NIU Libraries Digitization Projects
Lincoln/Net Prairie Fire Illinois During the Civil War Illinois During the Gilded Age Mark Twain's Mississippi Back to Digitization Projects Contact Us
BACK

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe.. History of the Indian Tribes of the United States: Their Present Condition and Prospects, and a Sketch of Their Ancient Status. Volume 6. . Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo and Co, 1857. [format: book; image], [genre: government document; report]. Permission: Northern Illinois University
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=schoolcraft6.html


Previous section

Next section

Chapter IV. — Statistics of Education and Christianity. 946

THE revision by me of these topics, in contemplation two years since, when the fifth volume was submitted to the public, was found to be impracticable, owing to the accumulated labor arising from the condensations required of me. At my request, the subject has been investigated by Mr. Langdon, who has evinced therein a spirit of appreciation and research, resulting in a degree of success, believed not to have been previously attained in this department.

Whatever may be advanced respecting the manners and character of the Indians, must necessarily be of subordinate importance to the details of their moral status. However much we may deplore the Indian's decadence, hope for his reformation, and desire his restoration to the family of civilized man, it is only by reference to moral data of the kind here exhibited, that we are able to understand truly, both what he now is, and what he is destined to be. Mr. Langdon's prominent activity in the vital cause of religious associations of the young men of the country, designated him as being eminently fitted for pursuing this investigation, and the results are presented in the peculiar form of tables, in which, by a coup d'oeil, the reader will be able to grasp all the facts, as detailed in Mr. Langdon's own words and mode of illustration.

A SUMMARY OF MISSIONS TO THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS.

[BY WM. CHAUNCY LANGDON, A. M.]

The following pages present a summary view of the efforts to civilize and evangelize the Indian which have been put forth by Christians of various creeds from the earliest days of North American colonization.

While it is manifest that, whatever amount of time were devoted to the labor, any hope of rendering complete a statement of this kind must be disappointed, the few weeks which have been allowed for the present investigation and the varied and scattered

-- 732 --

sources from which information has of necessity been sought have confined the results attained to an approximation which, however far it may fall short of what may be desired and of what has been attempted, it is yet believed will be found more full and complete than any compilation which has heretofore been made, and will serve as a useful base for a future investigator.

Deficient however as these pages may be and are in completeness, every effort has been made to attain accuracy; and it is believed that, if they contain errors, the fault lies with the authorities upon which reliance has been placed: and that therefore while they may often prove valueless as negative testimony, their positive evidence may be accepted with confidence.

The following tables are restricted in their field to that part of North America at present possessed either by the United States or by Great Britain: and they present, the one, the comparative chronology; and the other, the statistics of the various missions within that field for nearly three hundred years. These are, in each case, grouped chronologically under the several organizations by which they were respectively established, or to which they owed a fostering care; these organizations being themselves arranged in the order of time in which they first took active part in this work — although, in a few instances, this arrangement has been held subordinate to that of derivation.

There are two CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES, of which the first embraces the missions of those organizations whose labors were confined to, or have extended from, the colonial period; the second, of those whose initial labors are within the national era. The heavy lines on the chart represent the organizations themselves; the lighter lines, their several missions: in either case, their lateral extent over the lines which mark each fifth year showing the period of the active occupancy of their respective fields. The vertical lines represent transference, or the migration either of missionaries, of tribes, or of both, as the case may be. The dotted lines represent the continuance of a mission under other auspices than those in question.

Of the STATISTICAL TABLES, the one in like manner extends into the colonial, while the other is confined to the national era. The column of stations embraces "stations" and "out-stations" of all kinds; that of converts in no case, so far as known, embraces baptized infants; that of hearers is confined to the actual attendants upon public worship and the preaching of the gospel. The statistics of all abandoned missions are drawn, so far as possible, from the period of their best estate; those of existing missions, from the latest accessible reports — the number of converts, of course, being aggregates. In both sets of tables the missions still in existence are italicized.

In addition to the reports and publications of the various Societies and Boards referred to and to communications from their Secretaries — to whom, in a majority of cases, the statistics and data have been forwarded for verification — the following have

-- 733 --

been the principal of the works consulted (the precise reference to which has, in the case of the earlier missions, been given in a note, when the fact quoted might easily escape the search of an investigator):

Smith and Choules' History of Missions: Boston, 1832.
Fessenden's Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: Brattleboro', 1835.
Newcomb's Cyclopedia of Missions: New York, 1854.
Allen's American Biographical Dictionary: 3d edition, Boston, 1857.
(To the author of which acknowledgments should be made for valuable manuscript information.)
Histoire de la Compagnie de Jésus: Paris, 1844.
Lettres Edifiantes et Curieuses: Lyons, 1819.
Shea's History of Catholic Missions: New York, 1855.
De Smet's History of Oregon Missions: New York, 1847.
Relation de la Nouvelle France, 6 Nos.: Paris, 1647-1667.
Mather's Magnalia: Hartford, 1820.
Mather's Life of Eliot: Boston, 1691.
Mayhew's Indian Converts: London, 1727.
Anderson's History of the Colonial Church: London, 1845.
Styles' Life of Brainerd: Boston, 1812.
Wheelock's Narrative of the Indian Charity School at Lebanon, Connecticut: Boston, 1763.
Wheelock's Continuations of the same: Boston, 1765 and 1771.
Wheelock's Continuations of the same, and at Hanover, New Hampshire: Boston, 1773-1775.
Brief Narrative of Wheelock's Indian Charity School: London, 1766.
Lothrop's Life of Kirkland, — Sparks' American Biography: Boston, 1847.
Loskiel's History of Missions of the United Brethren: London, 1794.
North American Indians and Friends: London, 1844.
Bowden's History of Friends in America: London, 1850.
Harvey's History of the Shawnee Indians: Cincinnati, 1855.
Proceedings of Joint Committee of Friends, relative to the Seneca Nation: Baltimore, 1847.
Lowrie's Manual of Missions of the Presbyterian Church: New York, 1855.
Strickland's History of Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church: Cincinnati, 1854.

-- 734 --


TABLE I. — CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY, NO. I. — MISSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONS ESTABLISHED DURING THE COLONIAL ERA.
ORGANIZATION.
CENTRAL SEAT.
Date of Organization.
Date of Entry on Indian Missions.
LOCALITY OR TRIBE.
SPANISH FRANCISCANS 947     1573  
Florida Mission       Apalaches, Yemassees, Seminoles, &c.
New Mexico Mission       Pueblos, &c.
Texan Mission       The Texas and Nacogdoches
Californian Mission       Yumas and other Tribes
JESUITS 947 ROME   1611  
Abenaquis Mission       To the Micmacs Abenaquis in Maine 948, Abenaquis in Canada East
Huron (or Wyandot) Mission       Hurons in Canada West Hurons in Canada, East Hurons in Michigan and Ohio 949
Iroquois Mission       Oneidas in New York Senecas in New York Cayugas in New York Onondagas in New York Mohawks in New York Cayugas in Canada West Iroquois in Canada East
Ottawa Mission       Ottawas on Lake Superior, and at Mackinaw 950 Menomonees and Winnebagoes in Wisconsin Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie Ottawas on Eastern Shore of Lake Michigan
Illinois Mission       Miamis and Pottawattomies on St. Jos. River Kaskaskias and Peorias in Illinois Cahokias and Tamaroas in Illinois
Louisiana Mission       Yazoos, Choctaws, &c., in the Gulf States The Tribes of Missouri, Kansas, and Indian Ter.
Oregon Mission       To the Flatheads and Ponderas
ROMAN CATHOLICS IN MARYLAND 951 BALTIMORE   1634  
        Piscataways and Patuxents
PROPAGATING GOSPEL IN N. ENGLAND 952 LONDON 1649 1649  
The Mayhew Family 953       Nantucket Indians of Martha's Vinyard
John Eliot 954       Natick Indians of Massachusetts Colony
John Cotton 955       Martha's Vinyard and Plymouth Colony
Richard Bourne 955       Plymouth Colony
Samuel Treat 955       Plymouth Colony
John Sergeant 956       Hoosatunnuk or Stockbridge Indians
Jonathan Edwards 956       Hoosatunnuk or Stockbridge Indians
PROPAGATION OF GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS. 957 LONDON 1701 1704  
        Iroquois generally in New York
        Mohawks in New York
        Iroquois and Ojibwas in Canada West
HON. SOC. IN SCOTLAND FOR PROP. CHR. KNOWLEDGE. 958 EDINBURGH 1710 1730  
David Brainerd 959       Kaunaumeek, New York
David Brainerd 959       Delawares of Pennsylvania and New Jersey
Eleazer Wheelock 960       Mohicans at Lebanon, Connecticut
Eleazer Wheelock 960       At Hanover, New Hampshire
Samuel Kirkland 961       Senecas in New York
Samuel Kirkland 961       Oneidas in New York
UNITED (MORAVIAN) BRETHREN 962 SAVANNAH, GA. 1735 1735  
  BETHLEHEM, PA. 1740 1740  
        Cherokees, Creeks, &c., in Georgia
        Mohicans and Wampanoags in N. York and Conn.
        Mohicans, Delawares, &c., East Pennsylvania
        Delawares, Iroquois, &c., West Pennsylvania
        Delawares, &c., Muskingum Valley
        Delawares, Sandusky River, Ohio
        Delawares, Huron River, Michigan
        Delawares, South Shore of Lake Erie
        Delawares in Canada West
        Delawares on White River, Indiana
        Delawares in Kansas
        Cherokees in Georgia
        Delawares in West Arkansas

TABLE II. — CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY, NO. II. MISSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONS ESTABLISHED DURING THE NATIONAL ERA.

TABLE II. — CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY, NO. II. MISSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONS ESTABLISHED DURING THE NATIONAL ERA. CONTINUED
ORGANIZATION.
CENTRAL SEAT.
Date of Organization.
Date of Entry on Indian Missions.
LOCALITY OR TRIBE.
SOC. FOR PROP. AMONG INDIANS OF N. AMERICA. BOSTON 1787 1790  
Z. Mayhew, Bayles, &c.       At Martha's Vinyard
The Sergeants       Stockbridge Indians, Massachusetts and N. York.
Principally Samuel Kirkland       Oneidas in New York
Eleazer Williams       Oneidas in Wisconsin
Phineas Fish       At Marshpee, Massachusetts
        Onondagas in New York
        St. Regis, in North-eastern New York
        Caughnawagas in Canada East
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS     1796  
Yearly Meeting of Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA   1796 Oneidas in New York
Senecas in New York
Yearly Meeting of Baltimore BALTIMORE   1804 Wyandots and Delawares in Indiana
Yearly Meetings of Baltimore, BALTIMORE   1809 Shawnees in Ohio
Ohio   Lewiston Indians
and Indiana   Shawnees in Kansas
Yearly Meeting of New York NEW YORK   1807 Brotherton Indians in New York
Stockbridge Indians in New York
Oneidas in New York
Onondagas in New York
Yearly Meeting of New England PROVIDENCE   1822 Penobscots in Maine
Passamaquoddy Indians in Maine
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF U. S.     1815  
Diocese of New York       Oneidas
North-west Diocese       Oneidas at Duck Creek, Wisconsin
        Menomonees at Green Bay, Wisconsin
        Ojibwas in Minnesota
Diocese of Michigan        
AMER. BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOR. MISSIONS. BOSTON 1810 1817  
        Cherokees in Tenn., Georgia and Alabama
        Cherokees in Indian Territory
        Choctaws in Mississippi
        Choctaws in Indian Territory
        Ottawas in Ohio
        Osages in Arkansas and Missouri
        Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie
        Iroquois in Western N. York, Senecas, Tuscaroras
        Chickasaws in Mississippi
        Stockbridge Indians in Wisconsin
        Creeks in Indian Territory
        Ojibwas on Lake Superior
        Dakotahs in Minnesota
        Abenaquis in Canada East
        Pawnees in Nebraska
        Oregon Tribes
AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION BOSTON 1814 1817  
        Cherokees in North Carolina
        Cherokees in Indian Territory
        Pottawattomies in Indiana
        Pottawattomies in Michigan
        Ottawas in Michigan
        Delawares and Ottawas in Kansas
        Wyandots at Sandusky, Ohio
        Choctaws and Chickasaws
        Iroquois in New York
        Creeks in Georgia
        Shawnees
        Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie
MISSIONARY SOC. OF THE METH. EPIS. CHURCH NEW YORK 1819 1819  
        Wyandots in Ohio
        Wyandots in Kansas
        Mohawks in Canada West
        Oneidas, Onondagas and Senecas in N. York
        Oneidas in Wisconsin
        Cherokees in Georgia
        Cherokees in Indian Territory
        Creeks in Alabama and Georgia
        Mississaugas on R. Credit, Canada West
        Ojibwas in Canada West
        Pottawattomies
        Choctaws in Mississippi
        Choctaws in Indian Territory
        Shawnees in Kansas
        Iroquois and Kickapoos
        Peorias
        Hurons on Detroit River
        Ottawas in Michigan
        Delawares in Kansas
        Flatheads in Oregon
        Dakotahs, &c., on Grand Traverse Bay
        Brotherton Indians on Lake Winnebago
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY LONDON 1817 1838  
        Mohawks in Canada West
        Mississaugas on R. Credit, Canada West
        Ojibwas in Canada West
        Missions in Hudson Bay Co.'s Territory
MISSIONARY SOCIETY METH. EPIS. CHURCH SOUTH NASHVILLE 1844 1844  
        Wyandots in Kansas
        Creeks in Alabama and Georgia
        Shawnees and Kansas
        Kickapoos
        Cherokees in Indian Territory
        Choctaws in Indian Territory
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY LONDON 1800 1822  
        Hudson Bay Co.'s Territory
WESTERN FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY PITTSBURG   1833  
BOARD OF FOR. MISSIONS OF PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. NEW YORK 1837 1837  
        Weas
        Iowas and Sacs
        Ojibwas and Ottawas
        Creeks
        Choctaws
        Otoes
        Omahas
        Seminoles
        Chickasaws
        Kickapoos
WESTERN EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY   1843 1843  
AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION NEW YORK 1846 1848  
        Ojibwas in Minnesota
AMERICAN INDIAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION LOUISVILLE 1842 1843  
        Pottawattomies
        Shawnees
        Weas, Piankasnaws, &c.
        Choctaws
        Creeks
        Cherokees
        Miamies
DOMESTIC MISS. BOARD SOUTH. BAPTIST CONVENTION. MARION, ALA. 1845 1855  
        Pottawattomies
        Weas, Piankashaws, &c.
        Choctaws
        Creeks
AMERICAS BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY NEW YORK 1832 1852  
        Pueblos in New Mexico
        Ojibwas

-- 735 --

TABLE III. — STATISTICAL DATA, No. I. — Missions of Organizations established during the Colonial Era.
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations. MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
SPANISH FRANCISCANS —                        
Florida Mission 1573 963 1763 25 79   1     80 600+    
New Mexican Mission. 1597   11 11         11 8,000   8,000
Texan Mission 1717 1833 8 14   7     21      
Califorman Mission 964 1769 1834 19 38         38 13,500   30,650
FRENCH MISSIONS OP THE SOCIETY OF JESUS, AND OTHERS —                        
Abenaquis Mission — Micmacs in Nova Scotia 1611 1613 1 2         22     1,000
Abenaquis Mission — Abenaquis in Maine 965 1613   5 22        
Abenaquis Mission — Canada East 965 1659   3          
Huron Mission — Hurons in Canada West 966 1626 1650 15 30         30 100    
Huron Mission — Hurons in Canada East 1650   1 1         1      
Huron Mission — In Michigan and Ohio 967 1661 1781 6 8+     2   10+ 400?   500
Iroquois Mission — Mohawks in New York 1642 1681 1           40 500+   968  
Iroquois Mission — Onondagas in New York 1654 1709 1           501+    
Iroquois Mission — Oneidas in New York 1656 1694 1           64+    
Iroquois Mission — Senecas in New York 1656 1709 1           211+    
Iroquois Mission — Cayugas in New York 1656 1684 1           233+    
Iroquois Mission — Cayugas in Canada West 969 1666 1687 1 8         8      
Iroquois Mission — Iroquois in Canada East 970 1671   4 3       2 5 2,550    
Ottawa Mission — Ottawas on L. Sup. and Mackinau 971 1660   19 17   8 2   27     6,000?
Ottawa Mission — Menomonees & Winnebagoes, Wis. 972 1670  
Ottawa Mission — Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie 1668  
Ottawa Mission — Ottawas on L. Michigan, E. Shore 973 1827  
Illinois Mission — Miamis and Pottawattomies 974 1688? 1765 1 7         33 about 200   2,000
Illinois Mission — Kaskaskias and Peorias 974 1673 1765 2 19        
Illinois Mission — Cahokias and Tamaroass 975 1704 1765 1 13        
Louisiana Mission — Yazoos, &c., in Gulf States 975 1699 1764 9 17         17      
Louisiana Mission — Tribes of Indian Territory, &c. 1824   20 8   14 15   37   210  
Oregon Mission — Flatheads and Ponderas 976 1840   9 15   8 6   29 3,400    
ENGLISH ROMAN CATHOLIC MISSION —                        
Piscataways and Patuxents 977 1634 1649 6 5+         5+ 150    

-- 736 --

TABLE III. [CONTINUED]
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations. MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
SOC. FOR PROPAGATING GOSPEL IN NEW ENGLAND —                        
Martha's Vinyard and Nantucket:                        
Thomas Mayhew, Jr. 1643 1657 2 1 1 978     2 978 4 282 979 30 980  
Thomas Mayhew, Sr. 1657 1681 3 2 981 5 982     2 978 9 1500 983   3000 984
John Mayhew 1681 1689   1 4 978     2 978 7      
Experience Mayhew 1694 1758 6 985 1 8 978     1 978 10      
Zechariah Mayhew 1758 1803 986   1   2 987   1 4      
Massachusetts and Plymouth Colonies:                        
John Eliot 1646 1690 14 988 4 989         4      
John Cotton 1664 1697 13 990 3 989 13 990       17     500 991
Richard Bourne 1670 1685
Samuel Treat 1680? 1717 992 4 993 1   4 993   4 993 9     505 993
Hoosatunnuk Indians at Stockbridge:                        
John Sergeant 1734 1749 1 1           42+   129
Jonathan Edwards 1751 1758 1 1                
SOC. FOR PROPAGATION OF GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS —                        
General Iroquois Mission 1704 1710?   2                
Mohawk Mission in New York 1712 1775   5                
Ojibwas and Mohawks of Canada West 1791                 179 994   1080 994
HON. SOC. IN SCOTLAND FOR PROP. CHR. KNOWLEDGE —                        
D. Brainerd, at Kaunaumeek 1743 1744 1 1       1 2      
D. Brainerd, Delaware Forks 1744 1747 3 1       2 3 50 995 45 996 40-95 996
E. Wheelock, at Lebanon, Connecticut 997 1754 1770 l-6 1000 1-3 1000 1-1     -8 1000+ 2-12 998   26 999-160 1000  
E. Wheelock, at Hanover, New Hampshire 1770 1779 1                  
Samuel Kirkland; Senccas in New York 1765 1766 1 1                
Samuel Kirkland; Oneidas in New York 1766 1808   1     1          
UNITED (MORAVIAN) BRETHREN —       1001   1001   1002             1003  
Cherokees, Creeks, &c., in Georgia 1735 1740 2 5                
Mohicans and Wampanoags in N. York and Conn. 1740 1768 4 24 6   6     298    
Mohicans and Delawares, East Pennsylvania 1746 1772 8 22 13              
Delawares and Iroquois, West Pennsylvania 1767 1773 4 8 3           1004    
Delawares, &c., Muskingum Valley 1772 1823 7 29 9         98    
Delawares, Sandusky River, Ohio 1781 1782 1 11                
Delawares, Huron River, Michigan 1782 1786 2 10 2              
Delawares, South Shore of Lake Erie 1786 1791 2 9 2             200
Delawares in Canada West 1791   1 27     1     179   218
Delawares on White River, Indiana 1801 1806 1 5 1         23    
Delawares in Kansas 1838   1 4 5   1          
Cherokees in Georgia 1801 1838 2 12           45 15 114
Cherokees in West Arkansas 1838   2 7     2          

-- 737 --

TABLE IV.
STATISTICAL DATA, No. II.
Missions of Organizations established during the National Era.
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
SOC. FOR PROP. GOSPEL AMONG INDIANS OF N. AMERICA 1005                        
Stockbridge Indians, N. York and Massachusetts 1790 1828 1 1                
Oneidas in New York 1006 1792 1808   1                
Oneidas in Wisconsin 1007 1846 1849 1 1             12  
At Marshpee, Massachusetts 1812 1854 2 1                
At Martha's Vinyard, &c. 1790   3 1                
Onondagas in New York 1848     2                
St. Regis Indians, in North-eastern New York 1851   1 1           25 25 75
Caughnawagas in Canada East 1853   3 1 4       5      
THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS 1008                        
Philadelphia Mission to New York Oneidas 1796 1799 1                  
Baltimore Mission to Wyandots and Delawares 1804 1809 1                  
New York Mission to Brotherton Indians 1807 ? 1                  
New York Mission to New York Oneidas 1809 ? 1                  
New York to Stockbridge Indians 1809 ? 1                  
New York to Onondagas in New York 1822? ? 1                  
Joint Mission to Shawnees in Ohio 1809 1833 1     2 1   3   16  
Joint Mission to Lewiston Indians 1819 1833 1                  
New England Mission to Passamaquoddy Indians 1842 1843 1                  
Philadelphia Mission to New York Senecas 1798   2     1 1   2   30  
New England Mission to the Penobscots 1822   1                  
Joint Mission to Shawnees in Kansas 1833   1               45 1009  
PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF THE U. STATES 1010                        
The Oneidas in New York 1815 1820 1 1                
Menomonees at Green Bay 1825 1839? 1 1   1 4   6   270 250
The Oneidas at Duck Creek, Wisconsin 1820   1 1   ? ?   ? 85 80 700
The Ojibwas in Minnesota 185?   2 2   ?   ? ? 100+    
— in Michigan 185?                      

-- 738 --

TABLE IV. [CONTINUED]
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations. MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
AMER. BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOR. MISSIONS 1011                        
Cherokees in Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama 1817 1838*                    
Choctaws in Mississippi 1818 1831
Page Image
                   
Ottawas in Ohio 1012 1826 1833                    
Osages in Arkansas and Missouri 1012 1826 1837                    
Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie 1012 1826 1837                    
Chickasaws in Mississippi 1013 1827 1834                    
Stockbridge Indians in Wisconsin 1014 1828 1848                    
Creeks in Indian Territory 1830 1836                    
Pawnees in Nebraska 1835 1847                    
Oregon Tribes 1836 1848                    
Cherokees in Indian Territory *1820   5 4 1 1 8 4 18 234 130  
Iroquois in Western New York. Senecas 1012 1826   4 3 1 1 6 3 14 196 347  
Tuscaroras 1012 1827   2 1     3   4 124 10  
Choctaws in Indian Territory
Page Image1831
  10 7 4 3 19 l 34 1292 250  
Ojibwas on Lake Superior 1831   1 1     2 1 4 25 60  
Dakotahs in Minnesota 1835   2 2     4 1 7 46 54  
Abenaquis in Canada East 1835   1   1       1 40    
      25 18 7 5 42 10 82 1957 851  
AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION 1015                        
Cherokees in North Carolina 1817 1838*                    
Pottawattomies in Indiana 1817 1822
Page Image
                   
Wyandots at Sandusky 1818 1819                    
Choctaws and Chickasaws 1819 1823                    
Iroquois in New York 1821 1835?                    
Creeks in Georgia 1822 1845                    
Shawnees 1822 1855                    
Pottawattomies in Michigan
Page Image1822
1831                    
Ottawas in Michigan 1824 1853
Page Image
                   
The Ojibwas at Sault Ste. Marie 1828   1 1         1 24    
The Delawares and Ottawas in Kansas
Page Image1831
  3 2     4   6 96 50  
Cherokees in Indian Territory *1831   13 3 3   3   9 1450 80  
      17 6 3   7   16 1570 130  
MISSIONARY SOC. OF THE METH. EPIS. CHURCH 1016                        
Wyandots in Ohio 1819 1843*                    
Mohawks in Canada West 1017 1820 1833
Page Image
                   
Cherokees in Georgia 1822 1832
Page Image
                   
Creeks in Alabama and Georgia 1018 1822 1844
Page Image
                   
Mississaugas in Canada West 1017 1823 1833=                    
Pottawattomies 1823 1846                    
Choctaws in Mississippi 1825 1832
Page Image
                   
Ojibwas in Canada West 1017 1827 1833++                    

-- 739 --

TABLE IV. [CONTINUED.]
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations. MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
MISSIONARY SOC. METH. EPIS. CHURCH (Continued) —                        
Iroquois and Kickapoos 1019 1830 1844**                    
Cherokees in Indian Territory 1019
Page Image1832
1846
Page Image
                   
  1854 1855                    
Choctaws in Indian Territory 1019
Page Image1832
1846
Page Image
                   
Peorias 1833 1855?                    
Hurons on Detroit River 1834 1840?                    
Flatheads in Oregon 1834 1847                    
Brotherton Indians on Lake Winnebago 1838 1852?                    
Oneidas, Onondagas and Senecas in New York 1828   3 2 4 2 1 1 10 192 149  
Shawnees in Kansas 1019 1830 (1846
Page Image)
                   
1850  
Oneidas at Green Bay, Wisconsin 1832   1 2         ? 198    
Ottawas in Michigan 1833     2                
Delawares in Kansas 1833                 13    
Dakotahs, &c., on Grand Traverse Bay 1835                      
Wyandots in Kansas 1019 *1843 (1844
Page Image)
              104    
1849  
        20           1315    
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY —                        
Hudson Bay Co.'s Territory 1020 1822   13 11 3 2 1 15 32 694 641 800
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY —                        
Mohawks in Canada West 1021
Page Image1833
              44 1883   6020
Mississaugas on R. Credit, Canada West 1021 =1833  
Ojibwas in Canada West 1021
Page Image1833
 
Mission in Hudson Bay Co.'s Territory 1022 1839   4 2   4     6 120 74 300
                  50 2003 74 6320
WESTERN FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY —                        
Weas 1833 1835                    
Iowas and Sacs 1835 1837*                    
BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS OF PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 1023                        
Iowas and Sacs *1837   1 1   1 4   6 25 45 350
Ojibwas and Ottawas 1838   3 2   3 9   14 86 110 375
Creeks 1842   2 2 1 1 6 1 11 67 88 600
Choctaws 1846   3 4   4 9 1 18 125 152 800
Otoes 1846   1 1   1 3 4 9 4 30 250
Omahas 1846   1 1   1 6 4 12 4 50 600
Seminoles 1848   1 1   1 3   5 43 26 400
Chickasaws 1849   2 1   2 8   11 32 96 500
Kickapoos 1856   1 1   2 2 1 6   40 200
      15 14 1 16 50 11 92 386 637 4075

-- 740 --

TABLE IV. [CONTINUED.]
ORGANIZATIONS AND MISSIONS. Date of Origin. Date of Close. No. of Stations. MISSIONARIES. No. of Converts. No. of Scholars. No. of Hearers.
Clerical. Teachers. Total.
White. Native. White. Native.
Male.
Female.
WESTERN EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY 1024                        
AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION 1024                        
Ojibwas in Minnesota 1843   4 2   5 8   15 12 39  
AMERICAN INDIAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION 1025                        
Pottawattomies 1843 1855* 3 3   2 3   8   82  
Shawnees 1843 1846 3 1 1       2 28    
Weas, Piankashaws, &c. 1843 1855
Page Image
5 2 1   3   6   38  
Choctaws 1844 1855
Page Image
14 4 3   4   10 220 68  
Creeks 1844 1855
Page Image
22 2 6       8 295 32  
Cherokees 1844 1848 3 1     3   4 38    
Miamies 1850 1851 1                  
DOMESTIC MISS. BOARD SOUTHERN BAPTIST CONTENTION —                        
Weas, Piankashaws, &c. 1026
Page Image1855
1857 2 1   2     3   41  
Pottawattomies *1855   1 1   1 1   3   63  
Choctaws
Page Image1855
  11 2 6     2 10      
Creeks
Page Image1855
  15 2 13       15      
      29 6 19 3 1 2 31 2424 104  
MISSIONARY SOCIETY METH. EPIS. CHURCH SOUTH 1027                        
Wyandots in Kansas
Page Image1844
  1 1         1 70 25  
Creeks in Alabama and Georgia
Page Image1844
  6 6 12   3   21 766 121  
Shawnees, Kansas and Delawares
Page Image1844
  4 3         3 122 300  
Kickapoos **1844   1 1         1 48 80  
Cherokees in Indian Territory
Page Image1846
  8 5 6     4 15 1359 285  
Choctaws in Indian Territory
Page Image1846
  10 10 10   5   25 1206 550  
Echota Mission ?   1 1         1 158 100  
      31 27 28   8 4 67 2729 1461  
AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY 1028                        
Ojibwas 1853 1854 1   1 1     2   8  
Pueblos in New Mexico 1852   1 1     1 1 3 1 12 50

-- 741 --

TABLE V.
STATISTICS OF MORAVIAN, OR UNITED BRETHREN'S CHURCH, 1855.
Country.
Congregation.
Home Mission Churches.
Souls.
AMERICA 29   8,445
  12 1,292
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 32   4,914
CONTINENT OF EUROPE —      
Germany, Denmark, Holland, and Russia 18   5,894
Totals 79 12 20,545
BOARDING-SCHOOLS.
Country.
Schools.
Teachers.
Pupils.
AMERICA 4 92 838
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 14 45 350
CONTINENT 30 220 1200
Totals 48 357 2388
MISSIONS.
Country.
Stations.
Missionaries.
Converts.
GREENLAND 4 22 2,109
LABRADOR 4 31 1,302
INDIANS 4 12 392
ST. THOMAS (W. I.) 3 6 2,277
ST. CROIX (W. I.) 3 13 5,841
ST. JUAN (W. I.) 2 6 1,658
JAMAICA (W. I.) 13 34 12,794
ANTIGUA (W. I.) 7 24 8,227
ST. KITTS (W. I.) 4 8 3,152
BARBADOES (W. I.) 4 10 3,596
TOBAGO (W. I.) 2 6 2,127
CENTRAL AMERICA 1 6 53
SURINAM 8 56 20,567
S. AFRICA 8 54 6,937
AUSTRALIA 1 3  
MONGOLIA 1 2  
Totals 69 293 71,032
Add Home Congregations     20,545
Total members of Moravian Church     91,577

-- 742 --

Previous section

Next section


Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe.. History of the Indian Tribes of the United States: Their Present Condition and Prospects, and a Sketch of Their Ancient Status. Volume 6. . Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo and Co, 1857. [format: book; image], [genre: government document; report]. Permission: Northern Illinois University
Persistent link to this document: http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/file.php?file=schoolcraft6.html
Powered by PhiloLogic