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Smith, James M'Cune. 'Citizenship' in 'The Anglo-African Magazine 1:5 (May 1859)' . New York, N.Y. : T. Hamilton, 1859. [format: newspaper], [genre: article; history]. Permission: Northern Illinois University
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=angloafrican1.html


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Notes.

Note from page 145: 1. The word citizen, as used in the Constitution, did not bear the restricted sense applied to an inhabitant of a city possessing the franchises thereof; it bore the larger sense of the relation of the individual to the state of which that individual is an integral part. Our Declaration of Independence expressed this relation in the words ‘All men are created free and equal, and are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.’

Note from page 146: 2. Mr. Mill here speaks of British youth. Young America, as instructed in the Ward Schools of the City of New York, and we fear throughout the land, is forced to cram, into the dates of every sanguinary conflict of the Revolution, the numbers slain, and the event of the battle; it is pitiful to hear school boys complain of their inability to remember these dates; thus filling the young mind with the dates instead of the principles of the Revolution, generally a hatred instead of a reverence for that great event. A School History, sound on the principles of liberty which lay at the root, and culminated in the result of the American Revolution, would be entirely too Anti-slavery to command the market. So the South not only buys our goods, but saps the principles of our youth, and gains command of the next generation. WILLIAM GOODELL owes it to the cause to write and print, a ‘Constitution of the United States with questions and answers for the use of schools.’

Note from page 147: 3. Cicero pro Dom. 29, 30, pro Caecin, 33.

Note from page 147: 4. Liv. XXXVIII. 36.

Note from page 147: 5. Boeth. in Cic. Top. 4.

Note from page 147: 6. Liv. 4, 6.

Note from page 148: 7. Cic. Pro Arch. 5. Dom. 32.

Note from page 148: 8. Liv. 1. 34.

Note from page 148: 9. They (the framers of the Constitution) had not then thought that taxation on all the imported goods was to be regarded as a blessing. On the contrary they expected that the expenses of government would be defrayed by direct taxation. Then it became an important question, How shall taxation be appointed among the people? ‘Why,’ said men of the North, ‘according to population; and let every body white and black be enumerated.’ ‘No,’ replied the South, ‘for here are our Southern slaves who do not produce as much as your laborers. We ought not to be taxed according to population.’ And not only was there a compromise made on this subject, but they were ready to have their representation diminished by two fifths of their slaves, which, was not much thought of at the time, inasmuch as they obtained as a recompense what was esteemed by them as a great boon, namely, the taxation also in proportion to their numbers, omitting two fifths of their slaves. (Memoirs, speeches, and writings of Robert Rantoul, Jr., p. 738.)

Note from page 149: 10. Cic. Caecin. 34,599.

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Smith, James M'Cune. 'Citizenship' in 'The Anglo-African Magazine 1:5 (May 1859)' . New York, N.Y. : T. Hamilton, 1859. [format: newspaper], [genre: article; history]. Permission: Northern Illinois University
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=angloafrican1.html
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