sign of fear or distrust, and throughout the entire night was quite self possessed.

On arriving at the vicinity of the Depot we left the carriage and I walked round the corner to the Depot. Mr. Lincoln, and Mr. Lamon followed. I met Mr. Dunn in the Depot who showed me to the sleeping car. I entered by the rear followed by Mr. Lincoln — no one appeared to notice us. I found M. B — and got into our Berths. Mr. Dunn soon left us and in about three minutes from the time we got aboard the train started.

I received from M. B — the reports written and verbal brought by Mr. Dunn. Mr. Lincoln soon laid down in his Berth, and when the Conductor came around for his Tickets, I handed him the Tickets for Mr. Lincoln. He did not look in the Berths at all — left and did not return again during the trip.

None of our party appeared to be sleepy, but we all lay quiet and nothing of importance transpired.

Friday 22d. February 1861 —

M. B — Reports.

At about 3.00. a.m. A. P— came to my room, sick, and tired out, and told me that he would not leave the city until evening. Mr. P— then went to his room and I went to bed tired out.

I got up at 6.00. a.m. and saw Lincoln raise a Flag on the State House. The

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streets were crowded with peope. After breakfast Mr. P— told me that Lincoln would go to Harrisburg, and at 6.00. p.m. would leave for Philadelphia; that I should leave the St Louis Hotel at 9.45. p.m for the Baltimore Depot, where I would meet Dunn and get a verbal report from him, and also any package he might have for Mr. P—. A. P— gave me all necessary instructions and then left.

Just as I was about leaving the St Louis Hotel, Mr. P— came with a carriage, and drove to the corner of Tenth and Chesnut Streets, where he got out and left me to go to the Depot.

On arriving at the Depot I met Mr. Dunn who gave me his verbal reports, and some written reports. He then bought three Tickets to Washington, and got me four double Berths in the sleeping car. I found it almost impossible to save the Berths to-gether. This sleeping car was conducted differantly from any I ever saw before — they gave no Tickets, and any person could take a Berth where they pleased. I gave the Conductor half a dollar to keep my berths, and by standing right by myself we manage to keep them.

Just before the train started Mr P— accompanied by Mr Lincoln and Col. Lamon came into the Car. I showed Mr. P— the berths and everything went off well. Mr. P— introduced me to Mr. Lincoln. He talked very friendly for some time — we all went to bed early — Mr P— did not sleep — nor did Mr. Lincoln. The excitement seemed to keep us all awake. Nothing of importance happened through the night.

Mr. Lincoln is very homely, and so very tall that he could not lay straight in his berth.

A. P— Reports — Saturday 23d. February 1861 —

* * * *

"N. B. Judd
"Harrisburg Pa.
"Arrived here all right
(Signed) E. I. Allen."

"C. G. Franciscus or E. Lewis
"Superintendants, Penn R.R.
"Philadelphia
"All right.
E. I. Allen".

"E. S. Sanford
"Gen'l Superintendant, American Telegraph Co.
"New York "Plums arrived here with Nuts this morning — all right.
E. I. Allen".

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"G. H. Bang's
"80. Washington Street. Chicago.
"Plums has Nuts — arri'd at Barley [44] — all right.
E. I. Allen"

"S. M. Felton
"President. P.W.&B.R.R.
"Philadelphia.
"Arrived here all Safe.
E. I. Allen."

After sending the Dispatches I Met Mr. Lamon. He was very much excited about the passage of Mr. Lincoln, and was anxious to Telegraph C. S. Wilson of the Chicago Journal in relation to it, and that he (Lamon) had arrived with Lincoln.

I endeavored to impress upon him that the arrival of Mr. Lincoln was yet considered secret and that nothing should be done by any one to make it public until it had been desired by Mr Lincoln and his advisers what shape his sudden arrival should assume, urging upon Mr. Lamon that the shape first given to Mr Lincoln's secret passage through Baltimore would in all probability be the shape it would retain; that this question in the present excited state of the public mind was fraught with grave consequences and that great care should be taken by all to consider well what was the best light to place it in. I also [45] reminded Mr. Lamon that whatever light this movement might be placed in, he must remember that I held Mr. Lincoln's pledge that I should for ever remain unknown as having anything whatever to do with it, All I could say to Mr. Lamon however appeared to be futile — regardles of all consequences he was determined to make a "Splurge" and have his name gure largely in it. The movement had been endorsed by Gov. Seward, and "it must be right", and Lamon would act upon no reasoning of mine. He talked so foolishly that I lost patience with him and set him down in my own mind as a brainless egotistical fool — and I still think so.

I left Lamon and walked up the Avenue and returned in about an hour, when I observed Lamon in conversation with the Reporter of the New York Herald, Mr. Hanscomb. They were in the Hall near the desk and I could plainly see that Lamon had been drinking — as I passed them without recognizing Lamon I observed Hanscomb look very hard at me and he kept his eye on me while I was around — pretty soon Hanscomb, Lamon went to the bar, and drinked — talked for a short time and drinked again — soon after repeating the dose — then Hanscomb went to the table accompanied by Lamon and commenced writing occasionally stopping to talk to Lamon. I saw that Hanscomb was "pumping" Lamon, and I motioned Lamon to me, and at once very angrily accused Lamon of telling Hanscomb

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about me, and who I was. Lamon said that Hanscomb Knew me, and all about me, and I replied "I suppose you have told him", He (Lamon) said yes, when Hanscomb assured him that he did not know me. I got quite angry and swore some and told Lamon that Hanscomb did not know me, but had taken that method to draw it out of him, and that I had already told him (Lamon) that I held Mr. Lincoln's pledge of secresy as regards me, I should at once see Mr. Lincoln and insist upon his (Lincoln) making Lamon hold his tongue. Mr. Lamon was very much excited at this and begged that I should not do this, and that he would at once see Hanscomb and have him keep my name out of the paper. Lamon left me and returned and took a seat by Hanscomb. [46]

I remained around the Hotel until about 2.00. p.m. when I sent a card signed E. I. Allen to Mr. Lincoln — saying that I was about to leave for Baltimore and requesting to see him for a moment. I received an immediate reply asking me to come to his room. There was a delegation of Members of Congress there — Governor Seward and several other gentlemen. Mr. Lincoln took me into an adjoining room and thanked me very kindly for the service I had rendered him, saying that fully appreciated them &c. &c — , and requesting me to call upon him every time I came to Washington, and let him know when he could be of any service to me. He asked me how long I thought I should be in Baltimore and I replied that I presumed I would be there until the Inaugeration, and he requested that if I had anything further to communicate I could do so either directly to himself or to Mr. Judd. He again assured me that my connection with the affair should be kept secret by him. I shook hands and retired to the Office where I paid my bill, and then left for the Depot, taking the 3.10. p.m. train for Baltimore.

At the Annapolis Junction we met the train with Mr. Lincoln's Suite on board. I had an oppertunity of seeing Mr. Judd for a moment and he said that there was some very tall swearing being done by the members of the party — but that this would soon be all done. that none of them could understand it, nor why they each were not taken into the secret. I informed Mr. Judd of the foolish conduct of Mr. Lamon and he promised to attend to the fool on his arrival in Washington.

I arrived in Baltimore about 5.00. p.m. and in the Depot met Mr. Luckett. He was very glad to see me, and took me one side and told me about the d — ble manner in which Lincoln passed through Baltimore. He said that he was collecting money for the freinds in Baltimore, and they would yet make the attempt to assassinate Lincoln; that if it had not been for d — d spies somwhere, Lincoln never could have passed through Baltimore; that the men were all ready to have done the job, and were in their places, and would have murdered the d — d Abolitionist had it not been that they were cheated. He said that Captain Ferrandina had had

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about Twenty picked men with good revolvers and knives that their calculation was to get up a row in the crowd with rotten eggs, and brick-bats, and that while the Police (some of whom understood the game) would be attending to this, that Captain Ferrandina and his men should attack the carriage with Lincoln and shoot every one in it, and trust to mixing up in the crowd to make their escape — but that if any of the members were taken the others were to rescue him at all cost, and at all hazard.

Mr. Luckett was very much excited and swore very hard against the d—d spies who had betrayed them, remarking that they would yet find them out, and when found they should meet the fate which Lincoln had for the present escaped.

I said to Mr. Luckett that it was indeed highly important that the spies should be found out, and trusted that no Effort should be spared for this purpose, and as I understood that Mr. Luckett was collecting money for the friends of Southern rights, I begged he would allow me to contribute a little more to this, and I took out my purse and handed Mr. Luckett, Ten dollars, but he refused saying that I had already been liberal enough, and I finally allowed him to return me Five dollars.

On leaving Mr Luckett I went to the Hotel and left my satchel and went to the Office where I found the men and received their reports, after which I went to the Post Office and got my mail. The whole people were in an excited state. The Hall of the Post Office, was crowded full with gentlemen and all sorts of rumors were afloat — I mixed in with them and of all the excitement I ever did see it was there — every-body appeared to be swearing mad, and no end to the imprecations which were poured out on Lincoln and the unknown Spies. I staid there about an hour, when I returned to the Hotel and found the following Dispatch.

****

Saturday 23d February 1861 —

A. F. C — Reports.

Hillard and I got up at 7.00. a.m., and he started for his boarding house agreeing to return to my room at 11.00. a.m. I then went to Mann's Restaurant and got breafast, and from there went to the Office and wrote my reports. At 11.00. a.m. I returned to my room where I found Hillard. He was very much excited on account of a rumor that Lincoln had passed through Baltimore incog — early in the morning. Hillard said that he did not believe the report; that he had orders to be at the Depot at 12.30. p.m., and he had to go and wanted me to accompany him; that the council had ordered out the National Volunteers with instructions to be there (at the Depot).

We went to Mann's and had dinner, and from there to the Depot. On our way there he showed me large numbers of the Volunteers, some of whom he stopped and spoke with. To-day he (Hillard) wore his Palmetto Tree [47] on the outside of

-- 295 --

his vest and in full view, I would here mention that along the streets and around the Depot were congregated some ten or fifteen thousand people.

On arriving at the Depot, Hillard said to me that if Lincoln had passed through Baltimore as was rumored, there would be an attack upon the Capital (Washington): that the Ball had commenced now for certain; that he did not know how in H — l it leaked out that Lincoln was to be mobbed in Baltimore, but that it must have leaked out or he would not have gone through as he (Lincoln) did — I told him he (Hillard) belonged to a d — d nice set; that seven thousand men could not keep track of one man: He replied that they had men on the look out all the time and he did not see how Lincoln got away — but it must be that they could not have been with him all the time; that there would be an attack made on Washington sure; At a little after 1.00. p.m. I left Hillard at the Depot and came up Balimore Street. He was still under the impression that the rumor was a sell, and that Lincoln had not gone through. Before leaving the Depot I made an engagement with Hillard to meet him at my room at 4.00. p.m.

The Streets on each side of the hill from the top down was crowded with men, standing close side by side, probably two thousand or more, and were supposed to be members of the National Volunteers — there were also large numbers around Monument Square. Hillard afterwards told me that all those men standing there were National Volunteers, and that they stood in that position on the side of the hill so as that when the carriage containing Lincoln should come up the hill they could rush en-mass upon it, and around it. when Lincoln was to be slain — they reasoning that with such a dense crowd around the carriage, it would be impossible for any outsider to tell who did the deed. In connection with this Hillard said that from his position he would have the first shot, as the Members of the Volunteers forbid a line across the street; that the Men at Munument Square were put there for the like purpose, if by any mishap Lincoln should reach that point alive: that at the meeting of the Committee the night previous that was the course determined upon. Hillard added in a significant manner "You did not see any Police on the Street — they would not have interfered." He also stated that there had been five thousand dollars raised that day among the business classes with which to buy arms.

I went to my room at about 4.00. p.m. and Hillard not being there I returned again to Mann's Restaurant. At about 5. o'clock I again started for my room and on Fayette Street near Hemling's Billiard Room I met Hillard in conversation with a man who he introduced me to as a Mr. Bradford and who he subsequently told me was an officer in the National Volunteers. Hillard, and Bradford were both under the influence of liquor — the latter more so than Hillard. I asked Hillad if he was coming to my room with me. He replied "Hold on a minute", but I remarked that it was raining and I could not wait and I went to my room alone. Shortly after Hillard came there he began to pace up and down the room and was unusually noisy. I told him to sit down, or lay down, and keep quiet. I said to him "That man Bradford you introduce me to was pretty tight". He then said as I have above stated that Bradford was an officer of the National Volunteers, and continually

-- 296 --

cautioned me to be careful and not breathe a word of what he told me, because he had no right to tell me and it would be bad with him if it was known that he had said anything to me.

Bradford is a man about 45 or 50 years of age: about 6 feet high, and has the appearance of a gentleman.

Hillard said that it was so arranged, or was so understood by him, that the Police were not to interfere only sufficient to make it appear that they were endeavoring to do their duty. He added "All that heavy Police Force that went down there (to the Depot), they all went into the Station House, and even if they had interfered what could they have done? We had four thousand of the Volunteers at and about the Depot besides what were at Monument Square, and you did not see Marshall Kane around. He knows his business." This was said in significant manner, peculiar to Hillard. He then remarked "I should not be surprised if the National Volunteers marched to Washington, between this and the second day of March."

The National Volunteers, so Hillard said, have a meeting this evening, and showed me the place where the secret Committee met — which is on Fayette Street near Barnum's Hotel Democratic, Head Quarters, and as Hillard and I passed the building I stopped and listened a moment, but could distinguish nothing that was said. There seemed to be a great deal of bustle and noise in the room, which is in the third story, some one was speaking at the time and at intervals there was clapping of hands and stamping of feet.

Hillard said, "it is a good thing that Lincoln passed through here (Baltimore) as he did, because it will change the feeling of the Union men — they will think him a coward and it will help our cause — the fact of Lincoln passing through Baltimore in the Manner he did, shows that he is Sectional". He said that he would tell me in the morning what course the National Volunteers had determined on this evening.

Hillard left my room soon after 6.00. p.m. and said he was going to his boarding house. I then went to the Howard House to see Mr. P— and made a verbal report to him.

From the Howard House I went to Mann's Restaurant and had supper, then returned to my room a little before 8.00. p.m., and Hillard came at 9.00. p.m. He was not sufficiently under the influence of liquor to show it. I commenced questioning him to which he gave evasive answers. I then proposed we should do something to pass away the Evening, and we took a stroll up the Street, when he suggested that we should go to Annette Travis No. 70. Davis Street and see his woman, and we went. While there Hillard got to talking with his woman (Anna Hughes) in relation to some fights there had been near the house, at the Depot, originating out of expressions, like as, "they wished Lincoln would come through there — they would like to see him &c —," and for which some one would knocked them down. At Annette Travis we had some wine, and in the meantime a man by the name of Smith came into the house, who Hillard introduced me to as a friend of his — He and Hillard got conversing about Lincoln, when Smith said winking, "I don't think he would have been hurt if he had come through Baltimore Smith and Hillard

-- 297 --

appeared to be warm friends, and Smith also has a woman at Annett Travis (Smith was a Grocer in Baltimore).

I drank but very little during the evening, though Hillard was quite merry. Smith left Annette Travis at about 11.30. p.m., and at the proper time I took Hillard to my room, After we had got at the room Hillard remarked that there would be by Monday (25th Inst.) fifty men in Washington City to watch for a chance to kill Lincoln; that the National Volunteers are to have another meeting on Monday evening; that he had been told that there was a man in Baltimore who would give Five thousand dollars to the man who would Kill Lincoln. I asked him who the man was and he replied that he did not tell me.

Hillard also told that one Charles Meyers, a liquor dealor in Baltimore had today given Five thousand dollars to the National Volunteers. I asked him if Smith belonged to the National Volunteers. He said he did not. Hillard had repeatedly said, pointing to a group of men, while we were around the Streets "they are National Volunteers — " but he would not give me any names — and if I asked him if such and such a one, or Mr. So, and so belonged to the National Volunteers he invariably replied that he could not tell me.

Hillard and I continued our conversation in my room until about 1.00. a.m. which was chiefly a repetition of what he had already said in the course of the day, and from what I could gather from him Washington City appeared now to be the principal point for action by those in the plot to take Lincoln's life. Hillard felt merry from the effect of the wine he had drank during the evening, still he was not drunk — and he remarked to me "I feel good, but I am not drunk — I could go into a drawing room and entertain it full of ladies." He also remarked to me "You thought this afternoon that I was tight, but I was not — I did not feel the liquor — it was the excitement — we went to bed at a little after 1.00. a.m. —

Sunday 24th February 1861

A. F. C — Reports — Hillard and I got up at about 8.00. a.m. and he went to his boarding house, I to Mann's Restaurant and got my breakfast. I then went to the Office and wrote my Report for Saturday, and remained there until noon, when I returned to my room where I found Hillard with a gentleman named Foster from Tennessee — Foster was a strong Secessionist — nothing of interest transpired and Foster left at about 1.00. p.m.

Soon after, Hillard and I went to danner at Mann's, and from there went to the Cathedral to vespers, At 5.00. p.m. we returned to my room and remained until 7.00. p.m., when we went for a walk, and to get supper, which we had at Mann's Restaurant.

During the day there was nothing of any importance said in relation to the present political crisis.

After returning to my room for the evening, I asked Hillard if the National Volunteers Committee had come to any understanding as to what course they were going to pursue. He said they had, and from what had been intimated to him they

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would make a descent on Washington City; that they had received three thousand Dollars more — making Eight thousand in all with which to purchase arms, and that they (the Volunteers) would make a pretty hard fight; that there were two thousand Federal Troops in Washington, but said he "we can easily clean them out." I asked him if the National Volunteer Committee would have another secret meeting on Monday night, to which he replied "no": that on Monday night they were going to drill, and on Wednesday night they would have another meeting; that he was satisfied before another three days had passed, they would swell up to Ten thousand men; that "some d — d Son-of-a-B — had published in a Harrisburg (Pa) paper all the plot and detail". Hillard gave me the names of two of the Captains of the National Volunteers — one a Captain Samuel McAleby, who was in the Custon House — the other one Captain Thomas _________, The latter has a Restaurant on Lexington Street. Hillard said the National Volunteer Committee was composed of Fifty-four members. He seems to have great faith in their success — appeared in good spirits.

Foster the man from Tennessee, who is a travelling Agent for some Baltimore Firm, belongs to a Military Company in this City called the Baltimore Guards, who he says are all Secessionists.

Hillard and I went to bed at about midnight.

Monday 25th February 1861 —

A. P. — Reports — I arrived at the Office at 8.40. a.m. and found C.D.C.W. and A.F.C. and received verbal reports from them. From Williams report and description of Thompson and Davis who had been stopping at Sherwood's Hotel. I infered that they were Detectives from the Metropolitan Force, New York, and that Thompson was "Sampson", and Davis probably Captain Walling, but I was very positive that Thompson was Tom Sampson. Williams said the Sherrington and others suspected those men of being Government Spies, and that they would be anihilated in Washington if oppertunity offered.

*****

At 4.00. p.m. Geo. H. Burns arrived from Philadelphia bringing the New York Herald of to-day, which gives my real name in connection with the "movement" of Mr Lincoln. I concluded to send Mr. Burns to Washington with a verbal report to Mr. Judd, and as it was but barely time to get to the Depot — I went with him and got a carriage and drove to the Depot, giving him the particulars to report to Judd.

We arrived at the Depot just in time for the Train starting at 4.20 p.m. I directed Mr Burns to say to Mr Judd that Lamon and Judge Davis of Illinois were surely playing the Devil, and unless they shut their heads about me I would be obliged to leave; that if I was kept secret I would remain — if I was made public I would certainly leave.

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*****

Tuesday 26th February 1861

A. P. — Reports —

*****

At 10.30. a.m. T. W — returned from Washington D.C. and made a Verbal report in relation to Detectives Tom Sampson, and Ely DeVoe, who were the parties known as Thompson and Davis, late of Sherwood Hotel, They were both very much frightened at the receipt of the news by T. W — and left their Hotel without paying the bill or getting their baggage — in short they made a precipitate retreat, thanking "T.W. for his information.

T. W — had also called on N. B. Judd in his room at Willards Hotel. Judd was very much pleased to see T. W — and laughed very heartily at the New York Detectives being discovered.

*****

Tuesday 26th, February 1861 —

T. W — Reports —

I had breakfast, after which I went to the Depot and took the 7.40. a.m. Train for Baltimore.

On arriving at Baltimore I went to the Office, saw A. P— and reported to him. We then walked up town, A. P— all the time giving me my instructions. He requested me to leave Perrymansville on Wednesday, or Thursday, and laid the plan by which I was to draw off. A. P. — also told me that I was to go with one of his men (Williams) in the afternoon and get acquainted with some of the leading men of the Military Company's that were recruiting for South Carolina service. Williams was to meet me at the White Beer Brewery, and introduce me to Sherrington, after which we would go to the Drill room and get an introduction to Col. Haskill. Williams then went to look for Sherrington, while Mr P— went and "spotted" the White Beer Brewery to me.

I then left A. P— and went to Springer's Store. I found Mr. Forward in, but Springer had gone out to collect some bills. Forward, and I had a glass of beer — whilst we were drinking he told me that the boys felt mighty sore about Lincoln's giving them the slip; that if Lincoln had gone through when he was expected, he would have been shot, and then Baltimore would have been the battlefield but now he thought Charleston would be, I said, that was just what I thought. I then bade him good bye and went to the White Beer Saloon, where I took a seat and called for a glass of beer.

In about half an hour Williams and Sherrington came in, Williams called for two glasses of beer, and whilst drinking started up quite suddenly, came to-wards me and said "my God, Webster when did you come up here &;c — " He then introduced me to Sherrington, and told him that I was of the right stripe — we then had another glass of beer each, and began talking politics. I said I thought Baltimore

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was going to be the battlefield, but old Abe had got safe to Washington. Sherrington replied "By G — d, he would not if the boys had got their eyes on him, that they would have shot him for they had enerything ready to do it with and that if we would go up the street he would show us the kind of tools the boys carried here.

We then went to a Store on Baltimore Street, where he got the Clerk to show us some pistols. Sherrington said they were the kind that he was telling me a bout, and was the best Pistol that was made. I went into the backroom and tried one, and found it very good. Sherrington said that those were the kind the boys carried, and that he was going to get one.

We then went to a Saloon and got a drink, and from the Saloon went to Sherwoods where we got some Oysters, and another drink. There were several persons in the place talking about shooting "Old Abe" — some said that they did not believe Lincoln would have been hurt, and others again said that they knew a d — d sight better, for they were acquainted with men who belonged to the Organization who were ready for anything, and would just as leave shoot Lincoln as they would a rat. We then went to the Drill room, but found very few men there, We waited there some time, when a few more came, with whom Sherrington and William's got into conversation. They learned from this last party that Col. Haskell would not be in Baltimore until Friday: that they expected him here to-day so as to make arrangement to go with him to Charleston. I said that that would just suit me. Sherrington replied that if I came there on Friday I could see him, and I promised that I would try to be there, so as to make arrangements to go with him to Charlston, We then took another drink and seperated.

I then went to the Office, and reported to Mr. P—, after which I left for the Howard House, where I met H. H. L. — , [48] and went with her to Mr. Springers Store He told us that he would be in Perrymansville in the morning.

We then went to the Depot and took the 5.11. p.m. train for Perrymans, arriving there at 6.30. p.m. had supper, after which I called to see Captain Keen, I found Mr. Ellis and five or six others at the Store, talking about Lincoln's passage through Baltimore. Mr. Ellis said that they talked pretty hard about it in Baltimore, and believed just as we did here, that the Rail-Road Company knew all about it several days before he passed through. James Micheal (Captain Keens — brother-in-law) said that when you come to look at it, it was plain enough to see that the Company must have known all about it, and, that was why they had so many men at the Bridges, and changing the Telegraph Operatives. Mr. Ellis a member of the Rangers proposed to pull up the Rail-Road track and stop the travel South: that it was the only thing left to bring them Northerners to their senses. James Micheal thought to make the work complete they should besides tearing up the Rail-Road track, sink, or burn the boat at Havre-de-Grace, so they could not cross the River. Captain Keen wanted to bet that before three weeks had passed, that Maryland would be out of the Union, and then he would like to see them run the

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trains over this Road, or any other in the State. They talked on in this strain for some time, after which we all went over to Taylors Saloon, At 10.00. p.m. I went to my room, wrote my report and then went to bed. —

Thursday 26th. February 1861 [49]

A. F. C — Reports —

I and Hillard, who occupied a room with me (at the National Hotel, Washington, D.C.) got up at 8.00 — a.m. and had breakfast, after which Hillard went in search of a room, and I remained at the Hotel, Hillard returned at 11.00. a.m. and said that he had succeeded in finding a room, and I then went with him to said room, which was at the "European Hotel," situated on Eleventh Street — From there we went to the Capitol and remained until 2.00. p.m. On our way thence to our room, Hillard spoke to a man on the Street, and after passing the salutations of the day said to him "I have come to see Old Abe." The man said "Well, Old Abe, had a quick trip through Baltimore" — Hillard remarked "yes, and it was well for him that he went through as quick as he did." This acquaintance of Hillard's then accompanied us down the Street, and on the way (the friend), remarked pointing to a man, "There stands Jim Burns, commander of the National Volunteers," upon which he left us, and I and Hillard continued our walk, Hillard afterwards told me that this James Burns was one of the principal men in the National Volunteers.

In the course of our walk, Hillard purchased a Baltimore paper, and seeing a notice in it for the Members of Company No. 9. of the National Volunteers to meet at their room (in Baltimore) for the purpose of electing Officers, gave me to understand that this notice was only a "blind"; that it was intended for all the members of the Volunteers, and that there was no necessity for an Election of Officers — that the notice in the paper was to call all the members to their respective quarters without giving the public a chance to speculate on the meaning and object of the meeting.

Before we had arrived at our Hotel, we had stopped into a Restaurant where we met a man by the name of Bement, who I had seen at Niles. Michigan, where he delivered a Lecture. He said to me "How are you — when did you leave South Bend?" I replied "I left some time since". Hillard in the mean time went into a little side room to see how the eating department looked. I called Bement outside of the Saloon and told him that I did not wish to be known there, as I was employed by the State Bank of Indiana to hunt up some Forgeries committed on the Branch at South Bend. This seemed to satisfy him. Hillard came out, and we left. He did not say anything in regard to what passed Bement and me, but my impression was that he heard the word "South" but not "Bend".

On the Street we met a man from Kalamazo, Michigan, by the name of S. Chadwick, who knew me, and on his coming up said, "How are you." I appeared not to know him, but it was no go. He Said "Don't you know me — Kalamazo

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against all the world! You and I, used to play Billiards to-gether there." I then said to him "How are you — I recollect you now." I took his arm and leaving Hillard standing, stepped a few paces aside when I said to him. "I am very busy now — I will call over at your Hotel and see you", I then returned to Hillard, Chadwick having gone. Hillard wanted to know where I had known that man. I replied "in New Orleans": that he was a gambler; that one evening in New Orleans with a party of my friends, I went into a Gambling House, and this Chadwick was there; that a stranger came in a little tight who said "Kalamazo against the world!" and remarked that he could beat any man playing in the room: that Chadwick sat down and beat him out of his money — over Two thousand dollars, and ever since that time, whenever Chadwick met me, he would shout out "Kalamazoo aginst the world"! What Kalamazoo meant I did not know.

By this time we had arrived at our room. I asked Hillard if he had seen any of the National Volunteers. He replied that he had seen several on the Street. I asked him "How many have you seen — one or two?" He replied "I have and more."

Hillard and I after supper went to the Odd Fellow's Hall to hear the New Orleans Minstrels, and as we were going he saw a man at the door, who he knew and spoke to, but without looking at him, and almost in a whisper. we returned to our room from there at about 11.00. p.m., and went to bed.

Hillard to-day appeared cheerful in Spirits, but drank pretty heavy.

Thursday 28th February 1861

A. P. — Reports —

I arrived at the office at 8.30. a.m. and soon after went to the Post Office and received a letter from Superintendant Kennedy of which the following is a copy.

"N.Y. Feb. 26th 1861

"A. Pinkerton Esq.
"Dear Sir
"I regret I did not know you were in Balto. — Had I been apprised of it I could have seen you on my return. I left Washington yesterday afternoon at 3. o'clock and came through by the Owl; and find yours on my desk this morning."

"I shall at once have search made for the man and things you named; and inform you of the result."

"The field of operation is now transferred to the Capital. Whatever is done remote from there will be limited to raising funds and the collection of material, so that I have withdrawn my Corps Observation from your present vicinity — But for that reason I shall be happy to receive any suggestion from you that may require attention from my hands."

"Very Respectfully
Yours &c —
John A. Kennedy"

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Friday 1st. March 1861 — A. F. C. — Reports —

Hillard and I got up at 7.30. a.m., he going to get breakfast as he said, and I went to Mann's Restaurant and got mine — after which I went to the Office and wrote my report, and then returned to my room at 10.30. a.m.

At 11.30. a.m. Hillard came to my room, Nothing of note transpired, and at 12.30. p.m. we left the room, he starting for his boarding House, and I for Mann's Restaurant for dinner. At 1.30. p.m. Hilliard came to the room, I having returned from dinner.

In conversation Hillad said "Some Detectives have got in with the Naitional Volunteers," and he continued "Did you read where they (the Detectives), Said that every man of the National Volunteers had to take an oath to kill Lincoln if they could?" I replied that I did not read it, but could not believe it was so. He said that they (the Volunteers) had taken such an oath," and added "I need not do it, because I have withdrawn, but I can exercise my own pleasure about it" — and that "the members are bound to Kill Lincoln yet, if the oppertunity presented itself," "I have not the right" said he, "to tell you this, but as the thing has leaked out, it is no harm to mention it to you — the Committee are to hold a meeting to-night.

We left my room to-gether at 4.30. p.m. and went up Holliday Street to the corner of Baltimore Street, where I excused myself saying to Hillard that I had some little matter to attend to, and then left him and went to the Office to fill an appointment with Mr. P—.

On arriving at the Office I received orders from Mr. P— to go to Washington on Monday the 4th instant. I then returned to my room at 6.00. p.m. and found Hillard there. He was very anxious for me to go in the evening with him and visit his sister, a married lady about 40 years old, whose name I do not recollect, but I excused myself on the plea of indisposition, for the reason that I did not consider that my business called me there.

Hillard remarked that the New York Herald said that May be Lincoln would not be inaugerated yet. We remained at my room during the evening, and went to bed at about midnight. Hillard said that he was determined to go to Washington with me on Monday; that he was bound to see Lincoln Inaugerated — He drinks as much as usual.

Conspiracy — To assassinate [50]
Police Pinkerton
Head Quarters.
National Volunteer's.

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Baltimore Feb. 20, 1861.

This is to certify that Charles Williams
Is an enrolled Member of the National Volunteers,
Company "A" and entitled to all the privileges of the Same.
Robt. E. Hasletz. William Byrne, [51] President.

After getting our Certicates, Mr. Hack, Sherrington, and I went to Gerry's Saloon. I asked Mr. Hack what drill they used. He replied that they used no regular drill yet: that the trouble was there were too many "bosses": that he had been drilling Company "B," but had been ordered to attend "A", and also that there was some talk of sending Five Hundred men to Charleston next week. I told him I was some acquainted with Military Tactics, and would like to copy their drill so as to be ready to act when wanted. Mr. Hack, said that he had been through the Mexican War, and made me promise to attend next Monday, when they intended Organizing and electing their Officers, and that he intended running for first Lieutenant.

On our return to the Hotel I got into conversation with two gentlemen who were stopping at Sherwoods — one was an Englishman, but said that he came to this country when he was sixteen months old: that he had recently come from Alabama here (Baltimore), and was travelling with his friend, who had some business to transact.

In the evening we went to the Melodion Concert Hall to-gether. The Englishman said his name was "Thompson," and his friends name was "Davis". Thompson said that he owned a nice little farm in Lymer County, Iowa, [52] which he intended some day settling on. I asked him if he was not for the South, He said "Oh! Yes," but he was for peace, and hoped that the Union would be preserved. I replied that I too owned land in Iowa, but I would be d — d if I would live in a Northern State.

Thompson was very talkative about his farm, and in the middle of his conversation turned to Davis and said, "Don't forget — you must go after that money to-morrow." There was something peculiar about their movements that Sherrington did not like. He told me to be careful of them, for that he believed they were two d—d spies. Davis talked some about the Alabama River, where it seems he had run a Scow — this gave Sherrington a little more confidence in them but still he suspected that they were not "all right."

Mr. Thompson said that he would show me a splended Revolver, that had been sent him from London, if I would remind him of it to-morrow. On returning to the hotel they took a lamp and went to their room. Sherrington again remarked that he did not like those fellows.

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Wednesday 20th February 1861.

H. H. L — Reports

We had breakfast at 7.00. a.m. after which we conversed some but nothing was said worthy of note. Just before dinner a stranger came and asked if he could have something to eat. Mr. Taylor said that dinner would soon be ready and asked him to wait, which the stranger said he would do.

At 2.00. p.m. we all sat down to dinner, when the stranger told us that he was a Minister, and was going to preach at a place some six miles from Perrymansville — also that he had lost some money in Philadelphia. After he had finished eating his dinner he told Mr. Taylor that he could not pay him for he had no money, and asked if he (Mr. Taylor) would take a pledge, or wait until he (the stranger) got the money, when he would sent it — said that his name was "Jones," and that he was from Louisville, Kentucky: that he travelled from place to place preaching &c.

Mr. Taylor was very indignant at the way the stranger had managed to get his dinner, and said that was what he called sneaking mean: that the man had not better come to his place again, for he would not fare quite so well if he did. Mr Taylor went on to say that he believed this man had plenty of money, and reckoned that all he came in the country for, was to have the Slaves rise up against their Masters, and he hoped no more would come.

After the 6.30 p.m. Train had passed, Mrs. Taylors little boy picked up some cards which he brought into the house. Mrs. Taylor remarked that she thought it very strange that they should be thrown of here. I replied to this — that persons got tired playing sometimes, and would throw them out of the window when they did not want them any more.

We had two strangers at supper, and remarks were made about the Preacher who dined with us. During the evening Mr. Taylor came into the house and said that he was going to Havre-de-Grace in the morning to make arrangements about getting his Mother-in-Law to live with him the rest of her life. Nothing more transpired worthy of note — At 9:45. p.m. I went to bed.

Thursday 21st February 1861.

A. P— Reports

Thursday 21st February 1861. [53]

I went to breatfast at 7.00. a.m. and at 8.45. a.m. I called at No 413 Prune Street, and saw Mr Burn's. I requested him to telegraph Mr. Judd who was with the Presidential Party, and who could be reached at either Newark or Trenton, New Jersey, and say to him (Judd) that I was in Philadelphia and would see him this evening.

At 9.10 — a.m. I met Mr. Felton at the La Pierre House, and walked with him to the Depot of the Philadelphia, Willmington and Baltimore Rail Road. Whilst walking with Mr. Felton, and after arriving at his Office, I made a full Report of

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what had come to my knowledge, in regard to an attempt being likely to be made upon the President-Elect; and his Suite while passing through Baltimore on Saturday next, and said that judging from the Reports of my Detectives, and allowing that even they were probably imperfectly posted, that I had no doubt but that there would be an attempt mad to assasinate Mr. Lincoln and his Suite — not that I believed there was any large organization or body of men who would be willing to go so far, but that from all I could learn there was not probably over Fifteen or Twenty men who would be reckless enough to attempt anything of the kind, and instanced O. K. Hillard as a speciman of the recklessness of this class, and argued that a few determined men by uniting in their effort and taking advantage of the large crowd of people who would probably be turned out on the occasion of the passage of the President Elect: that these few determined persons could accomplish a great deal, and that from the excitibility of all Mobs, and more especially a Baltimore Mob — the first shot fired — the first blow struck, and the whole became a living mass of mad ungovernable people.

I also stated to Mr. Felton the substance of the conversation I had over-heard of Police Marshall Kane on Saturday afternoon last at Barnums Hotel, when Kane had discredited the idea of "giving a Police Escort" for same purpose, and I further said to Mr Felton that I knew of nothing liky to transpire in Baltimore which might require a Police Escort, except it was on the arrival of the President Elect, and assuming that Marshall Kane meant this arrival and could not see the necessity of a Police Escort, then I argued that there was more danger to Mr. Lincoln, for from the familiar manner of Marshall Kane and many of the rabid Secessionates there could be no doubt but that they were aware that Kane was not going to give an Escort. I also argued that it was impossible for Marshall Kane not to know that there would be a necessity for an Escort for Mr. Lincoln on his arrival in Baltimore, and, that if with this knowledge Marshall Kane failed to give a Police Escort, then I should from this time out doubt the loyalty of the Baltimore Police.

Mr. Felton approved of what I had said and of the view I had taken of the case, and said that after having seen Mr. Wm Stearns on his return from Baltimore, and recieved the verbal report from me — he (Mr. Felton) had mentioned the existance of danger to Morton McMicheal Esq. Editor of the "Philadelphia North American," and that Mr. McMicheal had taken a deep interest in it, and had this morning left to meet the Presidential Party on the way from New York to Philadelphia, and that he (Mr. Felton) had instructed Mr. McMicheal not to mention the subject to any one in the "Cortege" except Mr. Judd — Not even to Mr. Lincoln himself, and that he (Mr Felton) should like very much to have me meet them (Judd and McMicheal) with himself this evening and suggest to them the absolute necessity for a change in the Presidential Programe. I agreed to meet the gentleman as Mr. Felton requested, and informed him of the presence of Mr. Burns in Philadelphia, and the power conferred on Mr. Burn's, by Mr. Sanford to be used in case of necessity.

I remained with Mr. Felton until 11.15. a.m., when Mr. Felton having some other business to attend to, agreed to meet me at 1.00. p.m. at his Office. On leaving

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Mr Felton I went to the St Louis Hotel and directed M. B — to remain in the Hotel as I might require her.

I next called at Mr. Burn's house but he was not at home, so I left word that I would endeavor to see him again at 3.00. p.m.. I then went to the Express Office to ascertain if Henry Sanford had arrived from New York, but found he had not, and it being now nearly 1.00. p.m., I went to the Depot of the Philadelphia, Willmington and Baltimore Rail Road to keep my appointment with Mr. Felton — I found him in his Office, but he being engaged I made an appointment with him to meet at the La Pierre House at 5.00. p.m..

At 2.30. p.m. I found Mr. Burns at his Mother's, No. 413 Prune Street. He informed me that he had Telegraphed to Mr. Judd as I had requested, and informed me that he (Burns) had received a Dispatch from E. S. Sanford Esq. saying that Henry Sanford would leave New York for Philadelphia at 2.00. p.m. if I thought it necessary. I said that as far as the safety of the Express was concerned from attack by a Mob, that I thought I should be able to receive information regarding such an attempt in season to notify the Express Company, but that I thought it would be advisable to have the Messengers between Philadelphia and Baltimore and Harrisburg doubled, and that none should go as Messengers but good, resolute, reliable men, and that they should be well armed, and that as these changes could be made by Mr. Burn's, through Col. Bingham the Philadelphia Superintendant of the Adams Express Company — I did not think it necessary for Henry Sanford to come over, but as it was now to late to reply to this Dispatch I supposed that it was just as well to let the matter go. Shortly after Mr. Burn's received another Dispatch from E. S. Sanford Esq. saying that Henry Sanford had left at 2.00. p.m. and requesting Mr. Burns to arrange with Col. Bingham to meet Henry Sanford at the Girard House at 8.00. p.m..

I said to Mr. Burns that in making arrangements for putting on the extra Messenger's, I did not suggest it in view of any real danger of which I had information, but merely as a precautionary measure, and that I did not desire that either Col. Bingham or Mr. Shoemaker of Baltimore the manager of Adams Express Company at that point should know of my being the party who advised it or furnished the information.

I requested Mr. Burns to go to the Kensington Rail Road Depot, and await the arrival of the Presidential Party who was expected to arrive about 3.00. p.m., and watch for the first oppertunity to see Mr. McMicheal, and say to him that it was Mr. Felton's desire to meet him (McMicheal), and Mr. Judd, with myself at the earliest possible moment after the Cortege should reach the Continental Hotel, where Mr. Lincoln and Suite were going to put up, and that failing in seeing Mr. McMicheal, he (Mr Burns) was to endeavor to see Mr Judd, and arrange for a meeting with myself and Mr. Felton at the earliest possible moment — that in regard to the place for meeting there would be such a crowd at the Continental that I did not think it safe for me to go there for fear of being recognized. Neither did I think the Girard safe, nor the La Pierre House on account of the number of Southerners stopping at those Houses: that upon the whole I deemed my room at

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the St Louis the best and safest for the meeting, but that I should meet at any place which might be deemed most advisable and convenient for Mr Judd.

I told Mr. Burns that I had to meet Mr. Felton at the La Pierre House at 5.00. p.m., and I should inform Mr. Felton of what I had done in this respect and would expect Mr. Burn's there about 5.0.0. p.m. to let us know when the arrangement for the meeting was perfected

At 5.00 p.m. I met Mr. Felton at the La Pierre House and we talked over the probable chances of Mr. Lincoln changing his route. I said to Mr. Felton that I had some delicacy in recomending a change in the route, as it might hereafter be argued that it was a trick devised to encourage travel by a Mail Rail road Line, but that I felt satisfied that there was iminent danger in Mr. Lincoln taking the published route from Harrisburg to Baltimore, Via the Northern Central Rail Road and that I should not hesitate in saying so, leaving it for Mr. Lincoln and his advisers to change the route or not, just as he saw fit.

Mr. Felton approved of this, but said that if it was possible for Mr. Lincoln to leave his party to-night and take berths in the sleeping Car through to Baltimore and Washington it would be the best and safest thing which could be done, as he (Mr. Felton) felt assured from other sources of information besides what I had that there would be bloodshed in Mr. Lincoln's attempting to pass through Baltimore openly by the route proposed

Mr. Felton also said that he had just to-day received a Telegraph from Vice President Elect Hamlin asking for a special Car on the Noon Train, South from Philadelphia to-morrow for him (Hamlin) to go to Baltimore in. Mr. Felton feared that this dispatch would get into the Telegraph news of associated Press and might thus complicate any change of route which Mr. Lincoln might deem advisable.

I informed Mr. Felton that I expected Mr. Burns every moment to apprise me of when and where we would meet Mr. Judd, and that when Mr. Burns arrived I should have him Telegraph Mr. Sanford at New York to prevent the appearance of this Dispatch in the Telegraph News — but that in view of this move of Mr. Hamlin I thought it would be advisable for us to meet Mr. Judd as early as possible and lay the whole matter before him.

Just at this time I heard the sound of music, and concluded that the Presidential Procession was going down Walnut Street, and went out and found it to be so. Just as I reached Walnut Street, I saw Mr. Burns break through the ranks of the Police surrounding the carriage in which was the President Elect and Mr. Judd, and hand Mr. Judd a note — in a few minutes afterwards Mr. Burn's came through the crowd which was very dense, when I met him, and he told me that the meeting was arranged for to be in my room at the St Louis Hotel, at 7.30. p.m.. I requested Mr. Burn's to endeavor once more to see Mr. Judd and say to him that some circumstances had transpired which rendered it advisable to meet earlier and ask Mr. Judd if he could not name an earlier hour. How Mr. Burn's was to get through the crowd and overtake the carriage I could not see, nor how he would again break the ranks of the Police I could not tell — but he left me and with superhuman strength I saw him go through the crowd like nothing, and bursting

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through the ranks of the Police again reach the carriage — In a few minutes he returned and said that Mr. Judd would see me immediately at the St Louis.

Mr. Burn's and myself then went to the La Pierre House and informed Mr. Felton who agreed to come right down to the meeting. I also arranged with Mr. Burn's to telegraph Mr. Sanford in relation to suppressing the news of the intended departure of Vice President Hamlin from New York or the route chosen by him.

I left the La Pierre with Mr. Burn's who went to the Telegraph Office and I to the St Louis and had a fire made in my room No — 21 — Soon Mr. Felton arrived and about 6.45. p.m., Mr. Judd arrived. I introduced him to Mr. Felton and Mr. Felton explained his cause for fearing that the track of the Philadelphia, Willmington and Baltimore Rail Road was in danger, and consequently his employment of me, and how in my researches of this kind I had discovered the fact that some persons meditated the assasination of the President Elect. Mr. Felton also informed Mr. Judd that from all he had heard from other sources he had no doubt but that if Mr. Lincoln adhered to the published programe he (Felton) did not doubt but that there would be blood-shed in Baltimore, and that should blood be shed it would certainly precipitate War.

Mr. Judd said that he knew me well enough to know that I would not in any case exaggerate or speak of any thing without I felt assured that it was so, and told Mr. Felton how long he had known me, and paid me a very high compliment for Ability, honesty, integrity &c — .

At Mr. Judd's request I briey detailed to him the circumstances which had come to my knowledge as detailed in the Reports of my operations. I dwelt at some length on the statement of Marshall Kane, which I had over-heard at Barnum's Hotel, assuming that Kane was at that time alluding to the Presidential Cortege not to recieve an escort of Police in passing through Baltimore.

I also informed Mr. Judd of the drilling and movements of the Rangers of Perrymansville and the Infantry troops at Bel-Air which was about midway between Cockeysville on the Northern Central Rail Road which was on the route published for the Presidential Cortege to take from Harrisburg to Baltimore, and Perrymansville on the Philadelphia, Willmington and Baltimore Rail Road. I communicated at some length on the character, Standing &c of O. K. Hillard, and assumed that there was iminent danger from this class of men, whose patriotism was influenced and who looked upon their Country as being entirely South of Mason and Dixons Line, whose every sympathy was with the South and would deem it an honor to become martyrs in their cause. In this respect I instanced the courage of John Brown who almost single handed threw himself into a fight against the Nation. I also told Mr. Judd that in my opinion a large body of men was not necessary to accomplish the object desired to be obtained: that a few resolute men could in a crowd do more than even a large body would; because they could act more united. I also spoke of the oath bound associations of National Volunteers spoken of by Hillard; and his statement that he "would do whatever his Captain called upon him to do, without asking a why or a wherefore." and to the avowed determination of those men that Lincoln should not pass through Baltimore alive.

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I also spoke of the Privateer spoken of by Captain Sherrington, and the Fire Balls or Hand Grenades spoken of by the Baltimore Secessionists, and to the disloyalty of the Baltimore Police who it was even doubtful if they would make a decent show to preserve order, and instanced the difficulty experienced by the Presidential Party in Buffalo where with a Loyal Police the pressure was great as to seriously injure Major Hunter [54] one of the Party. I said to Mr. Judd that the danger was from a small number of men in the crowd acting in concert, and asked what would be the consequences where the Presidential Party was hemmed in a crowd unable to move and a few men bent on taking life — armed, prepared and determined on doing so even if they had to give a life, for a life — and argued that situated as the country was this was no time to go into War, which would be the result if the President Elect was assassinated in Baltimore: that at present we had no Government and could have none before the Inaugeration of Lincoln: that as things stood now Mr. Lincoln had no power: that nameless and unknown as I was, I could stand a better chance for my life, than did Mr. Lincoln as I at least had some of my own men with me who would die in their boots before I should be injured. I said that the danger was not so much to the President whilst upon the Train as it was from the time he landed at the Northern Central Depot until he could pass in an open carriage about a mile and a quarter to the Depot of the Washington Branch Rail Road, and said to Mr. Judd that I did not believe it was possible he (Lincoln) or his personal friends could pass through Baltimore in that style alive.

I enquired of Mr. Judd if he knew if any arrangements had been made in Baltimore by any parties with view to the friendly or patriotic reception of the President elect, and he replied that he did not know of any such arrangements. I then enquired of Mr. Judd who Mr. Wood [55] was, who was acting as manager for the Presidential Party, and Mr. Judd said he did not know, nor could not tell who he was: that he had asked Mr. Lincoln himself this same questions and could not learn that Mr Lincoln knew any thing about him further than that he came from New York and had been recommended by Erastus Corning, and Gov. Seward.

Mr. Judd said that all this was a very important subject, and that after what he had heard he believed there was great danger to Mr. Lincoln to attempt to pass through Baltimore according to the Programe: that he had not mentioned this to Mr. Lincoln, as in my letters to him at Cincinnati and New York, I had exacted strict secresy and that he should now have to see Mr. Lincoln in regard to it, and enquired of Mr. Felton and myself what we thought best to be done. Mr. Felton advised that if it could possibly be done, Mr. Lincoln should quietly leave the Party to-night and with me take a passage in the Sleeping Car and go on to Washington arriving there to-morrow morning.

I assured Mr. Judd that I thought this could be done in safety, and that from what Mr. Felton had told me of General Scott, I believed that if once the President Elect was in Washington that he would there be safe, and further said that I

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was positive that if he (Lincoln) ever arrived at Washington at this time, he must pass through Baltimore by a Stratagem.

Mr. Judd expressed his thanks to Mr. Felton and myself for our interest in this affair and in accordance with our request promised that we should not be expossed or known in this matter whatever, the consequences might be, as also that he would mantain secrecy to all except with Mr. Lincoln as to the aid we had received or expected to receive from E. S. Sanford President of the American Telegraph Company.

Mr. Judd said that it was 9.00. p.m. he would like if I would go with him to the Continental Hotel and meet Mr. Lincoln and lay the subject before him and decide upon what course we had better pursue. He (Judd) expressed himself very decided in reference to the necessity of a change of route from that which had been published and said he had no doubt but that Mr. Lincoln would upon the circumstances being laid before him, would see the necessity for action of this kind.

On leaving the St Louis we parted from Mr. Felton and I agreed that I would see Mr. Felton at the La Pierre House so soon as Mr. Lincoln had decided and let him (Mr. Felton) know what the decision was, — from the immense crowd in Chesnut Street and the Continental Hotel I afterwards found that it was impossible for me to fulfil this egagement.

On Mr. Judd and myself arriving within a block of the Continental Hotel the crowd was one dense mass of people. I accordingly took Mr Judd around to Samson Street where we obtained an entrance by the rear of the Hotel. On getting Mr. Judd in I told him that I would join him soon and went to the Girard House to meet Mr. Burns and Henry Sanford Esq., with whom I had made an engagement but found it utterly impossible to get into that house owing to the denseness of the crowd. It took me over Thirty minutes to again get out of the crowd, when I returned to Samson Street and entered the Continental. The interior of the house was as densely crowded as was the outside and I found that all were "getting up stairs," when I reached the last of the stairs I found that Mr. Lincoln was in a balcony at the head of the first landing, bowing to the people as they passed up the stairs. There was no way for me to get up but to go into the jam and go up with the human tide, so I went in — but such a jam. In due time however I reached the head of the stairs where I found the Halls about as much crowded as they were below. The people were kept moving in a steady stream around through a double file of Police to the stair-way on Tenth Street and thus out. I managed to get outside of the file of Police and soon found Mr Judd's room where I found him waiting for me. Judd said that as soon as Mr. Lincoln got through with recieving the people on the Balcony he (Judd) would send for him to come to his room.

I sent a note by a waiter to George H. Burns or Henry Sanford at the Girard House and soon after Mr. Sanford came to Mr. Judd's room. I introduced him to Mr. Judd and talked over with him in relation to the co-operation I might require from the Telegraph Company to secure the successful carrying out of my plans in reference to the change of route now deemed by the President Elect.

I also suggested to Mr. Sanford that as a precautionary measure I should think

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it advisable for the Express Company to double thier Messengers for the present on the runs between Philadelphia and Baltimore and between Harrisburg and Baltimore, not that I had any idea that any parties who might be contemplating an attack on the life of President Lincoln meditated an attack on the property of the Express Company, but that should anything of the kind occur professional theives seeing an oppertunity offer to operate successfully might with a view to plunder join the attacking party.

Mr. Sanford said he would see Col. Bingham and at once have this attended to, and at my request said that no explanations should be made to Mr. Shoemaker of Baltimore in relation to the reason for doubling the force of messengers. I made this request not that I doubted the Honesty or Loyalty of Mr Shoemaker but that I feared his discretion.

About 10.15. p.m. having learned that Mr. Lincoln had retired to his room, I carried a note from Mr. Judd to him saying that he (Judd) desired to see him (Lincoln) at his (Judd's) roon so soon as conveninent on Private business of importance. Col. Ellsworth [56] who was officiating as Equery in waiting refused to deliver the note, but accompanied me to Mr. Judd's room, who at once ordered Ellsworth to deliver the note, and in about ten minutes thereafter Mr Lincoln entered the room — of course a very large crowd followed him to the door which was at once guarded by Ellsworth. Mr. Judd introduced me to Mr. Lincoln who at once recollected me. I then introduced Henry Sanford Esq. who immediately retired.

Mr. Judd briefly detailed to Mr. Lincoln the circumstances under which I had gone to Baltimore to operate with a view the protection of the Philadelphia, Willmington, and Baltimore Rail Road, and that whilst so operating amongst the Secessionists that I had discovered a determination amongst certain parties to attempt taking the life of him (Mr. Lincoln) whilst passing through Baltimore.

Whilst Mr. Judd was talking Mr. Lincoln listened very attentively, but did not say a word, nor did his countenance which I watched very closely, show any emotion. He appeared thoughtful and serious, but decidedly firm.

When Mr. Judd had concluded he requested me to detail the circumstances connected with Ferrandina, Hillard and others, and what my opinion was of the probable attempt. I did so commenting at some length on the fact of overhearing Col. Kane, Marshall of Baltimore, state of last Saturday at Barnum's Hotel that he would give "no Police Escort" probably referring to the passage of Mr. Lincoln through Baltimore, I alluded to the expressions of Hillard and Ferrandina: that they were ready to give their lives for the welfare of their Country, as also that their country was South of Mason's and Dixon's line: that they were ready and willing to die to rid their Country of a tyrant as they considered Lincoln to be. I said that I did not desire to be understood as saying that there were any large number of men engaged in this attempt — but that on the contrary I thought there were very

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few — probably not exceeding from fifteen to twenty who would be really brave enough to make the attempt. — but that I thought Hillard was a fair sample of this class — a young man of good family, character and reputation — honorable, gallant and chivalrous, but thoroughly devoted to Southern rights, and who looked upon the North as being aggressors upon the rights of that section and upon every Northern man as an Abolitionist, and he (Mr. Lincoln) as the embodiment of all those evils, in whose death the South would be largely the gainers. I also told Mr. Lincoln that there would be a very large crowd in Baltimore on the occassion of his passing through that City: that he (Mr Lincoln) had had some experience of the danger in a large crowd from accident which met Col. Hunter at Buffalo where the Police were loyal, but that it would be infinitly worse in Baltimore, where owing to the depression in all kinds of business, there were very many people out of employment, and the crowd would in all probability be very large — this with "no Police Escort", or if there was an Escort it would be by a Disloyal Police, and the slightest sign of discontent would be sufficient to raise all the angry feeling of the Masses, and that then would be a favorable moment for the conspirators to operate: that again, as by the published route, he (Mr. Lincoln) in taking the Northern Central Rail Road from Harrisburg to Baltimore, would arrive at the Calvert Street Depot, and would have about one mile and a quarter to pass through the City in an open carriage, which would move but slowly through the dense crowd and that then it would be an easy matter for any assasin to mix in with the crowd and in the confusion of the moment shoot Mr. Lincoln if he felt so disposed: that I felt satisfied in my own mind that if Mr. Lincoln adhered to the published programe of his route to Washington that an assault of some kind would be made upon his person with a view to taking his life.

During the time I was speaking Mr. Lincoln listened with great attention only asking a question occasionally. We were interrupted once by the entrance of W. H. Lamon of Bloomington, Ills. who entered the room to give a note to Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Lamon recognized me, but I am positive he could not have known me had he not been informed by some one that I was with the President Elect.

After I had concluded Mr. Lincoln remained quiet for a few minutes apparently thinking, when Mr. Judd inquired. "If upon any kind of statement which might be made to him (Lincoln) would he (Lincoln) consent to leave for Washington on the train to-night." Mr. Lincoln said promptly "No, I cannot consent to this, I shall hoist the Flag on Independance Hall to-morrow morning (Washingtons birthday) and go to Harrisburg to-morrow, then I (Lincoln) have fulfilled all my engagements, and if you (addressing Mr. Judd), and you Allan (meaning me) think there is positive danger in my attempting to go through Baltimore openly according to the published programe — if you can arrange any way to carry out your views, I shall endeavor to get away quietly from the people at Harrisburgh to-morrow evening and shall place myself in your. [57]

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The firmness of tone in which Mr. Lincoln spoke showed that there was no further use in arguing the proposition and Mr. Judd inquired of me what I thought best to do in the emergancy and I said that if Mr Lincoln could manage to get away unobserved, from the people at Harrisburg by about dusk to-morrow evening that I thought we could get a special Train on the Pennsylvania Rail Road to bring him from Harrisburg to Philadelphia in time for the train going South on the Philadelphia Willmington and Baltimore Rail Road when we could secure seats in the sleeping Car which goes directly through to Washington and thus save us from being observed at Baltimore, as we would not require to get out of the Car.

This was finally after some discussion agreed upon, and I promised to see the Superintendant of the Pennsylvania Rail Road in regard to procuring the special train, and making all the arrangements for the trip. I requested Mr. Lincoln that none but Mr. Judd and myself should know anything about this arrangement. He said that ere he could leave it would be necessary for him to tell Mrs. Lincoln and that he thought it likely that she would insist upon W. H. Lamon going with him (Lincoln); but aside from this no one should know. I said that secrecy was so necessary for our success that I deemed it best that as few as possible should know anything of our movements: that I knew all the men with whom it was necessary for me to instruct my movements and that my share of this secret should be safe, and that if it only was kept quiet I should answer for his safety with my life.

At 11.00. p.m. Mr. Lincoln left. The crowd was very dense around the door of the room all the time he was in.

I omitted to mention that I enquired of Mr. Lincoln if any arrangement had been made in Baltimore with the public Authorities for his reception in that City, and he said he did not know of any, nor had he heard from a single individual in that City: that he (Lincoln) had left that arrangement with Mr. Wood, but that Wood had not said anything to him in relation to any reception. I then enquired "who Mr. Wood was," and what he knew of him, and Mr. Lincoln said he knew "Nothing of him": that he (Wood) had been recomended to him (Lincoln) as being all right by Gov. Seward. Mr. Lincoln said that Mr. Wood should not know anything in regard to our movements.

When Mr. Lincoln left I told Mr Judd that I would now get a carriage and go to find T. A. Scott Esq. Vice President, Pensylvania Rail Road, and arrange for the special train to-morrow evening and that I should call back and see him. Henry Sanford came into Mr. Judd's room and agreed to wait until I should return.

I immediately took a carriage and drove to Mr. Scott's on Spruce Street, but found he was at Harrisburg, and I drove to Mr. Francisus, Division Superintendant, Pennsylvania Rail Road on Chesnut Street, but found that he was at the Continental Hotel to which place I returned and upon enquiry found that he had gone home shortly before my arrival. It being now about 12.00. p.m..

Huntington Library: LN2408, 3:258 — 376

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Wilson, Douglas L., ed.; Davis, Rodney O., ed.; Pinkerton, Allan. 'Allan Pinkerton Agency (Report Furnished to William H. Herndon)' in 'Herndon's Informants: Letters, Interviews, and Statements About Abraham Lincoln' . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998. [format: book], [genre: report]. Permission: University of Illinois Press
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=herndon267.html
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