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Wells-Barnett, Ida B. A Red Record. Tabulated Statistics and Alleged Causes of Lynchings in the United States, 1892-1893-1894. Respectfully Submitted to the Nineteenth Century Civilization in 'the Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave' . Chicago: Donohue and Henneberry, 1895. [format: book], [genre: history; narrative]. Permission: Public domain
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=ibwred.html


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Chapter II. Lynch Law Statistics. Record for the Year 1893.

From the record published in the Chicago Tribune, January 1, 1894, the following computation of lynching statistics is made referring only to the colored victims of Lynch Law during the year 1893:

ARSON.
Date, 1893 Name Place
Sept. 15 Paul Hill Carrollton, Ala.
" Paul Archer " "
" William Archer " "
" Emma Fair " "
SUSPECTED ROBBERY.
Dec. 23 Unknown Negro Fannin, Miss.
ASSAULT.
Dec. 25 Calvin Thomas Near Bainbridge, Ga.
ATTEMPTED ASSAULT.
Dec. 28 Tillman Green Columbia, La.
INCENDIARISM
Jan. 26 Patrick Wells Quincy, Fla.
Feb. 9 Frank Harrell Dickery, Miss.
" " William Filder " "
ATTEMPTED RAPE.
Feb. 21 Richard Mays Springville, Mo.
Aug. 14 Dug Hazleton Carrollton, Ga.
Sept. 1 Judge McNeil Cadiz, Ky.
Sept. 11 Frank Smith Newton, Miss.
Sept. 16 William Jackson Nevada, Mo.
Sept. 19 Riley Gulley Pine Apple, Ala.
Oct. 9 John Davis Shorterville, Ala.
Nov. 8 Robert Kennedy Spartansburg, S. C.
BURGLARY.
Feb. 16 Richard Forman. Granada, Miss.
WIFE BEATING.
Oct. 14 David Jackson Covington, La
ATTEMPTED MURDER.
Sept. 21 Thomas Smith Roanoke, Va.

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ATTEMPTED ROBBERY.
Dec. 12 Unknown Negro Near Selma, Ala.
" " " " " "
" " " " " "
" " " " " "
RACE PREJUDICE.
Jan. 30 Thomas Carr Kosciusko, Miss.
Feb. 7 William Butler Hickory Creek, Texas
Aug. 27 Charles Tart Lyons Station, Miss.
Dec. 7 Robert Greenwood Cross Co., Ark
July 14 Allen Butler Lawrenceville, Ill.
THIEVES.
Oct. 24 Unknown Negro Knox Point, La.
" " " " "
ALLEGED BARN BURNING.
Nov. 4 Edward Wagner Lynchburg, Va.
" William Wagner " "
" Samuel Motlow " "
" Eliza Motlow " "
ALLEGED MURDER.
Jan. 21 Robert Landry St. James Parish, La.
" Chicken George " " "
" Richard Davis " " "
Dec. 8 Benjamin Menter Berlin, Ala.
" Robert Wilkins. " "
" Joseph Gevhens " "
ALLEGED COMPLICITY IN MURDER.
Sept. 16 Valsin Julian. Jefferson Parish, La.
" Basil Julian. " "
" Paul Julian " "
" John Willis " "
MURDER.
June 29 Samuel Thorp Savannah, Ga.
" George S. Riechen Waynesboro, Ga.
June 30 Joseph Bird Wilberton, Ind. Ter.
July 1 James Lamar Darien, Ga.
July 28 Henry Miller Dallas, Texas
" Ada Hiers Walterboro, S. C.
" Alexander Brown Bastrop, Texas
" 30 W. G. Jamison Quincy, Ill.
Sept.1 John Ferguson Lawrens, S. C.
" Oscar Johnston Berkeley, S. C.
" Henry Ewing " "
" 8 William Smith Camden,Ark
" 15 Staples Green. Livingston, Ala.
" 29 Hiram Jacobs Mount Vernon, Ga

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Sept. 29 Lucien Mannet Mount Vernon, Ga.
" Hire Brevington. " "
" Weldon Gordon " "
" Parse Strickland " "
Oct. 20 William Dalton Cartersville, Ga.
" 27 M. B. Taylor Wise Court House, Va.
" 27 Isaac Williams Madison, Ga.
Nov. 10 Miller Davis Centre Point, Ark.
" 14 John Johnston Auburn, N. Y.
MURDER.
Sept 27 Calvin Stewart Langley, S. C.
" 29 Henry Coleman Benton, La.
Oct. 18 William Richards Summerfield, Ga.
" James Dickson " "
" 27 Edward Jenkins Clayton Co., Ga.
Nov. 9 Henry Boggs Fort White, Fla.
" 14 Unknown Negro Lake City Junc., Fla.
" " " "
" " " "
" D. T. Nelson Varney, Ark.
" 29 Newton Jones Baxley, Ga.
Dec. 2 Lucius Holt Concord, Ga.
" 10 Unknown Negro Richmond, Ala.
" " " "
July 12 Henry Fleming Columbus, Miss.
" 17 Unknown Negro Briar Field, Ala.
" 18 Meredith Lewis Roseland, La.
" 29 Edward Bill Dresden, Tenn.
Aug. 1 Henry Reynolds Montgomery, Tenn.
" 9 Unknown Negro. McCreery, Ark
" 12 Unknown Negro Brantford, Fla.
" 18 Charles Walton Morganfield, Ky.
" 21 Charles Tait Near Memphis, Tenn.
" 28 Leonard Taylor New Castle, Ky.
Sept. 8 Benjamin Jackson Quincy, Miss.
" 14 John Williams Jackson, Tenn.
SELF DEFENSE.
July 30 Unknown Negro Wingo, Ky.
POISONING WELLS.
Aug 18 Unknown Negro Franklin Parish, La.
Aug.18 Unknown Negro Franklin Parish, La.
ALLEGED WELL POISONING.
Sept. 15 Benjamin Jackson Jackson, Miss.
" Mahala Jackson " "
" Louisa Carter " "
" W. A. Haley " "
" Rufus Bigley " "

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INSULTING WHITES.
Feb. 18 John Hughes Moberly, Mo.
June 2 Isaac Lincoln Fort Madison, S. C.
MURDEROUS ASSAULT.
April 20 Daniel Adams Selina, Kansas.
NO OFFENSE.
July 21 Charles Martin Shelby Co., Tenn.
July 30 William Steen Paris, Miss
Aug. 31 Unknown Negro Yarsborough, Texas
Sept. 30 Unknown Negro Houston, Texas
Dec. 28 Mack Segars Brantley, Ala.
ALLEGED RAPE.
July 7 Charles T. Miller Bardwell, Ky.
Aug.10 Daniel Lewis Waycross, Ga.
" James Taylor " "
" John Chambers. " "
ALLEGED STOCK POISONING.
Dec. 16 Henry G. Givens. Nebro, Ky.
SUSPECTED MURDER.
Dec, 28 Sloan Allen West Mississippi.
SUSPICION OF RAPE.
Feb. 14 Andy Blount. Chattanooga, Tenn.
TURNING STATE'S EVIDENCE.
Dec. 19 William Ferguson Adele, Ga.
RAPE.
Jan. 19 James Williams Pickens Co., Ala.
Feb. 11 Unknown Negro Forest Hill, Tenn.
Feb. 26 Joseph Hayne or Paine. Jellico, Tenn.
Nov. 1 Abner Anthony Hot Springs, Va.
Nov. 1 Thomas Hill Spring Place, Ga.
Apr. 24 John Peterson Denmark, S. C.
May 6 Samuel Gillard ---------, S. C.
May 10 Haywood Banks or Marksdale Columbia, S. C.
May 12 Israel Halliway Napoleonville, La.
May 12 Unknown Negro Wytheville, Va.
May 31 John Wallace Jefferson Springs, Ark.
June 3 Samuel Bush Decatur, Ill.
June 8 L. C. Dumas Gleason, Tenn.
June 13 William Shorter Winchester, Va.
June 14 George Williams Near Waco, Texas.
June 24 Daniel Edwards Selina or Selma, Ala.
June 27 Ernest Murphy Daleville, Ala.
July 6 Unknown Negro Poplar Head, La.

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July 6 Unknown Negro Poplar Head, La.
July 12 Robert Larkin Oscola, Texas.
July 17 Warren Dean Stone Creek, Ga.
July 21 Unknown Negro Brantford, Florida.
July 17 John Cotton Connersville, Ark.
July 22 Lee Walker New Albany, Miss.
July 26 — Handy Suansea, S. C.
July 30 William Thompson Columbia, S. C.
July 28 Isaac Harper Calera, Ala.
July 30 Thomas Preston Columbia, S. C.
July 30 Handy Kaigler Columbia, S. C.
Aug. 13 Monroe Smith Springfield, Ala.
Aug. 19 Negro Tramp Near Paducah, Ky.
Aug. 21 John Nilson Near Leavenworth, Kans.
Aug. 23 Jacob Davis Green Wood, S. C.
Sept. 2 William Arkinson McKenney, Ky.
Sept. 16 Unknown Negro Centerville, Ala.
Sept, 16 Jessie Mitchell Amelia C. H., Va.
Sept. 25 Perry Bratcher New Boston, Texas.
Oct. 9 William Lacey Jasper, Ala.
Oct. 22 John Gamble Pikesville, Tenn.
OFFENSES CHARGED ARE AS FOLLOWS.
Rape 39 Arson 4 Assault and battery 1
Attempted rape 8 Incendiarism 3 Insulting Whites 2
Alleged rape. 4 Alleged stock poisoning 1 Malpractice 1
Suspicion of rape 1 Alleged barn burning 4
Murder 44 Posioning Wells 2 Stealing 2
Alleged murder 6 Alleged poisoning wells 5 Unknown offense 4
Alleged complicity in murder 4 Burglary 1 No offense 1
Murderous assault 1 Wife beating 1 Race prejudice 4
Attempted murder 1 Self defense 1 Total 159
Attempted robbery 4 Suspected robbery 1
LYNCHINGS BY STATES.
Alabama 25 Louisiana 18
Arkansas 7 Mississippi 17
Florida 7 Missouri 3
Georgia 24 New York 1
Indian Territory 1 South Carolina 15
Illinois 3 Tennessee 10
Kansas 2 Texas 8
Kentucky 8 Virginia 10
Record for the Year 1892.

While it is intended that the record here presented shall include specially the lynchings of 1893, it will not be amiss to give the record for the year preceding.

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The facts contended for will always appear manifest — that not one-third of the victims lynched were charged with rape, and further that the charges made embraced a range of offenses from murders to misdemeanors.

In 1892 there were 241 persons lynched. The entire number is divided among the following states:

Alabama 22 Montana 4
Arkansas 25 New York 1
California 3 North Carolina 5
Florida 11 North Dakota 1
Georgia 17 Ohio 3
Idaho 8 South Carolina. 5
Illinois 1 Tennessee 28
Kansas 3 Texas 15
Kentucky 9 Virginia 7
Louisiana 29 West Virginia 5
Maryland 1 Wyoming 9
Mississippi 16 Arizona Ter 3
Missouri 6 Oklahoma 2

Of this number 160 were of Negro descent. Four of them were lynched in New York, Ohio and Kansas; the remainder were murdered in the south. Five of this number were females. The charges for which they were lynched cover a wide range. They are as follows:

Rape 46 Attemped Rape 11
Murder 58 Suspected Robbery 4
Rioting 3 Larceny 1
Race prejudice 6 Self-defense 1
No cause given 4 Insulting women 2
Incendiarism 6 Desperadoes 6
Robbery 6 Fraud 1
Assault and battery 1 Attempted murder 2
No offense stated, boy and girl 2

In the case of the boy and girl above referred to, their father, named Hastings, was accused of the murder of a white man; his fourteen-year-old daughter and sixteen-year-old son were hanged and their bodies filled with bullets, then the father was also lynched. This was in November, 1892, at Jonesville, Louisiana.

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Wells-Barnett, Ida B. A Red Record. Tabulated Statistics and Alleged Causes of Lynchings in the United States, 1892-1893-1894. Respectfully Submitted to the Nineteenth Century Civilization in 'the Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave' . Chicago: Donohue and Henneberry, 1895. [format: book], [genre: history; narrative]. Permission: Public domain
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=ibwred.html
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