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Taylor, Jacob N; Crooks, M. O. Sketch Book of St. Louis: Containing a Series of Sketches of the Early Settlement, Public Buildings, Hotels, Railroads, Steamboats, Foundry and Machine Shops, Mercantile Houses, Grocers, Manufacturing Houses, Etc . St. Louis: George Knapp and Co, 1858. [format: book], [genre: guidebook; narrative]. Permission: Tulane University
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Chapter XVIII. Foundries.

On Main, between Morgan and Cherry Streets.
GATY, M'CUNE & CO., Proprietors.
Manufacturers of Steam Engines, Boilers, Sheet Iron Work, Mill Machinery, "Child's & Page's" Patent Circular Saw Mills.

Among the extensive manufacturing establishments of St. Louis there is none more deserving of special notice from our hands than that of Gaty, M'Cune & Co. These works, occupying almost an entire square on Main and Morgan, Cherry and Second streets, were first established in 1831, by Mr. Samuel Gaty, who is still the senior member of the firm. A little, obscure, out-of-the-way place was the nucleus of the present extensive works, where, with five workmen, business was commenced. In 1833, Felix Coonce, Esq., became associated with Mr. Samuel Gaty as a partner, under the name and style of Gaty & Coonce. In 1836, they admitted into the firm Mr. Jacob Beltzhoover, and we find them doing business in the name of Gaty, Coonce & Beltzhoover. This connection was continued with gratifying success until the spring of 1840, when Mr. A. H. Glasby purchased the interest of Mr. Beltzhoover, and the title of the firm changed to Gaty, Coonce & Glasby. In 1841, Mr. John M'Cune, the present President of the Keokuk Packet Company, (see page 183,) succeeded in

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purchasing the interest of Mr. Felix Coonce, and the title of the firm again changed to that of Gaty, M'Cune & Glasby. For seven years there was no alteration in this house; but at the end of that time, in 1848, Girard B. Allen purchased part of the interest of Mr. A. H. Glasby, whose health had become so bad as to render him unable to properly attend to his business, which required the greater portion of his time in the office; after Mr. Allen's admission into the firm, the style of Gaty, M'Cune & Co. was assumed. In 1849, Mr. James Collins was admitted as a partner; Mr. G. B. Allen retired from the firm in 1854, and Mr. Wm. H. Stone and Mr. Amos Howe were admitted as members. The firm, as now existing, is composed of Mr. Samuel Gaty, J. S. M'Cune, James Collins, Wm. H. Stone, and Amos Howe.

The history of this house shows the advance that has been made in manufacturing in the last quarter of a century. The mechanical skill which prevailed at that period was imperfect at best; there were no large bodies of men at command, having proper and distinct training in each of the trades — more properly, the arts — which are embraced in engine building. Much less was known of the construction and the use of those wonderful tools and engines by which iron and steel are now wrought into every geometrical form, and with nearly the same facility as soft and yielding wood.

From the day of its establishment the career of Gaty, M'Cune & Co's. "Engine Works and Foundry" has been onward and upward; onward in the march of improvement, and upward in the estimation of the public. Each month having added increased facilities to its internal arrangements, and each year to its extent of territory, and now we find the little germ, which a quarter of a century ago was planted by Mr. Samuel Gaty, grown and developed into gigantic proportions. Where,

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twenty-five years ago, a half-dozen men, without the extemporaneous aid afforded by machinery, were able to keep pace with the demand, we now find over two hundred busily engaged, assisted by all the many modern labor-facilitating machines, and then barely able to fill all orders.

Gaty, M'Cune & Co. do not limit their manufactures to the production of steam engines, but engage extensively in the manufacture of boilers, sheet iron work, and saw and planning mill machinery, as well as "Child's & Page's Circular Saw Mills," for which they find a large and constantly increasing demand.

As regards the quality of the work turned out by Messrs. Gaty, M'Cune & Co., there can be but one opinion, and that of commendation. No better evidence of this fact exists than the immense success that has attended their efforts, and the position they have been able to attain.

They always turn out work "upon honor," and warrant it to be all that it is represented. One advantage possessed by them is the fact that all brass and copper work, which in many foundries and machine shops are purchased from other houses, are made on the premises and under the supervision of a master-workman. The entire charge of the mechanical department of this establishment is under charge of James Collins and Amos Howe, a first-rate workman, and a member of the firm, one who has much experience, and is every way qualified for the post he holds; indeed, a better corps of mechanics can not be found in the West, many of whom have been employed in these works for over twenty years.

Messrs. Gaty, M'Cune & Co. have a capital of over six hundred thousand dollars invested in their establishment, while the amount of raw material consumed would astonish those who are not intimately acquainted with the requirements of these

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immense manufactories. As to some of the principal items, we may mention four hundred tons of boiler iron, twenty-four hundred tons of pig metal, and a corresponding amount of brass, copper and steel. At present the aggregate yearly wages paid to the employees of this establishment amounts to about ninety-five thousand dollars. Messrs. Gaty, McCune & Co. have, ever since their first commencement, been paying their employees the best kind of wages. With them the aphorism that "the laborer is worthy of his hire," has been recognized in its broadest understanding, and they have ever adopted it as a rule worthy of being observed.

This establishment possesses the most perfect facilities for the execution of work of all kinds, and can fill the most voluminous orders in the shortest possible space of time. They possess many late improvements in machinery, which are not attainable by the greater portion of their cotemporaries, and, as a consequence, stand in the front rank of their business in the West, offering inducements of an almost irresistible nature to those who design making purchases of articles such as they are manufacturing.

St. Louis owes much to such enterprising business men as Messrs. Gaty, M'Cune & Co. for the proud position she now sustains in the manufacturing cities of the United States, and we can not visit this establishment without being astonished at the magnitude which it has attained, and would respectfully urge upon all persona sojourning in our city, as well as our citizens who can devote a few hours from the toils and cares of their business to sight seeing, to take a walk through these works and view the wondrous machinery which the skill of man has caused to be placed there; the inspection of them will richly repay the visitor for his time and trouble.

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Corner Carr and Second Streets.
GERARD B. ALLEN, Proprietor.
Manufacture Steam Engines, Boilers, Sheet Iron Work, Mill Machinery, and every variety of Heavy Castings, &c.

The Fulton Iron Works commenced operations in May, 1857, under favorable auspices, with a full force of competent workmen, in all the various branches of manufactures usually pursued by works so extensive and general as the Fulton. Girard B. Allen, the proprietor of these worki, is extensively known throughout the south and west, having been a member of the firm of Gaty, McCune & Co. for a period of over eight years, and having, while connected with that firm, become thoroughly conversant with all the minutiae of the trade and the wants of the public.

Having separated himself from the house of Gaty, McCune & Co., Mr. Allen determined to establish a foundry and machine shop under his own auspices, and see what he could accomplish on his own responsibility. He accordingly selected the corner of Carr and Second streets as the location best adapted for the works he contemplated. The ground being secured, he immediately set about the erecting of buildings suitable for the ends in view, upon plans of his own devising. The buildings erected by Mr. Allen are extensive and well arranged, the machine shop being one hundred and eighty feet long by forty feet wide, and contains a greater amount of machinery than we have ever seen in the same space before, and that too without crowding; it fronts on Second street, is of three stories, and perfectly complete

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in all its arrangements. The blacksmith shop, having a front on Carr street, is one hundred feet by forty, and contains all the modern improvements, and keeps in steady employment a goodly number of excellent workmen; the bellows are worked by machinery, which derives its motive power from a large steam engine which is situated in another portion of the works.

The foundry is fifty feet wide by one hundred and twenty-five, containing many conveniences not possessed by other houses. In this room there are two large cranes, with powerful lifting force, for the purpose of handling with ease and safety the heavy castings made in the establishment. This department is under the management of Mr. B. Elliot, whose skill and experience is unsurpassed in his profession. We have been more than once astonished at the coolness of this gentleman under circumstances of peculiar danger, and when the slighest evidence of fear or absence of self-control would have been the signal for almost certain destruction. We do not believe that should Mr. Allen search the world over he would be able to find a person better adapted for the position he holds than is Mr. Elliot.

Adjoining the foundry is the apartment allotted to pattern making; and here again we find every modern invention which can in any way serve to facilitate the workmanship. The charge of this department is under the control of James W. Barry, one of the best mechanics in the Mound City. We had the pleasure of examining some of the very beautiful mechanical drawings executed by this gentleman, who has acquired an enviable reputation as a draftsman and designer of machinery, in which department he displays originality and skill of a high order. We were forcibly struck with several neat and simple contrivances which we observed here. One was the arrangement of fans for the purpose of removing the shavings and chips which accumulate as the work advances towards perfection.

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Another consisted of a steam heating apparatus for the purpose of melting glue. The entire apartment is heated by steam, no fire being allowed in this part of the building, thus giving greater security against conflagration.

The boiler shop is not only in construction especially adapted to the purpose, but it is also fitted and furnished with each and every tool or appliance that can be suggested to expedite and perfect this important branch of manufacture — among which are shears which clip iron boiler plates half an inch in thickness with as much facility as children cut out their paper dolls; heavy punches and drills that make the holes for the rivets with the same ease that a shoemaker punches holes in a pair of gaiters; large rolls for bending plates, and other powerful machines for bending flanges, &c. Only the very best charcoal plate is used in the construction of boilers, and these are tested in the most thorough manner.

These works are now engaged in manufacturing land and marine engines, boiler and sheet iron work, as well as every description of saw and flour mill and general machinery. Mr. Allen inaugurated his commencement by the selection of Mr. A. Duelle to act in the capacity of general superintendent of the works. Mr. D. has a reputation for being one of the most accomplished workmen in the country, and we are certain that he has no superior in the West.

The character of the work turned out by the "Fulton" was such as to insure it success, and soon the reputation of these works was as bright and fair as those houses which have labored for years in building up a name. Among the first engines finished by Mr. Allen was one designed to be used in the extensive Furniture establishment of Mr. C. Marlow. This machine is one of the finest we have ever examined, and Mr. M. declares that it "works like a charm." We observed that the workmen

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were engaged in erecting two large and powerful engines for Capt. Brierly's new boat, the Ben Lewis; upon the finish and workmanship of these engines we have no doubt that Mr. Allen would be willing to risk the reputation of his works; they will goon be finished and ready for use. While wandering over the establishment we were shown a number of drawings and orders for mill machinery and engines which are destined for our sister State, Illinois. It will require some time to complete these works, as all the patterns will have to be made; but when they are once finished, we venture to predict (from what we know of Mr. Allen and his facilities for the execution of work) that they will excel any thing ever before manufactured in St. Louis, and add still another wreath to the garland of fame that has already been wove around the Fulton Iron Works.

The machinery of the Fulton Foundry and Machine Works consists of all the latest improvements that have been made, and these works boast of being able to compare favorably with any establishment in the United States. Their facilities are such as enable them to offer inducements of a superior character to all who may desire to procure machinery.

In selecting persons to take charge of the mechanical department of these works, Mr. Allen exercised that principle of foresight for which he has ever been noted, and that intimate knowledge of the business which a long practical experience enabled him to acquire, and the result is seen in every thing that is done. The managers take pride in doing their portion of the work a little better than that accomplished by any other person, and in order that no endeavor may be left untried; they have secured the services of the best workmen in the country. We have been informed by a master mechanic that the corps of workmen employed at the Fulton Iron Works could not be excelled in the United States.

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There are several leading principles observed in the administration of these works which appear calculated to insure their highest efficiency and the best quality, in their productions; one is the manufacture upon the spot not only of engines, &c., but as far as possible of the materials of which they are composed. All the forged work, brass and iron castings, and other parta, often purchased outside of other works, are here made in the best manner, and with the aid of every fixture to be found in the establishment, supplying separately each of these items. Another is the greatest possible substitution of machinery for manual labor. In these works a smaller proportion of men are engaged in hand work than in any similar establishment in the country. This circumstance is due to the fact that the tools are adapted in a special manner to the execution of each portion of the work, and that each class of tools is specially appropriated to the distinct portions of the work. In the materials used for the engines, wrought iron is used wherever practicable, and to the exclusion of cast iron; thick braziers' copper is used exclusively for the tubes, and tough iron is used for all important forgings.

In regard to the quality of the products of the Fulton Works, there certainly can be but one candid opinion. In every particular they are not only fully equal to those of any other foundry and machine shop, but in some important points better — not the least valuable of which is the simplicity of construction, great power and durability, and it is the intention of Mr. Allen to spare no pains to render the greatest possible satisfaction, and maintain his present reputation for superiority. We would advise those of our readers who have leisure, and are fond of sight seeing, to visit these works when they are in the Mound city, for they will be repaid the trouble; to those who wish to purchase articles of machinery or castings, we would also say, call and examine the quality and the terms.

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This well known concern commenced business in St. Louis early in the year 1844, and has risen from the smallest to be the largest manufactory of agricultural machinery in the West. Their main establishment is situated on the corner of Second and Cherry streets, and is devoted exclusively to the manufacture of Child's Patent Portable Saw Mills. The reputation which this mill has achieved renders it unnecessary for us to praise its many virtues. We will only say that those manufactured by Messrs. K. & F. are recognized by those who have tried them to be of a superior quality.

Their agricultural works are located on Eleventh street, near Cass avenue, where they make all their agricultural machines.

A few of the agricultural implements which they are engaged in manufacturing we desire to call the reader's attention to, as they are in every way worthy the consideration of our farming community.

Messrs. Kingsland & Ferguson's is at present the only house west of the Mississippi river engaged in the manufacture of Manny's Patent Mower and Reaper, which is so well and favorably known throughout the United States and the Canadas. This machine has attracted more attention than any similar invention ever offered to the public. One of them was exhibited at the London World's Fair, and succeeded in carrying off the gold and silver medals, when they had the whole world to

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pete against. At the late trial of agricultural machinery before the United States Agricultural Society, held at Syracuse, New York, the gold and silver medals were awarded this machine. We do not wish to enumerate all the different fairs where this machine has been a successful candidate for prizes, for by so doing we should be compelled to mention every fair where it has been exhibited, for it has never failed to succeed wherever it has been offered. These machines manufactured at the works of Messrs. Kingsland & Ferguson are of a superior character, and are much preferred to those flimsy things which are made in Chicago, and which are constantly breaking and getting out of order. To those who intend purchasing one of these machines, we would recommend them to procure, if by any means possible, one that bears the brand of Messrs. Kingsland & Ferguson as makers.

They are also engaged in building the Cox & Roberts' Patent Thresher and Cleaner, which bears such a favorable reputation with the wheat-growing community. The success of this machine has been so prominent as to astonish those who are unacquainted with what was required by the farmer. There had long existed a want which all the many machines offered had failed to supply until this one was brought forth. So simple was its construction, and so fully did it answer all that was demanded, that it at once assumed a position as a favorite. Indeed it is a great desideratum, as all know that a machine to be useful to men who do not generally understand machinery, must be free from all extra gearing, and this one is eminently so. Its cheapness and adaptability are also considerations which receive much attention from purchasers; it is within the means of all, as we understand; the largest machine, which threshes and cleans over four hundred bushels wheat per day, costs complete only two hundred and seventy-five dollars. No neighborhood

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will, we are persuaded, long remain without one of these machines when this fact becomes generally known.

Besides these machines which we have specified, Messrs. K. & F. engage extensively in the manufacture of many other useful and valuable implements. In fact they are more largely engaged in manufacturing agricultural implements than any other house in the West, and we may say, without fear of contradiction, in the United States.

Some idea of the amount of work annually turned out from these works can be formed from the amount of raw material they use; among the items we may mention twelve hundred tons of pig iron, three hundred tons of bar iron, and about one million feet of lumber; besides a large amount of wire, brass, &c, &c.

The working arrangements of their works are very complete; a foreman who is a complete master of his trade has control over every department, while a superintendent gives his individual attention to the entire works, giving orders to the foremen of the different branches, and inspecting every article before it is offered for sale. They employ a corps of about 250 men steadily, and have none but those who are in every way competent to fill the position for which they are destined.

It is a matter of no small moment that such men as Messrs. K. & F. are located in our midst. They serve to develop the resources of the country, and by their business, energy and qualifications, add much to the wealth and prosperity of our city. We need not advise our readers to call and examine their terms before making purchases elsewhere, as their own good sense will suggest the same to them; but we will take this opportunity to say that they can furnish their machines as cheap as they can be made in the East.

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On Levee, Main and Plum Streets,
For the manufacture, of Steam Engines; Saw, Grist and Oil Mill Machinery; Iron and Brass Castings; Boiler, Sheet Iron and Copper Work; Lard and Tobacco Screws; Lever Presses; Shafting, &c, &c.

The Monroe Iron Works are situate on Levee, Main and Plum streets, being one of the most extensive works in the city, and holding a prominent position among the many excellent Foundries and Machine Shops in our city. The facilities possessed by St. Louis for the successful manufacture of all kinds of Machinery are far superior to any other city in America, having at hand every thing necessary to be used in the construction, while the wages paid to mechanics have attracted to our city a superior class of workmen, who take pride in executing in the best possible style all orders entrusted to them.

Messrs. Garlichs, Beck & Fisher inaugurated the Monroe Iron Works in January, 1857, with a full force of efficient, workmen in all the various branches of manufacture pursued by them. They are now engaged in erecting every variety of Land and Marine Engines, Saw, Grist and Oil Mill Machinery Lard and Tobacco Screws, Lever Presses, Shafting, Pulleys, Bridge Bolts and Castings, etc., etc., in a style that cannot be surpassed either for efficiency or beauty.

They also manufacture Iron and Brass Castings, Boilers, Sheet Iron and Copper work, while special attention is given to Blacksmithing and Repairing of every kind.

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The superintendence of these Works is under the immediate care of Messrs. Beck & Fisher, gentlemen who have had fifteen years' experience in St. Louis, and are perfectly acquainted with all the different branches of manufacture they are engaged in. Their business is in a flourishing condition, proving beyond a doubt that success in St. Louis is in no ways chimerical when a legitimate business is followed, and a proper regard paid to the wants of the public.

The Monroe Iron Works are in possession of all the latest improvements that have been effected in machinery for the purpose of facilitating operations in the manufacture of Engines, their lathes and machinery being propelled by a large engine, which saves a vast amount of manual labor.

What is called the outside business of this house is under the supervision of Mr. F. A. H. Garlichs, the senior partner in the firm, and we are convinced that it could not be entrusted to better hands. Possessing in an eminent degree the qualifications necessary for the successful transaction of business, he has won for his house many firm friends. In all his endeavors to please he is ably assisted by Messrs. Beck & Fisher, who are ever ready to answer all calls made upon them.

Corner of Levee and Myrtle Street,
MCCORD, & Co., Proprietors,
For the manufacture of Steam Engines; Saw, Grist and Oil Mill Machinery; Lard and Tobacco Screws; Lever Presses; Shafting, Pulleys, &c., &c.

This establishment, situated at the corner of Myrtle street

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and the Levee, and occupying the building numbered 87 and 38 Levee, and No. 2 Myrtle street, furnishes, at the shortest notice, Steam Engines of every desired pattern, together with Boilers, Saw and Grist Mill Machinery, Tobacco Screws, Presses, Lard Screws and Cylinders, Hydraulic Presses, Brass Castings, Builders' Castings, Water Wheels, etc., all of its own manufacture.

This concern commenced operations in October, 1853, over four years ago, and since then has turned out many samples of machinery, an honor to Western mechanism and skill; and the fact that the excellence of its work is appreciated by those desiring work of the kind, ia clearly evinced by the steadily increasing patronage which has met them at every step.

The proprietors are men well skilled in their profession, both practically and theoretically, and as their work is done under their personal supervision, patrons may rely upon all orders being filled in a correct and prompt manner.

St. Louis is of right, and should be, the seat of manufacture for all articles of which iron or copper form the principal ingredients, so literally has our State, and indeed almost the immediate vicinity of our city, been endowed with these gifts of Nature. It needs, then, but the capital, skill and industry to place our city in its proper rank in this matter. So far as their ability would permit them, Messrs. McCord & Co. have contributed their proportion to the accomplishment of that end. We bespeak for them, therefore, that consideration and patronage which skill, energy, industry and perseverance should ever command, and most certainly deserves. Let those who feel a desire to cherish "home manufactures," of this description, call and inspect the facilities of this shop, both for manufacturing and repairing, and we feel certain they will find no difficulty in determining where to leave their orders.

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Corner Broadway and Carr Street, St. Louis, Mo.
CUDDY, CARPENTER & Co. (successors to CUDDY, MERRITT & Co.)
Manufacture Steam Engines, all sizes; Saw and Grist Mill Machinery; Water Wheels, different patterns; Tobacco, Oil and Hydraulic Presses; Boilers; Sheet Iron and Brass Work of every description.

Twenty-four years ago the firm of Kingsland, Lightner & Cuddy, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, opened a warehouse in this city for the sale of Stoves, Hollow Ware, Ploughs and other Pittsburgh manufactures, and in February, 1836, commenced the present Foundry and Machine Shop, designed as a branch of their extensive establishment in the Smoky City St. Louis presented a very different aspect then from what it does now, and in the vicinity of the Foundry buildings, swamps, quagmires and hazel bushes occupied the place where now large and handsome stores and stately dwellings are to be found. Many changes are sure to occur in twenty-two years. The two senior members of the firm of Kingsland, Lightner & Cuddy — Mr. Lawrence Kingsland and Mr, Isaac Lightner — now repose beneath the shades of Bellefontaine Cemetery, while the then junior partner has become the senior partner of the present firm of Cuddy, Carpenter & Co.

Shortly after operations had been commenced in St. Louis (or in 1836), Mr. James Cuddy withdrew from the firm of Kingsland, Lightner & Cuddy, and engaged in the manufacture of Bar Iron, Nails, &c., in which business he continued until

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the spring of 1852, when he became interested with Mr. Philip Kingsland in the old Broadway Foundry, under the style of Kingsland & Cuddy. This firm continued in business until August, 1856, when Mr. P. Kingsland disposed of his interest to Mr. W. H. Merritt, and the firm became Cuddy, Merritt & Co.

Owing to long continued ill health, Mr. Merritt, in the month of February of the present year (1858), sold his interest to Mr. James M. Carpenter, and the name and style of the present firm became Cuddy, Carpenter & Co.

This establishment has facilities for manufacturing any thing that may be required of them in the way of machinery — having a Foundry building on Broadway of 120 feet by 60 feet wide, with a cupola and air furnace capable of melting 30 tons of iron at a single heat. The Machine Shop building is two and a half stories high, 140 feet long by 40 feet wide, exclusive of the Engine room and fitting up shop.

The Blacksmith shop is 80 feet by 30, having eleven fires, blown by a fan, (no bellows being used).

The Boiler and Sheet Iron yard is on the most extensive scale — the principal building being two stories high, 60 by 35 feet. All of the various buildings are supplied with appropriate and costly machinery, and no effort is wanting on the part of the proprietors to give satisfaction to their numerous friends and patrons.

The materials used each year are, say 1500 tons pig metal, 20,000 bushels of coke made from Pittsburgh coal, 40,000 bushels of Missouri and Illinois coal, 500 tons of bar iron, 175 tons of boiler iron, 50 tons sheet iron for chimneys and breeching of boilers. The sales of machinery amount to $180,000 per year, and the wages paid to hands $1200 per week, the, number of men and boys employed being one hundred and forty.

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Strangers visiting St. Louis are astonished at the wonderful growth of her manufacturing interests, and can only be satisfied of the truth of statements made by personal observation.

Persons desiring information about machinery of any kind, will receive prompt and polite attention from the above establishment, should they apply either in person or by letter.

N. CONSTABLE & CO., Proprietors.

This company are engaged in the manufacture of the celebrated Fire Monarch Safe, at their extensive Works, at No. 263 North Main street, and are well known throughout the Valley of the Mississippi. The reputation of Constable's Fire Monarch Safe is wide-spread, there not being scarcely a village in the South and West but where one or more can be found. They have been tried and tested so often that they are now recognized as being the only truly safe Safe. As a resistant to the machinations of the burglar none can begin to compare, and, if the truth could be ascertained, we venture the assertion, that there is not a person in the United States that has been the recipient of so many heartfelt curses from that class of chevaliers d' industrie as Mr. Constable, and, on the other hand, thousands have bestowed upon him their blessings for the protection he has been able to extend to them. The list of letters and certificates which he has received in praise of the fire-resistant qualities would fill a volume much larger than this were they collected and published; but Mr. Constable has ever had a dislike to the system of bragging which obtains to such an

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extent among the majority of safe manufacturers, preferring to let the reputation of his safe exist upon its merits, and not upon the ideal writings of some penny-a-liner and a liberal supply of printer's ink. These safes have been exhibited at the State Fairs in Missouri and Illinois, and at every fair held during the last three years, and have always been the successful candidates for favor, carrying away the first premiums. They have never been known to disappoint the expectations of those who put their trust in them. These safes have been tested so thoroughly that Mr. Constable had difficulty in being able to meet the demands which were made upon him for them. He has lately largely added to the extent of his works and now keeps constantly on hand a supply in order to furnish his patrons at a moment's notice.

This firm also engages extensively in the manufacture of Bank Locks. The lock which they are making and offering to the public is one of the latest inventions, and constructed upon the most approved style, both for security and durability. The reputation of these locks is not so wide as that of his safe; but we have been informed by those who have tried them, and by mechanics who are au fait in all that concerns such affairs, that they have not a superior, and we doubt not, when sufficient time shall have elapsed, that they will be recognized as worthy of the good qualities claimed for them.

Mr. N. Constable, the senior partner of this firm, has been engaged in the manufacture of safes since the year 1844. He carried on business in Pittsburgh, commencing in that year. In 1839, we find him working journey work, for a small weekly stipend, on the Asbestos Safe, in Pittsburgh; this safe was at that time considered par excellence for fire; long years he labored hard from early morning till late at night, in his efforts to

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lay up something. While busily employed in the performance of manual labor his active mind was engaged in suggesting improvements, and, as we have above stated, he commenced in 1844 the manufacture of a safe to which he gave the name of the Phoenix. The success that attended his efforts was flattering in the extreme — the safe accomplishing all that was claimed for it. Having disposed of his interest in the Phoenix Safe, he became associated with the firm of Burke & Barnes, under the style of Constable, Burke & Co.; the prosperity which attended this move is a guaranty of the articles they produced. He began to invest his capital in steamboats, which was considered to be about the best stock going; his interest on the river requiring his personal attention, he disposed of his interest in the Safe business. He soon found that he had "caught a Tartar;" the boating trade became miserably bad, and he was soon stripped of all he had accumulated by his hard labor. Then it was that he returned to his first love, and began again to look out for a proper place to commence the manufacture of safes. His perceptions led him to select St. Louis as the point to inaugurate operations. The causes which led him to make this selection was two-fold: first, the large number of extensive fires which were constantly occurring throughout the West — the accessibility of the place by steamboats, facilitating the transportation of his safes to all parts of the country; and second, the easiness with which all the materials necessary for the proper construction of his wares could be procured.

In 1850 we find him here working on his Monarch Safe — a safe which is entirely free from dampness, and capable of resisting as great a degree of heat as any other manufactured.

His commencement in the Mound City was not announced by a flourish of trumpets, but was carried on in a small,

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unasuming manner, and two or three years passed away before his articles became generally known. A lucky accident brought him more intimately into notice — an extensive fire having occurred in which one or two of his safes were caught, and being the only ones that had saved their contents, he began to reap the rewards of his labor. He found business increasing so rapidly that he was compelled to enlarge his shop twice in one year. He is now prepared to manufacture to the extent of $150,000 per year, and hopes to be able to meet the demands which are made upon him from all quarters. He, in order to be more able to accomplish this end, associated with him Mr. D. Caughlan, a mechanic of known ability and means, as also of veracity and business habits. One house alone sold upwards of $40,000 worth of safes during the last year.

Besides the Monarch Safe, Messrs. Constable & Co. are also manufacturing a burglar-proof safe of as good a quality as the ingenuity of man is capable of perfecting, which we are assured will resist any picklock of the Hobbs or any other school; also the drill sledge or chisel. Most of the following gentlemen are using the Monarch Safe, and we take the liberty of referring to them, to substantiate our assertions in regard to this excellent invention: Chouteau, Harrison & Valle; Child, Pratt & Co.; Durkee & Bullock; Shapleigh, Day & Co.; Eads & Nelson; Small, Wells & Co.; Fife & Micheal; Pittman & Brother; Gaty, McCune & Co.; Kingslands & Ferguson; Dowdall, Markham & Co.; Renfrew, Crozier & Pomeroy; Clark, Plant & Norris; Field, Beardsley & Co.; A. & J. Gardiner; Yeatman & Robinson; Exchange Bank.

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B. NOEL, Proprietor.
Main street, between Morgan and Cherry streets.

The establishment of Mr. B. Noel was first ushered into existence in the summer of 1843, to supply a desideratum which had long existed in this city. The principal business at that time was the manufacture of sheet iron and copper work, yet the success which attended Mr. Noel's efforts induced him to extend his operations; he accordingly made the proper arrangements for the manufacturing of steamboat, railroad and distillery works. The satisfaction always given by all wares manufactured at this establishment has been the means of building a sound and substantial reputation for them throughout the entire valley of the Mississippi, and at the present day there is not a more favored establishment in the West. Using none but the very best materials in all his wares, and employing only those mechanics who are perfectly acquainted with their business, it would be a matter of surprise if he failed to render the utmost satisfaction. The entire business is conducted by Mr. Noel, who is thoroughly posted in all the minutiae of his business. The Works of Mr. Noel are located at No. 231 North Main street, between Morgan and Cherry streets, easy of access from the Levee and the business portion of the city, and possessing many advantages in relation to shipping not attainable by other houses. Let all our country friends, when they wish to obtain any thing manufactured from copper, tin and sheet iron, call on Mr. Noel, for we are confident not a more competent person can be found in the West with whom to leave your orders, or who will offer better inducements.

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WM. H. CARD & CO., Proprietors.
Second street, between Cherry and Carr streets.

Among the numerous manufacturing establishments of St. Louis few possess stronger claims upon our attention than the concern belonging to the above firm, where the construction of boilers, tanks, cupules, soap-kettles, chimneys and other huge work employed in steamboats, soap factories, starch factories, breweries, mills, &c., is conducted on a scale of magnitude not surpassed, if indeed equaled, by any other house in the Western States.

The facilities possessed by the above establishment for conducting an immense business at once strikes the eye on entering these extensive premises, where one finds himself surrounded with ingeniously constructed machinery of the most powerful and complex character, in which is concentrated the strength of a multitude of workmen. Here, amid the noisy din of hundreds of hammers closing rivets up, you see scores of sturdy Vulcans fashioning the huge sheets of metal with all the dexterity and ease of a tinier forming a tin vessel. Another striking feature in this establishment is the high degree of order and regularity that pervades every department of the extensive works, and the energy and skill displayed by its proprietors; themselves experienced, enterprising and successful workmen of superior attainments, whose maxim it is to use none but the best materials in their work, and employ none but the most skillful mechanics in the forming of it — the more difficult branches of which requiring an intimate acquaintance with

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practical geometry, is usually done by their own hands; — thus by leaving nothing to depend on the zeal of others, and inspecting personally every piece of metal that comes upon their premises, and examining every piece of work before it leaves them, they have by untiring energy and care acquired a reputation which thousands envy, but few try to merit.

To convey to the stranger a faint idea of the capabilities of this concern, we may add that more than 300 tons of the best hammered American charcoal iron is consumed on the premises annually; and here the extent of the business and the number of employees often exceeding 100 hands, enables the firm to furnish work with a dispatch and at a price that places competition out of the question. But, as they say they will not be paid for doing bad work, it would be difficult to force them to furnish an inferior article on an inducement.

We would strongly recommend parties in want of any thing in the above line to call at the Fulton Yards before purchasing elsewhere.

Mr. Wm. H. Card, the senior partner, superintends the Boiler Yards and exercises a general supervision over the establishment; while on Mr. George Grether, the junior partner, depends the management of the Sheet Iron department.


While inspecting the premises of some of the more extensive Foundries, we had the pleasure of making the acquaintance of Mr. F. Barnhart, who is a striking instance of what may be done by skill and activity in our great Western country. Possessed of more than ordinary mechanical knowledge relative to

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the moving and transportation of huge masses of machinery, he has succeeded in creating for himself a lucrative business in this line; and in the conduct and management of a gang of laborers, he is universally acknowledged to be one of the most skillful stevedores that St. Louis can boast of. In the wrecking of steamboats, removing and depositing of heavy machinery, safes, engines, &c., and the raising of iron chimneys, he is without a rival; and without hesitation or scruple we can consistently recommend him to any of our friends that may require a person of more than ordinary ability to contract for or superintend work of the above description.

At his request we append the following list of the most eminent firms in the city, who have been pleased to permit him to offer them as references: Messrs. Gaty, McCune & Co.; Dowdall, Markham & Co.; Wm. H. Card & Co.; G. B. Allen; Eenfrew, Crozier & Pomeroy; Eads & Nelson; Palm & Robinson.

All orders left at the office of Wm. H. Card & Co., on Second street, between Cherry and Carr streets, will be promptly attended to.


A few days since we passed a few hours in examining the St. Louis Nut, Washer, and Bolt Factory of Messrs. R. H. Cole & Co., situated on the corner of Biddle and Second streets, and in conversing with Mr. Cole we learned a lesson fraught with interest, and one which, with the reader's privilege, we will relate; first, however, giving a brief description of the Works and their capacity. These Works are owned by Messrs. R. H. Cole, Charles P. Chouteau and Jas. J. O'Fallen, and stand

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alone in grandeur and excellence — having no rival, fearing no competitor. The machinery of these works is driven by steam, for which purpose a large steam engine is kept constantly in use. The machinery consists in a Bolt Machine, five Nut Machines, two Washer Machines and a Bolt Screw Machine, which, when run with a force of sixteen men and eight boys, turn out the almost incredible amount of one ton of Washers, five tons of Nuts, and one ton of Screw Bolts per day. This is a small estimate, as the middle size Nut Machine is capable of turning out ten tons per week, while the larger ones perform their work in proportionate speed. The machinery and shop cost, it is estimated, about $30,000, and they are now making additions, which, when completed, will cost about $5000 more — making the total estimated value, $35,000.

Mr. Cole crossed the Mississippi in 1836 with a light heart and a lighter purse — the sum total of his cash capital consisting of fifty cents. After spending his time up to 1844 in St. Charles, he moved to St. Louis and went to work as a journeyman for eight dollars per week, at Gaty, McCune & Co's Foundry, and labored hard for a time, at the end of which he commenced business for himself on Market street, with a capital of eighteen dollars, and often was he compelled to borrow three or four dollars from some friend, post off to the Levee and purchase iron, and carry it home on his back, and when it was worked up repeat the operation. While thus pursuing his laborious avocation from the fall of '44 to '54, he began to think there was a plan by which Nuts and Washers could be made much easier than by hand. Some parties in Pittsburgh were manufacturing a hot-punched Nut which was of a superior quality to the old style. Mr. Cole soon had planned a machine by which he was enabled to arrive at the manufacture of a Pressed Nut, but the means employed were

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payment. It was what he had been laboring for. He applied for and received a patent. The first patent was ranted him in 1855, since which time he has made several improvements — one for a new mode of manufacturing Nuts, and received a patent for every one — making six that he has received for his Nut Machine during that period. He then set himself to work to arrange some plan by which he could apply machinery to the manufacture of Screws; here again success crowned his efforts. For this machine a patent is being applied for. By the arrangement greater speed is attained, and a Screw is made which is of a superior quality. He next turned his attention towards the invention of machinery for the purpose of making Bolts. In this he was pleased to find his most sanguine expectations realized by the accomplishment of his wishes. He laid his claims before the Patent Office and a patent has been issued to him for it.

Mr. Cole has within the past few years received eleven patents for machinery used in his business, and has an application pending for another, and four in process of being applied for. His inventions are all of a very superior character, and of more importance than would at first be supposed. He has now in successful operation in England four of his machines for the manufacture of Nuts and one for Bolts. From a letter he had just received from the young gentleman whom he had sent out to attend to his interests, we learn that they have more orders for Nuts and Bolts than they are able to fill, although one man is constantly engaged in his endeavors so to do. He writes:
"I sometimes wish no more orders would be sent forward till I have had time to clear up; as soon as one is filled another is received."

Mr. Cole's son has taken one of these machines to Belgium and by this time must have it in successful operation. No

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invention of late years has been made that has deservedly attracted so much attention, where it has been known.

Mr. Cole sold one-half of his right in the United States to Mr. Charles P. Chouteau, a few years ago; and last fall they sold one-third to Mr. James J. O'Fallen. They are now prepared to furnish the entire West with Bolts, Nuts, and Washers, on terms so advantageous as to defy competition, let it come from whatever source it may. Their trade at present extends to all parts of the country; but it is the intention of Mr. Cole to establish his machines in some of the Eastern cities; and had not the panic disarranged all monetary affairs, he would have consummated this intention last fall.

Mr. Cole is one of those persons whose noble nature shines forth in good deeds; he is a firm friend, a shrewd business man, and calculated to win the respect and esteem of all with whom he comes in contact. No visitor should ever leave the Mound City without taking a look at the Works of Messrs. B. H. Cole & Co., for they will repay one the trouble, and are monuments to the mechanical skill and ingenuity of the inventor.

FINE SHIRTS — We have never examined a finer or more varied assortment of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods than the stock now on the shelves of Messrs. Ticknor, Bobbins & Co.'s Wholesale and Pietail Clothing Emporium, at No. 176 North Main street. Their stock embraces linen, marseilles, French calico, railroad and travelling shirts of the latest fashion, with and without French cuffs and Byron collars; undershirts, drawers, handkerchiefs, cravats, gloves, suspenders, etc., abound in generous profusion, all of which are offered to cash customers at astonishingly low figures.

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Manufacturer of and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
At No. 14 North Main street — Manufactory, North-west corner of Main and Biddle streets, St. Louis, Mo.

One of the most interesting places in St. Louis to spend an hour profitably is the Agricultural Factory, Warehouse and Seed Store of Clark, Plant & Norris. They have a store — the principal one — at No. 14 Main street, and another at Nos. 203 Fourth street and 218 Broadway; and their Factory is situated at the corner of Main and Biddle streets. This house commenced business in the year 1845, for the purpose of furnishing to the Western farmer all the necessary implements and machinery for the easy and successful pursuit of his business. Such a house was needed to keep pace with the increased number

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engaged in agricultural pursuits; and as a natural consequence their business has grown with the agricultural interests of the West, until from the beginning of only one store, they have increased to two, and established a Factory for the manufacture of many kinds of agricultural machinery, giving employment to a large number of men in their several capacities of salesmen, book-keepers, clerks, mechanics and laborers, and investing a large capital, establishing the fact that they may truly be considered one of the principal houses of the city.

We visited this house for the purpose of getting some items and data from which to form a sketch. We were shown some of the machinery of their own manufacture, the most important of which was Selby's Wheat Drill and Broad-Cast Seed Sower, a hand Hay Press, Moffett's Thresher and Cleaner, and Page's and Childs' Portable Circular Saw Mills — the latter is equally adapted to either horse, steam or water-power, having two saws so arranged that logs of any size can be sawed in quantity from 1200 to 10,000 feet a day. Our attention was next arrested by the great variety of Plows adapted to all modes of culture and calculated for every variety of soil found in this section of country; conspicuous among which is the celebrated steel Eagle, manufactured by machinery, each part so adjusted that in case of repair any part can be furnished, with the assurance that such part will be certain to fit, and besides, insuring uniform operation in each size or pattern of Plow. We next noticed the Harrows, Horge Hoes, Cultivators and Rollers, among other tools for cultivating the ground, which class of implements was most ample and complete, judiciously adapted to the saving of labor and the increase in yield of crops — forming a class of tools of the greatest use and value to the agriculturist. The assortment of harvesting tools and machinery was complete, presenting to view Mowers, Reapers (single and

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combined, with and without self-rakers), Horse Rakes, Rakes, Forks, Scythes, &c., &c. Then the assortment of miscellaneous tools and machinery was perfectly bewildering, surpassing our limits to describe; we shall content ourselves by only enumerating some of the most conspicuous and useful, namely — Cider Mills and Presses; Corn and Cob Crushers and Grinders; Portable Flour and Corn Burr Stone Mills; Garden, Horticultural, Haying, Harvesting, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Implements and Tools; Seed Sowers; Corn Planters; Hay and Straw Cutters; Ox Yokes; Bow Pins; Apple Parers; Cattle Ties, &c., &c. In fact we never beforehad an idea of the extent to which the ingenuity of man had exerted itself in the invention and production of labor-saving machines. Farmers visiting the city for their supplies should not fail to look over this establishment, where they will find a depot for the supply of a large portion of their wants.

In addition to which, this house does a large business in Seeds. — comprising Garden, Grass, Flower, and every other kind which the wants of the country demand. This department is unsurpassed, having an enviable reputation for furnishing reliable sorts, as to freshness and purity — having, beside their large retail trade, an extensive wholesale trade with country merchants — their facilities being such as to enable them to put up garden seeds in papers for the country trade in a mannner to compete with Eastern garden prices.

We would respectfully recommend to the farmers throughout the west, as well as country merchants, when they wish to procure a supply of seeds, or obtain any agricultural implements, to call and examine the stock of Messrs. Clark, Plant & Norris before closing bargains elsewhere; they will be found to be courteous and reliable men and worthy of patronage.

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JOHN GOODIN, Proprietor.

This establishment, located No. 42 Vine street, between Second and Third streets, is one of the most thorough of its kind in the United States, and is the only one in the Mississippi Valley provided with all the late improvements in machinery for Iron Pipe work. Mr. John Goodin, in company with Mr. Charles A. Tooker, established these works in St. Louis in February, 1850, for the purpose of being able to meet the requirements of the trade, and the success which has attended their efforts must be gratifying. Mr. Tooker died in 1855, since which time Mr. Goodin has been sole proprietor and manager of the house.

Mr. Goodin is the owner of the patent for Gold's Steam Heating Apparatus for the States of Missouri, Iowa and Southern Illinois. This plan of heating is rapidly superseding all other modes in the eastern cities. It is easily adjustable for churches, halls, asylums and schools. The ornamental arangement which this apparatus permits, peculiarly recommends it for private dwellings. Its economy of fuel and cleanliness render it superior to any other apparatus, and above all, the healthful character of the heat entitles it to especial consideration. To persons afflicted with pulmonary complaints, steam heated apartments are to a great extent an efficient remedy. Pamphlets, fully descriptive of the construction and working principles of the apparatus, will be furnished at the counting-room of Mr. Goodin.

Some of the most extensive jobs of steam heating in the country

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are from this manufactory. Managers of public institutions or proprietors of large hotels desirous of introducing steam heat, with all the attachments for culinary, washing, drying and bathing purposes, would serve their interest by calling upon Mr. Goodin when procuring estimates for this kind of work.

Attached to the manufactory is a Brass Foundry capable of furnishing all descriptions of brass castings. Persons desiring work of this kind will find here a large variety of patterns of articles in general use. Having extensive facilities for manufacturing and keeping constantly on hand a large stock of iron pipe, boiler flues, valves, steam and gas-fittings, the proprietor will be enabled to fill promptly all orders in this line. A "list of prices" will be furnished on application at the manufactory.

A branch to which Mr. Goodin has devoted particular attention for several years is "STEAMBOAT WORK." The result is, that wrought iron pipe is now in almost universal use, instead of copper. It is far more durable than copper and costs about one half. Engineers will find many of their wants anticipated and provided for at this place.

Experience has fully demonstrated the benefits of Portable Gas Works, where opportunities do not exist of being supplied from city gas works, and it has been a desideratum to procure an article of this kind, simple in construction and efficient in its working. Such an apparatus, secured by patent, is manufactured by Mr. Goodin. For asylums, colleges or seminaries, and suburban residences, these gas works are peculiarly applicable. All orders for fitting houses with gas pipe will receive prompt attention.

Proposals will be furnished for building gas works for cities, towns and villages, and information given as to forming stock companies for such purposes. The names of the following gentlemen will be sufficient guaranty that all work will be

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skillfully executed: Mr. James R. Duncan, Superintendent of the building of Gas Works; Mr. Henry S. Lansdell, Superintendent of Steam Heating Apparatus; Mr. David A. Brislin, Foreman of the shops.

A visit to this place will fully substantiate all we have said in relation to the establishment.

— AND —
Dealers in Hardware, Cutlery, and Mechanics' Tools,
101 North Third Street.

This house, the only one west of the Mississippi river devoted to this branch of manufacture, has deservedly attracted a large share of public attention since its establishment in 1850, both from the superior excellence of their wares and the liberal terms upon which they are afforded to the purchaser. A few years ago the idea prevailed that there could not be manufactured in the West any kind of tools worth noticing, but that opinion has gradually given way before the overwhelming proof to the contrary, and we now find Planes bearing the brand of Messrs. Hunt & Wiseman upon the bench of almost every carpenter in our city. What was merely attempted by these gentlemen as an experiment, has grown into a large and lucrative business, and one which now occupies a capital of $25,000, and keeps in steady employment about eighteen workmen of a superior character.

Besides their splendid assortment of Planes, they are engaged

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as wholesale and retail dealers in Hardware, Cutlery and Mechanics' Tools, having always on hand a full assortment of Carpenters', Cabinet Makers' and Ship Carpenters' Tools of a superior quality to any that have ever been offered for sale in this market. Also, Builders' Hardware of every description, consisting of Sliding Door Furniture; Mortice, Rim, Plate and Upright Locks, of various qualities; Latches, Bolts, Butts, Hinges, Shutter and Sash Fastenings; Window Springs; Shutter Lifts and Screws; Axle Pulleys; Sash Cord; Door Bells and Pulls; Door Springs; Gimlet Screws; Nails, Brads, Finishing Nails, Casting Nails; Cut and Wrought Spikesj Circular, Mill and Cross-cut Saws; Files, Rasps, Chopping Axes, Coffee Mills, &c. We are confident that Messrs. Hunt & Wiseman can sell goods upon as favorable terms as any other house in the United States, and we would advise those purchasers who desire to Consult their own interests to call and examine their stock and list of prices before making purchases elsewhere.

No. 38 North Main Street,
Manufacturers and Importers of Guns, Pistols, Rifles, Bowie Knives, and Sporting Apparatus in all its branches.

The position held by this house is second to none in the world, and has been achieved mainly by the exertions of Mr. Horace E. Dimick, whose name is familiar wherever the rifle is used. This firm established themselves in St. Louis in 1849, and at once attracted a large share of public attention on account of the splendid assortment of fire-arms that composed their stock.

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Mr. Dimick has passed twenty years in handling and manufacturing arms, and we only state a well known faet when we say that he has not his superior in the world. The junior partner also has an extensive practical knowledge of the business, and has rarely met his equal. The stock on hand of these gentlemen consists of every thing embraced in the paraphernalia of the sportsman — Guns, Pistols, Colt's Revolvers, Rifles, Bowie Knives, Dirks, Revolvers of different patterns, Fishing Tackle in the greatest abundance, Game Bags, etc.

H. E. Dimick & Co., besides engaging extensively in the manufacture of weapons, import largely from the manufactories in Europe. In selecting their stock, the practical knowledge of the members of the firm renders them valuable assistance, as they are thereby enabled to obtain the very best, and refuse all that does not fully answer their requirements.

Mr. Dimick has invented a Torpedo Rifle Cannon for the purpose of blowing up ships and fortresses, which is attracting the serious attention of our Government. By using this cannon it would be rendered impossible for an enemy's fleet to enter an American harbor with any hope of success. This invention was perfected and thoroughly tested by Mr. Dimick before he offered it for inspection; but now that it is completed, he has no fears of its failure to accomplish all that he claims for it.

Those of our readers who attended the last annual Agricultural and Mechanical Fair held at St. Louis, will recollect the splendid display made by Messrs. Dimick & Co. upon that occasion, when they succeeded in carrying off the first prizes in every instance.

We would urge upon those who intend to purchase any thing in their line to give Messrs. Dimick & Co. a call, as we are certain they will fill all orders upon as favorable terms as any other house in the world.

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LANDRETH & SON, Proprietors, No. 18 Main Street.

This house is a branch of the well known Philadelphia establishment of Messrs. D. Landreth & Son, and is under the management of Mr. T. RENNELL, a gentleman of fine business attainments.

The business capacities of this house are such as to render them capable of successfully competing with older established houses in our midst. The parent house is the oldest one in the United States, having been established soon after the close of the Revolutionary War. The farm and garden implements are manufactured at their extensive steam works at Bristol, Pennsylvania, and embrace almost every article of merit.

The Seed department of this house is perfect in every respect. The seeds are cultivated under the personal superintendence of Messrs. Landreth & Son, at their extensive gardens at Bloomsdale, upon the banks of the Delaware. The reputation of "Landreth's Seeds" have become so familiar to every person that it would be needless for us to write an eulogy upon their merits.

We can assure our readers that a visit to the house of these gentlemen, at No. 18 Main street, will afford ample reason for self-congratulation.

This house does not seek to enrich itself by large profits, but depends upon the number and extent of their sales, believing that "large sales and small profits" are far preferable to "large profits and small sales." They have, by keeping this object in view, gained many warm and staunch friends.

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These gentlemen are engaged in the manufacture of Cast Steel Saws of every description, and of a quality superior to any ever offered for sale in this market. An experience in our city of five years has demonstrated this fact to our people, and we now find the saws of this house in general use among our manufacturers and machinists. Their intimate knowledge of the steel trade in Sheffield, England, and an acquaintance with the manufacturers of steel, enables them to obtain the saw material upon terms so favorable that they can defy successful competition. Their Circular Saws are of a superior character and maintain a fine reputation throughout the Mississippi Valley. We would recommend persons desirous of purchasing a stock of Saws to give Messrs. Branch, Crookes & Co. a call at their sales-room, No. 18 Vine street, directly opposite King's Hotel.

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The Wagon Manufactory of Mr. John Cook, situate between Jefferson and Monroe streets, at No. 692 Broadway, being one of the largest houses in the western country, needs from our hands a notice.

This house was established as a Wagon Manufactory in 1848, and did a flourishing business. The great demand made upon Mr. Cook for his wagons induced him to add many new features to his already extensive works, and accordingly in 1853 we find that he had erected a large blacksmith shop and engaged the services of a corps of competent and skillful workmen. The reason that induced Mr. Cook to make this addition was the complaints that had been made to him of the bad manner in which the iron work was executed. In having the blacksmithing done under his immediate supervision, he was

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enabled to obviate for the future all such complaints. He is now extensively engaged in the manufacture of Wagons, Carts, Drays and Wheelbarrows, of every description and quality, and challenges from his rivals successful competition, either as regards the quality of the work or the price.

Few establishments of this kind in the western country have won a more valuable reputation than this. It is one of the best in the city, and from the first has been turning out its manufactures "upon honor." Every thing is superintended by the proprietor in person, materials of the most reliable character only allowed to be used, and workmen of superior skill and experience employed in every department of their work. The result has been that, from a small and unostentatious beginning, it has grown into an extensive "institution," and become one of the most popular in the West.

Many advantages are employed here in the wagon manufacture that act strongly in its favor at this point. It has been satisfactorily demonstrated that materials in the timber and iron line can be obtained here that are more reliable and at more reasonable prices than in any other manufacturing city in the United States.

Mr. Cook, the proprietor of this extensive establishment, possesses all the necessary requirements to attract a large and valuable trade, and we would advise our readers to call and examine his stock.

MESSRS. TICKNOR, ROBBINS & Co. have the finest stock of ready made clothing ever brought to St. Louis, which they are selling at astonishingly low prices, for cash, at their clothing emporium, No. 176 North Main street.

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R. C. LUDLOW, Proprietor,
No. 59 Market Street.

This establishment was organized in April, 1856, by Mr. E. R. Davis, who possessed a thoroughly practical knowledge of the business, and succeeded much beyond his most sanguine expectations. Business steadily increasing, he, in July, 1856, admitted Mr. R. C. Ludlow into the concern. The business was conducted by these gentlemen with success till July, 1857, when Mr. Davis disposed of his interest on account of illhealth rendering him unfit to perform the active duties required by the business of the concern. Mr. Ludlow, having purchased Mr. Davis' interest, assumed entire control, and has since conducted the affairs of the house with the same success that has ever marked its career.

The stock on hand is large and varied, consisting in part of the following articles: Wire Cloth, for fan mills, threshing machines, flour mills, starch and paper mills, locomotives, &c.; Bird Cages, both japanned and wooden frame, of a style, variety and finish unsurpassed; Sieves and Riddles of iron, brass, or copper wire, and for all conceivable purposes; Standing Screens, for sand, lime, malt, coal, gravel, &c.; Iron Wire, for fencing and all other purposes; Rat and Mouse Traps, of all shapes, sizes and contrivances. Also, a great variety of Miscellaneous Articles, such as nursery fenders, flower stands, dog muzzles, corn poppers, dish covers, wire gridirons, bird nests, seed, seed glasses, egg whips, egg

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panniers, mullers, scoops, toasters, &c., &c. Fancy Wire Work of all kinds made to order at short notice and in the very best style.

The utmost attention has always been paid to the jobbing or wholesale trade, and he is now steadily extending the area of territory over which he distributes his wares. From New Orleans on the South, St. Paul on the North, and from all parts of the Great West have orders been sent forward, which he has filled upon terms far more favorable to the Western dealer than could be afforded by the manufacturers in the East.

Every person who was present at the St. Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Fair of 1857, will doubtless remember the "Gallinarum" or Chicken Palace which deservedly attracted so much attention from every one, as one of the most finished pieces of wire work in the world, and for which Mr. Ludlow received a diploma and twenty-five dollars premium.

This establishment employs about twenty hands, using annually over twenty-five tons of wire and manufacturing about 20,000 yards of wire cloth, 3,000 dozen sieves for meal and flour, 500 dozen riddles for hardware and foundry uses, 150 dozen bird cages of various styles, besides innumerable other articles pertaining to the business. Employing none but the best workmen, and using the very best material, he can with confidence recommend to dealers all goods of his manufacture, and can sell upon terms equally as favorable as can be offered by Eastern dealers. Should you visit the Mound City, do not fail to call at the sales rooms of Mr. R. C. Ludlow, No. 59 Market street.

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This is one of the oldest established firms in St. Louis, having been formed in 1832, for the purpose of conducting the business of Ship Building, Steamboat Building, Caulking, Jobbing in general, and Sub-Marine Docking and Repairing.

These gentlemen are all well known to the large majority of the residents of St. Louis, and we believe there is not a steamboat man who comes to our city but who has heard them spoken of in connection with their business, so intimately have they been connected with the boat-building interest of the West. They are always ready at a moment's notice to attend to Jobbing; and in order to facilitate the progress of their work, they are supplied with a large assortment of all the late improvements in machinery. They keep constantly on hand flat-boats, jack screws, clamps, lifting screws, &c., which are often required in order that a proper regard may be obtained in all cases where neatness and dispatch are required.

Messrs. Brooks & Co. can always be found at the corner of Ashley and Main streets, where we beg leave to refer all those who desire any work in this line of business performed. We are certain that they can please all who favor them with their patronage, as they do not use any but the best quality of timber, and employ good mechanics, who understand their business; and give their own personal attention to the work, in order that they may be sure that it is well done.

To our steamboat friends we would particularly recommend this house as in every respect worthy their confidence and consideration, and who will not disappoint any trust that may be entertained of them.

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Messrs. Muennighaus & Co., manufacturers of J. A. Ross' celebrated Platform, Hay, Coal, Cattle, Railroad and Counter Scales, commenced business in this city one year ago, at Nos. 247 and 249 North Second street, where they have already won for themselves a reputation worthy many older houses. They possess every facility for the manufacture of their wares, and have exerted themselves to meet the wants of the public. They have succeeded in their undertaking, and are now looked upon as superior workmen.

The greatest difficulty has always been experienced in getting a Scale that was perfectly true; the difficulty is entirely obviated by the Scales manufactured at the establishment of Messrs. M. & Co. Although hundreds have been completed and sold during the past twelve months, no complaints have been expressed; but on the contrary every voice has been united in extending their praise.

They have a superior corps of mechanics employed, and use the very best material that can be procured; by so doing, they are enabled to present the public with a Scale that will, in every way, meet the expectations of the purchaser and the demands of the public. No one should make a purchase of any article in the line of this house without giving them a call and looking over their stock and examining their list of prices. We are almost certain they will thank us for letting them know that such good bargains can be made. They are also prepared to repair in the very best style, in the most durable manner, and on the shortest notice.

They also devote a portion of their business to the manufacture of Trucks for railroads and steamboats, etc., which is a desideratum in this city. These gentlemen are both energetic business men, and every way worthy the confidence of the public.

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A. H. HENDERSON, Proprietor.
New No. 30 — Old No. 48 Pine street. South-east corner of Alley, between Second and Third streets.

This establishment has been in successful operation for upwards of twelve years, and has never experienced a greater degree of prosperity than during the period that it has been under the control of the present proprietor, who lets no pains be spared to render the most perfect satisfaction to all parties.

Mr. Henderson has recently fitted up the finishing rooms of this establishment with improved machinery for the finishing of Silks, Crapes, Woolen and Damask Goods of every description, by which means he is prepared to clean, dye and finish all manner of ladies' goods in a style that defies competition.

To gentlemen wishing clothes renovated we will say that Mr. H. has a perfect knowledge of his business, and employs none but the very best workmen, thereby enabling him to guaranty to his customers the execution of their work in the best style.

Coats, Pants and Vests carefully renovated. All stains to which such garments are liable are carefully extracted without injuring the fabric, and warranted not to reappear, being cleaned and finished by the same method by which the goods are finished in the factories. The cloth feels soft and pliable, and is not liable to take dust, nor emit any unpleasant smell, as all cloths that are cleaned (?) with soaps or gall, and other so-called chemical process, invariably do, which also rot the cloth, and make it hard, and ever after liable to take in dirt.

Mr. H. also gives particular attention to the dying of Straw Goods; also to the re-coloring of damaged goods, which he refinishes in a style to render it impossible to discover that

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any thing had ever been the matter with them. Crape Shaws cleaned and made to look as good as new, while Silks are watered to order. Remember R. H.'s number is old forty-eight Pine Street.

GEORGE N. LYNCH, Proprietor.
No. 53 North Fifth street.

This establishment is the oldest one west of the Mississippi river, having been commenced by Mr. W. A. Lynch, the father of the present proprietor, in 1829. It now possesses in an eminent degree the requisite facilities necessary for the successful transaction of the business to which it is devoted. Previous to his death Mr. W. A. Lynch built up a reputation such as any man might be proud to transmit to his children. After his decease the control of the business passed into the hands of Mr. George N. Lynch, who has, by constant attention, added much to the already established reputation of the house.

At the present time Mr. Lynch has the largest assortment of Coffins to be found in the West, embracing every thing from the common black walnut to the splendid sarcophagus — the most elegant and respectable for the dead ever invented. These burial cases are made of an indestructible material, and will last as long as time itself.

Connected with this establishment is a splendid Hearse — indeed, the finest one in the world — which, together with any number of carriages, will be furnished upon the shortest notice.

Mr. Lynch is a well-known and highly esteemed citizen, and deserves the respect he receives from all classes. We know of

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no person whom we would recommend with more perfect confidence of his ability to fulfill all the duties of an Undertaker than Mr. George N. Lynch.


Mr. Lewis Peters, importer and manufacturer, and wholesale and retail dealer in Fancy Furs, has the most extensive establishment of the kind west of the Alleghany mountains. His business house is situated at No. 65, corner of North Fifth and Locust streets, opposite the Mercantile Library.

Mr. Peters commenced business in St. Louis in 1840, and for eighteen years has stood in the front rank of successful dealers in Fur Goods. There are few persons who possess as complete and thorough knowledge of all the minutiae of the Fur Trade as Mr. P., and consequently few can compete with him in holding out inducements to those wishing to make purchases.

Mr. Peters purchases all kinds of American Furs, paying the highest prices the market calls for, and manufactures them into various kinds of Fur goods. Having in his employ a number of first class workmen, and giving his own personal supervision to his business, he is enabled to offer bargains to all who favor him with their patronage, such as can not fail to secure attention. Possessing every facility that the West offers over the East, Mr. Peters can sell his goods much cheaper than the same quality of goods can be sold for in New York.

To persons who have never taken all the facts into consideration, this may seem strange; but when we reflect that St. Louis is now and has been for years the great Fur mart of the world, we are no longer surprised, but instead are convinced.

Mr. Peters will preserve Furs fro damage by moths, &c.,

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during the summer for those who desire it, and have them ready when called for in the fall, in the best order, looking as good as when they were first purchased.

We would suggest to the dealers in Fur goods to give Mr. Peters a call when they visit St. Louis, and examine his stock. We feel assured that they will never regret having done so.

Mr. Peters took the medal at the first Agricultural Fair, and a premium at the last Fair.


This establishment is situated on the corner of Broadway and Monroe street, and occupies about one hundred and twenty-five feet front on each street. The proprietors established their business in May, 1854, and have since been engaged in perfecting it. St. Louis possesses greater advantages for the successful prosecution of this branch of trade than any other city in the West. With any quantity of the raw material at our doors, we are surprised that a greater number of persons have not engaged in the business. A short account of these Works may prove of interest to the reader. When the company entered upon this business they knew little or nothing about it; yet they were firmly convinced that if proper efforts were made, they could not fail to succeed. They accordingly invested a large amount of capital, and commenced operations by erecting their works upon the locality above mentioned, and have constantly been adding to them until they have arrived at their present position. A short time since we visited these works for the purpose of examining them, and were surprised at the extent and capacity of them. On entering the pattern room we found eight men engaged in getting up new patterns of different styles for the manufacture

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of pressed glass-ware. This department is one of the most difficult and costly connected with the business — many of the patterns costing two hundred dollars, and few less than thirty-five dollars. At the present time they have the most complete assortment of patterns. From thence we were conducted to the room where the sand is prepared; here we found the arrangements in complete order. On entering the cutting department we were astonished at the extensive arrangements that greeted us, and so on throughout the entire establishment.

They have now two furnaces in constant operation — one capable of containing ten pots, the other six — and now turn out about $2000 worth of glassware per week — working as they do about seventy-five hands. The pots in which the metal is melted are manufactured from clay found but a short distance from the works, and which is, we are informed, equal to that imported from Europe.

We feel confident in asserting that this company can manufacture every variety of glass as cheap, if not cheaper, than it can be done in Pittsburgh. Heretofore our merchants have overlooked this establisment, principally for the reason that this company were not fully prepared to execute every variety of work; but now that they have overcome all difficulties, we may look for a change in the glass trade.

This company is prepared to duplicate all orders from the Pittsburgh manufactories, thus saving to our dealers the cost of transportation. When this fact becomes generally known, We may look for a marked change in the trade.

It is the intention of this company to erect extensions to their buildings and set up a stack for the purpose of manufacturing green glass upon a more extensive scale than they have heretofore done.

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Let our friends call and examine the specimens and prices at the company's store-rooms, No. 75 North Second street, and become convinced of the truth of what we have written.

Southeast corner of Third and Chesnut sts., St. Louis, Mo.

A work upon St. Louis and its progress would be incomplete were it to omit the establishment of Dr. Easterly, so intimately is he connected with the growth of our city. Commencing business in St. Louis on a small scale, when our city was yet small, he has grown with the growth of the city, until he now stands forth as a specimen of what extensive business qualifications and strict integrity in all relations of life can accomplish. Possessing an excellent medical education, Dr. Easterly thought it his duty to give the suffering masses the benefit of his medical experience. In 1844 the Dr. commenced the manufacture of a compound designed to remove from the body all mercurial and syphilitic taints. He gave this remedy the name of "Dr. Easterly's Iodine and Sarsaparilla," and so effectual has it been found that the regular profession not unfrequently prescribe it. The ravages of the Fever and Ague being generally prevalent throughout the West, the Dr. next prepared a compound for its cure, which he called "Dr. Easterly's Fever and Ague Killer," and has the proud satisfaction of knowing that thousands have been relieved, and that it has failed in no case where the directions were followed. The prevalence of diseases among females, arising from difficult and painful menstruation, caused the Dr. to issue "Dr. Hooper's Female

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Cordial." Here again the most signal success crowned his efforts. Diseases which had baffled the skill of physicians yielded readily to the influence of a single bottle. The next triumph of our friend was his preparation known as "Dr. Baker's Specific," a medicine which acquired a deservedly popular and widespread reputation for the cure of seminal weakness and all diseases resulting from self-abuse in early age.

Besides these preparations, which are invaluable as remedies for the specific diseases for which they are recommended, the Dr. has given the world the benefit of his knowledge by the production of Dr. Easterly's Pain Killer, Worsdell's Vegetable Pills, Dr. Easterly's Vermifuge, Dr. Easterly's Diarrhoea Syrup, Dr. Cook's Magic Hair Oil, Dr. Carter's Cough Balsam, Dr. Hunter's German Bitters, Dr. Sander's Three Minute Salve, Dr. Easterly's American Oil Liniment, Dr. Allen's Rheumatic Balm, and Gridley's Salt-Rheum and Tetter Ointment. Dr. Easterly also keeps on hand an assortment of all the popular medicines of the day, which he is offering to dealers on astonishingly moderate terms, at his Medical Depot, south-east corner of Third and Chesnut streets.

We would further state that Dr. Easterly's Medicines are now standard remedies, universally approved, selling rapidly, and can be found in nearly every drug and apothecary store in the Western and Southern States.

WYMAN, GRANT & CO., Proprietors.

We paid a visit to the St. Louis Patent Press Oil Works, Wyman, Grant & Co., proprietors — a mill erected for the manufacture of oil from flax seed, castor beans and cotton seed.

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The great scarcity of the two former has induced the proprietors to turn their attention to cotton seed, upon which they have most successfully experimented, and are at the present time turning out large quantities of the oil, for which there is a constant and augmenting demand.

These Works stand upon the corner of Columbia and Second streets. The buildings are new, three stories high, with fine cellar, boiler-house and coal vault below the street. The size of the lot upon which the mill and warehouse stand is 152 feet front by 90 feet deep. The foundation was laid in October, 1855. The mill went into operation during the summer of 1856. The structure was erected by E. Greenleaf, architect. The walls are heavy; the floors are composed of brick and iron; the columns, joist, beams, roof, windows and doors are iron; the whole being a remarkably substantial and strictly fireproof building — not a particle of wood entering into the architecture of the establishment, and nowhere could fire secure a hold.

The oil vats of this mill are capable of containing 30,000 gallons, and are substantially made of iron; the machinery is probably not equalled by that of any oil mill in the world. The presses, which are an invention of Mr. Latourette, are certainly the most massive machinery we have ever seen, weighing some forty tons, and are capable of exerting a pressure of eighteen hundred tons on the substance pressed in them, without hazard of breakage. The simplicity of these machines and the rapidity with which they are worked are surprising. The oil is expressed in a remarkably short space of time. We saw a flood of it issuing in a hundred and thirty-two streams from the press, under the amazing power of the machines. It is estimated and claimed by the inventor that they will press out 12 1/2 per cent, more oil than any other machines, with 2 1/2 per

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cent, less labor. The machinery throughout is fine, and capable of turning out ten or twelve thousand dollars worth of oil and cake per week. There has been the most striking economy of room observed in the arrangement of this machinery. It is as compactly placed as the works of a clock, convenient, accessible and easily managed.

Though originally designed for the exclusive manufacture of linseed and castor oil, these Works have been employed for some months, as we mentioned above, in making cotton Seed oil, which is found so far profitable as to induce the proprietors to push their efforts in that direction, believing that it pays better than either linseed or castor beans. They do not, however, relinquish the manufacture of the two latter, but propose prosecuting it to the fullest extent that the supply of seed and beans will allow. The proprietors are among the first parties in the world who so far succeeded in making oil from cotton seed so as to make it pay. After working over 1000 tons of the seed, they have found so fine a margin in it as to induce them to extend their operations. The coming year they expect to work 6000 tons. During the last twenty-five years, in various parts of the South efforts have been made and large sums expended to make the business profitable; but, owing to the peculiar character of the seed, and the difficulties of working it, it has never, until recently, been made to pay. But with the advantages employed by the works we are describing, on account of the peculiarity and superiority of their presses, the proprietors have succeeded in making it a remunerating and successful business.

A mill of this kind furnishes a market for seed hitherto deemed useful only for manure, and gives at once a marketable value to an article that for scores of years has been suffered to rot upon the plantations of the South.

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The Works of Messrs. Wyman, Grant & Co. employ about twenty-five hands steadily; the machinery runs night and day, from one o'clock Monday moring till eleven o'clock Saturday night. The amount of capital invested rises above $150,000.

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Carpets, Oil Cloths, Mattings, Rugs, Window Shades, &c., &c.
Corner of Vine, St. Charles and Fourth streets, entrance on Vine and St. Charles.

During one of our rambles about the Mound City, a short time since, we visited the establishment of Messrs. Rogers & M'Cormack, who occupy the magnificent Hall over Messrs. Ubsdell, Pierson & Co's. dry goods store, and was astonished at its extent and capacity. This is truly one of the mammoth concerns of our city. The sales-room occupied by this enterprising firm extends back from Fourth street one hundred and sixty-five feet, with a width of forty-five feet, and having a height of sixteen feet in the clear.

There is not (we venture to say, without fear of contradiction) in the United States a store more finely arranged or better adapted to the business. It is elegantly lighted (which to persons desirous of purchasing is a very important consideration in selecting goods) by twenty-five windows, having the superior advantage of streets on three sides; customers thus being enabled to examine goods in any light they may desire.

Although, in regard to the length of time which has elapsed

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since this establishment first commenced business, most others are far in advance of it, yet in point of elegance, extent, and excellence, it ranks among the first in the city, and we may with propriety say, in the world. One of the firm has for a number of years been engaged in the business in the East, and for some time connected with one of the largest importing houses in Boston, thus securing to them superior advantages in the purchasing of their goods.

Here, at all times, may be found one of the largest and best selected stock of goods in their line ever looked upon. Strangers visiting the city can not better spend a short time than in looking through this establishment. They will at all times meet with courteous, polite and attentive salesmen to wait upon and show them through the establishment. Those intending to purchase, will not fail to examine the stock before closing purchases elsewhere.

Here they will find all the different styles and varieties of goods in the market, from the commonest Rag to the finest Willton and Medallion Velvet Carpets; from the commonest Brush Mat to the most elegant and expensive Mosaic Rug; from the lowest grade of American Oil Cloths to the finest English and Russian goods; from the cheapest Muslin Shade to the most costly and chaste Velvet and Gold.

This house was opened to the public the first day of October, 1857, and from the commencement has done a business that has far exceeded the most sanguine hopes of the proprietors. The gentlemanly bearing and manner of Messrs. Rogers & M'Cormack has contributed not a little to the success that has attended their efforts.

We would invite all persons to visit this establishment, either strangers or citizens, as it is one which reflects honor upon St. Louis, and of which we feel justly proud. Such enterprising

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gentlemen as Messrs. Rogers & M'Cormack merit a large share of public patronage, and they get it. May they never grow less!

Truss, Bandage and Orthopedic Instrument Manufactory,
No. 87 North Fourth Street.

The gentleman at the head of this establishment has had a practical experience of thirty years, and enjoys a world-wide reputation as a successful manufacturer of Trusses, Shoulder Braces, Abdominal Supporters, Suspensory Bandages, Supporter Trusses, etc., etc. He has now in his possession a number of medals received as premiums from the different Fairs where he has exhibited articles of his manufacture.

That Ruptures are curable, has been successfully demonstrated by Dr. Sherman, who can mention hundreds that have received permanent relief from the use of his First Premium Trusses, a trial of which will convince any one of their superiority, and the eminent benefit to be derived from their use. This Truss has elicited the highest commendations from leading eminent surgeons in the United States, and is guarantied to answer wherever all others have failed, and where directions are followed, will, without doubt, effect a radical cure.

Dr. Sherman is also sole agent for Dr. S. S. Fitch's celebrated Abdominal Supporters, &c., a full assortment of which are kept constantly on hand for the purpose of meeting the demands that are constantly being made upon him. Dr. S. gives particular attention to supplying the demands of country and retail dealers, whose orders he is capable of executing upon far

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better terms than any other house in the city, as he is the only one engaged in the manufacture, and supplies the wants of all other dealers in the city. Do not neglect to call upon Dr. E. W. Sherman, at No. 87 Fourth street, between Olive and Locust streets, when you want any thing in his line.

Orthopedic Instruments made to order, and warranted to give entire satisfaction.


We now propose to direct the attention of the reader to the extensive Furniture Manufactory of Mr. C. Marlow, which we can say, without fear of successful contradiction, is the largest and best arranged factory in the world. We know that this may appear as boasting, but we are fully satisfied that an examination into the premises will sustain all we say. Under the guidance of Mr. Marlow we spent an hour or two in looking over the establishment.

We found the building situated on Main and Jefferson streets, pointing towards the river and having a magnificent view of the passing steamers, the hills in the distance on the Illinois shore, and the arriving cars upon the opposite coast. The house is large and airily built, being 60 feet wide by 150 feet long, and is five stories high. Each story is especially adapted for the end in view, and is furnished with every thing that can in any way assist in the execution of work. There are none of the modern labor-facilitating inventions of known utility but have a place in Mr. Marlow's rooms.

The first floor is devoted to turning-lathes, of which we find twenty-five in constant operation engaged in turning the posts used in the manufacture of bedsteads, stands and tables. The

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second story is devoted to putting the work together. We also find five planning machines engaged in dressing lumber, and two mortising machines engaged in mortising the posts. In the third story is another large lot of machinery: three whip-saw machines for the purpose of sawing curves and circles were among the curiosities we observed. The entire machinery is run by the power derived from a steam engine which is situated in the engine room. The engine, which is fifty horse power, is the finest one in the United States, and was manufactured at the words of Gerard B. Allen. If Mr. Allen never does another job of work, this engine would stamp him as one of the finest mechanics in the world, and act as a standing advertisement of his ability.

The fourth story of this magnificent building is designed for the bureau manufactory, while the fifth story is designed as a varnishing room, where all the furniture of the house comes to receive the finishing touch. Over the engine is the drying room, which is constantly kept at a temperature of 140 degrees for the purpose of drying lumber, and directly above this is the veneering room, which is arranged in the most perfect style. The entire building is heated by steam, which is made to pass through the heating apparatus after it has been used in driving the engine.

Mr. Marlow is able to turn out annually about twenty-six thousand bedsteads, while one hundred bureaus per week is the average. The tables, stands, lounges, etc., are almost beyond computation. When you take into consideration the fact that so many labor-facilitating machines are used and there are employed about two hundred journeymen, whose chief business consists in putting together the work, some idea of the extent and magnitude of the establishment may be obtained.

In the branch of business entered upon by Mr. Marlow,

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facilities and means are abundant. The boundless supply and qualities of timber at hand, located in the centre of the Great West, and of easy access to all the trade of the Mississippi Valley — all these render his position invaluable.

The history of Mr. Marlow's efforts since he has been engaged in St. Louis would prove interesting, and we only regret that we are unable to furnish the reader with it, for it is to such men as him that St. Louis owes the proud position she now holds among the cities of the earth. Commencing business in St. Louis in 1834, he has for a quarter of a century been intimately connected with all the growth and progress of the city. From the small germ established a quarter of a century ago, he has the proud satisfaction of having the best and one of the largest establishments of the kind in the world — rearing its head in proud beauty among the great enterprises of the day.

But because Mr. Marlow has achieved great success in life, one must not imagine his path has not been beset with many rough places. Fire has twice destroyed his establishment, but only for the purpose of seeing it, phoenix-like, rise from the ashes in renewed splendor. The last time Mr. Marlow was burned out was on the 21st of July, 1857, from the effects of which he is just recovering.

Mr. Marlow's warerooms are on Washington Avenue, and occupy one entire block of buildings five stories high, fifty feet front by a depth of one hundred and fifty feet, besides a building upon the opposite side of the street. The business department is under the supervision of Mr. M. himself and his three sons, and their time is equally divided between the office and factory, for not a day passes without a visit being made to the latter. The working departments are governed by two foremen, whose duty it is to engage the workmen and give their personal supervision to all the affairs of the shop, giving work and orders

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to the various employees, while they render an account to Mr. Marlow of all transactions and receive from him their orders. The clock-like regularity with which all things are conducted would surprise one unaccustomed to the system to which the business arrangements have been reduced.

In regard to the quality of the products of Mr. Marlow's manufactory there can be but one opinion, and that, one of unqualified approbation. Having the very best material, and having the work executed in the very best style, it would be a matter of surprise if he should fail to render the most complete satisfaction. Mr. Marlow is enabled to furnish the trade with his wares upon far more favorable terms than the same class of goods can be procured in Cincinnati, and we recommend all who desire to purchase furniture to give him a call before they complete their purchases.

Dealers in Fine Ready-Made Clothing, and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. Also, agents for Winchester's Patent Shirts, &c., &c., &c.
No. 176 North Main Street.

The business location of Messrs. Ticknor, Robbins & Co., No. 176 North Main Street, four doors south of the Virginia Hotel. The position occupied by this house entitles it to special attention from our hands. There are but few houses engaged in the sale of ready made clothing and gentlemen's furnishing goods that are equal to this one, and we are confident that there are none more extensive or possessed of greater facilities for accommodating the demands of the trade. Their

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manufactory is located in New York city, and the branch here is but an emporium for the sale of ready made goods, offering an opportunity to the citizens of St. Louis of obtaining a fine quality of wearing apparel at New York prices. The style of goods kept constantly on hand by Messrs. Ticknor, Robbins & Co., is of the very latest Parisian fashion as well as of the best quality of goods; the material having been selected and the garments manufactured under the immediate personal supervision of the members of the firm, they warrant every article to be perfect in every respect.

Notwithstanding the tightness of the money market and the consequent hunting up of old clothes, this house during the past season did a business that largely exceeded their most sanguine expectations — evidencing the fact that all men who are willing to sell for a fair profit can always do well. Their unprecedented success is but the natural result of energy, enterprise, and a determination to please all who may call upon them. Their motto is "live and let live — quick sales and small profits," and by a strict adherence to the principle inculcated, have gained the approbation of every one.

They have also a large and splendid assortment of gent's furnishing goods, consisting of the latest fashions, which are sold at prices so low as to astonish those who are not posted up in regard to the immense profits which have hitherto been reaped by the dealers in this branch of trade. Besides having on hand every variety of shirts, as well as shirts of every quality, Messrs. Ticknor, Robbins & Co. are the sole agents for Winchester's celebrated Patent Shirt. We would say to all who are in need of good, durable clothing, call and examine their well selected stock. The courteous gentlemen of this house are ever willing to exhibit their goods to all who may favor them with a call.

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This firm consists of M. Ticknor, E. Ticknor and C. B. Bobbins. These gentlemen are in every way well adapted to their business, and calculated to be successful in their intercourse with western people.

This house was opened in March, 1857, since which time it has pursued a course that has gained for it an unlimited patronage. It has already reaped the reward of its labors, and we know of none that more richly merits the patronage of the public. It is now one of the "first institutions" of the Mound City.

To those country merchants who are willing to pay cash for their supplies, Messrs. Ticknor, Robinson & Co. offer great inducements. They do a strictly cash business, selling on time to no one, but by a strict adherence to this rule they are enabled to sell goods from thirty to forty per cent, cheaper than the same class of goods have sold for heretofore.

Wholesale & Retail Furniture Establishment,
Washington Avenue, between Second and Third Streets.

The Wholesale and Retail Furniture Establishment of Messrs. Scarritt & Mason is situated on Washington avenue, between Second and Third streets, and forms one of the "Institutions" of the Mound City — so much so as to require from our hands a more than passing notice. This house stands forth as a lasting monument to the enterprise and business tact of its proprietors, an honor to the city, and a subject of pride to every true son of St. Louis. Always evidencing a desire to meet in a becoming

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spirit the wants of the community for which they cater, they have won the steem and confidence of our citizens, as is amply shown by the success that has attended their efforts. Prompt in all their dealings, they passed through the financial difficulties of last year with success, and are now ready to meet all demands that will be made upon them with promptness.

Commencing business in St. Louis in 1846, in what was known as the "Old Walnut St. Shed," they laid the foundation for their present gigantic establishment. A short time in that location served to convince them that they had not near enough sea room, so they moved into what was then known as the "old post office building," occupying the site upon which the present post office is situated. Their business still continuing to increase, they removed to the Planter's Tobacco Warehouse, where their business reputation continued to increase until 1860, when that building was burned to the ground, causing the loss of their entire stock. This was a sad blow to our friends, but their prudence in making insurance secured them against ruinous loss. Men of less energy or enterprise might have seated themselves upon the ruins, utterly discouraged, but they were equal to the emergency. Phoenix-like, they rose from the ashes and came again into the field, with shoulders to the wheel and hearts buoyant, determined to conquer; with them the French cardinal's motto was a truth, and "No such word as fail" was the watchword they adopted. The building they are now occupying was erected expressly for their use. It has a depth of one hundred and fifty feet, with a front of fifty feet, and is four stories high. To this they removed in the summer of 1850, and if we may know a tree by its fruit, their present extensive trade and large public confidence is a sufficient evidence of the merits of their house.

Messrs. Scarritt & Mason were the first gentlemen in this

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city who made the Furniture business largely mercantile, as Well as manufacturing. These gentlemen adopted a plan which has since grown into extensive favor in the West and South; it was the buying from every market and manufacturer that produced the best styles of workmanship, so that they brought into their warehouse the improvements and perfection of all other markets as well as their own manufactures, and were able to offer, as it were, the cream of the cream of all markets in their line. Their long and familiar acquaintance with the most reliable manufacturers throughout the country now enables them to reap great advantages from this feature of their business, and present great inducements to their customers in the style, durability and variety of their stock.

A visit to this establishment will well repay the cost, and those in want of anything in the line of furniture, mattresses, &c., may doubtless suit themselves, and will be sure of fair dealing.

Corner of Main and Morgan Streets.

This house was established in the year 1849, for the sale of Messrs. Wm. Jessop & Son's Steel, and ia the only house west of the mountains where a full assortment of steel is kept on hand. The supply consists of the best cast steel, in sheets and bars; machinery; cast steel, shear, German, blister, spring, plow, &c,

Messrs. Jessop & Son are the largest manufacturers of steel

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in the world, and have always made it a point of honor to sell as cheap and upon as good terms as any other house, where quality is a consideration. By persevering in a straight-forward, honorable and upright course in all business transactions, and in selling the various kinds of steel for only just what it really is — first, second or third quality, as it maybe — and in all cases warranting the metal to be exactly what they represent, they have gained in the West a name as honorable and conscientious manufacturers, which reflects much credit upon them, and which they obtained long since in the Eastern States and England by manufacturing and keeping for sale the most uniform and best steel.

All kinds of steel will be imported to order from England upon lower rates than from stock, and laid down in any seaport town, or delivered at any point on the river, according to instructions. They also keep constantly on hand a complete assortment of Sheffield cast steel files, of the very best quality, at the manufacturers' prices.

This house imports about forty thousand dollars worth of steel per annum for the saw manufactory of Messrs. Branch, Crookes & Co., who prefer it to any other they can obtain.

All orders addressed to H. Bakewell, St. Louis, will receive prompt attention.

Of Superior Counting Room and Cabinet Furniture,
112 Market Street.

There is not in St. Louis a more attractive house to those persons who are fond of admiring articles of usefulness and

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beauty than that of Messrs. Clark. The business in which they are engaged seems to be a speciality with them. Mr. Jonathan Clark, the father of F. & F. D., established himself in New York city upwards of a quarter of a century ago, and has since gained the highest round in the ladder of fame by the masterly productions of his manufactory. The specimens of counting-house furniture exhibited by Mr. C. at the World's Fair, held in New York in 1852, obtained the gold medal.

The eminent success that attended the efforts of Mr. J. Clark having given him control of a large capital, he concluded to establish a branch in some one of the Western cities; after paying them all a visit, he concluded that St. Louis was the best point, and accordingly opened here about three years ago, the charge of the house being given to F. & F. D. Clark, two of his sons, who possess fine business capacities and have won hosts of friends since their sojourn in the Mound City.

The stock of counting-house and cabinet furniture kept on hand by Messrs. Clark can not be surpassed in the world, and we believe that they can sell upon as favorable terms as any other house in the United States — we know that they can not be undersold in this city. We cordially recommend these gentlemen to the favorable consideration of those wishing to purchase fine furniture, as eminently worthy of confidence, respect and patronage from our citizens.

MESSES. TICKNOE, BOBBINS & Co. have made arrangements by which they can furnish clothing to order on the shortest possible notice. They have secured the services of a number of excellent journeymen tailors, cutters, etc. Don't fail to call at No. 176 North Main street, when you want to leave your measure for a suit.

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M. G. MOIES, Proprietor.
16 Main Street.

The Machinery Warehouse of M. G. Moies is situated at No. 16 Main street, and is the largest depository of machinery in the United States; it is one of the most interesting places in the Mound City.

A short time since we went all through this establishment and was much pleased and not a little astonished at the extent and magnitude of the selection of the different kinds of machinery. We desire to mention some of the articles that attracted our attention. We will commence in the cellar and ascend upwards through five floors that are full of different kinds of machinery.

First we found a large lot of portable corn and flouring mills, made by different inventors; we noticed Harrison's, Straub's Queen of the South, Noyes', and several other kinds, all of which have a favorable reputation throughout the West and South, and need no eulogy from us; from what we saw we should think that every farmer could have a mill at his own door, to grind his own flour or meal, at a very small investment.

On the first floor we found a large assortment of portable and stationery engines, calculated to save the labor of the planter or farmer at his own door, and a larger class designed for manufactories of any magnitude.

On ascending to the second floor, we came to what might be properly called a sample or store-room. Here we found every species of fixtures and trimmings for rigging out flouring and saw mills, machine shops, railroad cars, belting, hose, brass

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cocks of every kind, lantern head lights, nuts, washers, files, all kinds of rivets, &c, &c.

On the third floor were a large variety of machinists' tools, such as lathes, drills, iron planes — also every kind of labor-saving machines for the working of iron.

On the fourth floor, we found every variety of wood-working tools that genius conld suggest, such as morticing, tenanting, matching, sticking, boring, turning, and in fact all kinds oi machines that are needed for working wood. On this floor car be found a machine to do every thing to wood that man can do, but to cut the tree down and put the pieces together after it is manufactured.

In passing to the fifth floor, we were introduced into the department that is reserved for pumps and other articles. Here we found every variety of pump that is of any account — the rotary, the suction, the force, the steam, horizontal, vertical, and a great variety of sizes and shapes, so that the purchaser can suit himself as to quality, kind or price.

While in the different departments we had our attention called to several new machines lately introduced for saving labor: there were so many that we can not name them all, but we noticed a machine that does the work of about forty men, for splitting and shaving hoops. It takes the hoop in its rough state, and splits and shaves it much better than can be done by hand, and there is little or no waste compared with the hand manufacture of hoops. We also had our attention called to a blind-slat machine; the rough board or slat is put into the machine, and when it comes out it is planed on both sides and edges, ready for the blind. We also saw a blind morticing machine, which was a very ingenious and good invention. We could mention several others, but would say to those who an interested, go and see for yourselves.

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To those who want good machinery of any kind, or any who are fond of viewing machinery, we could not direct them to any place of more interest than the ware-rooms of M. G. Moies. We were struck with one peculiar and great advantage the purchaser would have in getting his machinery at such an establishment. For instance, if he wished to purchase an engine, he could get all his fixtures with it, and save the trouble of making bills at different places. A person can go into M. G. Moies' office and make his trade for a flouring mill, saw mill, machine shop, planing mill, sash and blind manufactory, or any kind of machinery and trimmings for manufacturing purposes.

To the manufacturer and farmer it possesses attractions of a superior character, and which should not be overlooked by those who visit this city for the purpose of making purchases.

Persons visiting this house will find Mr. Moies and his attendants always ready and willing to show up and explain the merits of the different kinds of machinery, and they will be charmed with the systematic order with which all business is transacted, and we can assure our friends that no better terms can be procured anywhere than at this establishment. Mr. Moies' thorough knowledge of machinery, his extensive acquaintance with the different manufacturers, and being largely interested in the manufactory himself, enable him to sell upon as favorable terms as can be bough in the United States.

We can confidently recommend this establishment to the favorable consideration of the public, as worthy of the highest degree of confidence.

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No. 79 North Fourth Street.
JAS. W. McDONALD,Agent for the West.

One of the greatest triumphs of American genius during the present generation has been the sewing machine; indeed it may be considered the most important invention of this great age, for it is the first discovery yet made to lighten the labors and remove the drudgery of the softer sex. It is an invaluable contribution to the wealth of the nation. It is as an angel from Heaven to our mothers, wives, sisters and daughters, and as a labor-saving instrument stands unrivalled. Its inventors may claim a place in the front rank of the benefactors of their race, and their names will go down to posterity in company with the illustrious giants who have immortalized this great age of gold, iron and steam; nor will the meed of praise be withdrawn from those who have by their time, means and talents so successfully brought these machines into public use in various parts of the world, but especially in our own land.

In May, 1854, Mr. James W. McDonald established the first depot for the sale of sewing machines West of the Mississipi, on Fourth street, in this city. The first two years the business was expensive and arduous, not paying expenses, but during the last two years upwards of three hundred of the Wheeler & Wilson machines have actually been sold, and are now doing good service in this city and vicinity.

The merits of these machines may be summed up as follows:

1st. Cheapness, durability and absence of friction.

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2d. Its noiseless operation. Instead of the clumsy, lumbering din which accompanies other machines, this performs its labor with no more disturbance than the ticking of a clock.

3d. Its freedom from derangement. No machinist is required to watch over and keep it in order; constant and vexatious expense for repairs is avoided, while any person of common ability can learn its use.

4th. Its neatness. Such is its construction that no soil or stain comes upon the material upon which it works; silks, satins, or cambrics, of the finest quality or most delicate color, are not subject to the slightest spot.

5th. Its happy adaptation to all kinds, especially all the finer kinds, of sewing — being made with view to that purpose — a point in which other machines have signally failed.

6th. The durability of its work. The stitch is such that RAVELLING Is IMPOSSIBLE, and ripping is no more to be apprehended than in ordinary handwork.

7th. The extreme ease of its use — requiring so little power that its exercise would scarcely fatigue a child.

8th. The beauty and simplicity of its performance. These qualities alone have often attracted the attention of persons of taste, who subsequently purchased on learning that its beauty was equalled by its ability.

9th. The simplicity of its construction.

10th. The ease with which it is kept in order.

11th. It has two useful gauges which no other machines have.

12th. It has a HEMMING attachment, which hema and folds garments, which no other machines have.

13th. It has also a binding attachment.

14th. The process of rewinding the thread is one of the great advantages of this machine, and a complete triumph over all other machines.

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15th. It has no complicated devices for regulating the tension of the thread as other machines have.

16th. There are hundreds of these machines that have run twelve hundred days (four years) and are as good as when started. There is one at Mrs. Smith's, on Market street, which has been worked over one thousand days. They will wear a life time, twenty to thirty years.

17th. They will prevent that ill health and premature decay consequent upon sedentary habits and continual sewing with the common needle.

18th. They save that time which ladies require for their own intellectual pleasures and the education of their children.

19th. A family cannot make a better investment than to buy a Sewing Machine.

20th. They will always sell for nearly as much as they cost, and will not depreciate in value.

21st. There is no other piece of machinery at near the price that will do the same amount of work with the same power and expense.

22d. The Patents have nine years to run yet, and in that time no reduction of price can be made; it is impossible. Buy at once if you wish to save time, work and money.

It has always been the fate of great ideas to meet with violent persecution on their first presentation to the world. Who has not heard of the sufferings endured by Galileo, for uttering what are now known as the commonest truths of astronomy? When Hervey announced the circulation of the blood, Europe greeted his assertion with a storm of laughter. The people fulminated their thunders in the last century against vaccination for the small-pox; the law of gravitation has been honored with the name of humbug — while the steamboat and the telegraph have been solemnly voted to be fantastic dreams. Can

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it be wondered at that the Sewing Machine, which acts with a precision that almost rivals human intelligence, should be met with similar incredulity? It has, and, like them, its triumph is inevitable.

It is not our purpose to emulate the venders of patent nostrums, and puff the Sewing Machine into a little clap-trap notoriety; it rests on its own merits; it has passed the ordeal of the most rigid scrutiny; examination only precedes conviction, and the universal favor accorded to it attests its infinite superiority.

The time has already arrived when garments are constructed as if by magic, and those frightful quantities of sewing which required the labor of weeks, now only requires but a few hours of pleasant occupation. At no distant day Sewing Machines will be in every family in the land, and no lady's education can be complete without understanding the Sewing Machine, and no young lady should ever think of embarking upon the wavy and uncertain sea of matrimony without first acquiring an intimate knowledge of Wheeler & Wilson's Sewing Machine.

Principal office, 343 Broadway, New York; Western Agency, 79 Fourth Street, St. Louis.


Have the most extensive establishment in the West, and probably in the United States. They are located at Nos. 92, 94 and 96 Pine street, between Third and Fourth streets, directly opposite the St. Louis Theatre.

These gentlemen commenced business in 1849 upon a small

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scale, but soon attracted the attention of the public by the satisfactory manner in which they executed all orders given them, and their business became so pressing as to induce them to extend their facilities in order to enable them to answer all demands. Still war was waged against them, and last fall they made another enlargement of their business room, which they predicted would answer for at least five years. But man's hopes and expectations are often fallacious. Scarce three months had passed before they found their house too small. Again was enlargement the order of the day, and they have just finished a splendid addition — No. 92 — which is designed for the accommodation of the ladies. This apartment is fitted up with exquisite taste — having a splendid Brussels carpet upon the floor, the walls covered with beautiful paintings and engravings, and all the appointments, in the most perfect style. This department is under the control of Mr. Matthews, who is one of the most courteous and obliging men in the city, and possesses the esteem and confidence of every one who has the pleasure of knowing him.

Messrs. Cook & Matthews rejuvenate, renew, recolor and repair every article of gentlemen's and ladies' wearing apparel, and even after they have become "seedy" and appear to be worn out and useless, they will dress them up and give them the gloss and finish of new articles. All the work which these gentlemen perform is warranted to give full and complete satisfaction; and what is of no little consideration to the customer, their charges are as moderate as any one could desire.

Messrs. Cook & Matthews have also connected with their establishment a Steam Dyeing Apparatus, by which means they dye and dress soiled and shop-worn Silks, Satins, Shawls, &c. We have examined many of their specimens and have no hesitation in pronouncing them superior to any thing of the kind

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executed in any of our rival cities. These gentlemen pay particular attention to the re-coloring of goods for dealers whose stock has become damaged by age or other causes. They have recently erected a brimstone vat for the purpose of bleaching Crape Shawls, Laces, &c., and we would recommend our mercantile friends who have goods on hand that have become a drug, to send them to this firm for renovation. The remarkable skill exhibited in the successful adaptation of chemical methods for the renovation and coloring of soiled apparel has rendered them famed throughout the West. They employ constantly about thirty hands — sometimes greatly increasing this force — and are always ready to execute orders with the utmost dispatch. Mr. Cook has charge of the dyeing department, and a more thorough master of the business, or more courteous, obliging gentleman can not be found; and we cordially recommend both him and his partner, Mr. Matthews, to the favorable consideration of the reader.

Corner Seventeenth and Morgan streets.

The Steam Machine Bakery of Joseph Grarneau is situate at the corner of Seventeenth and Morgan streets, St. Louis, Mo., and his office is at No. 9 Commercial street, in the rear of the Bank of Missouri. The history of this establishment is well worthy of perusal, showing as it does what fair dealing and strong determination, coupled with perseverance, will accomplish. Mr. Garneau commenced business in 1839 in St. Louis; he was a poor man, and he labored long and hard to get a start

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and to meet the wants of his customers, whom he used to serve by conveying his bread about town in a little hand-cart, made for the purpose. The quality of his Bread and Crackers (which by the bye are the best made in the West) soon gained for him an extensive custom, and as the city began to expand he added to his shop in order to keep pace with the demands which he found were being made upon him. The hand-cart was laid aside and its place supplied by a more convenient conveyance; the shop was enlarged, journeymen engaged, and the demands met with a promptness commensurate with Mr. G.'s abilities. Each year, as the city increased in population, found additions made, and all the latest improvements for the purpose of rendering his establishment more complete, till at the present time it is the largest and most complete Bakery in the Western country. Mr. G. employs at the present time thirty-five hands, and uses daily forty-five barrels of flour, turning out ordinarily two thousand Loaves of Bread and one hundred and twenty-five barrels of Crackers per day; he also has the machinery so arranged that they saw and split all the wood they use at the Bakery by steam. His facilities are such that persons giving him an order at any time can have it filled the next day, no matter how large; he also delivers all and every thing free of charge to steamboats or railroads, and he guaranties every thing in his line to give satisfaction or no charge will be made. Mr. Garneau invites every person that can give him a call to do so, and he will be very happy at all times to show them through his large Bakery, and will do it cheerfully and sociably. Mr. Garneau is a gentleman and a scholar, and took the premium at both of the late Fairs held in St. Louis for having the best Crackers on the ground.

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J. J. Outlet, Proprietor.
Corner of Third and Washington Avenue, and Cor. Fifth and Locust.

Mr. Outley has two rooms devoted to the manufacture of Pictures, and has met with the most unqualified success at both Galleries. He opened his room on the corner of Washington avenue and Third street, over No. 138 and 140 Third street, in May, 1851, with nothing but a thorough knowledge of the entire business. He immediately adopted the principle of charging a living profit and giving perfect satisfaction to all who gave him a call. So completely did he succeed that he soon found himself at the head of a large and commodious suit of rooms, and a prosperous and steadily increasing business. In 1857 Mr. Outley purchased the Gallery of Mr. Davis, situated at the corner of Fifth and Locust streets, and is now conducting both Galleries with success.

Mr. Outley, for a long series of years, gave his entire time and talent to the production of miniatures after the style of Daguerre, and succeeded in arriving at a great degree of perfection in the finishing of his work. No better "tone" could be imparted to the picture than was given it by Mr. O., and the world owes him many thanks for his contribution to science. As the furore for Daguerreotypes began to wane, and the Photographs, Ambrotypes, Melaneotypes, etc., to claim the attention of the operators, Mr. O. was one of the first who adopted the new style, and by a close study was soon enabled to master the art in all its perfection.

But it is in the execution of Ambrotypes that Outley excels, and we venture the assertion that there is not a Gallery in the United States where a superior collection of plain or colored

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Ambrotypes can be found. Possessing in an eminent degree all the qualifications necessary to make a successful artist, Mr. O. has given his entire attention to the study and pursuit; always striving for the superiority, he has won "golden opinions from all sorts of people."

In visiting his gallery a few days ago we were much pleased in observing the number of excellent specimens which he has displayed; one that particularly struck us as being of a superior character, was a large Hallotype of our respected fellow-citizen, Mr. Sol. Smith, the distinguished comedian, manager and lawyer. As we gazed upon this work, we imagined that we stood face to face with the original, his urbane smile greeting us, while his winning voice was pouring forth some tale of mirth. We saw many other gems, but none that afforded us so much real gratification as this one.

Independent of the Picture Gallery, Mr. Outley has recently invested about twenty thousand dollars in the purchase of Daguerrean Stock, with which he is now enabled to fill all orders that may be made upon him. He now keeps constantly on hand Cameras, Apparatus, Matting, Preservers, Plates, Chemicals, Fancy Frames and Cases, Photographic Paper and Chemicals, and material of every description for Paper Pictures and Ambrotypes; and will furnish them to those in the trade upon terms equally as favorable as can be be obtained elsewhere. He also teaches the art of Picture-Making, or gives instruction in different branches to those desirous of learning upon terms which can not fail to suit the applicant. To those who wish to order stock or learn any particulars concerning his terms, we recommend them to address Mr. J. J. Outley, and he will take pleasure ia forwarding them all the desired information.

Let no one who is an admirer of the beautiful, fail to visit

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Mr. Outley's Gallery, when they come to St. Louis, as it is decidedly one of the institutions of the city. They will find him ever ready to render their visit pleasurable; and should you determine, to have a shadow of yourself transferred to the plate, he will execute it in a style that can not fail to render the most perfect and complete satisfaction. Remember the places — over 188 and 140 Third street, corner of Washington avenue, and over Mr. Louis Peter's Fur Store, corner of Fifth and Locust streets.

No. 74 Market street, betw. Third and Fourth.

Mrs. Barnhurst is in daily receipt of all the Latest Fashionable Millinery Goods from the Eastern markets, and has always on hand one of the most complete and varied stocks of French, German, English and American Goods ever offered in the West; also the most attractive and extensive lot of Flowers and Ribbons to be found in the city. Having in successful operation two of Wheeler & Wilson's Sewing Machines, she is enabled to furnish Bonnets, Dresses, Mantillas, Corsets, &c., with the utmost, dispatch. All orders from the country will meet with prompt attention at No. 74 Market street, between Third and Fourth.

We recommend Mrs. B. to the favorable notice of our fair readers as a lady of decided taste and promptness, and eminently worthy of confidence.

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Corner of Sixth and Pine streets.

This house was established in 1849, in December of which year Mr. Kendall established himself in a small way, and laid the foundation for his present extensive trade. By attention to business and fair and honorable dealings with all his patrons, this house has attained a position that will vie with any of their competitors.

The buildings occupied by Messrs. Kendall & Co. are located on the corner of Sixth and Pine streets, and were erected by Mr. K. for the express purpose for which they are used, and combine all the improvements of the age.

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Messrs. K. & Co. employ about thirty hands, and use weekly from 150 to 200 barrels of flour, and produce daily from 50 to 75 barrels of Crackers, 1200 Loaves of Bread, and Cakes and Pies innumerable, to meet the demand of their customers.

If attention to business, fair and honorable dealings with all who favor them with their patronage, and the production of all articles in their line of a quality unsurpassed in this or any other market, entitle a concern to flourish, then this house will continue to make articles in their line for consumers in this and adjacent States on a still more extended scale. No house Can furnish the consumer with supplies upon better terms than Messrs. K. & Co.; and as they pay particular attention to the orders of merchants, steamboats and families, we would recommend them to call and test their products.

On the south side of Market street, betw. Second and Third sts.

We consider among the very first of its kind in the city. Mr. Harlow, after acquiring a thorough practical knowledge of his business, began his career in St. Louis in February, 1846. In February, 1849, he engaged quite largely in manufacturing, in which he was very successful until the 12th of June, 1851, when his establishment was entirely destroyed by fire, sweeping away in a single night the entire accumulations of five years' toil and untiring devotion to his business.

Undaunted by this catastrophe, he at once arranged to resume

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his business, and on the 7th of November of that year reopened in a new and much larger building erected on the ruins of his former house, and constructed upon his own plan. This house is well known throughout the country as well as to all our citizens.

To avoid too great risk in future, Mr. Harlow, this year, erected a substantial three story brick building on Broadway, near Cass avenue, thus separating his manufactory from his warerooms. Here he employed steam power and machinery in the manufacture of fine Cabinet Furniture, furnishing many steamboats and hotels, and leading the van in this branch of his business until the close of the year 1855, when he sold out his entire establishment, after having given constant and profitable employment to from seventy-five to (at times) one hundred and twenty mechanics for a period of nearly seven years.

During this time he had made frequent visits to the Eastern cities, buying the most desirable styles as well as best qualities of goods in his line to be found in those markets — thus adding the mercantile to the manufacturing department of his business. His motto seems always to have been, "The best and most desirable articles that can be secured in every department of his stock, rather than the lowest-priced and greatest quantity of goods;" though in point of magnitude he has ever been equal to the requirements of a large and constant demand.

His present location on Market street, in Concert Hall building, is central and convenient. The building is 100 by 40 feet, in a single span, and three stories high. His main saleroom (Concert Hall) is finely finished and well lighted; secure from the noise and dust of the street, and, in our estimation, the pleasantest place in the city to make selections of such goods as housekeepers require for their own use.

We deem it unnecessary to say more of Mr. Harlow or his

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business. Twelve years of constant devotion have given him a character and standing in the community which few have more justly earned.

Good faith and justice seem to be his business principles, as they are his practice. To sell what will suit his patrons and friends, and nothing else, his constant aim. His assortment of Parlor, Dining room, Library and Chamber Furniture will be found of the best quality, as well as the latest styles of their kind.

Piano-fortes, from the best manufacturers in Boston, will also be found here at the manufacturers's retail prices.

Taking it all in all, this is one of the business houses of this kind in our city which we feel justified and gratified in honoring and recommending.

North-west corner of Levee and Market street.

We know of no house in St. Louis where the wants of the country merchant or peddler can be supplied upon better terms than at the establishment of Mr. John O'Malley. He has his arrangements so made with the manufacturers, both in the East and Europe, that he is in receipt of all the latest styles of goods, which he can sell as cheap as the cheapest; in fact he can undersell the New York houses. We would advise persons wishing to purchase goods that are embraced in his catalogue to give him a call. Particular attention is given to supplying the wants of the retail trade.

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Corner of Main and Olive Streets.

John J. Anderson, Esq., a gentleman who has been long a resident of St. Louis, may be mentioned as among her most extensive men of business and prominent brokers; he was for some years a merchant, extensively dealing in dry goods until the year 1842.

In 1845 he connected himself with J. S. Morrison, Esq., a capitalist of large means, and entered upon a banking and exchange business, under the name of John J. Anderson & Co. The business, as conducted chiefly by Mr. Anderson, who was the active managing partner, is understood to have grown very rapidly and to have been quite profitable. In 1849 Mr. Morrison retired from the firm. The business was continued, constantly enlarging, until in its correspondence it embraced all the chief commercial points in the Union. There have been years in which the exchange bought and sold by this house reached the large amount of ten millions.

In the recent terrific panic through which the country and the world have passed, the house bowed for a moment before a storm which prostrated so many strong establishments. This was only one out of seven of the so considered staunchest private banking houses in St. Louis which closed their doors. It was not the first to close, but it was the first to re-open. This alacrity in resumption is, we presume, accounted for by the fact that ita assets were generally of a good character; it is well understood, indeed, that the temporary inability to realize

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from a large amount of these, consisting of dues from the most solvent corporations, was the cause of its suspension. The payments and settlements the house then made with its creditors were, we believe, very acceptable to them.

Mr. Anderson, though prompt and decisive in his business transactions, is liberal and accommodating in all his dealings with his business friends and customers, going to the utmost extent to serve their interests, so far as he can do it compatibly with his own safety. For intelligence, acuteness, and experience as a financier, it is no exaggeration to say of him that he has but few superiors.

With the prospects now opening of a long and undisturbed period in the movements of trade and finance, it can not be doubted that Mr. Anderson's house will partake largely of the prosperity in store for banking establishments that are managed with sagacity and skill.

Among the items of his property, Mr. Anderson owns a lot fronting on Third and Olive streets, on which he is now erecting a house intended for banking purposes. We allude to it specially because of the peculiar elegance and beauty which will be imparted to the edifice by the material of which it is being constructed. The material is the stone known as "Brandon Marble," of Vermont, which takes a lustrous polish, and is of remarkable purity, quite equal indeed to the finest Italian marble. The employment of this material in the walls of this banking-house is the first instance of its use as a building stone in St. Louis. The structure will be finished and ornamented in a style worthy of this material, and may be expected to give to the aspect of the exterior unusual splendor and beauty.

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No. 29 North Third Street, between Chesnut and Pine.
J. H. CRANE, Proprietor.

This house is one of the most extensive in St. Louis, and is doing a large and flourishing business, and bids fair to become the leading house in the West. Mr. Crane, the proprietor, although comparatively a young man in St. Louis, is an old and experienced furniture dealer. For a long series of years, his father, Mr. L. M. Crane, was at the head of one of the largest houses in the East, at Newark, New Jersey, and is now doing an extensive business in Cincinnati, Ohio. The warerooms of Mr. Crane now occupy eighty feet front on Third street with a depth of one hundred and eighty feet, comprising four stories, which are stored brim full of furniture of every description, from the commonest to the most elegant and choice kinds, all of which he offers to purchasers a little cheaper than any other house in the West.

Mr. Crane also manufactures every description of furniture to order, yet the greater portion of his stock is made by Cincinnati and New York manufacturers expressly for this market, in a style which can not easily be surpassed.

The facilities possessed by Mr. Crane for the prosecution of a successful wholesale and retail trade are most perfect, and we would suggest to those dealers who are desirous of securing a good stock at fair prices, not to fail to call upon Mr. Crane, whom they will find to be a courteous and polite business man, and every way worthy the respect of our citizens and the position he holds in our community, and who will be pleased to

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exhibit his wares to all, whether they desire to purchase of him or not.

In all business transactions Mr. Crane has adopted the principle of selling for cash, and cash only; by so doing he is enabled to sell at least 25 per cent, cheaper than those who sell upon time.

Wholesale and Retail Dealer, Importer, and Manufacturer of Mantillas, Cloaks, Talmas, Basques, etc., etc.,
52 North Fifth Street.

There is not a house engaged in this branch of trade in the United States that transacts a larger business annually than this one, nor is there one to be found any place possessing greater facilities for the transaction of business, or rendering more complete satisfaction to its customers. One can not visit this establishment without being surprised at the extent as well as the richness and variety of their stock.

Mr. Reading has had an experience extending over twenty years, in catering to the requirements of our market, and by his industry, integrity and honorable dealing with every one with whom he has come in contact, he has gained a reputation of which he may justly feel proud.

There are few houses engaged in a mercantile business in our city that have a larger amount of capital invested, and we do not believe there are any who get more certain returns. Maintaining intimate relations with the largest manufacturing houses in the cities of England, Ireland, France, Belgium and

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Germany, he is enabled to keep constantly on hand a large variety of goods of the latest styles. Our lady friends may rest assured that at No. 52 North Fifth street they will always find the most complete assortment of ladies' wearing apparel ever brought to the West. The advantages gained by Mr. Reading by importing direct from the manufacturers can be observed at a glance by any one, as it saves to him the profits usually paid to the importer, and enables him to sell to his customers upon far better terms than those who purchase their goods in the East.

Mr. Reading imports largely of the raw material which he has manufactured in St. Louis; he may well be proud of the character of the goods produced by the fair hands and nimble fingers he has in his employ. The lady who does the designing for him, and who superintends this department, has not her superior, as an artist, in the world; an idea of her capacity can be formed from the fact that she receives a yearly salary of upwards of one thousand dollars. Possessing a refined and delicate taste, she is enabled to design rich and beautiful garments that are entirely free from that gaudy appearance that is so apt to obtain; but each part so harmonizing with the other as to render them perfect specimens of the beautiful. To her artistic taste many of our fair friends are indebted for the admiration so lavishly bestowed upon them. Her efforts have added not a little to the reputation of this establishment. The number of ladies constantly employed by this house can not be less than fifty, and they are generally engaged in making custom work

To those country merchants who are buying their supplies, we would say, do not fail to visit the store of Mr. Reading; we are confident that he can meet your wants in a style calculated to render perfect satisfaction, and upon terms as favorable

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as can be procured anywhere in the United States. Mr. Reading's motto has ever been — "Quick Sales and Small Profits;" and by paying a strict observance to this principle, as well as rendering the most perfect satisfaction to all who favor him with their orders, he has won the enviable position he now maintains.

To those of our lady friends who wish to obtain something neat and becoming, (and pray, who does not?) we would recommend a call at No. 52 North Fifth street. They will find polite and attentive clerks, (both ladies and gentlemen,) who will take especial pride in exhibiting for their inspection the splendid stock which is entrusted to their care, and who will be pleased to minister to their wants. We know of no house in St. Louis more prompt and reliable, and to our friends throughout the country we can cheerfully recommend it as one with whom it will be a pleasure to form a business connection, as well from the facilities they possess of furnishing the best description of goods, as from the honorable character of the gentleman managing the house.


There is at the present time but one steamboat engaged in this trade, yet just so soon as the demands of the shipping community shall require it others will be forthcoming. The boat engaged in this trade at present is the fine Passenger Packet J. B. Carson, under the command of Capt. Abrams and the general supervision of Capt. S. Rider. The Carson is one of the finest boats on the Western waters, having been built with special regard to the requirements of the Illinois river. She is two years old, and has, during the past season, proven

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herself to be all that was claimed for her. She has two large and powerful engines, having four feet stroke, and working like a charm. Mr. McCann, the engineer, and Mr. Jos. Reed, his assistant, are capable and efficient officers, and by a long career of successful engineering have won an enviable reputation among river men generally.

The Carson will, during the present season, make three trips per week — leaving St. Louis on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, connecting with the Great Western Railroad at Naples, and returning on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. There is not a line of steamboats on the Western waters of greater importance to St. Louis than the one we are now speaking of; the amount of freight annually carried by them would astonish even those most familiar with river matters. The company have a wharf-boat at the foot of Spruce street, where business can be transacted. The officers of the Carson are true specimens of the Western steamboat men — a class of men of whom too much can not be said.

No. 164 North Main street.

This firm have been but a short time engaged in business in St. Louis, but short as it is they have established themselves firmly in the good graces of our warm-hearted citizens. A successful career of upwards of ten years in the city of Philadelphia

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has given them a perfect knowledge of the trade, and an intimate acquaintance with the West and its resources, on the part of one of the members of the firm, enables them to cater to the tastes of our purchasers with a certainty of success.

They have their manufacturing establishment in the city of Philadelphia, but all goods offered by them in St. Louis are manufactured expressly for this market — being of the best material, and cut after the most approved Parisian style. They are constantly in receipt of New Goods, and are ever up with the times.

The stock of Furnishing Goods kept on hand and that are daily receiving is equal to any ever offered for sale in our city, embracing every article of Under Clothing, Shirts, plain and fancy Neck Ties, Suspenders, Cravats, and an endless variety of Collars, Handkerchiefs, Hosiery, &c., &c. Messrs. Ball, Worrall & Milnor have adopted the only true principle upon which business can be transacted with success — that of selling goods for cash and cash only. They will sell goods just as cheap as they can be bought in the city, and persons desirous of purchasing garments should give them a call.


Is always to be found with a large and well assorted stock to meet all demands that are made upon him, at the north-east corner of Main and Market streets.

There is no manufacturer of Saddlery in the Western States who has a fairer reputation, and deservedly so, than the subject

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of this sketch. He has used his best endeavors to render satisfaction to all his customers, and how well he has succeeded may be manifest by the success that has attended his endeavors, for from a small and unostentatious beginning he has grown into an opulent and extensive dealer, rivalling in extent those houses which had attained a majority before this one had its inception.

From 1837 to 1848, a period of eleven years, Mr. Peters was the foreman of Col. Grimley's extensive establishment. Upon dissolving his connection with that house, he started in business upon his own responsibility, since which time he has won for himself that reputation which he gained from his former employer. Mr. Peters employs steadily about forty hands, and does an immense amount of business. He uses the very best raw material, and in the selection of his workmen manifests that accurate knowledge of the business which his long connection with it has given him, and by personally superintending all his own affairs he is enabled to put forth a description of work which can not be excelled in any part of the country. We do not think retail dealers or consumers can obtain better bargains anywhere than are offered them at this establishment. We would recommend them to call on this house and examine the stock and scale of prices before purchasing elsewhere.

CHECKERED OFFICE, No. 12 Vine Street, betw. Main and Second.

In the year 1843 John S. Freleigh opened the first Pawn Broker's Office in the city of St. Louis, with a capital of forty dollars. Since then twenty others have started the sameness;

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eleven of them failed. Mr. Freleigh's first office was on Locust, near Main street; most all the other Brokers opened on or near the same square, and in time Locust street was noted for the number of brokers on it. Many a friendless stranger in our city found several "uncles" on Locust street. Mr. Freleigh invented his own forms, duplicates and assignments; all the others have copied them to the very letter, without even giving any credit to the author. In 1853 he took his son in as a partner; they carried on the business till 1856, when Mr. F. died. Since then his son has continued in the same business, and can now be found at the Checkered Office, No. 12 Vine street, between Main and Second, where he will be happy to accommodate all who may need his services. He will endeavor to show to the world, as his father did, that a Pawn Broker may possibly be honest, by treating his customers in that strict and upright manner which always characterized the business of the Checkered Office. This office has done a larger business than any other office of the kind in the city, and its proprietor has the best facilities for loaning money; therefore it will be to the interest of all who wish to borrow money on collateral security to give him a call. Gold and Silver Watches of all kinds, Duplex, Chronometer, Magic Case, Patent and Detached Levers and Cylinders; also Diamond Pins, Ear Rings, Finger Rings; Gold Vest, Fob and Guard Chains; Guns, Pistols and Dry Goods, for sale at one-fourth first cost.

J. & A. ARNOT,Proprietors.

The extensive Livery Stable of Messrs. J. & A. Arnot, on Chesnut street, between Second and Third streets, is one of the features of the Mound City, and has long been recognized as

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the best arranged institution of the kind in the Western States. Messrs. Arnot first entered the business arena in St. Louis in November, 1849. They commenced by inaugurating several new features which they rightly concluded would be advantageous both to themselves and their patrons.

They erected their present magnificent house in 1854. This building is five stories high, and the best arranged for the purpose of any we have ever examined. The horses are kept in the basement, while the first floor is the store room for buggies, wagons and carriages; the second story is fitted up in excellent style and devoted to Law and Real Estate Offices; the third floor is also fitted up tastefully, and used for Offices and Sleeping Apartments, while the fourth story is the hall of the Ancient Order of Druids.

But we do not wish to speak so much of the building as of the facilities possessed by the Messrs. Arnot for the accommodation of those who desire occasionally to indulge in the luxury of a carriage drive, or of exercising their cramped limbs and muscles by exercising on horseback. The stud belonging to their stable is composed of the finest lot of horses in the Western country, both for the saddle and buggy — many of them capable of "doing" a mile in 2:40 with the utmost ease, either in harness or under the saddle. Their carriages are of the best manufacture, light, beautiful and comfortable, while the entire paraphernalia is such as to enable them to furnish at a moment's notice a "turn out" to please the fancy of every lover of fancy equipages.

Messrs. Arnot have also the finest hearse in the country, and are ever ready to furnish carriages to attend funerals upon terms equally as favorable as any other similar establishment in the Mound City — their drivers being courteous, obliging and ever willing to do any thing in their power to accommodate.

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The entire Stable is under the supervision of an accomplished trainer, who is thoroughly conversant with all that appertains to the business of the Veterinarian, while the business department is conducted by the Messrs. Arnot themselves and assistants, who spare no pains in their endeavors to please all who may favor them with a call; and we will say that all who call on them will be pleased by the manner in which they are received, and charmed by the equipage which they will furnish them.

Linen Goods; Silk, Damask, Delaine, & Embroidered Goods,

This extensive jobbing and retail house, from their enterprise, rich and varied stock, and success in their department of trade, abundantly justify us in declaring it to be inferior to no similar establishment in the United States. This firm has been in successful operation for over a quarter of a century, during which time it has enjoyed the confidence and esteem of the public, which is ever awarded by those who pursue a straight-forward course towards all with whom they come in contact; and at this period they enjoy a name and reputation of which they justly feel proud.

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The house occupied by this firm for the purposes of sales and store rooms is situated on the west side of Main street, at No. 58, between Olive and Pine streets, and well calculated for the purposes to which it is devoted. It is one hundred and forty feet deep, with a front of twenty-five feet, and is four stories high. In the different rooms the various qualities of goods may be found, embracing every thing from the most magnificent Velvet Tapestry, which is gorgeous enough to grace the parlors of a prince, to the commonest description of Rag Carpet.

Their stock of house and steamboat Furnishing Goods embraces an endless variety of Table Covers, of different patterns; Stair Rods; Carpets that are nine quarters wide, and a complete assortment of Linen Goods, Silks, Damasks, Delaines, Embroidered Curtains, &c., &c.

They are constantly receiving and opening New Goods, consisting of Carpets, of every imaginable style and description of patterns, from the looms of England, France and Belgium; Hearth Rugs, of an hundred different designs, and of a beauty and elegance that will satisfy the most fastidious taste; also a large lot of India Matting, Stair Carpets, Door Mats, &c., all of which has been selected with the greatest care, and a strict regard to the wants of the Mississippi Valley, by one of the firm.

Messrs. A. McDowell & Co. purchase all their Domestic Goods direct from the manufacturers in the East upon the most favorable terms, while all their immense stock of Foreign Goods is purchased of the manufacturers in Europe and shipped direct to St. Louis, thus enabling themselves to offer goods, to Western dealers at Eastern prices. In fact many styles of goods are sold by them twenty-five per cent, cheaper than they can be bought for in New York. The advantages to be derived by the retail dealer as well as the consumer by purchasing their stock

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direct from the hands of the importer are beginning to be appreciated.

The upper stories of their house are expressly designed for the wholesale trade, and we would suggest to the country merchants the propriety of giving this house a call, as we are certain that if a superior stock of goods, courteous and gentlemanly conduct upon the part of the salesmen and proprietors, a firm determination to sell goods upon as favorable terms as they can be bought anywhere, and an ardent desire to render justice to all, be any recommendation, they will find in Messrs. McDowell & Co. all that couly be desired.

Manufacturer of and Dealer in
Nos. 67 & 69 and 86 & 88 Green street.

This is one of the most extensive establishments in the city, and holds an enviable position in the affections of our citizens. The steady and rapid growth of St. Louis has developed to the fullest extent the resources of those engaged in the Baking business, and we find that the one under consideration has more than trebled its extent in the last five years, employing at the present time about thirty-five hands, and manufacturing fifty barrels of flour daily into Crackers and Loaf Bread, besides a large amount of Cakes, etc., etc.

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As regards the quality of Mr. Holmes' products, we have never heard of but one opinion, that of unqualified praise; in fact the large and constantly increasing trade transacted by him is a pretty fair evidence of the favor in which he is held by the people. Mr. Holmes gives particular attention to furnishing supplies to hotels, grocers and steamboats, and is prepared to fill their orders upon the shortest notice and the most reasonable terms. We would recommend such to give him a trial, and if he fails to render the utmost satisfaction, we are much mistaken.

The arrangements of Mr. Holmes for supplying his city customers is perfect in every respect, and as a consequence he has a large business, requiring five wagons to deliver the daily supplies. We are ever proud to notice the success of such houses as that of Mr. H.

Office over H. B. Graham's Paper Warehouse,

This company has recently established a branch of their Works in this city, and will in a short time be manufacturing a composition which has been secured to them by patent, and which promises to be one of the really useful discoveries of the day. By a scientific and chemical combination of substances well known, they have produced a durable, though elastic composition which is impervious to water, fire-proof, and none the less useful because of its cheapness — the cost being considerably

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less than shingling. Any one of ordinary skill can construct this roof by getting directions from the company.

It was not until after they had experimented long and satisfactorily that this company applied for a patent; nor is it to be presumed that the individuals composing it would jeopard their standing by embarking in an enterprise of doubtful utility, or in recommending to such general use an unworthy thing.

They esteem it the best and cheapest roofing now in use for Railroad Cars and Steamboats as well as Houses. It is their intention to manufacture this Roofing Material extensively; they have selected St. Louis as the most central and eligible point whence to distribute supplies for the surrounding States and Territories.

Their manufactory is now being erected on South Levee, on the bank of the river, below the Gas Works, and will be in operation by the first of March. Mr. Charles Richardson, the acting partner in St. Louis, has his office over H. B. Graham's. Paper Warehouse, on Vine, between Second and Third streets.


Mr. J. H. Fitzgibbon is celebrated throughout the Union as a skillful prosecutor of the Photographic art, and as the most uniformly successful artist in the country. He was one of the first, after the Daguerreotype process was given to the world, to take portraits from life, and during the progress of the art from its earliest introduction he has kept himself au courant of all the various improvements it has undergone. He is familiar with the history of Photography from its dawn in the researches

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of Wedgewood, and with its subsequent development through the successive experiments of Talbot, Niepce and Daguerre, and thoroughly understands the rational of every process that has been in turn adopted and improved for delineating objects by the agency of light. Of his knowledge of Photography, in all its phases, his contributions to the various Photographic journals and the life-like pictures of his camera are undoubted evidences. But not only is he a thoroughly informed student of his art; he is likewise a skillful operator, and the great reputation he has acquired throughout the Union, in connection with Photography, is due in a great measure to the results of his own personal labors. — specimens of which may be found in every city, drawing-room, or country cabin in the West. His Gallery — now the largest in the United States — bears testimony to skill, his liberality and his industry, and contains, beyond a question, the most beautiful and varied specimens of Photographic excellence ever collected, nearly all of which are the products of his own artistic efforts. This Gallery occupies thirteen rooms, and includes portraits of the most distinguished celebrities of the age, likenesses of chiefs of various tribes of Indians — admitted to be the best collection of Indian portraits in the country — and pictures of various sizes of private individuals.

Mr. Fitzgibbon commenced his career, we believe, in 1841, at Lynchburg, Virginia; but removed to St. Louis in 1846, where he laid the foundation of his present great reputation. He is one of the first, if not the very first, who re-produced a daguerreotype picture by the electrotype process discovered by Fizeau, and has ever been, during his residence in St. Louis, in the van of his profession in the adoption of all the numerous improvements that from time to time have been introduced in it. His labors have not however been confined to his studio in St.

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Louis. He has frequently made professional excursions into various parts of the country, and has twice visited the Indian Nations, bringing back with him each time admirable accessions to his unrivalled collection of Indian portraits. Once he traversed the Territory of Kansas and with his camera succeeded in obtaining a series of landscapes of that Territory, and a collection of specimens of Kansas life, which were afterwards embodied in a panorama that possesses the merits of accuracy and beauty, and has been pronounced a true representation of the country and its occupants. Indeed, we may add, that his Photographic illustrations of Western life and scenery have contributed more than any thing else to convey to those at a distance correct ideas of the West. His views of the St. Louis Agricultural Fair, published in Leslie's paper, have been circulated over the Union, and have been universally admired as exquisite specimens of Photography, and faithful representations of the objects depicted, and have served to give a celebrity and distinction to the occasion they illustrated which could have been derived from no other mode of publication. In fact we may say that the St. Louis Mechanical and Agricultural Association is indebted to his skill and liberality, as his pictures were taken gratuitously for the reputation they acquired abroad. In his Gallery, which has been for some years one of the most attractive popular resorts of this city, may be seen specimens of every branch of the Photographic art, of all dimensions, and prominent amongst them life-sized Photographs, colored with a taste and correctness and truth that can not be excelled by the works of many of the most celebrated oil painters of the day. Of the latter, his well-known full length portrait of Brooke, the tragedian, as Richard the 3d, is perhaps the most memorable, and is beyond doubt the finest colored Photograph ever executed. It may not be out of place to observe here that nearly

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every picture contained in this Gallery was executed by Fitzgibbon himself, who is reputed to be the best Photographer in the United States, and who, in the course of his professional career, has taken with his own hand upwards of 300,000 likenesses.

Mr. Fitzgibbon's ability has been well appreciated both by the citizens of St. Louis and by those who visit the city, nearly all of whom are in possession of portraits of his execution, while his skill has received the endorsement of the awarding committees of the Fair of St. Louis and the State Fair of Illinois in the years 1856 and 1857, obtaining at the State Fair of Illinois, in 1856, the first premiums for Daguerreotypes, Electrotypes and Photographs, and at the St. Louis Fair, of both years, the first and second premiums for different specimens on exhibition.

Many inducements have been offered to Mr. Fitzgibbon to transfer his labors to Europe, which he has so far resisted. He has it however in contemplation to pay a visit to Central America during the ensuing spring for the purpose of taking views of the ruins of Aztec cities, of the landscapes that have been so lauded by travellers to those regions and portraits of the people, in all their varied social relations, and in every grade. Such an enterprise would, we think, prove profitable to its author, and would contribute materially to the dissemination of correct information in regard to a country which at this time is attracting unusual attention throughout the civilized world. During his absence Mr. Fitzgibbon will continue to make contributions to his Gallery, and will leave the most competent artists in charge of its interests.

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Consisting in part of
Hardware; Cutlery; Silver-Plated, German Silver, Britannia, Brass, Bronze, Gilt and Japanned Goods; Enamelled, Tinned and Iron Hollow Ware; Fine Planished and Custom-made Tin Ware; and Manufacturers of Wooden, Willow and Cedar Ware; Refrigerators, Ice Chests, Water Coolers, Bathing Apparatus, Brushes,Brooms, Mats, &c.,
No. 25 Main street, and 25 Commercial street.

This house occupies one of the finest edifices on Main street, their new building being a six story double store, running through to Commercial street. The extent of room they have can not be conceived by any one; yet so extensive and varied is their stock that they are actually cramped for want of room — no furnishing house in the United States beginning to compete with them in point of extent or magnificence of stock.

The senior partner has the benefit of thirty-five years' experience in the business, the last twelve of which has been spent in St. Louis, giving a perfect knowledge of what is required by the Western trade. He was the first regular manufacturer in Wooden and Willow Ware in this city; previous to his advent here all this class of goods came from the East; they still keep a large force steadily employed. Their facilities for transacting business is unsurpassed by any house in the world, as they import direct all their European goods and purchase their American goods in large quantities at reduced rates from the

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manufacturers, and are thereby enabled to offer superior terms to those who are intending to make purchases. We cordially recommend this house to the favorable consideration of the reader. A catalogue of their goods, in book form, can be had at their store, gratis.

Keeps constantly on hand a large and complete assortment of Painters' and Artists' Materials,

Mr. James Spore began business in this city in 1840, as House, Sign, and Ornamental Painter. After prosecuting his business with success for a time, and becoming familiar with the wants of the place, he conceived the idea of opening an establishment for the supply of Artists' materials; and with one of his energy in business, the "thought is hardly conceived till the deed is done." After proper deliberation he opened in 1848, at No. 62 Chesnut street, with a fair supply of such articles as were needed at that time.

The demand for such articles then was limited; but with the increase of population, and by skillful management in operating, he very soon created a business far exceeding his most sanguine expectations, which eventually forced him to seek a larger and more public place. He then leased and fitted up in fine style store No. 101 Fourth street, in the row known as the "Ten Buildings," to which he removed in February, 1856.

He soon filled his store with as choice a stock in trade as

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could be found in any establishment of the kind either East or West. Here his business continued to increase up to the time when he was burned out in June, 1857. And notwithstanding his loss was heavy, and that he met with considerable opposition in opening another stock in said store, hardly had the smoke cleared away from the ruins before he again had his store refitted and filled with a still larger stock. Here the amateur or artist can find at all times any materials he may need and of the very best quality.

In connection with this business he still prosecutes his old business of House, Sign and Ornamental Painting, and, judging from the work we saw in his shop, he is not surpassed in his art by any establishment in this city.

Mr. Spore has done more by his untiring efforts and unbounded liberality towards developing a taste for the fine arts in our city than all others combined, and he richly merits the patronage extended him. We hope to see his business increase daily, and his spacious rooms become a place of resort of the lovers of the fine arts and of those who are in want of such supplies as can be found there, and also of those who need the services of skillful mechanics to execute in the best style painting both plain and ornamental.


The establishment of Mr. James M. Crawford is situate at Nos. 30 & 33 Chesnut street, and stands as a monument of what can be accomplished in a few short years by perseverance, industry and close attention to business. In January, 1853, Mr. Crawford commenced business in St. Louis upon a limited scale; he rented a small room on the same spot he now does

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business, and commenced the sale of stationery and cheap publications. He gradually widened the area of his labors by becoming the agent for the different newspapers and magazines. So successful did this result that he determined to enlarge his store room in order to better accommodate his increasing trade. Accordingly he added another room. This enlargement answered for some time, but his business has grown so fast that he has been compelled to make repeated additions, until at the present time he has one of the largest houses in the city devoted to the sale of books and stationery.

The business tact of Mr. Crawford has enabled him to supersede all his cotemporaries in securing the exclusive agency of the various newspapers and periodicals as well as obtaining supplies of all the latest publications, and he is enabled to furnish them to retail dealers here in St. Louis on the same terms that they can be bought from the publisher. His stock of stationery is one of the finest assortments in the West, and no person desirous of laying in a supply can secure better bargains than from Mr. Crawford.

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Cigars and Tobacco.

Mr. Joseph Warren, whose business house is situate at No. 134 Market street, one door from the corner of Fifth street, stands at the head of the Cigar and Tobacco trade of our city. Mr. Warren commenced business on an extensive scale in St. Louis about four years ago, or in 1853, and having effected arrangements that put him in possession of all the best brands of Cigars, Tobacco and Snuff, he at once assumed the position which it has required of others years to obtain.

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There is no branch of trade that finds so many varied tastes to please, and none whose success depends so much upon the ability to meet these tastes, as that of the tobacconist. There is no greater luxury vouchsafed to us poor mortals than the smoking of a good cigar, and there is no worse affliction than a miserable cheroot. None who call on Mr. Warren need ever complain, as his brands are the best that are manufactured, possessing all the rich fragrant aroma that is so enviable.

Mr. W. imports direct from Cuba large quantities of cigars as well as Cuban tobacco, which he has manufactured under his immediate supervision. He also keeps on hand large quantities of German cigars for the purpose of being able to meet the wants of all who may favor him with their orders.

The brands of chewing and smoking tobacco are of the best known, while all kinds of snuff are ever kept in generous supply.

Mr. Joseph Warren has been engaged during the last two years in furnishing supplies to the different steamboats that visit this port, and has the most complete stock for such orders of any similar establishment in the city; and we would suggest the propriety to our country friends, when they are here for the purpose of laying in supplies, to take a look over Mr. W.'s establishment before they make purchases, as we are convinced that he can offer them supplies upon terms equally as favorable, if not more so, than any other dealer in the city. Mr. W. also pays particular attention to the filling of orders from a distance, and persons forwarding him their orders can rely upon their receiving prompt attention and as liberal terms as when the purchases are made in person.

Mr. Warren is a young man and deserves the support of his fellow-citizens, and being to the "manner born," he is fully aware of all the wants of his patrons and has made all the necessary arrangements to supply their wants. Do not fail to call and look over this gentleman's stock.

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Mr. Robert Charles' Wholesale Tea Store, which is situated at No. 26 Olive street, between Main and Second streets, directly opposite the Monroe House, is one of the best regulated establishments in the city, and does a business annually the extent of which would astonish those who are supposed to best acquainted with St. Louis and her resources. Mr. Charles has been engaged in business in St. Louis since 1850, and has built up a large and flourishing trade, which has caused him to increase his facilities in order to meet in a proper spirit the growing demands made upon him.

It would be hardly credited if we were to set down in round numbers the exact amount of tea which passes through his hands, nor could we find believers were we to state the amount of roasted or ground Java, Laguyra and Rio Coffee which he disposes of to the retail trade.

We can assure our country readers that they can receive a supply of tea and coffee from the store of Mr. Charles upon terms equally as favorable as any other establishment in the United States, as he imports all his stock direct.

At his store, in one of the front windows, may be seen one of the most complete steam engines, made by one of our City Founders, and from the beauty of its workmanship and high finish attracts universal attention from the passers-by. This is kept constantly in operation roasting and grinding coffee for his numerous customers.

Do not neglect to call on Mr. Charles before making your purchases, for we believe he will be able to hold out superior inducements.


It may not be generally known that we have in St. Louis the largest retail and jobbing family grocery establishment, not only in the West, but in the United States. Mr. Nicholson's business locality is Nos. 118 and 120 Market street, directly opposite the Court House. For completeness of stock and variety of wares this establishment is far in advance of all its cotemporaries — so far indeed that in many branches all others have calmly submitted to the edict of fate, admitting the superiority of Mr. Nicholson's stock by ceasing to struggle in the hopeless rivalry.

The facilities of Mr. Nicholson for the transaction of an extensive business are the most complete of all the many with which we are acquainted. He has his affairs so arranged that he purchases directly from the manufacturers and producers

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upon the most advantageous terms. He is enabled to procure his stock upon much better terms than those who do a credit business. In selling to country merchants and consumers generally, he strictly adheres to the cash principle, and credits no one. He has no bad debts on his hands which he is compelled to make good by overcharging paying customers, and consequently is enabled to sell from 15 to 20 per cent. lower, according to the quality of the goods.

Besides having the most complete assortment of groceries in the West, he is the sole agent in St. Louis for Cross & Blackwell's pickles, preserves, jellies, &c., &c., as well as French fruits, strawberries, cherries, &c. His stock of wines and liquors is of the purest character, while he is the sole agent for Alsop's Ale, Younger's Ale, London Porter, etc. Mr. Nicholson commenced his business in St. Louis in 1843, and has been progressing onward and upward ever since — onward in the extension of trade and upward in the confidence of the people. From his long residence in St. Louis he is widely known throughout the Mississippi Valley as a grocer thoroughly conversant with all the minutiae of the trade which is pursued by him. Passing by the entry ports of New York and New Orleans, he goes into the commercial marts of Europe and makes his purchases and ships them direct to St. Louis, receiving them through the Custom-house of our city.

The success of Mr. Nicholson is but the duplicate of the history of many other of our first class houses. Commencing business on a small scale, he has been faithful and upright in all his dealings, and as a consequence has won the esteem and respect of all who have come in contact with him; and as the city grew and prospered, so the area of business became extended, and to meet these demands, with a proper spirit Mr. Nicholson increased his facilities. Behold the result. He now occupies a position both gratifying to himself and his friends.

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French, German, British and American Fancy Goods, Hosiery, Gloves, Toys, &c.,

Have one of the largest establishments in the West at No. 39 North Main street, up stairs. This house was established in St. Louis by the present senior partner of the firm in 1834, and has for a quarter of a century occupied a prominent position among the jobbing houses of the Mississippi Valley.

In view of the many disadvantages connected with long credits, and confident of the approval of the greater part of their customers, they two years ago adopted the cash system. They thereby avoid bad accounts and their customers are relieved from the indirect tax of supporting the same; while they calculate with certainty upon a quick return of capital, their customers may be assured of a corresponding reduction of price. They have revised their stock and reduced the regular prices from 15 to 20 per cent, according to the nature of the article, and are determined to keep their prices hereafter, by reason of the new arrangements, in the same proportion below the credit prices. Whether this will be an inducement to buy for cash we leave our mercantile readers to decide, and we believe they will at once discover wherein the advantages, both to the seller and buyer, exists.

Connected with this establishment is a feature not possessed by any similar house in the city, consisting of an extensive Brush Manufactory. The factory is located between Plum and Cedar, Main and Levee, and is under the supervision of Mr. William Stein, a gentleman thoroughly conversant with all the

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minutiae of the business. The workmanship of these manufactures have been highly extolled and have been complimented by the receipt of the premium of the St. Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Fair.

Mr. Dings has a large circle of acquaintances throughout the West and South and does an extensive business. He possesses in an eminent degree those qualifications necessary to complete success in all relations of life, as well as an intimate acquaintance with the requirements of the trade for which he caters.

We would again urge upon our country friends the necessity of examining well into the various facilities possessed by those engaged in the wholesale trade in our city, and in doing so not to neglect to look in upon our friend, who, we are sure, can please the most difficult tastes, and furnish all goods in the department in which he deals on terms which cannot but be regarded as favorable by all who pay proper regard to the purchase of goods.


This firm are dealers in Juniata Iron, Nails, Castings, Steel, Springs, Axles, Nuts, Rivets, Washers and Pittsburgh manufactures generally. Their business house is located at No. 18 Levee and 36 Commercial street, in the very heart of the business locality.

This house is the one which, under the management of the lamented E. R. Violett, won so deservedly a popular reputation, and which since it has been in the present hands has not only sustained its position but has grown more into the affections of the people.

The quality of the wares which are offered to the public by

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Messrs. Dean & Co, have long been before the public and need no recommendation from us. These gentlemen purchase their goods at Pittsburgh upon such terms as enable them to supply the wants of the retail dealer upon terms far more advantageous than can be obtained at the fountain head of the manufacturers. This may appear strange, but it is nevertheless true. They buy such large quantities at a time, and have such special arrangements for receiving their supplies, that they obtain them upon far better terms than can be obtained when small lots only are bought. They have their supplies shipped here when the freights are low, consequently can sell as low, if not lower, than the manufacturers; and the freight from St. Louis to the Western towns is much less than from Pittsburgh, consequently the consumer saves money by making his purchases in St. Louis.

Messrs. Dean & Co. are also agents for Burke & Barnes' celebrated Fire Proof Safes, W. W. Bacon's Burglar Proof Safes, and D. B. Rogers & Co.'s Cultivators.

These articles have all achieved good reputations and have answered all expectations entertained of them by their friends, and we have no hesitancy in expressing our belief that they will yet become still greater favorites with the public.

TAILORING. — Mr. D. S. THOMPSON, at No. 86 North Fourth street, has secured the services of Mr. D. W. STONE and HARRY HOLSMAN to superintend the cutting department. Mr. Stone has not his superior as a coat cutter in the world; in fact he is the inventor of the system now so generally in use among tailors. Mr. Holsman is unsurpassed in cutting pants and vests. If you want a good fit, go to Thompson's.

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The above establishment has been in successful operation for upwards of sixteen years, and was first started by Messrs. Bridge & Brother, who sold it in 1853 to the present proprietors, as their Stove Works had increased to such an extent that they could not give the attention it required.

The present proprietors, aware of the extensive demand for plows in this market, have largely increased the establishment by the addition of new and labor-saving machinery, enabling them to compete with any similar establishment in the Union. They manufacture at present, besides the Jewett's Patent Improved Cary Plow, four sizes of their Steel Plow; this latter Plow has only been introduced three years ago, and already enjoys the highest reputation for its performance and durability, and where known is sought after in preference to any other manufacture from this or any other State.

They also manufacture Prairie-Breaking Plows, from the smallest to the largest-size, which find a ready sale in the extensive prairie lands of the Great West.

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Importer and Wholesale Dealer in
No. 93 Main street, St. Louis.

The business house of Mr. R. Beauvais is situate at No. 93 Main street, and is perhaps the neatest arranged establishment of the kind in the country. Mr. B. commenced business in St. Louis in 1838, when our present prosperous and populous city was but a mere village. The success that has attended his efforts has been commensurate with the growth of our city, and each year, as the area of his business transactions extended, witnessed new additions to his business, until at the present time the most complete selection of Guns, Pistols, Jewelry, Watches, Cutlery, Clocks and Fancy Goods can be found in his establishment that can be obtained in the city. Mr. B. imports direct from the manufacturers in Europe, and always purchases for cash and upon the most advantageous terms. He also sustains relations with the American manufacturers which render him capable of extending to the country merchants facilities which we are sure will not fail to attract their attention.

The aim of Mr. B. has always been to furnish his patrons with a good stock of goods, at a fair price; and so well has he succeeded in doing this, that he never fails in rendering the most complete satisfaction. He still retains all his old customers who have purchased their supplies from him for the last twenty years, and every year adds new ones to the list.

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Mr. Henry Reynolds, (successor to Isaac E. Jones,) Apothecary and Druggist, at the corner of Third and Vine streets, is one of those Druggists who, by a strict knowledge of the business and a close attention to its duties, has won the confidence of every one. The Drug business is one that requires a perfect knowledge of pharmacy, as well as the kindred science of chemistry, in order to arrive at any eminence. The subject of this sketch has been engaged in his business for a number, of years, and possesses every requisite to the most perfect success. We can assure the reader that he can with perfect confidence entrust all prescriptions to this house.

Besides paying particular attention to the filling of prescriptions, he keeps constantly on hand a complete assortment of pure, unadulterated foreign and domestic Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals, &c., with which to fill the orders of country physicians who may desire to put up their own prescriptions.

He also has a general assortment of English, French and American Perfumery and Toilet Articles, as well as every variety of Flavoring Extracts for cooking; and is the agent for Hagan's Inimitable Hair Coloring; and Royce and Easterly's celebrated Tooth Powder.

Steamboat and Family Medicine Chests are always to be had at a moment's notice, while invalids can procure a supply of Fresh Congress and Blue Lick Water.

The facilities possessed by Mr. Reynolds renders it easy for him to hold out to the consumer and country physician inducements of a superior character, which no one who consults his own interests in making purchases will fail to observe.

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The extensive Carriage Manufactory of Messrs. Fallon & Wright is situate at Nos. 84 & 86 Fifth street and 28 & 30 St. Charles street, and holds a position among the manufacturing houses of the Mound City that is enviable in many respects. Messrs. Fallon & Wright commenced the manufacture of Carriages in 1845, and by the quality of their work immediately attracted that attention which is the life of all tradesmen. They have since their first commencement greatly increased their facilities, until at the present time they have become, beyond a doubt, one of the largest and most complete and best arranged establishments of the kind in the Western country. Besides, they employ none but the best mechanics, all of whom are perfectly au fait in all that pertains to their trade. They use only the very best materials, and all their work is warranted to be of a superior quality.

No better endorsement of the beauty and utility of their Carriages can be found than the fact that they have succeeded in carrying off the first premium from every State Fair held during the past four years at Boonville. They were also declared to be entitled to the first prize at the last two annual Fairs held in our own city. When we take into consideration the fact that there were carriages from all the principal manufactories in the country competing for superiority, this victory is no small affair.

Persons wishing to make purchases should give these gentlemen a call — having a large assortment of carriages always on hand they can accommodate any taste, and will sell upon terms equally as advantageous as any other similar establishment in the Mound City.

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Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
— &c., &c., &c., —
Nos. 159 and 161 North Main street.

In 1835 Messrs. Wolff & Hoppe commenced business in St. Louis with the determination of offering the Western dealers superior inducements in order to attract to our city a portion of that trade which had for years been extended to New York. The manner in which they commenced was a guaranty of their intention to meet the demands of the public. They have their affairs so arranged that one of the firm visits Europe every year in order to be present at all the great fairs and auctions and make their purchases; by so doing they can offer very superior facilities to all who purchase to sell again. This house was among the first who commenced the practice of importing their goods direct, thus saving to themselves and their customers the profits which had hitherto been reaped by the wholesale dealers of New York and New Orleans.

We recently strolled through the extensive sales and store rooms of Messrs. Wolff & Hoppe, at Nos. 159 and 161 North Main street, and were struck by the extent and magnitude of their stock on hand, and the large and constantly increasing business they transact. Their stock of Woolen Goods alone is large enough to make an extensive establishment, consisting, as it does, of all styles of Men's, Women's, Boys' and Misses' Hosiery and Gloves'; Undershirts; Drawers; Heavy Knit Jackets; Comforters; Hoods; Cuffs; Felt and Fancy

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Wool-lined Shoes, Bootees and Slippers; Woolen Knitting Yarns; Bindings; Ladies' Fancy Zephyr Gauntlets, of styles entirely new, and of all varieties; French, English and American Buck and Sham-Buck Gloves and Mitting, lined and unlined; Chamois-lined Berlin Gloves, with a great variety of Beaver and Castor Gloves and Gauntlets, for Men, Women and Children, exist in great profusion, fairly bewildering the beholder. To one unacquainted with the names of the different qualities and species of goods here displayed for sale, it would prove a difficult task to mention the articles, and to one fully posted it would prove equally irksome to mention an article not contained in their assortment.

On visiting the Notion Department of this house, we were shown Laces and Embroideries of the finest quality, which, to our uncultivated tastes in such things, seemed au fait. Huge piles of Skirts, Skirt Reed and Hoops stared us in the face on one side — on the other was to be seen the following rich display: French Corsets, Lace Mits, Belts, Handkerchiefs, Reticules, Ribbons, Umbrellas, Linen Shirts and Bosoms, Collars, Cravats, Stocks, Suspenders, Clocks, Candlesticks, Waiters, China Vases, Ornaments, Cups and Saucers, Combs of all kinds and material, Brushes, Feather Dusters, Buttons, Thread, Sewing and Embroidering Silks, Zephyr Worsted, Musical Instruments, Strings and Findings, Porte Monnaies, Cabas, Purses, Work-Boxes and Baskets, Perfumery, Stationery, Jewelry, Necklaces, Beads, Bracelets, Baskets in greatest profusion, Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Revolvers, Powder Flasks, Percussion Caps, Travelling Bags, Pins, Needles, Playing Cards, Scissors, Pocket and Table Cutlery, Razors, Spoons, Thimbles, Spectacles, Spy and Opera Glasses, Powhattan and other Pipes, Marbles, Dolls, Toys and Toy Goods of every variety, such as are usually found in Toy Stores.

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Messrs. Wolff & Hoppe can supply the country dealer with any thing he may wish, thus giving him the advantage of those who purchase each variety of goods from different houses, at the same time the terms adopted by this firm can not fail to strike the purchaser as offering extra advantages. We are sure that no country merchants will hereafter visit St. Louis and make their purchases before calling and looking over the house of Messrs. Wolff & Hoppe.


The magnificent Restaurant presided over by Mr. John J. Palmer is situated on the north-east corner of Fourth and Elm streets, and enjoys an enviable reputation throughout the entire United States. What Taylor's is to New York, what Walker's is to Louisville, Palmer's is to St. Louis, standing forth as a bright, lustrous light, far in advance of all competition. Mr. Palmer first became introduced to our citizens in the capacity of a caterer to the public tastes by his connection with the management of the Bartling House in 1854. This house, which enjoyed a reputation for superior excellence from Maine to California, having been destroyed by fire in the fall of 1856, at which time Mr. Palmer was sole proprietor, Mr. Palmer entered into negotiations for, and was lucky enough to secure a lease upon the property now well known to every one who has ever visited the Mound City as "Palmer's."

With a bar furnished with the choicest liquors and the Restaurant abounding with every luxury the market affords — a cuisine of acknowledged ability — attendants emulating each other in their endeavors to render those delicate little attentions which possess such a charm over the hearts of all — and the

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urbane and courteous clerk — all presided over by the universal favorite, Mr. Palmer himself — no better place exists in the world to obtain and enjoy a hearty supper of oysters or venison.

To those of our country and steamboat friends who visit St. Louis, we beg leave to refer this establishment to their consideration, as the place where they will be able to enjoy a feast, which, when days — aye, years — have flown and are remembered only as a dream, they will bring to mind and dwell upon as a bright oasis in their lives. Mr. Palmer's charges are moderate and on a par with the hotels, and not like some others we wot of, who give you little and charge you high, in order to correspond with the reputation they claim to possess.

No. 60 Market Street.

Those who are not intimately acquainted with the jobbing business of St. Louis would be surprised at its magnitude, and may think that we are overreaching the mark when we assert that we have in St. Louis more wholesale houses than any other city in the United States, with the single exception of New York. Our business men have pushed forward their business, and extended it into every portion of the great West. The reason of this rapid advancement is owing to the facilities possessed, and the accommodating disposition of those engaged in trade.

Among the most extensive jobbing and retail houses, engaged in the dry goods trade, is the old established one of Messrs. J. J. Donegan & Co. This house was organized in 1837, and has had a most successful career, enjoying the esteem and confidence of the entire community, and building up a large

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trade. There are few houses in our city whose annual sales foot up more extensively than those of this firm. Messrs. D. & Co. have arrangements with the eastern importers by which they receive their goods upon equally as favorable terms as they could import them themselves, and we feel confident, from what we know of this house, in asserting that better bargains can not be obtained in New York. If any one doubts this assertion, all that is necessary to substantiate the fact is to bring with them, when they come here, their New York bills, and compare them, and if they do not find what we have asserted to be true, why, we will be willing to acknowledge ourselves mistaken.

Messrs. Donegan & Co. keep constantly on hand one of the most complete and extensive assortments of goods rarely found in one house, combining the useful with the ornamental. The stock of Messrs. D. & Co. consists in part of Black and Colored Silks, Cashmeres, Delaines and Merinos, Bombazines, Crapes and Alpacas, Undressed Shirting and Housewife Linens, Table-Cloths, Napkins and Towelling; Lace, Muslin, and Damask Curtains; Piano and Table Covers; Blue, Grey and White Blankets; Marseilles and Lancaster Quilts; Linen and Cotton Sheeting and Pillow Casing; Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings and Serges, and an extensive stock of Tailors' Trimmings; in fact every thing required to fill the orders of dealers and consumers, whom we most respectfully recommend to call and examine this stock before making their purchases. A gentlemanly and courteous corps of clerks are always on hand, ready to extend the courtesies of the times to those who may visit them.

The store of Messrs. Donegan & Co. is to be found at No. 60 Market street, between Second and Third.

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The Giant Hat Store, which is situated on Broadway, was formerly well and favorably known to our citizens as the "Corinthian Hall," is still progressing onward and upward; onward in the march of reform, and upward in the esteem and confidence of every person; evidencing in the most positive manner the soundness of the principle upon which they transact business, and the advantages of St. Louis in a manufacturing point of view. Messrs. Keevil & Co. commenced operations in St. Louis in 1849, with the firm determination of rendering their establishment the people's favorite. They announced their intention, and by a strict adherence to the object in view have won golden opinions from all sorts of people.

They immediately engaged extensively in the manufacture of silk and felt hats, and soon "the Hatters of Corinthian Hall " were known throughout the Valley of the Mississippi as the most promising house in the United States. We have often thought that the position of St. Louis was, in many respects, more favored than any of her rivals, and we are certain that in the hat and cap trade she stands far in advance of all. Upon entering the arena, Messrs. Keevil & Co. commenced the sale of the very best dress hats at the uniform price of four dollars, and have found it so profitable that they still continue the practice.

They also adopted the cash principle, believing that the credit system was often injurious, and was best left alone. They did not desire to make the paying man stand the loss entailed by the

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crediting of the disciples of the Have-nothings, Do-nothings and Pay-nothings; but by selling for cash, and cash only, Keevil & Co. enable themselves to afford every one that neatest article of dress at a fair price. The popularity of this system has been evinced by the large and constantly increasing sales which have attended their efforts. They have now the most extensive retail sales-room in the country, while their factory keeps in steady employment a greater number of workmen than any similar establishment in the West. One great secret of Messrs. Keevil & Co.'s immense success is the quality of their manufactures. Employing the best workmen they can procure, and using the best quality of material, they have been constantly striving to make every hat sold by them to answer as a standing advertisement of their skill, and they have succeeded admirably. The entire community has awarded them the palm of superiority, and they wear their honors becomingly. Such cess has not spoilt them, but has acted as an incentive to still further improvements, and we now find them in possession of one of the largest and best assorted stocks of Silk, Cassimere and Soft Felt Hats, which they are offering to the retail and wholesale trade upon terms which can not be viewed in any light but favorable. We suggest the propriety, not only of the city hat-buyer but of the country merchant's visiting St. Louis for the purpose of obtaining a stock of goods, calling at this house and examining the stock, as we are confident they can not obtain better bargains even if they bought in New York. Keevil's Hall, under Giant Hat on house-top, Broadway, is certainly the place.

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No. 29 Franklin Avenue.

Was first offered as a candidate for public favor in 1853. The principles upon which this house was establised were, first, the furnishing private families and dealers with a supply of pure, unadulterated Tea and Coffee; second, to furnish these articles at fair living prices, and fully 25 per cent, less than was being paid in the family groceries. In order to accomplish this latter object, the manager determined to adopt the only sound principle upon which to transact business — that of selling for cash, and cash only. The increasing amount of patronage with which this establishment has been favored is a satisfactory testimonial to the soundness of the principles upon which the undertaking was founded.

Mr. Forbes, the proprietor, is eminently qualified for the position he maintains; a long experience in the business having given him a perfect knowledge of it. Our readers are perhaps aware that the selection of teas requires a very critical judgment in order to ascertain the different qualities, and that it can only be obtained by a practical experience.

The same principle is rigidly adhered to in the Coffee department; an equal amount of tact and skill being required in order to secure a full, rich and fine-flavored berry, from which alone a good cup of this delicious beverage can be extracted. It is also a matter of importance that the roasting process should be so conducted as to prevent the escape of that volatile oil with which the berry is impregnated, and to which it principally owes its tonic and other medicinal properties.

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The arrangements of Mr. Forbes, by steam power, for roasting and grinding, can not be surpassed by any establishment in the United States. The practical knowledge of Mr. F. renders him eminently qualified to pledge perfect satisfaction in all cases.

This house is now receiving a large assortment of the different grades of Black and Green Teas, and Mocha, Java and Rio Coffee, purchased upon the most advantageous terms, which enables him to meet with promptness all demands that are made upon him.

Bonnets, Ribbons, Silks, Flowers, French Millinery, Dress Silks, Laces, Embroideries and Trimming Goods;
No. 104 Fourth Street, (Glasgow Row.)

We beg permission to direct the attention of the reader to the stock of Fancy Goods of Mrs. J. Wescott. This stock, for richness, variety and splendor, can not be surpassed in the West, and the terms upon which it was purchased are such as to enable her to sell as cheap as any house in the city. To persons wishing to obtain goods embraced in her catalogue, we would say, do not fail to give her a call. She gives particular attention to making dresses for ladies, and to the consideration of the fair reader we beg to recommend her.

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132 Main Street, (Jett's Old Stand.)

While giving the history of the extensive Jewelry establishments of which St. Louis can so proudly boast, let us call the attention of the reader for a few moments to the young, enterprising and promising house of Prouhet & Witt, situated nearly opposite the Bank of Missouri, No. 132 Main street, at the old and popular stand of the Messrs. Jett, in whose employ they have both been for years past, as their Watchmakers, and whom they have succeeded in the Main street establishment.

Messrs. Prouhet & Witt have but lately assumed the control of this concern, having undertaken its management about the commencement of the monetary crisis which swept over the commercial world last fall with such ruinous results.

Although young men, their antecedents will show that they are fully competent to sustain the responsibility of so important an undertaking. They are practical Watchmakers, each having served a long and arduous apprenticeship under the instruction of superior workmen, and have since been employed in the largest and most extensive Watch Repairing establishments in the West. They commenced with the determination to

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make their house truly a Watch Repairing establishment, and are now advertising under the heading — "The Great Western Watch Repairing Establishment." This branch of the Jewelry business has never received its proper attention, having in most every instance been entrusted to journeyman Watchmakers, who are but indirectly, to say the most, interested in the reputation of their employers. Messrs. Prouhet & Witt attend personally to all work entrusted to them, and, as their reputation and success depend in a great degree upon the satisfaction they give in this department, are directly and deeply interested in having their work done well; and to secure such a result beyond a doubt, they have concluded to give that branch their personal attention. Gentlemen having Watches or Clocks out of order can therefore have entire confidence in trusting their work to Messrs. Prouhet & Witt.

These gentlemen have in their employ a corps of the best workmen in the country, and are enabled to fill all orders for Silver Ware at the shortest notice and in the most complete manner.

They also keep on hand a splendid assortment of every thing usually kept in the Jewelry business; Gold and Silver. Watches, of every price and variety; Cameo, Mosaic, Goldstone, Jet, and every description of Jewelry; all of which they offer, at wholesale or retail, for Main Street Prices, which prices are notoriously known to be from 10 to 25 per cent, less than those of any other street in the city.

They are also extensively engaged in the Daguerreotype Stock trade, which branch is under the immediate control of Isaac M. Mead, a promising young man, who has been engaged in the business for many years, and who is thoroughly posted in regard to all the minutiae of the business. This branch of trade has long been monopolized by a few in the West, and as

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competition is the life of trade, and a fine field being offered, our young friends determined to incorporate this into their business, and are now prepared to fill orders for goods of any description in this line.

As they are all young men — competent men — deserving men — and having recently embarked in business, we heartily wish them a speedy and pleasant voyage to wealth.


This favorite establishment is situated at No. 86 Fourth street, corner of Locust street, and stands alone in point of excellence — superior in every respect to all other houses following the same branch of business.

Mr. Thompson established himself in St. Louis in 1842, and by strict attention to business and an earnest desire to render perfect justice to all, has gained for himself and his house a reputation second to none. There is no establishment in the city which evidences in a greater degree the success which has attended the honorable exertions of our business men than this one. Commencing upon a small scale, he has grown with the growth of the city and extended his facilities as the demands of the public increased, till at the present day he finds himself at the head of the largest house west of the Mississippi and one of the largest in the United States.

Mr. Thompson when he first entered upon the duties of his profession set out with the firm determination of rendering complete and perfect satisfaction to every one who favored him with their orders. In order to do this more effectually he engaged a number of the best workmen in the country, and has

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ever continued to keep only those who were "A. No. 1." At the present time he has two gentlemen engaged in cutting garments — one who devotes his entire time to coats; and here let me remark en passant, the gentleman engaged on coats has not his superior in the world — in fact he is the inventor of the system he uses, and it is one now in general use throughout the country. If he fails to succeeed in giving a neat fit, it is useless for others to try. The gentleman who devotes his attention to pantaloons and vests has not his superior in his line in the Valley of the Mississippi. Mr. Thompson is himself a master of the trade, and personally inspects every article before he passes it over to the customer — having done which, he can confidently recommend them to his customers.

Mr. Thompson also keeps a fine assortment of Ready Made Clothing — not the slop-shop work which is sent here from the Eastern cities for the purpose of selling cheap, and whose only merit consists in its cheapness — but goods made up under his own superintendence during the dull season, for the purpose of being able to meet the wants of those who have not the time to spare requisite to have garments made to order. We firmly and honestly believe there does not exist in St. Louis a place where a better, more fashionable, or neater suit of clothes can be obtained than at the house of Mr. D. S. Thompson. No better stock of cloths, cassimeres, satinetts, vestings, &c., can be found in the city, from which those desiring new garments can make their selections. Besides the large stock on hand, he is constantly receiving by Express every new pattern as soon as it makes its appearance in the East.

One person is employed by Mr. Thompson for the purpose of repairing the clothes of those who may so desire it, and they can not be done better in the city, it matters not who undertakes the job

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Mr. Thompson's terms are as liberal as any one could wish, while his clerks are accommodating and obliging gentlemen, who are always ready and willing to wait upon visitors, whether they make purchases or not. Let us urge upon the reader to give our friend a call when he wishes to procure any thing in the shape of clothing.

Mr. Thompson also keeps on hand a large and varied assortment of gentlemen's furnishing goods, with which he can supply the wants of any who may wish such articles, at prices which compare favorably with those of his cotemporaries.


Mr. William F. Holske, located at No. 62 Chesnut street, between Third and Fourth streets, has a shop devoted to the manufacture and sale of Mathematical, Optical and Philosophical Instruments, which, from the position it holds, claims from us a passing notice. Mr. Holske has been engaged in this business for nearly twenty years, and has been located in St. Louis since 1854. He has gained a wide and favorable reputation for the high finish he has been able to impart to his manufactures. There is not a person in any part of the United States engaged in this branch of trade who has acquired a wider reputation, or whose wares are held in higher esteem or greater favor.

Possessing all the modern improvements, he is able to add his own valuable experience, extending, as it does, through a long series of years, and thus produce instruments possessing the sine qua non which is so difficult to attain and which is so much sought after by all those who have use for them. His stock of Surveying Instruments is one of the best in the West, and the

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facilities possessed by Mr. H. for the successful carrying on of his business enables him to offer them on terms which can not fail to attract those desirous of purchasing.

Mr. Holske is a gentleman of fine business capacity, and by his tact and talent, as much as by the superior quality of his wares, has succeeded in building up one of the best "runs" of custom in the States. We are certain that none can do better than to call and examine this stock before purchasing elsewhere, as Mr. H. can and will suit you, both as regards the quality of the article wanted, and the price to be paid for it.

Besides having every facility for the manufacture, he has his affairs so arranged as to be able to do all manner of repairing in the neatest style and in the shortest possible time.


The Book Store of Messrs. Edwards & Bushnell is well and favorably known to the reading public, from Maine to California, as one of the most extensive Book and Stationery Houses, in the West. Commencing business in St. Louis in 1850, under the most favorable auspices, the success of this house has been such as to meet the expectations which were entertained by the proprietors. A change has recently been made in the firm — Mr. Edwards retiring and Mr. Bushnell assuming entire control of the business.

This house has always on hand one of the finest selections of Standard Works to be found in the West, and the arrangements effected with the Eastern publishers enable it to offer to its Western customers all the advantages that they can obtain in the Eastern cities. Besides purchasing largely from the Eastern and European publishers, Mr. B. engages

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extensively in the publishing business himself, and has issued many volumes from his press which have been received with favor by the literati.

A better selection of Stationery than can be found on the shelves of Mr. Bushnell can not be found in the city, and we are certain that those country merchants who consult their own interests will find it to their advantage to visit this house and examine the stock and Mr. B.'s terms. With the facilities possessed by this house, we feel justified in saying that we do not think better bargains can be obtained from any dealer in the United States.

Mr. Bushnell is thoroughly initiated in all the particulars concerning the Book trade, and is enabled to bring to bear his vast experience in the business. Mr. B. has a large circle of friends and acquaintances, and we have no doubt that he will still further extend his trade now that he is "going it alone."


The Wholesale Establishment of Mr. D. H. Evans is at Nos. 191 & 193 North Main Street, directly opposite the Missouri Hotel, and from the character of the house, as well as the management, it deserves from our hands something more than a mere mention. In 1842, Mr. Evans established himself in St. Louis and commenced business as a Wholesale Dealer in Ale, Porter, Malt, Hops, Wines and Liquors.

The well known integrity of Mr. E. attracted to him many customers, who, pleased with the superior quality of the brands he sold, spoke in glowing terms of his Ale and Porter. His reputation became general, business from all sides poured in, and in a few years we find this house leading, by far, all its

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rivals. After the retirement of Mr. Evan Evans, the business was continued by Mr. D. H. Evans, whose tact has served to still further extend the trade of the house.

There are but few persons who have not at some time or other had the pleasure of drinking a glass or two of Evans' Ale, while many an invalid has been strengthened by a liberal allowance of his London Porter. At Mr. Evans' you are always certain of obtaining the very best brands, and that which he has imported himself. The facilities possessed by this house for the transaction of an extensive business are far superior to those of any other house in the city. While other firms engaged in the same branch of trade are languishing under an almost total suspension of business, this house goes swimmingly on, steadily holding its own and rejoicing that times are so good. The house that can retain its usual quota of patronage during such times as have hung over us for the last ten months, must have a firm hold upon the affections of the people.

The liquors of this house are all imported directly from the manufacturers and are warranted to be just what they are represented, and we can not do better than to suggest the propriety of our readers calling on Mr. Evans and looking over his stock and we are certain that they will not do otherwise than procure their supplies from him when once having personally tasted.


Messrs. Balmer & Weber have the most extensive establishment devoted to the publication and sale of Music and Musical Instruments in the city. The gentlemen comprising this firm are superior musicians, having for about twenty-three years been engaged in teaching it. In 1847, they opened a store in

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St. Louis and commenced the publication of music. They have issued from their prolific press many of the most beautiful and popular pieces of the day. The public have become convinced of their sound musical taste, and know that any thing they publish is worthy of being heard.

They have a large assortment of Piano Fortes and Musical Instruments of every variety, which they are enabled to sell on the most advantageous terms, as their arrangements with the manufacturers give them peculiar advantages over other houses.

They have also the Western Agency for the sale of Prince & Co.'s Improved Patent Melodeons, which they furnish to purchasers at the factory prices. Their instruments have an enviable reputation with all connoisseurs, who regard them as superior to any other.

Messrs. Balmer & Weber have arrangements with all the music publishers in the country by which they receive all music as fast as it is issued from the press, and which they offer to the public as cheap as any other house. Dealers, Military Bands, Seminaries and Professors will be supplied on the most liberal terms.

Messrs. B. & W. are first rate business men, and have, by their talent, won an enviable reputation in St. Louis. They command an extensive trade, and no one should fail to give them a call. Their house is situate at No. 56 North Fourth Street, between Olive and Pine, West side.


The popular Restaurant situated on Fourth Street at Nos. 59 & 61, and so long and favorably known by the above title, has

-- 348 --

recently undergone numerous changes and has become so much improved that its old acquaintances would fail to recognize it did it not still preserve the well known landmarks. Along with its outward change, it also appears in the charge of new hands. No, not exactly new hands, for Mr. John B. Ganter still remains; but he has taken unto himself as partner Mr. H. A. Hambright, who will henceforth conduct the business under the name of Ganter & Hambright.

Mr. Ganter is well known to most of our citizens as a clever and obliging caterer to public wants, and by his efforts has established a favorable reputation throughout the West and South for his house. He has an extensive experience, having been engaged in the business over twenty years — a portion of the time being spent in Cincinnati.

Mr. Hambright is well known to many of our citizens as a gentleman of courteous, urbane and accommodating manners, who has had an experience of over twenty years. Mr. H. has long been engaged upon the river, and there is not a steamboatman on the Western waters who can not bear testimony to his obliging disposition. For a long time Mr. H. was the popular host of the "Crystal Palace" in Louisville, and it was by his efforts that that house became so popular with all Kentuckians. We are certain that no steamboatman or Kentuckian will think of being in St. Louis without calling at this house.

The arrangements recently made in this house have greatly added to its capacity, and they now have eight splendid private rooms for the accommodation of small parties, while their ordinary for the use of societies, suppers, &c., is capable of seating two hundred persons.

The bar is stocked with the choicest liquors and cigars, while the larder is supplied with every delicacy the market contains, which will be served up in incomparable style, on the shortest notice, to the hungry, by the most experienced cook in the city.

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No. 132 Main Street, nearly opposite the old Bank of Missouri.

This house was established in the commencement of the year 1843, and at once stood forth as a candidate for a share of the widely-developing trade justly due and centering at St. Louis, and at that early date assumed a front rank among the houses engaged in their line of business. They are in possession of all the facilities necessary for the transaction of an extensive Wholesale business, and commend themselves to the favorable notice of our country merchants by having always on hand a stock so varied as to be able to suit the wants of any purchaser for any section of country.

A better or more extensive assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings, Velvets, Prints, Shirtings, Linens, Silks, Laces, Ribbons, Gloves, Hosiery, Merinoes, Cashmeres, Flannels, Blankets and Shawls, can not be found in the Mound City.

Like many other of our extensive Wholesale dealers, Messrs. Slevin import their goods direct, thereby saving to themselves and their customers the profits which have heretofore been paid to the importer in the seaboard cities. The fact that goods can be purchased in St. Louis as cheap as in New York is now beginning to be pretty generally understood, and is exerting its influence on our Western retail merchants, who, instead of paying the heavy expenses incurred by a trip to the East, as well as

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the increased expenditure for freight and loss of time, are turning their attention to the cities of St. Louis, Louisville and Cincinnati — the great depots for the West.

The economy of business and the profits of mercantile transactions often depend on the stability and readiness of merchants in having means to take hold and import in such quantities as to make purchases of manufacturers at really reduced prices — and the Messrs. Slevins having old established houses in the three cities of St. Louis, Louisville and Cincinnati, all engaged in the Wholesale Dry Goods line, have actual advantages in importing cheaper than usual, being ready and capable at all times of buying large quantities at reduced rates for their several houses.

Lead Pipe and Sheet Lead, and dealers in Pig and Bar Lead,
South Main Street, corner of Almond.

These gentlemen have been engaged in St. Louis for about four years, and have won a large circle of friends by strict attention to business and an honorable course towards all persons; indeed, there is no house in the city possessed of a brighter name. They work about forty hands and do a large business, having in possession every facility for the transaction of a large jobbing trade.

We can with confidence recommend them to the notice of our readers as gentlemen worthy of patronage.

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CHARLES FRITZ, Proprietor.

Mr. Charles Fritz, at No. 52 North Fourth street, importer and wholesale and retail dealer in Musical Instruments and European and American Music, has one of the most extensive depots in the United States. Mr. Fritz commenced business in St. Louis in September, 1853, and has been so successful as to render his name a household word in every home where music is admired. His arrangements for the publication of New Music is the completest and most satisfactory of any we are acquainted with; he issues weekly new pieces of American Music, while every steamer brings him all that is worthy of notice from the publishers of Europe.

Mr. Fritz imports direct from the manufacturers in Europe all descriptions of small instruments, such as Guitars, Violins, Melphomenes, Brass Horns, Cornets, Bugles, etc., as well as an extensive assortment of Piano, Guitar, Banjo, Harp and Violin Strings, which he offers to the trade on the most reasonable terms — such indeed as will not be overlooked by purchasers who look to the main chance.

Mr. Fritz has also arrangements with all the various American manufacturers of musical instruments, which enables him to furnish every style of Piano or Melodion that may be desired on terms equally advantageous as can be obtained from the manufactory.

We ask our lady readers who desire to obtain a good selection of Music, or a first rate Instrument, to call on Mr. Fritz, as they will be sure of having every wish satisfied, and will find courteous, affable and gentlemanly clerks to attend to their wants.

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The business of renovating is an important one in St. Louis, there being a number of large establishments devoting their attention to it, and the kindred branch of dyeing. Among the houses engaged in this business is that of Samuel G. Starkey, at No. 36 Chesnut street. Mr. Starkey has had a long experience, and gained much credit for the skillful manner in which he executes all orders submitted to his care.

The establisment of which Mr. Starkey is now the recognized head, was first offered as a candidate for public patronage in the year 1832, by M. Leduc, who "ruled the roast" for several years to the entire satisfaction of all his numerous customers. In 1842 Mr. Starkey became sole proprietor, and has since that time devoted his energy and talent to the building up of an extensive trade. As the city grew apace, and the wants of the people required it, new improvements were made and many additions effected, till at the present time it is one of the best establishments in the country. He is now prepared to execute in the best possible manner, and at a cost less than any of his rivals, all orders left with him for the cleansing and repairing of Ladies' Silks, Merinoes, Cashmere and Crape Shawls, Carpets, Straw Bonnets, Feathers, &c.; Gent's Coats, Pants and Vests.

The arrangements for dyeing are most complete, and Mr. Starkey can, with confidence, assure the public that their orders will be promptly attended to in the most scientific manner, as he has this branch under his immediate supervision, giving it his personal attention.

The ladies' department is presided over by Mrs. Starkey, and we can assure our lady friends that they will not regret giving this lady a call when they are desirous of having any of their Silks improved in color or appearance.

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No. 73 Olive Street.

There is at No. 73 Olive street an establishment devoted to the manufacture of Show Cases, of every variety, from the common Black Walnut to the splendid Rosewood. Here can be found the Mahogany, Sterling Silver and German Silver Show Cases, in great variety. Mr. Anderson, the gentlemanly proprietor, established himself in St. Louis, in this branch of business, in 1854, and immediately received that attention which always attracts to enterprises of worth and merit. Besides every variety of Show Case, this house keeps on hand a superior description of Jeweler's Trays, Specie Boxes, Book Cases, Looking-glass Plates, of all sizes. Here the druggist can find a Prescription Case to suit his taste, and the barber one where with to decorate his shop.

Previous to the opening of this establishment by Mr. Anderson our merchants and business men were compelled to order their goods from Cincinnati or the East; now the order of things has changed, and we find Mr. Anderson sending his wares to Chicago and Cincinnati, actually bearding the lion in his den. The manner of packing observed by Mr. A. obviates all liability to breakage when shipped either by railroad or steamboat; and he undertakes to place his wares at your own doors as cheap as you can purchase of the manufacturer in Cincinnati — an undertaking which, we are warranted in asserting, he fulfils in every case. Mr. A. employs a host of St. Louis mechanics, and furnishes many hands with work who otherwise would perhaps languish in neglect and poverty. We claim for Mr. A. a liberal portion of patronage from our Western friends.

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Importers and Jobbers of

Are located at No. 3 Main street, in the new Merchants' Exchange Block, between Market and Walnut streets, and offer to the retail dealer advantages superior in many respects to any similar house in the city.

These gentlemen have been engaged in the wholesale Hardware trade but a short time, yet so favorable were the auspices under which they commenced that they stepped at once into a large remunerative trade. They were thoroughly conversant with the minutiae of the business in which they engaged, as well as what was required to meet the wants of the country merchants. They made all their arrangements accordingly, and the result has more than answered their most sanguine expectations.

Messrs. Bremermann, Rashcoe & Co. import direct from the English and German manufacturers all descriptions of Cutlery, Guns, etc., while they keep constantly on hand one of the most complete assortments of American manufacture to be found in any city in the United States. The manner in which this house makes their purchases enables them to offer better terms to the country merchants than any of their rivals in business, and we would recommend them to call and examine the stock to be found upon the shelves of this firm before making purchases elsewhere, as we are convinced they will not regret it.

Messrs. Bremermann, Rashcoe & Co. are but lately established, as we have already said, but they are well and favorably known, throughout the valley of the Mississippi as gentlemen of fine business attainments, and who are determined to let no pains be spared to render their house the favorite place of resort to the country merchant.

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Corner Fourth and St. Charles sts.

The firm of Ubsdell, Pierson & Co. holds a prominent position among the commercial houses of the West. It is, in reality, a heavy New York Dry Goods House located in the West, it being one of the heaviest importing houses in the Union, and offering all the inducements of the best New York establishments to the Western trade. A vast amount of trade stops in the West that would go to New York and Philadelphia, but for our large Western houses, such as the one we are now speaking of. Still we are confident a great amount of misapprehension exists among our country merchants in regard to the advantages of buying in the seaboard cities over our wholesale Western towns. The opinion of many is, that to buy cheap and secure a good assortment, they must spend the time, incur the travelling bills, and pay the extra costs of transportation to buy and bring their goods from the East, and then another installment, in the shape of exchange on New York or Philadelphia, to get Western funds applied on Eastern accounts.

One of the senior partners of this firm residing in Paris and the other in New York, gives them an opportunity of purchasing goods on the most favorable terms. The control of the St. Louis house is under the superintendence of Messrs. William Barr and James Duncan, the junior members of the firm, and more affable and courteous gentlemen can not be found in the city. Possessing a vast acquaintance among the country merchants of the adjoining States, and being intimate with the minutiae of the trade, they possess many advantages over their cotemporaries. Individuals visiting St. Louis may rest assured that they will find at their house on Fourth street, between Vine

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and St. Charles streets, the same variety of goods, marked at precisely the same figures as at New York, which can be bought and paid for in Western funds.

Another consideration may be added to the above. In buying so much nearer home, men are not liable to do up their work on so large a scale. The policy of purchasing in small lots and replenishing often, according to the condition of the market or the rapidity of their sales, enables them to avoid large accounts East, and saves again in interest, which is no trifling item in a merchant's accounts in the course of a few years of trade.

If any of our mercantile readers should question any of the facts which we have brought up touching the advantages that are offered by Western wholesalers, they must not fail to call on Messrs. Barr & Duncan and investigate the matter for themselves.

As to an assortment, they will find the case equally clear. Messrs. Ubsdell, Pierson & Co.'s stock is kept with reference to all the wants of the Western trade. Merchants in Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Kentucky, and the new Territories, can find the entire array of goods their particular market demands.

Their store house is one they have lately erected, and is superior to any similar establishment in the Western country. They also are prepared to do an extensive retail trade, and so well is the house respected that crowds of ladies constantly throng the sales room.

Messrs. Ubsdell, Pierson & Co., have a room for the accommodation of the retail trade, and which, by the way, is the most magnificent establishment west of the Alleghenies, where courteous and attentive clerks are ever ready to attend to your wants.

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Refrigerators, Ice Chests, Shower Baths, Rope, Twine, Cordage, Wrapping Paper, Mats, Brushes, Cane Chairs, Japanned and Plain Tin Ware, Planished and Britannia Ware, Water Coolers, Filters, &c.;
— ALSO —
Cutlery, Silver Plated Ware, Feather Dusters, Toilet Ware, Fine Pocket Cutlery, Razors, Scissors, Combs, &c. — Wholesale and Retail —
No. 105 North Fourth street, (Ten Buildings,) St. Louis. SOLE AGENT FOR HAVEN & WHITE'S SUPERIOR BROOMS.

The establishment of Mr. Locke is, without doubt, the most complete and extensive of its kind, not only in St. Louis, but in the West. This house is another evidence of what has been and may be achieved by persevering and honorable men in our city.

Mr. Locke began business in St. Louis in June, 1856, and by devoting his entire time and energy to catering to the wants of his customers, and selling at low and reasonable figures, has achieved a success of which he may well feel proud, as his position at the present time is second to none in the country.

The first floor of his immense store is devoted exclusively to the House, Hotel and Steamboat Furnishing Business. Here can be found, in great variety and quantity, every thing requirsite to the complete fitting out of the dining-room and kitchen,

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together with many articles, both useful and ornamental, for the parlors and chambers. We have never inspected a greater variety of Silver Plated Ware, consisting, as it does, of every thing of the latest patterns; Cutlery of the most magnificent kind, of the neatest and most recherche styles, elegantly ornamented; Tea Trays and Plate Warmers; Planish Chafing-dishes; Coffee Urns; with many other styles of goods which we can not here enumerate, as they would only serve to confuse the reader, but which, when inspected, present a beautiful appearance, and meet with a rapid sale from all who desire to furnish their houses in a good style. This department is designed for the special accommodation of the retail trade; a host of polite and attentive clerks are always in attendance, ready to show and explain every thing to visitors.

On the second story we come to that portion of the house devoted to the jobbing trade. Here we find many things which can not be procured at any other place in the city. In addition to those things we have already enumerated is a full and complete assortment of Cedar, Wooden and Willow Ware, of the best manufacture. Here also may be found Refrigerators, Water Coolers, Shower Baths, and Plain and Japanned Tin Ware. The entire stock, in point of excellence, beauty of finish, or durability, excels any thing of the kind we have ever seen. We would respectfully urge our citizens and steamboat men to call and examine this establishment before they make purchases elsewhere, as they may find it much to their advantage to make selections from his stock.

The advantages possessed by Mr. Locke enable him to offer to his customers, both wholesale and retail, inducements that are readily appreciated by all who do business with him. Manufacturing a large portion oE his goods himself, and having extensive connections with manufacturing houses, both East and

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West, he is enabled to offer a great many goods at lower prices than ever before sold in this city. Should those country dealers who usually go East for their stock of goods only visit St. Louis and call at such houses as Mr. Locke's, they would become convinced of the folly they exhibit; if they can not purchase goods as cheap at this house as they can in New York, we are much mistaken.

Another advantage possessed by Mr. L. is, that he sells only for CASH, and having no bad debts on his hands he can afford to sell much cheaper than those who do a credit business. The cash system is the only true basis upon which to depend. It is always successful — the very nature of the thing precludes the possibility of failure; and the success that has attended the efforts of those who have tried this system speaks volumes in its favor. When once the country merchant begins to realize the fact that by paying cash for his stock he can get it from fifteen to twenty-five per cent, cheaper than upon the most approved paper, he will at once adopt the rule, and strictly adhere to it. Let them call on Mr. L. and become convinced.

In point of beauty and neatness this store stands unrivalled, and forms the most attractive feature in that part of the city in which it is located. Strangers visiting the city should not fail to visit this establishment, where they will meet with a polite reception, and every attention will be shown them by the courteous proprietor.

COLLINS & BLATCHFORD. — This firm (see page 350) have a branch of their Lead Pipe and Sheet Lead manufactory on the corner of Clinton and Fulton streets, Chicago, 111. They are the sole agents in Chicago for the St. Louis Shot Tower and the Collier White Lead and Oil Company.

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No. 108 Fourth street, (Glasgow Row,) opposite Vine st.

This establishment, which has been in existence since May, 1849, fills an important position in the trade of our city. Its arrangements for furnishing every thing in its line are of the most extensive character. Here housekeepers, either young or old, have but to mention any desired article and it is at once placed before them, and at prices in keeping with the times.

In a stroll through this Warehouse, we noticed a full and complete stock of Household and Miscellaneous articles, embracing Hardware, Cutlery, Plated Britannia, Bright and Japanned Tin, Wooden and Willow Wares, Mats, Brushes, Baths, Refrigerators, Water Coolers and Filterers, Tin and Wire Safes, Steps, Clothes-horses, etc. Wholesale and Retail; also many articles which we have not room to enumerate in this sketch, but comprising every thing possibly needed in either private residence, hotel, saloon or steamboat.

Mr. Brainerd is a most accommodating gentleman, and has, by his courtesy and fair dealing, built up for his house a trade which now reaches to every community which has business relation with St. Louis; and this extensive business enables him to offer to his customers the most rare bargains.

We advise our readers to inspect his large and varied assortment of Household and Furnishing Goods, as a visit, even as a matter of curiosity, will more than repay the trouble.

The idea of having every thing needed by the housekeeper all in one establishment was new here until introduced by Mr. Brainerd, and a most convenient arrangement it is, for the

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trouble of having to visit a half-dozen establishments to obtain as many different articles is at once obviated, and gives to the purchaser the opportunity of buying such goods as will present a uniform appearance, or, as our lady friends would term it, "match well," thus at once saving trouble and gratifying the taste.

Again then, we say, do not neglect to pay the establishment of S. S. Brainerd a visit, and our word for it you will count the time well spent.

No. 15 Chesnut Street, two doors West of Republican office.

The art of lithographic printing has been conducted in so masterly a style in St. Louis as to win the admiration of the connoisseurs in all parts of the country and gain for our lithographers a wide and honored reputation. Among the best and most accurate lithographic printers we will mention Mr. A. McLean, a gentleman who has resided, and pursued his art with an earnest devotion for about eight years in St. Louis. Mr. McLean has executed many superior works of art since he has been in our midst, and as an evidence of what he can do we respectfully direct the attention of the reader to our "frontispiece," an accurate representation of the Merchants' Exchange, and the superior lithograph of Giles F. Filley's "Excelsior Stove Works." We cordially recommend Mr. McLean to the public.

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The business locality of these gentlemen is No. 208 Broadway and No. 195 North Fourth street. The establishment of this firm has been in successful operation in St. Louis for upwards of fifteen years, and they have by strict attention to business, an honorable and upright intercourse with all their patrons, won the esteem, confidence and respect of the entire community. St. Louis is large enough to afford ample scope for the establishment of many such houses as the one we are speaking of, but there have been but few who possessed the requisite qualities to achieve greatness in this line to enter and pursue it. Among those who have been eminently successful Messrs. Wendover & Co. deserve special notice.

They keep constantly on hand at their sales and store rooms a large and well assorted stock of all kinds of Groceries, with which they are enabled to fill all orders given them by country dealers, upon terms equally as favorable as any other house in the Mississippi Valley. They purchase their stock direct from the producer, and upon such terms as render them capable of competing successfully with the houses of New York or New Orleans.

These gentlemen, besides doing a large jobbing trade, have special arrangements for furnishing supplies to families residing in the city. Their stock consists of every thing embraced in the Grocer's line, which will be delivered at the purchasers' doors as cheap as they can be obtained in the store of any house in the country. Remember their numbers — 208 Broadway and 195 North Fourth street.

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Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
Corner of Second and Green streets.

This is the most extensive establishment engaged in this branch of trade West of the Mississippi, and has but few if any superiors in the United States. A more complete stock can not be found any place than the one kept constantly on hand by Messrs. M. & Bro. By a strict observance to the wants of the trade, and a liberal catering thereto, they have extended their operations over an immense extent of country, extending from the great Lakes in the East to the Territories of New Mexico and Utah in the West — from the head waters of the Mississippi to the shores washed by the waves of the Gulf; supplying every village and hamlet, they have won the confidence and respect

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of every one, and made their name as familiar as "household words."

They import direct from the producers all varieties of goods, thus rendering themselves capable of successfully competing with the jobbers in the seaboard cities. Their stock of Foreign Fruits consists of Oranges, Lemons, Figs, Raisins, Currants, Citron, Prunes, &c.; every description of Preserved Fruits, in glass jars; Jellies; Hermetrically Sealed Vegetables; Fruits; Oysters; Crabs; Salmon; Lobsters; Clams; Pie Fruits, in generous abundance; and Syrups, in any quantities. A large and well-selected stock of Green Apples is kept constantly on hand for family use and shipping, embracing the following well-known varieties: Newton Pippins, Golden Pippins, Bell Flower, Genitans, Vandevers, Romanites, Early June, etc.

This house has been established but a few years, and is the result of indomitable energy and business capacity. Commencing with a limited capital, their course has been onward and upward — onward in the march of progress — upward in the good opinions of our people, till at the present time they find themselves doing an immense business. We know of no house where buyers can obtain supplies upon better terms or meet more courteous and accommodating gentlemen to transact business with than at M. S. Mepham & Brothers', No. 166 Second street, corner of Green street.

Messrs. Mephan & Brother also import largely of the best brands of cigars, and we can assure the reader that by purchasing their supplies at this house they will secure the richest, and choicest brands, among which may be found the Washington, El Sol, Victoria, Opera, Concha, Napoleon, Fillibustero, American, Camille, etc.

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At No. 50 Main street is located the house of Messrs. Edward Mead & Co., the most extensive importers of Watches, Jewelry, Guns, Pistols, Cutlery, Fancy Goods, and Daguerrean Stock in the West. In 1835 Mr. Mead, the head of the present firm, commenced business in this city in company with Mr. Adriance, under the style of Mead & Adriance. At that period the wants of the country were not so great as at the present time; yet they found their stock in advance of the demand, and for several years their business was not as successful as anticipated. In 1840 Mr. Adriance withdrew from the copartnership, leaving Mr. Mead to continue the business.

Devoting his whole energies to his business, Mr. M. has had the satisfaction of seeing it increase in proportion with the city and State, and now the house of E. Mead & Co. is known throughout the entire land as having a large capital and ability to fill any contract that may be given it.

In 1849, when so much of the city was laid a smouldering mass of ruins, Mr. Mead lost his all. But, Phoenix-like, he emerged from the ashes with renewed vigor, and once more commenced the devious path to prosperity. How well he has succeeded is to be perceived by a glance at his establishment.

In 1852 Mr. Mead discovered that there was little economy and some injustice to the city in making all his purchases in

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New York and suffering them to retain profits on importations which might as well be distributed. Having taken Mr. Wm. H. Maurice and B. H. Mead in partnership with him in this year, Mr. M. set himself to work to make importations on his own account, and with this view he went to Europe, visited all the cities with which he was desirous of having business relations, made his arrangements for the future, and has been for some years past enjoying the success of his efforts. Nothing can now be ordered in his line, either in Jewelry or the most costly Plate, which can not be supplied by them.

There is another department to which E. Mead & Co. have devoted particular attention. All Western people, from a twelve year old boy to the man three score and ten, are pleased with Guns, and this house has a magnificent supply of them; one floor is entirely devoted to the exhibition of them, and we doubt whether there is such a stock in the country. Double Barrel Guns and Rifles, of every size and description, length and quality, and cost, are here displayed; and it will be hard if any order can not be filled. We understand, indeed, that merchants from this and adjoining States, who go to New York to purchase goods, always omit these articles in their bills, preferring to purchase them from Messrs. E. Mead & Co., and there is good reason for it. This house buys directly from the gunmakers of Europe, and on the most favorable terms; as the duties are the same here as in New York, it can afford to sell, and does sell, as cheap as the New Yorkers can do. Such houses deserve the encouragement of our people, and we are sure that this fact, when it becomes generally known, will induce merchants from the country, and all who buy goods for their own use, to visit the store of Messrs. Edward Mead & Co.

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— ALSO —
LADIES' DRESS FURS, &c., &c., &c.
Corner of Fourth Street and Washington Avenue.

The store of our young friend, Mr. Charles Chauvin, at the corner of Fourth street and Washington avenue, in the Veranda Buildings, is one of the most complete and best regulated establishments in St. Louis. Mr. Chauvin is a young man, but being to the "manner born" he possesses a thorough knowledge of the requirements necessary for the successful conducting of business in the great Commercial Emporium of the Valley of the Mississippi.

St. Louis, in many respects, is better adapted to the purposes of extensive manufacturing than any other city in the United States. Being the great fur mart of the world, the raw material is here procured at a less cost than in other cities, while the extent of, the manufactures have attracted a large number of the best workmen in the country to our midst. These two facts combined have contributed, in an eminent degree, to placing St. Louis in the position she now holds among the people of the West — of manufacturing the best quality of fur goods and hats of any city in the Union. Mr. Chauvin has been engaged as a manufacturer and dealer but a little over a year,

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but a sufficient time has elapsed to establish his house deed in the affections of the people, who are never slow to appreciate true worth or to regard intrinsic value.

To one uninitiated it would appear strange that a house that sprung into existence, as it were, in a night, should attract so large a share of public attention. Now that none may languish in ignorance, we will simply state that, in the first place, Mr. Chauvin's goods are rich and beautiful, and it is worth the while of any of our business friends from abroad, when they are in the city, to look in upon him and take a view of his stock, which has such a wealth of beauty and comfort in their very looks. Think, for instance, of a hundred varieties of gentlemen's Hats — as many nearly of Caps; and how many of other goods we shall not pretend to tell.

They will be delighted, too, with his stock of Fur Goods, and should the day be invested somewhat with premonitories of winter, those who indulge in Fur Caps, Cuffs, Victorines, &c., will be especially interested. To understand more fully why such a stock is demanded, and such a trade drawn in to this establishment, we must take into consideration the prices at which they sell. The fact is, they are underselling all rival houses, and having established a "run" upon his house, he is in every way prepared for any emergency that may arise, and is fully determined to let no opportunity pass to please all who present themselves at his counter.

Mr. Chauvin was the lucky person who carried off the premium at the late Fair held in St. Louis, much to the chagrin of his rivals and competitors. Do not fail to call on Mr. C. when you want any thing in his line, as he is a whole-souled, high-minded, honorable and gentlemanly person, and whom you will be pleased to know.

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Tell me, will you, if I ask you?
I would know where clothes you buy,
Cut so neat and made so tasty,
Knowing they shall me supply.
None but clothes of latest fashions
On their shelves are all complete —
Round at 176 North Main street.

Read these lines to find the fashions —
Or, to buy your clothes for cash,
Buy of Ticknor, Robbins & Co.;
Black suits — blue suits — every color,
In their store you always find.
Never are they out of any,
So the cash is not behind.

All is right — you have the number;
Never go without the cash
Down to where they keep no trash.

Cassimeres — all different patterns,
Of all colors, shade and hue,
Made expressly for their custom,
Put at lowest figures too.
And I too would call attention, to
Nice vests so fine and cheap;
You a harvest sure will reap.

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L. & A. CARR,

We believe there is no business establishment in St. Louis whose firm has achieved a more deservedly high character for business integrity and honorable dealing than that of L. & A. Carr, Booksellers and Stationers, No. 49 Main street. Passing through the recent financial pressure, which carried down many older houses, these gentlemen have retained an unblemished reputation — promptly meeting all their liabilities and faithfully fulfilling every obligation to their friends. It therefore affords us great pleasure to direct the attention of fhe public to their establishment, as one that has added much to the commercial reputation of the St. Louis merchants, and as worthy the patronage of those who are desirous of procuring supplies of books and paper merchandise, and every thing connected with the stationery business. Their stock is ample, varied and most complete, imported direct from the manufacturers, both foreign and domestic, at wholesale prices, and upon terms that enable them to meet the views of purchasers.

Messrs. Carr are native St. Louisians, and are well known through the West and South as prompt and reliable men, and to our friends throughout the country we can cheerfully recommend their house as one with which it will be a pleasure to form a business connection, as well from the facilities it enjoys of furnishing the best descriptions of goods, as from the honorable character of the gentlemen composing the firm.

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China, Glass, Queensware, Brittania Ware, Tea Trays, Lamps, Chandeliers, &c.,
Nos. 11 & 13 SECOND STREET.

The position occupied in the Mississippi Valley as a Jobbing and Retail house by this firm during the past twenty-five years, abundantly justifies us in paying our devoirs to it. For a long series of years they occupied buildings upon Main street, but recently their business has increased so rapidly as to compel them to seek other quarters. They accordingly selected an enviable location in that magnificent pile of buildings erected during the past season on Second street, between Market and Chesnut streets, where they have ample space to store and display their admirable stock.

This is the most extensive house engaged in this trade in the Western States, and has not its superior even in New York City, either in point of variety of stock or liberality of prices. Here the retail dealer can secure every thing he desires, of any quality or pattern, and as cheap as can be purchased in the seaboard cities.

In order that they might successfully compete with the Eastern jobbers, they a few years since made arrangements with European houses, by which means they import direct from the potteries in Staffordshire, England, every description of Queensware. They also import their stock of Trays, Waiters, etc., from the manufacturers in England. They receive their Glassware from the Glass Works of Boston, Pittsburg and Wheeling, which can not be surpassed for beauty, elegance or durability by

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any manufactured in the world. The importers of New York furnish them with supplies of French China ware, upon terms equally as favorable as they could obtain them were they to go to the fountain head. The world-renowned manufacturers, Messrs. Cornelius Baker & Co., (who by the way are the largest and most extensive manufacturers in the world,) furnish the Lamps and Chandeliers. The terms upon which their purchases are made are such as to render them capable of meeting the views of their customers in an accommodating spirit.

This house was established in May, 1835, by Messrs. N. E. Janney and R. H. Miller, and met with flattering encouragement until 1848, when Mr. Janney retired from the firm. The business was then conducted by Mr. Miller under the style of R. H. Miller & Co., until January, 1857, when he admitted his sons — Charles Miller, John S. J. Miller, and Mr. G. W. Berkley — under the style of R. H. Miller & Sons. Ever since this house offered itself as a candidate for a share of public patronage, it has received a large portion of the trade of our city, and under the flattering success that has attended their efforts and the admirable tact with which the business affairs have been managed, they have won an enviable reputation throughout the West, and of which they may well feel proud.

The arrangement of their wares could not be better, and presents to the visitor an imposing appearance. The basement and third and fourth stories contain their crates and unopened stock; the first and main business floor, the white and glassware and chandeliers; the second, the colored and heavier articles of crockery, candlesticks, etc. The first floor, which is devoted to the retail trade, contains every thing that could be desired, and arranged in a style well calculated to show the articles to good advantage. The room is about twelve feet high, thirty feet front, with a depth of over one hundred feet. Here

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are a corps of attentive clerks to attend to the wants of all who may wish to inspect or purchase their wares. Messrs. Miller & Sons have devoted particular pains to selecting wares for hotels and steamboats, and we would recommend our river friends to give them a call.

To country merchants we would also commend them. Give them a call before you make your purchases, as you may find it to your advantage to make connections with them. Of one thing we are certain: no better men to deal with can be found in the United States than the gentlemen composing the firm of R. H. Miller & Sons.


The position occupied by this house in St. Louis, and the West, justifies us in paying it a tribute of respect in our Sketches of St. Louis, and her manufactures. Mr. Rosenbaum, the Proprietor of this manufactory, has enjoyed an experience extending over forty years in the business — eighteen of which have been spent in St. Louis — and during that time he has built himself a reputation second to none in the United States.

Among the many curious and wonderful evidences of the ingenuity and skill of our St. Louis mechanics which were on exhibition at the St. Louis Fair last fall, we were much struck with the singular taste and skill displayed in the construction of a pair of boots — a pair worthy of the hand of St. Crispin himself — made by Mr. J. Rosenbaum, of No. 9 Olive street. They far surpassed any thing we ever conceived it possible to be

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manufactured in the shape of a boot, and showed the marks of a true artist in every respect.

Nothing in all that is used towards making up the sum total of a man's wearing apparel, tends more to give a perfect and genteel appearance to his whole costume than a neat and well shaped boot and in these days the gentleman is easily recognized by the style in which his feet are dressed: therefore, it behooves all who seek for perfection in this matter to search for one who is perfect in all that pertains to his calling. Such a person is Mr. Rosenbaum, who can be found at the place above designated. His work has received the endorsement, in the shape of first premiums, of both the fairs at this place and at Boonville; and when we consider the great number of competitors, this is certainly sure proof that his establishment is unapproachable in the finish of its work.

He has always on hand a very complete and choice assortment of work of his own manufacture, which he offers at as moderate prices as can be obtained in any establishment where the best of work is done. We can do our readers no greater favor than recommending him to their patronage and confidence.

No. 77 Fourth Street, Marble Building.

This establishment occupies one of the elegant stores in the Marble Building, corner of Fourth and Olive streets, three spacious floors of which are filled,with goods of every variety appertaining to the Upholstery trade, and is very much the

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largest and most complete concern of its kind in St. Louis. The business was commenced in 1853, by Mr. Chandler, at No. 112 Market street, Wyman's Hall building, but the great increase of trade soon compelled a removal to more commodious quarters, and in 1855 the present store was taken. This was the pioneer establishment in its line of business in St. Louis, being the first which combined in one the Bedding and Curtain branches of Upholstery together. The firm have given their close personal attention to their business and have acquired a high reputation for their prompt and faithful fulfillment of orders, and the superior quality of their work. In the Curtain and Window Shade department Messrs. Chandler & Co.'s stock is pre-eminent, and comprises an immense amount and variety of goods — as great, perhaps, as all the other stores in the city, and includes the entire range of price and quality. The parlors of many of our most elegant mansions attest the richness and taste of their goods.

Three of the finest Hotels which have of late years been opened in the West — Barnum's in St. Louis, the St. Nicholas at Springfield, Ills., and the Planter's House at Leavenworth City — have, among others, been fitted up from this establishment with their Curtains, Bedding, &c.

In the Bedding department great attention is paid to the manufacture of articles of superior quality suited for private houses, hotels and steamboats. Some of the finest of our St. Louis steamboats have received their outfit here. The Upholstery work on the new Falls City, and the City of Louisiana, was done by Messrs. Chandler & Co., and they are now engaged in fitting out the Hannibal City for the Keokuk Packet Company, which will be one of the most elegantly finished and furnished steamboats ever sent out from the port of St. Louis. The Keokuk Packet Company, it is well known, spare no expense

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to have their boats first class in every respect, and the fact that they employ Messrs. Chandler & Co. to do all their Upholstery work is sufficient evidence that that firm is in the front rank in its business.

During the business season there are regularly employed in the manufacturing department of this concern eight men and between twenty and thirty seamstresses. The advantage secured to purchasers by having such a thorough and complete stock of articles of every grade and price belonging to the trade concentrated in one establishment, is one that no one can fail to appreciate.


This house deals almost exclusively in Paper and Rags, and, to meet the increasing demands of those purchasing stock in St. Louis, has made arrangements with manufacturers for full supplies of the various descriptions of paper, being thus enabled to fill all orders promptly and upon the most favorable terms.

The rag trade of this house gives employment to many hands. About twelve tons per week on an average are purchased, sorted, baled and shipped; and that some idea may be had of the value of this branch, we would remark, these rags are worth from sixty to eighty dollars the ton on board steamer.

To those who wish to obtain a supply of Wrapping, Book, News, or Writing Paper, we would recommend a visit to the establishment of Mr. H. B. Graham, where it can be obtained as cheap as from the manufacturers at the mills. They will also find courteous and accommodating gentlemen to attend to

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their wishes and exhibit specimens. To publishers of country newspapers, Mr. Graham offers superior inducements, and we advise all such to give him a call before they make purchases.

Persons having rags to sell, by sending them to Mr. Graham will receive the highest market price in cash.

14 Olive Street, opposite Monroe House, and 56 North Fourth Street, Balmer & Weber's Music Store.

The above firm having some three years ago bought out L. M. Prince, who was one of the first of the profession to settle in St. Louis, have since considerably enlarged their business and are at the present time fully prepared to execute all orders for Stencil Brands for Flour, Pork, Whisky, Alcohol, and for all the various articles and uses, Shipping marks, &c., &c., for which Brands are used.

They also get up dies for stamping business Envelops, Cards, &c., in a style fully equal to any house in the Union. Those in want of Seals and Seal Presses for Courts, Counties, Commissioners, Notaries, Bankers, or Commercial business, will find it to their advantage to call on the above firm, as from their increased facilities their prices will be found fully as low as any of the Eastern houses. Those requiring any of the above, or any thing in their line of business, will find numberless specimens of their work at their store, 14 Olive street, opposite Monroe House.

To those requiring Wedding or Visiting Cards, Wedding or Invitation Envelops, Door Plates, marking on Jewelry, or any of the above, will find their orders punctually attended to at 56 North Fourth Street, Balmer & Weber's Music Store.

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108 Olive street.

Dr. I. Forbes came to St. Louis in April, 1837, at which time it contained a population of a fraction over 8000 souls.

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He found the field occupied by no less than ten dentists. In the line of precedence were Dr. Brown, Dr. Hale, &c.; in less than three years the force was reduced to three, the balance having left the city for want of patronage. Dr. Forbes, Dr. Hale and Dr. Brown were then for a number of years the only practical dentists in the city. In 1849 the California fever prevailed over Dr. Brown, and he departed for the golden shores of the Pacific, leaving Dr. Hale and Dr. Forbes as the veteran dentists.

At the time Dr. Forbes made his debut in the Mound City Second street was the promenade — the place where fashionable people most did congregate; he accordingly established himself in an office upon that thoroughfare; but as the demands of the jobbing trade began to encroach upon that street, he removed to his present location, where his well-earned reputation followed him. The number of Dental Surgeons has kept pace with the increase of the inhabitants, and at the present time they can not be less than twelve or fifteen. In order to protect the people from the hands of empirics, the Dentists of St. Louis formed themselves into an association, at the meetings of which they discuss the various remedies and modes of treating a given question. In speaking of this society, the editor of the "Dental Register of the West" says:

"Quite a number of new members were added to the society, and from the length of time occupied by the examining committee with the candidates, and from their appearance after they were through, we rather surmised that they thought the way into that society was ‘a hard road to travel.’

"Gentlemen of the profession, unless you are about right in that which constitutes the man — in integrity and intentions, and also professional attainments, you need not ‘knock at the door’ of the Western Dental Society for admission."

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The long residence in the Mound City, and the skill ever displayed by Dr. Forbes, has made his name a "household word" throughout the West; and we know none more capable or qualified to perform delicately all operations in his profession.

62 Fourth street.

There is, perhaps, no science being more rapidly developed than that of Dentistry. There is none, either, more essential to the preservation of the health and beauty of the human race. There is nothing in all "the ills that flesh is heir to" more excruciating than an aching tooth; nothing more offensive than a bad breath arising from teeth decayed; nothing more unseemly and distasteful to the eye than toothless gums; and nothing more pleasant to behold than white, polished, even rows of teeth. These are truths patent to every reader, and admitted by the most careless observer. All these ills are within the province of the Dentist, and at his hands receive a speedy eradication.

St. Louis, perhaps, has within her borders as many well-skilled and accomplished Dental Surgeons as can be found in any city of the Union. In the front rank of these must stand the gentleman whose name heads this article — Dr. A. Blake. His accomplishments as a Dentist and gentleman have won for him the regard and esteem of his brother Dentists, and the confidence of the community. His thorough knowledge of the profession enables him at once to arrive at the cause of all diseased teeth subjected to his care, and his skill suggests the

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necessary remedy. Sixteen years' constant study and practice have done much to develop and perfect him in the profession which he has chosen, and this experience being added to a mind naturally active and comprehensive entitles him most justly to the position he now holds in our community as a Dentist.

Dr. Blake is a prominent member of the Western Dental Society — an association that requires the candidate to pass a most thorough, searching examination before he can be admitted, and which gives a guaranty to the public that its members are gentlemen of ability, skill and judgment, and every way worthy the confidence of our citizens.

Importer and Dealer in Saddlery Hardware, Carriage and Harness Trimmings, Hides and Leather of every description, Shoemaker's Findings, Tanners' Oil, Curriers' Tools, etc., etc., etc.,
140 North Main Street, St. Louis.

We do not believe that a more highly esteemed and popular gentleman, than the one whose name stands at the head of this article, can be found; a long series of years devoted to the interests of the city won him the respect and confidence of our citizens, who selected him for their chief magistrate three different times, the duties of which he administered in a manner that reflected honor upon himself and credit to the city. Mr. How, as a merchant, has ever maintained an elevated position, and we know of none whom we would sooner recommend to the reader.

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BY RAILROAD TO JEFFERSON CITY, thence by a Daily Line of ELEGANT MAIL STEAMERS to all points on the river as high as St. Joseph, connecting there with the various Packet and Stage Lines for Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa. Fare as low as by any other route. TIME SAVED over the RIVER ROUTE full thirty hours.

The Pacific Railroad Packet Line was established in the summer of 1856, under a contract entered into with the Pacific Railroad Company by Capts. Barton, Able and Louis A. Shelton, by which the latter parties placed in connection with that Road three Steamers — the "Cataract," "F. X. Aubry," and "Australia" — forming a tri-weekly line between St. Louis (via Jefferson City) and Weston. On the opening of navigation in 1857, this line was increased to a daily (Sundays excepted), and has met with a success and patronage truly encouraging. The inducements offered by this route appeal directly to the traveller, saving, under the most favorable circumstances which can surround steamers on their trips from St. Louis, some thirty hours in time, besides the many delays and annoyances incident to a lengthened steamboat trip. In the winter of 1856

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and '57 a very favorable charter was granted by the Legislature of Missouri to this company, incorporating it under the name of the "Pacific Railroad Packet Company," and the following summer Gov. Brown, the present able Postmaster General, seeing the great want of mail facilities in Missouri, caused a contract to be made with the proprietors of this line by which the Great Western Mails for Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and Salt Lake should be carried on their boats during the season of navigation, and under the same contract forwarded by Expresses during the winter. The great demand for transportation of Government Freight up the Missouri, destined for her ports, and the prosecution of the Utah War, in which promptness and speed are required, has induced the War Department to enter into contract with the President of the Pacific Railroad Company, by which all the Government supplies, together with the troops and animals, should be conveyed by this route, so that the Pacific Railroad and its connecting Packet Line has, in the short space of about eighteen months, so clearly demonstrated itself as the most practicable and the best route for Western Missouri and the Territories, as to become not only the great Mail and Passenger, but also the great Transportation route for this section of country.

The traveller arriving in St. Louis can take either the 8 A. M. or the 3 P. M. train of the Pacific Railroad, and in six or seven hours finds himself in Jefferson City, 125 miles from St. Louis, where, within a few steps, and at the extremity of a covered gangway, lies one of the connecting Packets, ready to leave promptly upon the arrival of the Express train; his baggage being checked through, he is relieved of all care on that score, and by the time his state room is assigned him, he is steaming along on his way up the Missouri, arriving at the principal points (in an average time) as follows: Boonville, 15

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hours from St. Louis; Glasgow, 20 hours; Lexington, 36 hours; Kansas, 48 hours; Leavemvorth City, 2 1/2 days; and St. Joseph, 3 days — being a saving of time of from 30 hours to two days, depending upon the stage of water in the river. The fare being the same, and accommodations equal, points this out as the most desirable route, affording an agreeable change from Railroad to river, or vice versa, relieving whatever of monotony may be attached to a continued travel by either rail or river. The passenger destined for the East, by taking the boats of this line, can tell with a certainty as to his arrival in St. Louis, reaching that point, as he does, in time for the various connecting lines. The following elegant Steamers compose this Line for the season of 1858:

Steamer JOHN H. DICKEY — DAN ABLE, Commander.

And are unsurpassed for speed and accommodation by any line upon the Western Waters. Through tickets by this route can be purchased in all the principal Ticket Offices in the East and North, or at the several Offices in St. Louis.

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Regular St. Louis, Council Bluffs, Omaha City and Sioux City Packet; for St. Joseph, Savannah, Iowa Point, Oregon, White Cloud, Hemmie's Landing, Rockport, Brownsville, Linden, Nebraska City, Wyoming, St. Mary's, Bellevue, Council Bluffs, Omaha City, Florence, De Soto, Tekama, Decatur City, Sargent's Bluffa, Omadi and Sioux City.

The new and splendid freight and passenger steamer Star of the West was built expressly for the Missouri River trade, and will be found to possess unsurpassed cabin arrangements and accommodations, and in an admirable degree the qualitiss of strength, lightness, speed, and elegance of model, that will render her an acceptable and successful packet in the trade. She has been supplied with all the latest improvements for the comfort and safety of her passengers.

The officers are Capt. M. Ohlman and E. M'Clintock, Clerk; both of whom are well and favorably known to the people along the Missouri River, and who will make their boat a great favorite. The table will be supplied with every delicacy the market affords, and we do not think passengers up the Missouri River could be better accommodated than on the Star of the West.

To the favorable consideration of shippers we recommend her. All freight will be handled with care and delivered with promptness and dispatch, aad her charges will be as low as any boat in the trade.

The engines of the boat are large and powerful, and under the charge of skillful and careful engineers; while the entire corps of officers will be found polite and courteous, watchful and gentlemanly.

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The Rodolph is one of the finest and fleetest boats on the Mississippi River, and has engaged in this trade at the earnest request of a large number of our most prominent shippers. The trade and travel between St. Louis and Cairo has been of considerable account for a number of years, but recently it has increased to such an extent as to require the services of a first-class boat. Overtures having been made to the Rodolphe, she has determined to enter that trade this season. She will make two trips per week, leaving St. Louis Tuesdays and Fridays.

The Rodolph is about three years old, of some three hundred tons burthen, has great power and runs with great speed. She will be found, as regards capacity for business, and the superiority of her passenger accommodations, inferior to no boat in the trade; and as such her officers take pleasure in presenting her to the favorable consideration of the public. Shippers may rely upon having their freight handled with the greatest care, and delivered with dispatch; and passengers can rest assured that in travelling on the Rodolph they will be made to feel themselves perfectly at home.

The engineers of the Rodolph are George Morgan, 1st, and Peter Hardy, 2nd; both of whom are well known and responsible men — their names giving assurance to the public that every caution will be observed. The command of the boat is placed in the hands of that prince of river men, Capt. J. A. Williams,

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while H. G. Johnson and C. Devol are his adjutants in the office. A more accomplished and courteous corps of officers could not be found upon our waters, we believe, and we would advise our friends to make a trip-upon the Rodolph when they have leisure. The table is under the control of Joseph Demming, the indefatigable Steward, who always manages to have all the delicacies the market affords.

B. A. OGLESBY, Captain; H. D. M'LEAN and J. B. NORTON, Clerks.

For Omaha City, Council Bluffs, Bellevue, St. Mary's, Plattsmouth, Wyoming City, Nebraska City, Linden, Brownsville, Rockport, Hemmie's Landing, St. Stephen's, White Cloud, Forest City, Oregon, Iowa Point, Savannah, St. Joseph, Doniphan, Atchison, Weston, Fort Leavenworth, Leavenworth City, Delaware City, Parksville, Quindaro, Wyandotte City, Kansas City, &c.

The new, light draught and elegant passenger and freight steamer JOSEPH H. OGLESBY will, during the season of 1858, run as a regular Council Bluffs and Omaha City Packet.

The Oglesby is a new boat, having run but a portion of one season. She was built especially for the Missouri River trade, and can not be excelled for beauty, elegance, comfort, speeder promptness. The engines are eight feet stroke, of immense power, and managed by F. Marsh and assistants. Mr. Marsh is well known by the river men as a careful and skillful

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Engineer; the Pilots are those clever fellows, E. T. Herndon and Jesse Baber; the Chief Mate, J. Goodlet; the Lieutenants in the office are H. D. M'Lean and J. B. Norton; and last, but not least, is the Captain, B. A. Oglesby. A more courteous, gallant and obliging set of men were never collected together on one boat, and passengers wishing a good time should endeavor to procure passage on board the Oglesby. While speaking of the officers, we neglected to speak of that erratic son of Momus, I. J. Rea, the original "Sam Johnson," whose side-splitting comicalities have convulsed the fun-loving people from one end of the Union to the other. Sam (we beg pardon, Mr. Rea,) has charge of the Bar, and will furnish the passengers with spiritual manifestations during the trip.

To shippers we will say, that no boat in the Missouri River trade will deliver all freight with greater dispatch, or handle it more carefully. Do not overlook her many advantages.

J. N. CORBETT, Master.

There is not a trade centering at St. Louis of greater benefit in a commercial point of view than that of the Cumberland River, and, in order to offer to the travelling and shipping community every advantage, the officers of the Sallie West determined to place her in this trade during the present season.

The Sallie West is a staunch boat, and one that finds few superiors in point of speed. The table is always loaded with every delicacy of the market, served up in the best style. The

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bar is stocked with choice liquors, and every thing arranged in the completest style, and calculated to render comfortable all guests.

The officers are old and favorite boatmen, (a class of men who never let an opportunity pass of conferring a favor upon those who fall in their way,) J. N. Corbett being the Captain, and J. Morgan Smith the Clerk. To shippers we would say, make arrangements with the Sallie West if you wish to have your goods handled with care and delivered with dispatch; and to passengers who desire a safe and speedy passage, with every comfort attainable, with the company of a jovial, courteous and free-hearted corps of officers, secure berths on the Sallie West.

The Sallie West has been built but a short time, and is of about three hundred and fifty tons capacity, having two large engines of immense power, under the control of careful and competent engineers, who watch with a jealous eye the working of their charge in order to prevent accidents. We can, accordingly, recommend the crew of the Sallie West to the public as courteous and obliging men, and the boat as one that will answer all demands that will be made upon her, and as having claims to the favorable consideration of our merchants which we hope to see respected.

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GILES F. FILLEY Proprietor

These Works are located two squares north of the Sugar Refinery, and were commenced by Mr. G. F. Filley, in 1849, with a capacity of eight thousand (8,000) feet of moulding floor, and melting seven (7) tons of iron per day.

The increased demand for Stoves of western manufacture quickly rendered an extension necessary, and in 1852-4-5 other additions were erected, which have since been continued until at this time the moulding floors of this Foundry have reached an area of thirty-seven thousand (37,000) feet; and — with two Cupalos of four and a half feet each in diameter in the clear — a melting capacity of thirty-five (35) tons of metal per day.

This establishment employs an average number of two hundred and fifty (250) men, whose wages alone amount to three thousand ($3,000) dollars per week.

In addition to this extensive Foundry, there are two other large concerns in the city and another is now in course of erection; all of which have a combined capacity fully equal, we think, to the demands of the West.

The accompanying view of the Excelsior Stove Works was lithographed by Mr. A. M'Lean from a sketch furnished him by the designer of Mr. Filley's patterns. It is a correct and beautiful view, and in transferring it to stone Mr. M'Lean has displayed workmanship of rare ability.

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No. 9 South Fourth street,
Egyptian, Italian and American Marble Monuments, Tombs, Mantels, Tables, and Counter Tops, &c.

There is not in our city a place possessing greater attractions for visitors than the Marble Works of Mr. Warne. Here they can feast their eyes upon specimens of Statuary rivalling in beauty the master pieces of Powers and Crawford. Here they can see every description of Tombs and Monuments, designed as mementoes to those loved ones who have gone to that home from whence none return.

Mr. Warne has been engaged in business in St. Louis for eight years, and has gained for himself and his works a reputation of which he may feel proud. We feel certain that he has not his equal as a workman in the Western States, nor his superior anywhere. To those persons who wish to erect Tomb Stones or Monuments over the graves of their friends, we would say do not neglect to call upon Mr. Warne and inspect his stock and learn his prices.

Those who wish to procure a superior article of Mantels should not fail to visit Mr. Spore's Artists' Emporium, No. 101 Fourth street, where Mr. Warne has a large stock, which Mr. Spore will take pleasure in showing to all visitors.

Mr. Warne is also the sole agent in St. Louis for the Cahokia Cement Company.

All orders from the country will receive prompt attention, and we bespeak for Mr. Warne a continuance of that patronage that has hitherto attended his efforts.

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This Institution, located for the present at the corner of Washington avenue and Third street, is one of the most prominent, as well as the best conducted and most complete Institution of the kind either east or west of the Alleghanies. Its Principal is Mr. Jonathan Jones, Master of Accounts, Professor of the Theory and Practice of Book-keeping, Commercial Correspondence, etc., and who, as a lecturer and instructor of the Principles of Commercial Law, has no superior in the Western country.

Among the Faculty of the Institution, we also find the names of Ferdinand Henderson, Archibald Inglis, and Henry M. Wibracht, Practical Accountants, and permanent associates in the Book-keeping Department; Philip Schmidt, Associate in the Book-keeping Department for the Evening Session of 1857-8; Charles Stuart, Professor of Mathematics, who has special charge of Commercial Calculations; S. D. Hayden, Professor of Penmanship, and who, of course, has charge of the Writing Department.

The gentlemen above named are all proficient to a remarkable degree in the various departments assigned them — and, taken as a whole, comprise a force most worthy of public confidence and most able to teach all that relates to mercantile transactions, and are of themselves a great and lasting honor to our city. Its influence is seen and felt in every town in the West; and upon the Western rivers scarcely any other mode of Book-Keeping, save that taught at this institution, can now be found. With our merchants it is a favorite school, and the fact that most of our leading business houses have their books kept upon the same plan tends to simplify and render more expeditious the various mercantile transactions of our community.

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The mere business of knowing how to set figures in their proper places is not the sole end and aim of this school, and in order that we may place the institution in its proper light before those who may be ignorant of what is proposed to be done by those connected with it, we think it proper to insert here a series of questions and answers on the plan of instruction, which we find in the Catalogue:

Question 1st. What are the peculiar characteristics of Jones' Commercial College, and what does it propose to do?

Answer. 1. It has all the facilities requisite to a thorough counting-room education, the student being taught, by practical accounts, here, just as he will be called upon to perform his duties there; a young gentleman having a diploma from this Institution, therefore, must be as perfectly able to perform the accountant's duties as though he had served an apprenticeship in the counting-house — Jones' Commercial College being, to all intents and purposes, a counting-house.

2. This Institution is divided into four separate Departments, viz: one for Book-keeping, one for Commercial Calculations, one for Commercial Law, and one for Penmanship, each being independent of the other, etc.

3. The proprietor has served a regular counting-house apprenticeship in a first-class business house, and what he knows of Book-keeping he has learned in the doing of it; and as he has been taught by a practical Book-keeper, so he teaches others to perform the duties of the practical accountant. Reference given to over three hundred Book-keepers, now in charge of books in this city, who have completed their education in this Institution.

Question 2d. What is required of applicants for admission into Jones' Commercial College?

Answer. That the young gentleman be of good moral character,

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industrious business habits, and at least through the rudiments of an ordinary English education.

The permanent establishment of an Institution, devoted exclusively to the instruction of gentlemen, in a select and limited number of the most important and useful branches of a General Education — confining its operations mainly to those branches which experience has long since proved can not be successfully taught in connection with the great variety of studies requisite to a scientific and liberal Education — it has long been the opinion of many of our most prominent business men that such an Academy would be of public utility, an efficient aid to the "Common School System," and an acceptable auxiliary to our deservedly popular "Literary Institutions," in their most laudable efforts; while, at the same time, it reaches a certain class, and effects an important end, in a commercial community, which could not be accomplished in any other way.

We are not unconscious of what it requires, in the way of expenditure and persevering toil, to revolutionize popular sentiment, where an entire business community have long been accustomed to look one way at the same subject; but experience has long since convinced us that it is an easy task to teach a person a thing which it is his interest to know, and to enlist the cooperation of a class deservedly popular for their enlightened liberality and enlarged views of progressive improvements and practical reforms.

The practicability of directing the education of a young gentleman with reference to that pursuit which nature or inclination may lead him to choose, and thus create a firm basis for an intelligent, rational and systematic disposition of his time, his talents, or his capital, is becoming more apparent to all; and hence the increasing demand for Mathematical and Law Institutes — Theological, Medical and Commercial Colleges;

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stitutions called into being by a necessity growing out of the very organization of society, and the diversified demands and reciprocal duties of a business community. For the correctness of this conclusion, apart from our own experience, we have the highest authority. In an address on this subject, of more than usual interest to young gentlemen, the late Judge Walker (an eminent member of the Cincinnati bar) remarks:

"The result to which I would conduct your minds is, that, to the merchant, knowledge is capital. If it be a general truth in human affairs, that knowledge is power, I hold it to be preeminently so in regard to mercantile pursuits. Without it, all the capital of a Girard or an Astor would not make a merchant; and with it, as the principal thing, capital soon follows as an incident. Accordingly, the first duty of every person destined for a merchant, is to prepare himself, by a suitable education, for an intelligent discharge of his diversified functions — just as much so as of a lawyer, a physician, or a clergyman; and to this end, there is just as much need of commercial schools and colleges as of any other; and these, I rejoice to say, we are beginning to have in all our commercial cities. We have, too, commercial dictionaries and magazines — a distinct commercial department for newspapers — chambers of commerce — boards of trade — reading-rooms, and, best of all, library associations. All these things bear gratifying testimony to the increased interest taken in mercantile education. And why should it not be so? Why should not the mercantile profession stand side by side with the other so-called liberal professions? There is, in truth, no good reason, whether we look to its dignity, difficulty, or utility."

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There has been, in the mercantile community, a universal prejudice of long standing, touching the art of Double-entry Book-keeping, as ordinarily taught in the "Literary and Scientific Institutions" of our day, which the incompetency of many who have attempted to teach Book-keeping theoretically, as well as the defects peculiar to their systems, have naturally enough created. This prejudice is both well founded and just; but if those institutions have mistaken Double-entry Book-keeping (a practical art) for an abstruse, complex and difficult science, and delivered long printed lectures upon its "Speculative Theory," or required the student to memorize arbitrary rules, and finally failed in the end to accomplish their object, does it hence follow that we are to have no improvement in the art of teaching? or, are systems founded upon entirely different principles — principles diametrically opposed to those in their bearing and practical application — subject to the same fate, and that, too, without a fair trial? This conclusion is disingenuous, illogical, and unjust. It is obvious to every intelligent practical accountant that Book-keeping has a theory as well as a practice to be acquired; and to that young gentlemen aspiring to the highest rank as a scientific and practical accountant, much will depend upon the demonstrator of those principles which are to govern him in the performance of his duties. The utility of Double-entry Book-keeping, in the management of accounts, is no longer questioned. Its perfect adaptation (with proper forms) to mercantile, steamboat, manufacturing, and joint stock operations, has been so fully tested, that but few business men now consider their capital safe where the books of the company are not kept by double-entry.

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The only question is, how are young gentlemen, inexperienced in the management of accounts by double-entry — though familiarized with the general routine of business, writing legible hands, and competent to perform the ordinary calculations of accountants — to be qualified as practical book-keepers for the performance of their duties in the counting-house? Or, in other words, where is a supply of practical accountants, equal to the demand, to be obtained? To this we unhesitatingly reply, they can only be taught, trained and qualified by practical accountants, who understand the entire routine of the counting-house, its duties and requirements. Hence, no literary institution, school or college ever did produce a single practical accountant, competent to assume the charge of a set of books, upon the ordinary class and text-book plan of instruction.

But, if inexperienced theoretical teachers fail to supply the counting-house with practical book-keepers, and the demand for such services induce experienced practical accountants to adopt teaching as a profession — if they organize an institution with all the facilities known in the actual performance of their duties — if they teach young gentlemen, of good business habits, to perform their duties just as they have been taught, and use the exact forms and auxiliaries approved and adopted by our leading mercantile houses — can any intelligent business man question their ability to produce just as thorough practical accountants as those raised in the counting-house? Equally obvious will it appear to every unprejudiced, observing business man, that if a gentleman, of good business habits, be required to take a Blotter, containing every variety of entry that can possibly occur in the "counting-house," and put it through (in its proper shape) the Cash Book, Journal and Ledger, and give all the reasons involved in the opening, journalizing, posting, taking off the monthly trials, and finally, in the closing of the

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Books, he must be competent to properly open, successfully conduct, and correctly close any set of Books under all and every circumstance.

In this particular the operations at Jones' Commercial College are peculiar; instead of placing in the hands of the pupil a treatise (such as Bennett's or Colt's Book-keeping) containing lectures, rules, &c., to memorize or to copy, a practical Book-keeper demonstrates the legitimate design of Debit and Credit, and then brings those principles to bear upon actual business transactions, such as occur in every counting-house. The student, being first taught the true nature of the relation that exists between the Merchant, the Salesman, and the Book-keeper, copies his Blotter, journalizes, posts, takes his monthly Trial Balances, &c., and proceeds in the practical discharge of his duties as though he were conducting a set of Books in an extensive establishment.

The practicability of this course, its superiority over all others, and its perfect adaptation to the making of thorough Accountants, have been fully tested in this community during the last seventeen years. Hundreds of young gentlemen out of employment, Mechanics unable to follow their pursuits, Salesmen, Second Clerks, &c., have been qualified for the Counting-house and Steamboat Clerkship, and placed in situations worth $600, $800, $900, $1200 and $1500 per annum — to whom personal reference will be given by calling upon the Principal.


From the simplicity of the practical forms now in use for Cash Books, Freight Book, Passage Book, &c. — the limited variety of transactions and uniform manner of adjusting each respective trip's work, in the ordinary routine consequent upon doing a cash business exclusively — many have been led to

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Steamboat Book-keeping to be a very simple and easy thing. While to the thorough accountant and experienced steamboat clerk such is the fact, in a great majority of cases the precise reverse holds good. That is, Steamboat Book-keeping, without a knowledge of the Mercantile, is more complex, varied, and difficult than Mercantile Book-keeping in the ordinary pursuits — and why should it not be so? Steamboats incur responsibilities, contract debts, and deliver goods without pay, just as merchants do; they often speculate just as merchants speculate, and not unfrequently negotiate bills of exchange, to "raise the wind," or "to make ends meet," under circumstances that would make a "Levee merchant" blush. I have known a gentleman to purchase a steamboat without a dollar in hand, drop her down to the wharf, "stick up his single" for New Orleans, get a full cargo, step into one of our offices, effect an insurance on his "freight list," negotiate a bill of exchange on his agent in New Orleans to pay charges and outfit here, make a successful trip or two, pay for his boat, and in sixty days on the lookout for a similar speculation. Such, and three times as much more of a kindred nature, not unfrequently falls to the lot of a man but partially familiarized with the management of accounts, to blunder through. Understanding the nature of one account, he has left him an alternative, that is, to throw all transactions into his Cash Account, Recapitulate, and hand over a "Cash Memorandum" to his successor.

This clerk turns over a new leaf, counts the actual cash on board, and commences his work on "a clean sheet;" but pays no further attention to the "Cash Memorandum" (it being no part of his business). The memorandum is soon misplaced or lost, debts due the boat remain uncollected, and bills against her commence coming in — of which there is no entry in the books. The season advancing, and the receipts falling off, the

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owners conclude to "tie up;" whereupon the following interesting conversation takes place, viz:

Owners. "Well, Capt. — what's the word?"

Captain."Gentlemen, we have had a fine run, a splendid business, carried more freight and passengers, made better time, burned less wood, carried a smaller crew, had the best steward in the trade — indeed, gentlemen, it is acknowledged by all hands, in port and out of port, high water or low water, that she is, emphatically, ‘the boat.’"

Owners. "Good morning, Mr. — , (clerk.) What's the good news with you?"

Clerk. "Good morning, gentlemen. ‘Right side up!’ Only give this boat a fair chance, and ‘she'll stack you up a cord of it.’"

Owners. "What do you mean by a fair chance, Mr. —?"

Clerk. "Let the owners square off old debts up to date, put in an extra boiler, paint up and put her in first rate running order, and let Capt. — manage affairs to suit his own notion."

Owners. "How much short will the boat be, after paying off as far as she is now able?"

Clerk. "Can't tell exactly; indeed, a Philadelphia lawyer couldn't tell, from the manner in which these books have been kept, up to the time of my taking charge of them; bills are coming in every trip, but, so far as known, about fourteen hundred dollars will be ‘the pile.’"

Owners. "Well! well!! This will do pretty fair for ‘green hands’ at steamboating. A splendid boat — a fine and popular captain — an economical steward — had a splendid run, made lots of money; but no cash on board!"

This might be thought a fancy sketch by some (with a few thousand dollars in spare cash) just ready to embark in a steamboat speculation; but it is our real and candid opinion, that if

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"an infallible medium" were to issue a "Narrative," containing the History of steamboating and the Lives of steamboat owners (especially of those unskilled in the tmanagement of accounts), the facts disclosed would prove that hundreds of captains, pilots, engineers, etc., &c., had been ruined or rendered bankrupt, and thousands of dollars squandered, by incompetent, inexperienced, and careless steamboat clerks. But we are happy to know that an important change is rapidly taking place, and interested parties are becoming impressed with the importance of confining themselves to their legitimate professions, or of qualifying themselves for others before engaging in them. Honest, competent and worthy accountants are beginning to be appreciated and properly remunerated for their services. Young gentlemen of the highest respectability, who have distinguished themselves alike for moral character, industry, and superior professional qualifications, are abandoning the "counting-house" for "the office."

Owners are requiring the books to be correctly kept, and exacting Trip Statements and such other checks as are necessary to protect their interests from the incompetent, the careless, and the designing.

The old-fashioned steamboat clerks, who understood nothing but the "Recapitulation of Cash," are abandoning "the office," and seeking employment in other professions, or they are qualifying themselves for a practical and intelligent discharge of their duties; and we are anticipating a period not distant, when steamboating, as a professsion, will be elevated to its legitimate and proper position, and its lucrative offices entrusted to those only who are competent.

An extensive acquaintance with steamboat owners, and an experience of seventeen years in overhauling and adjusting Steamboat Books, have induced us to believe it a duty we owe

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alike to ourselves and to those who are not perfect, but wish to be thoroughly qualified for the duties of their office, to call attention to this subject, and to give a more extensive outline of what our Institution contemplates. It is not a school, in the common acceptation of that term, but it is preeminently a counting-house, or an office. Each respective gentleman has his own table, chair and drawer, and receives personal or individual instruction during his continuance at the rooms.

The preparatory course to Steamboat Book-keeping is substantially the same as that of the Mercantile (except Commission operations, etc.), after which the pupil enters upon his duties as second clerk. With his "Memorandum Book," he receives his freight, dray-load after dray-load, signing his "tickets," as in the practical performance of his duties on the wharf; when fully prepared, he opens his Books and proceeds in,his work, receiving and paying out cash, recording his freight list, collecting his passage and freight bills, adjusting the accounts for damages, etc., winds up his trip, and makes out his "balance sheet," exhibiting the gains or losses for every trip or month, as the case may be. The utility of this course has been fully established, in the popularity of those who have adopted it, as well as by those who are interested in Books kept by pupils of this Institution.


The practicability of adopting Commercial Law as an important branch in a liberal and useful education will be apparent to all, and the absolute necessity of making it a constituent part of "a business man's education" grows out of the nature of the relation that commercial usages and the mercantile profession sustain to the profession of law.

If a gentleman choose to adopt the mercantile profession,

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should he not know what constitutes a bargain in the eye of the law? with all that relates to a contract of sale? how far, in making a bargain, he may rightly avail himself of knowledge which he knows another does not possess, without informing him of it? In other words, should he not know where is the dividing line between fair dealing and cheating?

If a merchant buy goods in a distant market, should he not understand his own rights, and also the duties and responsibilities of common carriers?

If (as most prudent merchants do) he effect an insurance upon his goods — if, in the regular course of transportation, or while in the warehouse, or when on sale in the store, those goods are subject to various perils — is it not absolutely necessary for him to understand his own duties, and also the responsibilities of the Underwriters?

If, to meet the demands for an increase of capital, or to supply themselves with additional counsel or assistance in trade, merchants find it convenient to associate themselves in partnership, should they not, therefore, be well acquainted with their respective legal rights, duties and guaranties?

Indeed, the two professions are so intimately connected, and their reciprocal duties so marked, as to puzzle the intelligent business man to determine which is the greatest "boor," or the most unfortunate victim — a lawyer, unskilled in the management of accounts, acting as "Master in Chancery," or a merchant, unfamiliarized with the laws of trade, embarking in various complicated speculations, or incurring high responsibilities. "Ah!" remarks a casual observer, "would you require every merchant to be educated for a lawyer?" "I answer (says Judge Walker), that while there is a vast field of law which I would advise the merchant not to meddle with, I would have him study the general principles of mercantile law, for

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the same reason that I would have a mechanic familiar with the tools of his trade. Indeed, so essential do I deem this kind of knowledge to every merchant, that, were I educating my son for that profession, I would set apart at least two years of his novitiate expressly for this study; nay, more — so much do the two professions run into each other, especially in commercial cities, that if I were educating my son for the law, I should desire to have him spend at least the same period in a good counting-room. I speak now from my own professional experience. After having occupied more than the usual time in preparing to practice law, when I entered upon the practice, the most serious want I encountered was the want of a more accurate knowledge of those customs of merchants which constitute so large a part of mercantile law. But, while I I make this confession, let me say, on the other hand, that a somewhat extensive professional intercourse with the mercantile class has often caused me to feel astonished at their profound ignorance of their legal rights and duties, although to that very ignorance I was indebted for the need of my professional services."

It is not the design of this department to produce lawyers, but it shall be its highest aim to keep merchants out of law. Very great and insuperable obstacles have hitherto prevented the carrying into execution of our original intentions touching this interesting subject, but our arrangements are such as to enable us to give the fullest assurance to the public that in future a regular course of Lectures will be delivered during each session, embracing the following subjects, viz: Contracts in General, Contracts of Sale, Contracts of Affreightment, Contracts with Common Carriers, etc., etc.; Fire Insurance and Marine Insurance, with such other subjects as have a direct bearing on Mercantile Contracts; Bailments in General,

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and Domestic Bills of Exchange, Promissory Notes, Bonds, Covenants, and other sealed obligations; Set-off and Recoupment, Principal and Agent, Principal and Security, Corporations, etc., etc.; with such other subjects as may be of practical utility to the business man, and enable the merchant to understand his rights and responsibilities.


This department occupies the third story of the College building, situated on the south-east corner of Washington avenue and Third street, and will hereafter be under the control of Charles Stuart, Professor of Mathematics, whose superior qualifications as a successful teacher have been long known and properly appreciated in this community; and his complete system of "Ready Reckoning" makes this course of the highest importance to those wishing to become thorough practical accountants. The course of instruction embraces a knowledge of every species of Calculation necessary for a business man to know; the system is Analytical, Inductive, and Practical, including all the modern improvements in the Art of Teaching (many of which are original, and peculiar to this Institution), such as the "Cancelling Method," Rules for Interest Calculations, General Average, etc., etc.


To write a free, legible hand — such as should be used in the keeping of books, the making out of bills, or in the ordinary correspondence of a business man — is a desirable accomplishment in the education of young gentlemen for every profession; but most especially is it an object of first importance with those desirous of qualifying themselves for mercantile and business pursuits.

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No pains will be spared, on the part of the Professor in this department, to give a free and natural use of the arm, wrist and fingers, and to impart a cultivated taste for a plain, uniform and expeditious system of fine writing. Everything resembling a flourish positively prohibited with those designed for the counting-room.


One somewhat "posted up" touching men and things, would, at first view, naturally enough presume it but an easy and pleasing task, to teach another a thing, which that person's own professional duties — the duties he owes to his creditors — the duties he owes to his family, as well as his own personal interest and reputation — require him to know. Acting under such mistaken notions, and from a well-matured conviction that none but a thorough Accountant, himself skilled in the practical duties and personally familiarized with the entire routine of the counting-house, could successfully train young gentlemen for the performance of their duties as practical Book-keepers, the Principal of this Institution opened Jones' Commercial School, of St. Louis, early in 1841, UPON A NEW AND STRICTLY ORIGINAL PLAN OF IMPARTING INSTRUCTION. Although that plan differs, in every essential particular, from those of its predecessors and cotemporaries, who had attempted, or were endeavoring, through the use of Bennett's, Colt's, Foster's, and other works on Book-keeping, to qualify young gentlemen as practical Accountants, and invariably failed in their efforts, this school, for a long time, seemed destined to share the same fate; but of late years things seem to have changed, and the notions of business men seem to have changed with them. Then, it was universally maintained that young gentlemen should go to the counting-house in order to be educated for business pursuits.

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Now, it is pretty generally held to be essentially necessary that young gentlemen be educated for the counting-house, just as much so as for any other profession or pursuit. For seventeen consecutive years we have labored in this city for the accomplishment of a single object, viz: the formation and permanent establishment of a reliable reputation as a Public Accountant and successful Educator. That has been our highest aim, and this our only Profession. How far we have succeeded in making an impression upon the business community, we leave our "Living Epistles" to say — more than three hundred of whom, in this city, are recognized as practical Book-keepers, and receiving as ample remuneration for their services as those who have been qualified under any other circumstances. Our Rooms are open to the public during business hours, and we have at all times endeavored to cultivate the friendly acquaintance of Practical Accountants, knowing full well that they only are fully prepared to appreciate what is of utility, and reprobate that which is useless, in a business education; and we say without fear of contradiction, that no experienced business man or Practical Accountant can visit our rooms and become acquainted with our peculiar mode of imparting instruction, and detect the slightest difference between our operations and those of the counting-house in which he was educated; and, notwithstanding all this, there are some good men in this community, gentlemen of reputed intelligence and high moral charcter, who are deservedly popular in their profession as Practical Accountants, that think they are doing their young friends a kindly office by indiscriminately branding Commercial Schools and Colleges "humbugs"!! For such we have never held unkind feelings. Indeed, entertaining the opinions they do, and occupying the positions they hold, we can not see how they could believe and do otherwise. The old-fashioned schools with which

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they were acquainted, "in the days of their youth," were all of this stamp (i. e., humbugs!), and they never visit institutions of this kind; and therefore their "ways are equal," and their views are but an inevitable result growing out of an impartial comparison of what they themselves have acquired under the tuition of experienced Practical Accountants, with what inexperienced, incompetent, theoretical teachers have attempted to do. Did we understand the plan and extent of instruction adopted in this Institution no better than they do, it is more than probable that we should lend them a helping hand to exterminate the imaginary evil, and add our warning voice to the young and unsuspecting; but, in this particular, we have an advantage over them: hence their innocency and our accountability. There is a practical Book-keeper, whose name is H — , at this time in charge of books in one of our most respectable mercantile houses, at a salary of one thousand dollars per annum, who, upon completing his course in Book-keeping, under our instruction, some years since, commenced and conducted the following conversation with the Principal of this Institution, in the presence of the whole School.

Mr. H — (standing up at his desk.) "Mr. Jones, why is it that you have so many enemies among the Practical Accountants and business men of this city?"

J. J — Mr. H. — "You astonish me, sir! It is true I am but a comparative stranger in the city; have made the acquaintance of but few Practical Accountants and business men; have formed rather a favorable opinion of those with whom I have become acquainted; had thought they were not very neighborly, but I was quite certain that when we became a little more intimate, we would be as friendly as David and Jonthan were. But please, Mr. H — , explain yourself more fully on this subject."

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Mr. H — "Do you remember my commencing a course of instruction with you, some two or three years since, and my unceremonious discontinuance?"

J. J — "Quite well, sir."

Mr. H — "I was at that time acting in a subordinate situation in one of the city Insurance Offices, and one day I accidentally named to Mr. — , our Secretary, that I was attending your School in order to learn Book-keeping. ‘Oh! fudge,’ said he; all a humbug, sir, a humbug. You can not not learn any thing there — it is only throwing away time and money, without the possibility of any practical good to be derived; and such was my confidence in the gentleman's judgment and his kind intentions towards me as a friend, that I dropped off attending your School, and made engagements with S. Bro. & Co., at a nominal salary, and left for Illinois. Some weeks since, I received a letter from Mr. P., containing a proposition for me to take charge of their books, on condition that I would take a preparatory course of instruction in your Institution; which I have accordingly done, to my entire satisfaction, and to-morrow I take charge of A. & P.'s books, with full confidence in my ability to keep them correctly and to their entire satisfaction; and had I known as much of your Institution at the time I spoke to Mr. — as I do now, I could have had double the salary and two years of valuable experience; and but for Mr. P. I should have remained ignorant of the true nature and design of your Institution, as I presume thousands are in this city at this time."

Mr. H — took charge of the books referred to at the time specified; and from that day until now he has been recognized as a competent Book-keeper, and pursued no other profession, although he had never written in books kept by Double-entry previously to his entering this Institution,

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This is but a fair specimen of what we could present by the hundred during our first four or five years' experience in this city, of young gentlemen of good business habits, writing beautifully, ready and accurate in their calculation, and perfectly familiarized with business routine, who might this day command their twelve hundred dollars per annum, had they not become the unsuspecting dupes of this class of "Old Fogies." And whom have these "Old Fogies" benefitted by their "dog-in-the-manger" policy? Have they benevolently stepped forward and supplied these young gentlemen and the business community with this lack of competent practical instruction? Not they! When experienced Practical Accountants adopt teaching as a profession, and organize an Institution with all the facilities known in the actual performance of their duties in the counting-house, do these "ancient worthies" visit such institutions and speak from what they have seen or known? Not they ! Their argument is, we have attended Commercial Schools "DOWN EAST," and were humbugged! They have not got any thing as good "OUT WEST" as they have "ON EAST"!! Therefore all Commercial Schools and Colleges are "Humbugs"!!! It is true that for a time they succeeded in diverting the attention of just such young men as were the best qualified to appreciate the merits or to condemn the policy of an Institution of this kind. But then we have gone to the carpenter shop, to the paint shop, to the printing office, and to the plow-handle and selected our materials, and produced a class of Book-keepers of an entirely new and different stamp. Those old-fashioned Accountants understand Bookkeeping, but "THEY DON'T KNOW ANYTHING ELSE!!" This new class of accountants were business men in the enlarged sense of that term, before taking lessons in Book-keeping and mercantile usages — educated in the school of experience, in

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which men as they are, and things as they should be, constitute the standard text-book — raised to business, accustomed to industrial pursuits, and not ashamed or too proud to work. Thus, in keeping with the progress of this wonderful age, the economical merchant is accommodated with a Book-keeper and a practical business man in the same contract. Practical Accountants, business men, and gentlemen desirous of qualifying themselves for business pursuits, are urgently but respectfully requested to visit our rooms during business hours, and examine our mode of imparting instruction, in contradistinction to that ordinarily adopted in Schools and Colleges, and become personally acquainted with the actual workings of this Institution, as such visits do not in the least interrupt the regular operations of the School.

The foregoing thoroughly demonstrates at once the usefulness and necessity of such an Institution as "Jones' Commercial College," and so firmly has this conviction fastened itself upon the minds of our people that already the school is filled with more scholars than it can well accommodate, rendering the building of a new College necessary, which is to be done the present summer. It is proposed to make it of a capacity to accommodate from five to eight hundred students, and will be furnished with every thing calculated to facilitate the studies of those who may be seeking after the true principles of Book-keeping in connection with a thorough business education.

All information concerning the Institution, terms, etc., can be learned by addressing Mr. Jonathan Jones, who gladly replies to all reasonable enquiries connected with his College.

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No. 16 Vine street, opposite King's Hotel.
S. F. SUMMERS, Proprietor.

This is the most extensive and best arranged establishment in the United States, and has a reputation for superiority which leaves far behind all other similar houses. The proprietor, Mr. S. F. Summers, has long been engaged in the manufacture of Trunks in St. Louis, and by strict attention to business has gained the confidence of the entire community. As an evidence of the regard in which his Trunks are held by the people of the United States, we will refer to the fact that at the great World's Fair held in New York in 1852, he carried away the first premium; he was also the successful competitor at the Illinois State Fair. At the great Agricultural and Mechanical Fairs held in St. Louis in 1856 and '57 he was awarded the first premiums.

Mr. Summers has also letters patent granted him for an Improved Travelling Trunk, which fully answers all that is claimed for it over Trunks manufactured in the ordinary manner.

The essential features of my improvement consist in solid metalic ends, connecting with iron bars inside, extending length-wise across the bottom and up the ends, forming a firm support for the tray, and securing the castors on the bottom, allowing the leather to intervene between the castor and inside bar. The elasticity of the leather prevents the castors from being broken off; and it can be more firmly riveted on, doing away entirely with the bottom strips, which are a continual annoyance, liable to be broken and torn off every time they are used. A Trunk made

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on this principle, the body must be made of one piece of leather, and will not permit of being pieced as Trunks are generally made in the ordinary way, and covered with the bottom strip, completely hiding the piecing on the bottom. This Trunk must be made honestly, as it can not be slighted; and nothing can injure it unless the force would be sufficient to crush the material of which it is constructed. The principle is cheap and simple — allowing a neater finish — costing the purchaser no more. As he has not advanced the price, the public are respectfully invited to call and examine his stock before purchasing elsewhere, as he has determined his Improved Trunk shall be all it is represented.

We have examined numerous letters from eminent Trunk Manufacturers in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville, New York, &c., &c., certifying to the superior character of this Trunk, and from the specimens we have inspected we unhesitatingly pronounce it superior to any thing that has yet been presented to the public.

Mr. Summers has constantly on hand solid Sole Leather, and Ladies' French Trunks, Hat Cases, Wood Folios, Valises, Carpet Bags, Packing Trunks, and Trunks especially for the Santa Fe trade. Merchants and dealers in Trunks will find the largest assortment, and at lower prices than at any establishment in the city.

Trunks made to order, covered or exchanged, at the Eagle Wholesale and Retail Trunk Manufactory, No. 16 Vine street, opposite King's Hotel, and No. 68 Second street, near the Monroe House.

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Taylor, Jacob N; Crooks, M. O. Sketch Book of St. Louis: Containing a Series of Sketches of the Early Settlement, Public Buildings, Hotels, Railroads, Steamboats, Foundry and Machine Shops, Mercantile Houses, Grocers, Manufacturing Houses, Etc . St. Louis: George Knapp and Co, 1858. [format: book], [genre: guidebook; narrative]. Permission: Tulane University
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