NIU Libraries Digitization Projects
Lincoln/Net Prairie Fire Illinois During the Civil War Illinois During the Gilded Age Mark Twain's Mississippi Back to Digitization Projects Contact Us
BACK

Western Reserve Historical Society. 'Biographical Notices and Correspondence -- War of 1812. Selection No. 7.' in 'Western Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society Tracts (19) 1873: 1-4.' . Cleveland: Western Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society, 1873. [format: book], [genre: history]. Permission: Public domain
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=bionotes1812.html


Previous section

Next section

Biographical Notices.

It will add something to the interest of this correspondence relating to the War of 1812,on this frontier, to have a brief notice of the authors of many of the letters:

MAJOR GENERAL ELIJAH WADSWORTH,

[Commanding Fourth Division Ohio Militia.]

Though born at Hartford, Connecticut, November 4, 1747, he was a resident of Litchfield, in the same State, when the Revolutionary War broke out. He was a lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Tallmadge's troop of horse, in Colonel Elisha Sheldon's regiment, serving to the end of the war with honor. Like many Revolutionary heroes he obtained little promotion. Tallmadge's promotion to be Major allowed Wadsworth to be Captain, beyond which he did not rise. Major Andre was placed in his custody soon after his arrest by Williams, Paulding and Van Wert, on the 23d of September, 1780. In 1802 Mr.Wadsworth removed to Canfield, then in Trumbull county, Ohio, where he owned largely of wild lands. In 1804 he was elected by the Ohio Legislature to be Major General of the Fourth Division, embracing the Northeastern part of the state. The promptness, perseverance and patriotism displayed in this command at the outset of the war of 1812, may be inferred from this correspondence. He was long embarrassed by personal debts, contracted for the Government in raising supplies for the troops. He died at Canfield on the 30th of December, 1817; where his grave is marked by an appropriate stone.

BRIGADIER GENERAL SIMON PERKINS.

[Commanding 3d Brigade,4th Division.O.M.]

General Perkins came to Ohio in 1798 as an agent, explorer, and surveyor of lands on the Western Reserve; being then an energitic young man of 27 years. Surveyors, engineers and explorers are the material of which first class military men are formed. In 1804 he settled at Warren, in Trumbull county, and was appointed postmaster. By General Wadesworth's influence he was commissioned as Brigadier in 1808, our relations with Great Britain having already given premonitions of trouble. When the war occured he was at full maturity of mind and body;and having the unlimited confidence of General Wadsworth, was immediately entrusted with the troops and posts at the front. When the term of service of the Ohio volunteers had expired, and their place was filled by the new regiments of the regular army, he was offered a colonelcy in the United States Infantry. On account of the care of a growing landed estate this was declined, much to the regret of General Harison and administration, who were sadly in need of good officers. General Perkins died at Warren on the 19th of November, 1844.

GENERAL JAMES WINCHESTER, U. S. A.

Winchester had been a Lieutenant in the army of the Revolution, from the State of Maryland. Having been a prisoner about two years, he probably had no affection for England, and Englishmen. On the 27th of March,1812,President Madison appointed him a Brigadier from the State of Tennessee, in the army being then raised in anticipation of war. While in command on the Maumee River, in January, 1813,contrary to Harrison's views, he sent a detachment to the river Raisin or French Town where is now the city of Monroe in the State of Michigan. The dreadful results of that mistake are well known, for they have not yet ceased to be a horror in the minds of Americans. He was captured by an Indian, stripped

-- 2 --

while standing in the snow, and taken to Malden as a prisoner of war. After being exchanged, the command of Fort Defiance, on the Maumee, was given to him; but the Government and the people had lost confidence in his military ability, and in March, 1815, he resigned. He died at Nashville, Tenn., July 27th, 1826.

COLONEL JOHN MILLER, U. S. A.

John Miller, of Steubenviile, Ohio, was one of tbe Brig'er Generals of Militia, and the editor of a newspaper when the prospect of war required an increase of the army. In March, 1812, he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the l7th Infantry, of which Samuel Wells, of Kentucky, was Colonel. In July he was promoted to be Colonel of the 19th Infantry. Col. Miller commanded the sortie from Fort Meigs, May 5th, 1813, driving the British from their battery on the southeast of the fort. ln February, 1818. He resigned, and returned to his paper, the Western Herald, at Steubenville. ln 1826 he was appointed Register in a land office in Missouri, was soon elected Governor of that State, and from 1837 to 1843 was in Congress. He died at Florissant, Missouri, March 18, 1846.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL GEORGE TOD, U. S. A.

A brief notice of Judge Tod's military service, has been already given in Tract No.15. He was born at Suffield, Connecticut, of Scotch parentage, December 11th, I773, and was a graduate of Yale in 1795. He settled at Youngetown, then in Trumbull county, Ohio, in 1800, as a lawyer, and rose rapidly in public life. In 1804 he was elected to the Senate of Ohio, and in 1806 to the Supreme Court of the State. March 12th, 1812, he was appointed a Major in the 19th Infantry, and on the 13th of March, 1814, Lieutenant Colonel of the 17th Regiment. In the sortie of Colonel Miller from Fort Meigs, he acted a prominent and creditable part. He died on the 11th of April, 1841, at the age of 68.

Previous section

Next section


Western Reserve Historical Society. 'Biographical Notices and Correspondence -- War of 1812. Selection No. 7.' in 'Western Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society Tracts (19) 1873: 1-4.' . Cleveland: Western Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society, 1873. [format: book], [genre: history]. Permission: Public domain
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=bionotes1812.html
Powered by PhiloLogic