Chicago Tribune July 3, 1881 Page 6

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He was a lawyer, and had a voice a good deal like Dr. J. Ward Ellis'. He looked like a crazy man. He had a melodramatic way about him and he was very poor. He didn't make any headway in the legal profession." Joseph Mackin said: "I remember the fellow very well. He was in his manner a good deal like a dizzy actor. He was a sort of parlor tragedian. He was always broke, and while he ran the religious racket he frequently buzzed me for a drink when I kept a place on Dearborn, street, and he always gave me the finger. He pretended to be a lawyer." Justice Summerfield had this to say in regard to Guiteau: "I recollect him as a young attorney, who was very officious and rattle-brained. He professed to be quite prominent among the young men's religious association's. I never regarded him as a man with good sense. He lived on the West Side, pretended to be very pious, and traveled entirely on his cheek and shape. He had no moral character to speak of, and never succeeded in getting any practice."



Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune

BOSTON, July 2.—Charles J, Guiteau, President Garfield's assassin, had rather a peculiar career in Boston a year and a half ago, tending to showthat, instead of being insane, he is really a sharp fellow, who can live on small wits where most men would starve. In January, 1880, he came here and applied at the rooms of the Congregational House on Beacon street for a room in which he could superintend the publication of a theological work entitled "The Truth." He represented that he was a native of Illinois, and had just come from Chicago, where he had been engaged in the preparation of the manuscript for his book. His manner was plausible and insinuating, and a desk was rented to him in the rooms of the American Peace Society by the Rev. C. H. Dunham. He entered at once upon


contracting with the Wright & Potter Printing Company for the printing of it, and making an arrangement with D. Lathrop & Co., Publishers, for the use of the firm name on the title page. He was quite reticent about his antecedents, but told Mr. Dunham that he had studied law in New York, been admitted to the Bar, and had built up a lucrative practice. He abandoned it, however, and became a pubic lecturer, but be admitted that he was not a success in the lecture field. It was then that he turned his attention to theology, and commenced the preparation of the book referred to. To all appearances he was temperate and correct his habits, and made great professions of piety, spending much of his time in reading the Bible and praying. His devotions were not conducted without difficulty, however, for persistent creditors and irate landladies began to present


and demand their immediate payment. As he was always in a chronic state of impecuniosity these were never paid. He used to spend much of his time in the library, reading. He seldom had anything to say, but would sit for hours in a state of meditation. He was very reticent as to his place of residence, and it was learned from persons who had bills against him that he remained in a boarding house until he exhausted his credit and the patience of the landlady, and then would seek some new victim. Although it was midwinter and the weather very inclement at the time, he had no overcoat, and was at all time thinly and insufficiently clad. On one particularly severe day Mr.Durham offered the use of his own overcoat. It was gratefully accepted, but kept until the owner was, compelled to ask for its return.


was that he always wore rubbers, no matter what the condition of the streets,— probably to conceal the defect in his boots. He had the appearance and manner of a man who had traveled a good deal, and had a pecu|ar faculty for imposing upon people. There was a mystery connected with everything that he said and did, but seemed to be unconscious of this, and was apparently not endeavoring to produce any such impression. He complained bitterly because his book, which was extensively advertised, did not prove a success, and he could not patiently listen to criticism on faulty grammar. At such times he would become much excited, but never violent. After vainly endeavoring to dispose of a few copies, he became an insurance agent, but in this business ,he was equally unsuccessful. Finding that he paid no bills, not even his office rent, Mr. Dunham


This he promised to do, but he begged for further time. Mr. Dunham, becoming confirmed in the belief entertained that his tenant was not honest was compelled to make a peremptory demand for the key, and it was reluctantly given up. Even then he would bang about, the building in the hope that some one would take him in. At one of the houses where he sought for board he was left alone for a short time in a room where about $20 worth of jewelry was exposed to view and it was not seen afterwards. He remained in this house for a month, paying but $3 during that time, but suspicion, did not rest upon him as the thief until he was proved to be a boarding house operator. While at this house, he described himself as


and gave the Congregational House as his references. This was considered so satisfactory that no further inquiries were made. The only conversation he ever indulged in was when explaining to his landlady why his board money was not forthcoming, and this he did in a very plausible manner, always claiming that large sums of money were daily expected to arrive. His last act before leaving the house was to write a letter to his landlady telling her that he was sorry to become compelled to leave her so unceremoniously, closing by thanking her for the many kind-nesses he had received at her hands. On June 11 of the present year Guiteau left Boston for New York on the ill-fated Narragansett, and on that eventful night he narrowly escaped being among those who were lost in that terrible disaster of Long Island Sound. To a reporter who interviewed him


he said he had been spending some time in Boston, and was then on his way to his home in Illinois to take the stump for Gen. Garfield. His account of the disaster, though brief, was exceedingly clear and graphic, and gave an excellent picture of that terrible event from the first crash, which he claimed to have witnessed, through all the heartrending scenes of that terrible struggle for life.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

FREEPORT, ILL., July 2.—This has been an exciting day for this city. The shooting of President Garfield has caused widespread sorrow, and the fact that Charles Julius Guiteau, a former Freeporter, is the assailant, makes the matter the principal topic of conversation everywhere. He is the son of the late L. W.. Guiteau, who was for years the trustworthy Cashier of the Second National Bank. His mother has been dead since 1848, and the wife, of his father by the second marriage and her children entirely, ignore him, from the fact that he has led a reckless life, and worried his father to a great extent during the last years of his life. The father of the criminal came to Freeport in the year 1833, and in 1840 was appointed Postmaster under President Harrison. He was also Clerk of the Circuit Court and was prominently identified with the educational interests of the city and county. He was


who had a great many friends here. His first wife, the mother of Charles J. Guiteau, was a daughter of Maj. John Howe, of Antwerp, N. Y. The Hon. John H. Williams, the President of the Second National Bank of which institution Mr. L. W. Guiteau, the father of the criminal had long been cashier, was called upon. Mr. Adams was informed of the crime which Guiteau had just committed, and said in reply that he felt no particular surprise, as he knew him to be a very erratic man from his youth. He was just the person to execute some sensational act. His head was filled with visionary schemes. Some years ago he was full of the idea of starting a great newspaper in Chicago and breaking down the Tribune and Times. He wrote several letters to his father on the subject although at the time he had not a penny of capital nor any experience in journalism. He was also a member of the famous Oneida Community, in Central New York. His full name is Charles Julius Guiteau. The last time he was in Freeport was about three years ago, when he remained but a couple of days. Another gentleman well acquainted with the criminal was interviewed, and expressed no surprise when informed of what had transpired. He said Guiteau was about 40 years of age, and went to the Oneida Community when he was about 20 years of age. He led a rather queer life there, and was dismissed. He afterwards had a suit with the others of the Society for labor performed. It is said since he left the place he has been wild and reckless, and most of the time made his headquarters in New York. He has never had any particular employment, and caused his father a great deal of uneasiness. "Just like him" said J. Addison Crain, the attorney who had met Guiteau in New York last September. Then he was interested in a Garfield Club, and seemed to take a great deal of interest in it. Mr. Crain describes him as


who was monomaniac on hobbies, and was always the father of some grand scheme that never amounted to anything. For a while he studied or practiced law in New York, but did not make a success of it. Mr. Luther W. Guiteau, Jr. a half-brother of Charles J. Guiteau, was called upon, at the Second National Bank. He stated the criminal had been absent from home for a good many years, and was not considered a member of the family. He had a mean disposition, and his father, who died some months ago, expressed the opinion several times that he would some time commit some terrible deed that would bring disgrace upon the family. It was not a matter of surprise to hear of the news of the crime committed, for it was  


Mr. Guiteau further stated that Charles gave his father some trouble. Everything possible was done to restore him to his right mind, but all efforts proved futile. He was stubborn, mean, and ugly, and would not listen to or heed advice. It is said that Guiteau delivered a lecture in Chicago on Second Adventism, and commanded small audiences whenever be spoke. He was a full-fledged Communist in very sense of the term. IThe news has occasioned no particular surprise to parties who are acquainted with Guiteau. The general opinion has always prevailed that he is apt to commit a rash deed. There is, however, some sympathy expressed for him on account of his family connections, and further developments will be looked for eagerly by the people.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

MILWAUKEE, Wis., July 2.—Charles J. Guiteau, the man who shot President Garfield, was a resident or Milwaukee, about three years ago, having come here in December, 1878. He represented that, he was an attorney of good standing, and made applications to John J. Orton, Esq., to be allowed the use of a desk in the latter's office, but Mr. Orton, not liking Guiteau's eccentric manner, refused him. Guiteau then went to Harold Emmons, Esq., and rented a desk from the latter at No. 107 Wisconsin street. Guiteau's next move was to get about 500 cards printed at Burdick & Armitage's, on which he set forth that he was a lawyer of ten years standing,having practiced successfully in New York and Chicago, and claimed to be direct from New York. Mr. Burdick stated to a Sentinel reporter that he considered Guiteau


He never called for the cards which he ordered, and they had to be destroyed. Mr. Emmons was Interviewed by a Sentinel reporter. He stated that Guiteau made application to enter his office in December, 1879, agreeing to pay $5 per month desk room. He had no practice whatever, and the only business which he was known to do while here was to collect bills. Guiteau was a religious fanatic, and would sit for a number of hours at a time reading a Bible, and wrote several books in which he contended that the modern interpretation of the Bible was all wrong. One of his books was printed in the Evening Wisconsin job-room, on a contract, Guiteau agreeing to pay $75 for the job when the books were in the hands of the binders. He stole a number of copies and disappeared. He was next heard of in Chicago. While here he delivered a course of lectures on "CAPITAL PUNISHMENT" in the parlors of the Plymouth Church to small audiences. He had a book published in Albany containing a number of lectures on the subject, which he tried to introduce for sale in this city, but failed to do so. When he disappeared he left several hundred dollars of unpaid debts. He entered business as an attorney in Chicago, but did not succeed in making any money on account of his eccentric manner. Private advises from the latter city yesterday stated he left there for Washington when Garfield was inaugurated for the purpose of securing a Consulship in France, and those who know him are inclined to believe that repeated refusals of his demands made him crazy and led to his shooting the President. Charles J. Guiteau is a Frenchman by birth, and is almost 35 years of age. He is five feet seven inches in height, and has a very slight body. When here he wore a small dark-colored beard.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

ANN ARBOR, Mich.,July 2- I have made a careful examination of the University books which contains the names of all student who attended the University since its organization, and found no such name as Guiteau. I have also examined old catalogs of the institution from 1855 to 1865, with a, similar result. President Frieze, who has been here since, is positive no student of that name was ever a member of the literary department, and regards the fact that his name does not appear in the catalogs of the University as conclusively disproving the statement that he ever was a student here in any department. Profs. Adams and Dooye, who graduated from the University in 1861, do not remember any such name. A family named Guiteau, however, formerly resided here about thirty-five years ago. The father, Luther Guiteau was a respectable man, being a business partner of the late W. S. Maynard, of this city, a brother of John W. Maynard, who now resides and is engaged in business here. The latter says that Luthor Guiteau, when he last heard from him, lived at Freeport, ILL and that he had a son who he thinks was here in 1860 or 1862; that the latter was then a sort of peripatetic lecturer, and his mind was regarded as crooked. He does not remember, the son's name, and has not heard from any of the family for several years. The assassin Guiteau was undoubtedly the son of Luther W. Guiteau formerly a business man in this city, now of Freeport, ILL. He was not a student of the university, as recorded, and other evidence shows that John M. Maynard, brother of Guiteau's father's partner when in business, knows the family well, and is positive that the son was never a student here. Ten or twelve-years ago he was here for two or three weeks.-the only time Mr. Maynard thinks, since the family moved to Freeport, thirty-five years ago. While here he delivered lectures, and was thought to be crazy, especially on religious subjects. He imagines himself to be Jesus Christ, it is said.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune

DUBUQUE, lA., July 2-The news of the shooting of President Garfield has created intense excitement in this city and all business has been suspended. People, irrespective of party, sympathize with, the President and hope he may recover, and his would-be assassin exterminated. Charles Guiteau formerly lived in Freeport., ILL., went to Chicago, studied law, and was admitted to the Bar, but never practiced. He was known to some extent as a lecturer, and was crazy on the subject of the coming of another Christ, being at one time in an insane asylum, and, our informant says, ought never to have been let out. Guiteau's father was President of the Second National Bank of Freeport, and was crazy on the subject of free-love. The gentleman who gave us these facts thinks that the man who shot Gen. Garfield is the one that lived in Freeport, and there is no doubt that he is. He was in Dubuque some three years ago, and wanted to lecture before the Young Men's Christian Association, but failed, and left, beating his board bills. When the news was first received your correspondent accidentally met Senator Allison and made him aware of the sad affair. He was thunderstruck and unable to speak. It took him several minutes to recover himself, and he then said: "It is terrible." Senator Allison does, not know the assassin, but stated that he was certain that he was no ex-Consul to Marseilles


N.Y. POUHKEEPSIE, N.Y., July 2-The assassin of the President, Charles Guiteau, was in this city in July last and advertised a lecture on the political situation, on the evening of July 2, one year ago today. An admission was charged, and, as the people would not pay to go to a political meeting, the lecture was not delivered. He afterwards wanted to be engaged as a speaker by the Republican Committee, butt leading Republicans then thought his mind unsound, and would have nothing to do do with him. He afterwards was announced to speak at other places in this State.


SPRINGFIELD, Mass., July 2-Charles J. Guiteau, the assassin of the President, applied to a clergyman in this city about two years ago for a chance to lecture in this city on temperance and in reply to Bob Ingersoll. He attempted to lecture on the former subject, but had no house. He was subsequently arrested for attempting to beat his boardinghouse. He is also the author of an incoherent pamphlet in reply to Ingersoll, in which he quotes Dr. John Hall, Juston Fuller, and other divines in favor of hellfire and eternal damnation. He said Heaven would be a Hell if the wicked could get into it.


ALBANY, N. Y., July 2.-Guiteau, the man who shot President Garfield, called upon Barnes last October and asked for a chance to speak on the stump for the Republican National ticket. Guiteau said that he had been employed by the Republican State Committee to do work at their rooms in New York, and that he was on his way there. Barnes questioned him closely at the time and, not liking his looks, told E. W. Johnson, Secretary of the State Committee, that he believed Guiteau to be a fraud. Johnson made a memorandum, and said he would look into the case. Barnes was Chairman of the County Committee. Guiteau said he came from Chicago.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

DAVENPORT, la., July 2.-The assassin, Charles J. Guiteau was in Davenport eighteen months ago, and advertise to lecture in the Young Men's Christian Association Hall. The night came, but Guiteau did not fill his engagement. His memory is kept green by unpaid bills.


How the News of Black Saturday Fell upon Them.

A Cry of Horror Went Up from Maine to California.

Meetings of Grief-Stricken People Throughout the United States.

Fourth of July Celebrations Turned to Pageants of Grief and Gloom.

Scenes in the Metropolis After the Reception of the News.

Unaffected Consternation of Arthur upon Reading the Telegram.

The Poor Old People at Mentor —The President's Mother Yet Uninformed.

Chicago Stricken with Sorrow and Horror to the Heart's Core.

The News Received with Every Manifestation of Deep Grief.

Thronging Crowds Besieging "The Tribune" Office Eager for News.

The Shouts of Joyful Relief When "There Is Hope!" Was Bulletined.

Opinions of Senator Logan, Congressman Davis, E. A. Storrs, and Many Others.

Resolutions of the North American Saeng-erbund-Herry Villard and Henry Watterson.



Cleveland, O., July 3.-There is but one expression- that of horror at the assassinating of the President. From the first it.seemed to be assumed that the wounds would be fatal, and when about 7 p.m. word was received that Gar-field was dead, it was no surprise, and came scarcely as a shock. A messenger who went down to Solon this afternoon, where, Garfield's mother and two sisters live, says the first news was received there from newspaper extras thrown off the train. Immediately on receipt of the intelligence, Mrs. M. J. Larrabee, the President's sister, with whom the mother had been staying, sent her mother over to Mrs. M. Trowbridge, another Sister, about a quarter of a mile away, out of hearing of the dreadful news. An hour later—about noon—the following dispatch was received by Mrs. Larrabee: EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON. July 2.-Mrs. Ellza Garfield: Don't be alarmed by sensational rumors. Doctors think the wound not fatal. Don't think of coming until you hear further. HARRY A. GARFIELD The signature is that of President Garfield's 17-year-old son.


has been prostrated for some days in consequence of the death of a brother-in-law, Thomas A. Garfield, and only this morning she was informed of the death of Mrs. Arnold, the President's cousin, who died yesterday, and it was deemed certain that the death of James A. would kill her. This morning the mother said to Mrs. Larrabee: "I expect something is going to happen to James' family." Mrs. Larrabee said: "Mother, do not worry. I think the trouble in James' family is past."-alluding to Mrs. Garfield's illness. The mother replied: "No, I fear something is going to happen to James." She afterward reiterated her presentiment to Mrs. Trowbridge, adding, "Accidents never come singly, and I feel that something' is going to happen to James." Before Garfield left for Washington in March, Mr. Larrabee warned him to take care of himself. Garfield's reply was, "I am no coward, and I can't have a bodyguard about, me all the time." The sisters have agreed to keep the news from Mrs. Garfield at least until tomorrow, when the Rev. W. O.. Moore, of the Solon Disciple Church,


This makes the fifth death in the Garfield family within as many months, comprising, beside the President, his uncle, Thomas Garfield: his cousin, Mrs. Cornelia Arnold; his favorite niece, Mrs. Hattie Palmer, who formerly lived at his house: and the latter lady's infant daughter. A messenger who went down to Solon says the farmers had entirely suspended work, and had gathered in from the crossroads to the railroad track. awaiting the arrival of successive bulletins. The feeling everywhere is one of deep sorrow and depression.



Special dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

ALBANY, N. Y., July 2-The report of the shooting of President Garfield created intense excitement here. The first rumor of the crime was not credited, but within ten minutes after the intelligence was bulletined at the telegraph and newspaper offices the lower part of State street was packed with an anxious, excited, and impatient crowd. So rapidly did the startling news, "The President is shot," travel from mouth to mouth that all classes hurried from their business to learn more of the affair. In the crowd the remarks of abhorrence at


were moat emphatic and denunciatory. The expressions of sympathy for the President and his family were most earnest and sincere. The excitement continued most intense until the dispatch indicating that the President had been fatally wounded had been received, and it then rose to fever heat. When, later, the announcement came that the President was not dead, but severely wounded, an expression of gratified relief was seen in every face. The crowds still continued to augment, however, until State street, form Broadway to Pearl street, was almost impassable for pedestrians. The latest


and interest rivaling that shown at the time of the reception of the news of the death of Lincoln, and of the great victories or disasters of the War. Senator Robertson was one of the first to hear of it. He was intending to go down the river with his wife to meet the President this evening, and had his trunks checked for that purpose, when the first dispatch came. He has not seen the President since his nomination. Senator Woodin, when he heard the news, was so nearly overcome that he almost went into a convulsion. In the Assembly Chamber 


until the first report was contradicted. "My God,' exclaimed Mr. Alvord, " what a relief. I was ready to forswear my country." He added that the worst fear he had was that it was the work of Nihilists, and was only one of a series of attempts that would in the end prove fatal. Senator Robertson, to whom this idea was mentioned a few minutes before, did not entertain it for an instant. "l have my own opinion as to where this originated," he said, but he did not express his opinion. In both Houses


to the event in their opening prayer. In the Senate the following resolutions were unanimously adopted: Whereas, the Senate of the State of New York learns with profound sorrow of the attempted assassination of the President of the United States; therefore. Resolved, That we tender our heartfelt sympathy to the President and his family, and at the same time express our horror and indignation at the atrocious attempt made upon his life In the Assembly, Mr. McMurphy, one of the Democratic leaders, made the following remarks and motion directly after the prayer: MR SPEAKER: I move that this House take a recess until five minutes before 12 o'clock. I make this motion because of the deplorable news that has reached the City of Albany in regard to the assassination of the President of the United States. Mr. Speaker, when we see a boy driving two horses on the canal: when we see that boy going along the towpath; when we see that boy sawing wood in college, doing chores for his education; when we see that boy graduating with distinguished honor; when we see him become a Professor; when we see him


and command a division of troops; when we see that man in Congress, and serve twenty years a bright star among brilliant men; when we | wee that man elected to the office that is the highest in existence today the President of the United States; when we see that man shot down by the hand of an assassin, there is no condemnation too great by which Democrats, as well as the majority of this House, can give utterance to. When we see that office that is disgraced, I say, sir, on the part of the minority of this House, that there is nothing, at our hands, that we are not prepared to acknowledge and condemn on the part of the vagabond who has elicited it, the maniac who attempted it.


the affair was not motioned, and had no appreciable effect on the voting, which proceeded with but few changes from yesterday. At the Capitol Cov. Cornell and Adjutant-General Frederick Towhsend occupied the private reception-room of the Executive Chamber, and gave up the day to scanning the press dispatches, which were sent there as soon as received. The Governor transmitted the following telegram to Washington: ALBANY, N.Y., July 2-12 p.m.—To the Hon. J. G. Blaine Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.: Please accept for the President my prayerful sympathy and earnest hope for his full restoration. Intense feeling exists throughout the State, mingled with indignation. Alonzo B. Cornell. In the afternoon, as later and more unfavorable reports of the President's condition were received and bulletined, the excitement and intensity of feeling increased, and crowds again assembled in the streets and hotels, and discussed the shocking event. About half-past 5 o'clock a rumor was widely circulated that the President was dead. Several


flags were placed at half-mast, and two or three overpatriotic citizens draped their buildings with mourning. The report was generally believed, and the denial was not credited until the half-past 5 bulletin came announcing that Garfield was easier. Guiteau was in Albany last fall during the campaign. He called on T. W. Barnes, Chairman of the anti-Machine Republican Committee, and said that he was on his way to New York, where he had been employed by Arthur to work in the canvass under the direction of the State Committee. He wanted to make a speech in Albany County. Mr. Barnes did not like the looks of the man, and refused to have anything to do with him. He called two or three times, but, meeting with a refusal on two occasions, he left, and nothing further was seen of him.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune,

ROCHESTER, N.Y., July 2.-The feeling in this city over the attempt on the President's life is intense to the last degree, recalling the sad scenes of the death of Lincoln. There is no thought uppermost in the public mind except the one of the immeasurable injury that has been done public security by such an outrageous violation of the rights of official life. There is no disposition among decent and commonsense thinkers to attach any political significance to the inception and execution of the dastard's deed, although no one denies that the consequential political circumstances are somewhat uncertain and unsettling. Mr. Garfield was exceedingly popular in Western New York, and the least that can be hoped for the land if he shall die is that power and responsibility will make his constitutional successor fit to wear his mantle. At this writing the fate of the Executive is still undecided, but the people are


The Rochester Union (Democratic), commenting, says: "While the life of no man is necessary to the administration of our Government or the stability of our institutions, the taking-off of the Chief Magistrate by violence at any time or under any circumstances would be a great public calamity. More especially would that be the case now in the anomalous political situation that exists. Ordinarily the country is a witness of party feeling between the two great parties running high. Now it is a feud in the party of the Administration, the President at the head of one faction and the Vice-president at the head of another, that forces itself upon the unwilling attention of the people. The succession of the latter to the Presidency in case of the death of the former would produce more of a jar than a change of Administration, as the result of a regular party contest, and is


President Garfield's recovery is devoutly to be wished." The Rochester Express (Republican) says: "The political consequences, that would result from President Garfield's decease would be serious, but need not now be considered. The inexcusable neglect of Congress in not providing as usual for the succession, if both President and Vice-president should die, will now be


Our approaching National anniversary will be spent in despondency and sadness unless encouraging intelligence from Washington shall before then roll, over the land like a wave of gladness. Tomorrow will be the most remarkable Sabbath that our people have ever known. It will be most emphatically a day of prayer. Persons who have never-believed in providential interference will hope now that there is something in the doctrine, and that an arm stronger than that of man may be outstretched for our deliverance from this impending disaster."


LOCKPORT, N. Y., July 2.-Excited crowds have surrounded the newspaper bulletins since the news was first received of the shooting of President Garfield. The city is filled with people from the country anxious to hear the latest condition of the President.



Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

CINCINNATI, 0., July 2.—The astounding news of the assassination of the President spread with the greatest rapidity over the city, and, to a large degree, caused a suspension of business. Many houses closed up entirely, and others sent their drays and outside help home and ceased to fill orders. This was upon receipt of the first intelligence, which was coupled with the impression that the act of the assassin was a part of a political plot. Late dispatches made him insane, and brought a large sense of relief, though every point at which news could be obtained continued to be thronged, and nothing but the awfulness of the crime was talked of among-the masses. Vice-president Arthur and his master, the Primate, were objects of deep suspicions. The later news had disconnected them entirely with the assassination, but it was remembered that the death, of Garfield, would elevate


to the White House, and their probably policy was contemplated with manifest distrust. Scores of men were heard to say that they would willingly, if called upon, shoulder their muskets and go to Washington to prevent the inauguration of Arthur. Professional men and the leaders of the party who have figured in State and National politics were much more charitable toward Arthur, and insisted that none of the Conkling clique could by any possibility have had anything to do with the shooting. It was an act, they said, of a madman, for which no one was responsible. Loyalty to our form of government they said, impelled to that conclusion. Any other would be too disastrous in its train of consequences to be for a moment, accepted. So untimely and awful a death of the Chief Executive was to be deeply deplored, but the principles which he represented would continue to live. Vice-president Arthur, it was. Generally thought by this class, would prove acceptable in the White House. The Conkling cause would be dead past all resurrection if Garield should die under such circumstances, and the Vice-president could not afford to


and would not dare to. Richard Smith, of the Gazette, in an interview, expressed great confidence in Arthur. He said he was generally liked in New York, and would make a successful President. Other prominent men expressed the same view, though milder form and with manifestly less faith in Arthur. The Hon. Warner M. Bateman, Garfield's supposed choice for Solicitor General, alone took the opposite ground. He had little to hope for in a Vice-president who could go to Albany to Iobby in so hopeless and disloyal a cause as that of Conkling. Senator Pendleton expressed himself as very well pleased with Arthur as a presiding officer, but mentioned that his conduct had been very singular in not giving the Senate before adjournment an opportunity to elect a President pro tempore. In all circles the news has vividly recalled the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, and there is a deep gloom over the entire city. At 10 o'clock the newsboys were still finding a large demand for their papers.


COLUMBUS, 0., July 3.—The shooting of the President and the news of his low condition has cast a gloom over the city. Citizens of Columbus who knew Garfield still entertain hopes that he will recover, as he is a man of strong constitution. The newspaper and telegraph offices have been thronged all day by citizens who are eager to catch every word that comes from Washington. As the news announcing Garfield's sinking condition comes in the excitement grows and large crowds are assembling in front of the telegraph offices. The Fourth of July celebration arranged by citizens of this city will not be hold.



NEW YORK, July 3.—The news of the shooting of President Garfield reached the police headquarters simultaneously with the report that the President was dead. Amid the utmost excitement the story fled from mouth to mouth, and was listened to at first with incredulity, but as fresh confirmation of the rumor arrived indignation took its place. Mr.Nicholas, the only Commissioner in the building, left hastily for downtown in search of fuller information about the reported assassination. A total suspension of business in the Department office followed. The clerks and employees gathered in knots in the hulls to discuss the situation and to keep a lookout for fresh news. When at length a message came announcing that President Garfield was not mortally wounded a shout of


went up from every side, and the sudden revulsion of feeling made more than one eye moist. The relief was so great as to produce a sudden disposition to unwonted hilarity. Steady old clerks, who have gone a lame gait for a generation, vaulted over desks and tables with the agility of boys, and


Business, politics, everything was drowned in a common impulse of gratitude for the President's escape. Superintendent Walling struck his desk with his doubled fist a sounding blow, and shouted "God,'' in a voice that could be heard through half the building. His venerable face fairly glowed with joy. From all sides was heard the one expression, "If President Gar-field lives he will be the most popular President the country has ever had." Along later when the excitement had calmed down somewhat, came particulars of the attempted assassination and of the murderer, that were received greedily. Business for the day was at an end the police headquarters,.


The news downtown was received with consternation, and caused much excitement on Wall street. Brokers and bankers almost forgot their business in the eagerness to get further particular. They besieged Kiernan's news agency on Broad street, where dispatches from Washington were constantly arriving and being distributed. Groups were seen in the streets discussing the subject anxiously, and the newsboys did a heavy business in extras. At the opening of the Stock Exchange the news depressed the market, but further dispatches announcing that the wounded President was in a fair way to recover, and was not is dangerously wounded as first reported, caused a reaction.


there was also much excitement, over the news and great concern was expressed for Gen. Gar-field's recovery. Collector Merritt was found at the Customhouse surrounded by a number of gentlemen, and messengers were constantly arriving with the latest particulars. The Collector was somewhat agitated, and, when asked for his opinion regarding the attempted assassination, met the request with the question, "What's the latest?" When informed that the President would probably recover, he said he hoped so, and would not, venture an opinion on the effect of the news: neither would he say whether he considered that the attempt had any political significance, but merely remarked, " If the President dies, Gen. Arthur will be President."


noticed flag's upon the newspaper buildings at half-mast. Summoning his chief clerk, his Honor directed that flags should at once be displayed on the City-Hall at half-mast. A Iittle later, when it became known that the President was still alive, the flags were taken down. At the same time, Mr. Root, Mr. Bartlett, and Commissioner Mason reached the Mayor's office, and conversed with his Honor in regard to the sad affair, giving him such meager particulars as they had learned from the bulletin-boards of newspaper offices. In the Courthouse and other public offices the report created great excitement, and many speculations were indulged in as to what would be the result of the affair throughout the country if Garfield should die and Arthur take the Presidential chair.


who arrived in town this morning from Albany, put up at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The Vice-president was found in the lobby of the hotel. He said he had not received any private dispatch in regard to the shooting, and knew nothing more than was announced on the bulletin. If it were true, he said, he felt exceedingly sorry for Mrs. Garfield, whose present state of health is precarious. Senator Conkling remained in his room, and refused to be interviewed. Elwood E. Thorne, Past Grand Master of the Masons of the State of New York, was greatly depressed over the news. He expressed the deepest sympathy for the President's family, and thinks that even if the wounds should not prove fatal, the shock to Mrs. Garfield in her present feeble condition will be very injurious. He deplores the shooting as being one of the greatest evils that could. happen to the country.


the deepest sorrow was visible. Heads of departments made no effort to disguise the weight of the blow which had fallen upon them. The clerks, even those who had arduous duties to perform, went about with sorrowful countenances. At the City-Hall the assassinating was upon everybody's lips. Officials of the bitterest Democratic stamp spoke of the act as a National calamity, and freely expressed sympathy with Mrs. Garfield. The scenes which occurred here today were never equaled. The crowds waded from one bulletin board to another, and extras of all papers were eagerly devoured, so intense was the feeling to obtain the latest news. "Was he shot dead, or was it but ft slight wound?" These were the thoughts of every one who looked upon or heard the first dispatch. Then followed a dispatch that the President's doctor was starting for the Baltimore & Patomac Depot. This simple report

BANISHED ALL DOUBTS of those who had heretofore regarded the rumor as a canard. Then the terrible enormity of the crime, the abject cowardice of it, broke upon all Americans like a flash. The Chief Magistrate of their country had been wantonly shot down in cold blood. It was an outrage that every citizen took to his own heart,—a deed more worthy of despotic Russia than the free States of America. The excitement downtown has not been equaled in a generation. The bulletin-boards were scanned by great sympathizing crowds and expressions of grief and vengeance were heard in the same breath. Faces flushed, and, steaming from the broiling atmosphere, paled as the eyes caught the dread intelligence conveyed. "Poor Mrs. Garfield.—the news will kill her." "They ought to tear the assassin apart." "No Russian methods in our country."-these were a few of the expressions that were caught by the reporter as he worked ,his way through, the dense crowd in front of the bulletin-board.


NEW YORK, July 2.— The Post says: "Vice-president Arthur and Senator Conkling arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. There was a gathering of politicians about them as they walked into the hotel together through the Fifth avenue entrance. The ex-Senator spoke a few words to the clerk, gathered up a few letters which had arrived for him, and ran briskly across the hall to the stairway, dismissing one or two reporters, who tried to interrupt him, with a wave of the hand, and bounded up the stairway, two steps at a time. In the meanwhile the Vice-president stood at the foot of the stairway. He apparently endeavored to maintain a cool demeanor, but it was evident he was much excited by the news of the attempted assassination. A reporter asked him if he had heard the news, and what his plans were. His reply was, "I have just come Albany. I came down on the night boat, which was detained by a fog, and I have just arrived in this city, and did not hear the news until a few minutes ago. What is the latest report?" "The latest dispatch says that Dr. Bliss does not think the would will prove mortal." Gen. Arthur: "I certainly trust so. It is a most shocking event, and has so staggered me I don't know what to think." "Will you go to Washington at once?" "No, sir: that is not my intent; but I do not care to talk about the matter at present." "If the wound should result fatally, I suppose you will at once go to Washington?" Arthur: "I can't say, I do not wish to be quoted as discussing the matter."


who was at the Fifth Avenue Hotel with Roscoe Conkling, Senator Jones, and John J. Smythe, received the following dispatch: WASHINGTON, D.C., July 2, 1881.—The Hon. C. A. Arthur, Vice-President of the United States, New York City; Sincere thanks for your expression of sympathy. The President is no better, and we fear, sinking. William H. Hunt, THOMAS L JAMES. Immediately upon the receipt of the telegram Arthur decided to go to Washington by the midnight train, and then went to his house to prepare for his journey. The corridor and neighborhood of the hotel was thronged with people, who congregated in groups and discussed the situation, eagerly scanning the bulletin-board for each new dispatch. The drift of all communication was that the murderer should be very summarily dealt with, and no one was heard to utter other than words, of sympathy for the President and his family.


NEW YORK, July 3.—President Garfield and party were to arrive in Jersey City at 8:38 p. m. The President's party consisted of Postmaster-General James and wife. Secretary Hunt and wife. Secretary Windom and wife, the Secretary of War, Col. and Mrs. Rockwell, son and daughter, and Doctor Hawkes. It was managed that Mrs. Garfield would leave Long Branch on the 12:23 p. m. train, accompanied by Judge-Advocate-General Swain. If nothing had happened, Mrs. Garfield would have arrived in Jersey City at 2:30 p. m. today, this preceding the arrival of the President and other members of the party by about an hour.


whose guests the Presidential party were to be was to have received Mrs. Garfield at the depot at New Jersey, in company with G. S. Jaffray, whose steam-yacht, the Vidette, was to be at the service of Mr. Field's guests. Mr. Field first heard of the lamentable occurrence this morning while riding downtown on the elevated road. As soon as Mr. Field had satisfied himself that the report of the shooting of Gen. Gar-field was true he telegraphed to his country seat at Ardsley, where he was to entertain the Presidential party tomorrow, canceling all preparations for the reception and ordering that the flags upon his residence be taken down.


NEW YORK, July 3.—Senator Jones, of Nevada, said he had conversed with both Vice-president Arthur and Conkling on the subject of the shooting of the President, and was sure that neither of them knew anything about the man who had been arrested for the crime; in fact, they had said they had not heard before of either of the names sent by telegraph as that of the assassin They both had expressed great sorrow that such a crime could have been perpetrated in this free country. Senator Jones said he had asked Vice-president Arthur whether he would go on to Washington tonight or not, and had received the answer that he certainly would not go unless sent for, as he could not well separate himself from his official position, and his visit under the present circumstances might be misunderstood. Privately he might have liked to have gone on to the Capital for the purpose of tendering his aid and sympathy, but in the present state of affairs this could not well be done.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

NEW YORK, July 2.—The effect of the President's assassination in New York is indescribable. Stocks have fallen, all business is suspended, and the people are all mourning as they did for Lincoln. Men go around with clenched teeth and white lips. The assassin announced that he was a Stalwart. After the assassination if any Stalwart in New York should be seen rejoicing he would be immediately lynched. Conkling keeps in his room at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. He and Arthur await the news, uttering no word. Private telegrams up to 1 o'clock express the opinion that the wound is fatal. Mrs. Garfield has left Long Branch in a special train.


NEW YORK, July 2.—The United Labor League of America held a meeting in Brooklyn this evening and passed resolutions of sympathy with Mrs. Garfleld and expressive of the general feeling of the League against crime and lawlessness.



Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune

QUINCY, ILL, July 2.—The news of the attempted assassination of the President created the most profound sensation witnessed here since the assassination of Lincoln. For a time the people appeared almost paralyzed and business seemed to stop. The newspaper and telegraph offices were overrun with people pressing to get the news. A few at first attributed the deed to political causes, but the majority repudiated any such idea. People of all parties express a feeling of relief in the report that the assassin is believed to be a lunatic. Everybody seemed to, dread the admission that in this country anything but lunacy could plan such a deed. The Whig this evening says: "By common consent people are inclined to believe that none but a maniac could, have committed the deed. Here and there was one actually infatuated enough to call it Conklingism, but these were few. For the most, part men


the terrible nature of the crime being: upper-moat in their minds." The Herald (Democratic), in the morning will compare the public gloom to that attending the assassination of Lincoln, and say that there is at least a satisfaction that the great crime cannot be said to point to any discontent with our political system, being one of the forms of violence which might as readily be visited on a private individual as on a President; that, in case of the President's death, the present political complications will probably be intensified, and that business would be unfavorable affected, as it would "probably inaugurate a reorganization of the Cabinet and the controlling influences of the Administration." Quincy had made preparations for the most extensive celebration of the Fourth ever held here, but tonight the managing committees dispensed with all the public displays as unsuitable, whether the President lives or dies. A simple meeting in the Opera-House for appropriate services will be held instead.



Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune

OTTAWA. ILL., July 3.—Great excitement has prevailed here today in consequence of the attempted assassination of President Garfield. All classes alike unite in condemning the act, and express a wish that the motive may be fully explained. There is a great diversity of opinion in regard to the effect upon the Nation and the Republican party. Flags are at half-mast all over the city, and arrangements for the great cornerstone celebration on the Fourth are suspended. Should the wound prove fatal the celebration will undoubtedly be abandoned. At a public meeting-held here this evening presided over by Mayor Young, it was deemed advisable to abandon all parts of the celebration here on Monday indicative of mirth, and hold a memorial service instead. The cornerstone of the Courthouse will be laid, however, by the Masonic fraternity, as first announced.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

PARIS, ILL., July 2. The news of the assassination of the President this morning produced a profound sensation, and cast a universal gloom over the whole city as the news spread like magic to its utmost limits. The bulletin in front of the Post-Office was watched with intense interest throughout the day by large crowds of people, while the universal inquiry from hour to hour was, "What is the latest?" In the absence of any particulars that actuated the aa-sasin to commit the deed, many vague surmises were indulged in by men of both parties, and there seemed to be an undercurrent of joy among Democrats over the prospect that, in the event of President Garfield's death, the Democracy would control the Senate.


Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.

STERLING, ILL., July 2.—The news of the attempted assassination of President Garfield reached here about 11 o'clock today, and caused a speechless horror to settle over the community. Business was suspend, and people gathered in groups and, with pale faces and genuine grief, discussed the fearful horror. What motive could prompt such a foul deed puzzled all, and the result, should he die, excites the gravest apprehensions. The general verdict seems to be that the deed grows out of the political complications in the State of New York. The prayers of all good people go up in grief that Garfield may live.


PEORIA, ILL, July 2.—A large mass-meeting of the citizens of Peoria was held in Rouse's Hall tonight to express sympathy for the murdered President. Speeches were made by L. Harmon, W. T. Dowdall, H. W. Wells, and E. Emery. A Committee on Arrangements, with Mayor Warner as Chairman, and one on Resolutions, with W. T. Dowdall as Chairman, was appointed, and the meeting adjourned to meet in the same place Monday evening. The meeting was harmonious and very largely attended.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune

CLINTON, ILL., July 2,—Intense excitement Is exhibited in this city by every one over the attempt by Charles Guiteau to assassinate President Garfield this morning, and large crowds are now anxiously scanning the bulletin boards for the latest information. There has been no such excitement here since President Lincoln's assassination. People are very indignant over the matter.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

MENDOTA, ILL., July 2.-Since the asasination of Lincoln no such excitement ever prevailed here as the news of the attempt on President Garfield's life today The whole populace is out waiting to get the latest news. Sorrow is visible on every countenance. Indignation and loathing of the assassin is heard from every lip.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

JOLIET, July 2.—The announcement of the news of the attempt on the life of the President this morning created a general manifestation of profound sorrow and astonishment. An eager desire to learn definite particulars of the tragic affair is universal.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

LAHARPE, ILL., July 2.—The excitement here is beyond outline, and all is madness.



Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

ST. PAUL, Minn., July 2.-From centre to circumference St. Paul was stirred today at the news of the wounding of President Garfield, and it is safe to say that never before was the city so completely taken up by one absorbing, ever present thought as bulletin after bulletin announced favorable or unfavorable news from that room in the White House wherein lay the most universally-loved man in the United States. Marked incredulity greeted the earlier announcements, but as confirmatory bulletins followed in quick succession, doubt was perforce dispelled, and the anxiety to learn fuller particulars rose to fever heat. Not once, nor a hundred, but thousands of times was the earnest ejaculation "Pray God he may not die," heard, and when news would come of cheerful import the readers would grasp each others hands and wring them hard, while unaccustomed moisture dimmed the eyes of men of the world, hardened and unimpressible. A well-known lawyer, Democrat, who voted and worked for Hancock, commenced to ask a reporter whom he met on the street as to


from the White House, but could not finish his question for some, moments, so choked was he with emotion. "'This has unmanned me," he said when his voice lost its huskiness "I can't tell you how terribly I feel it." A reporter who conversed with hundreds in his diurnal round found that one of the first thoughts in every one's mind was that expressed by one gentleman when he said: "Garfield dead and Arthur President! " "Ah, what an unkind, hour was guilty of this lamentable chance," said another. "What a marvelously fortunate man is Conkling. Why, Providence seems to lend his aid to place him again on the pedestal he so lately fell from. Arthur in the Executive chair means Conkling Secretary of State and the power behind the throne." Among others the gloomiest foreboding were felt and expressed. "How can such an event fail," they said, "in injuring the commercial standing of the United Slater at home and abroad? If there is a country in the world where the Executive is supposed to be


it is the United States." The similarity and the dissimilarity between today and the dark Friday in '66, when a Nation donned woeful weeds at the news that its leader was dead, could not but be commented upon by all,—similar in the universality of the sorrow felt and expressed, and dissimilarity in that Lincoln fell at a time when men were used to hearing of startling events, and almost every household had its own tragedy, newly known or time-healed in part, over which to mourn, while the shot that felled Garfield was totally untaught of, and his life was deemed as secure as that of the humblest citizen of the Republic. Besides, an element of dread uncertainty was mingled with the sorrow over Lincoln's death, while in the later, event there was naught to lessen the bitterness of the regret attachable to the man himself so recently elected and so fervently admired.



Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

SHELBYVILLE, Ind., July 2.—The news of the attempted assassination of President Garfield was received here about 9:30 a. m. At first no one believed it, thinking it a dodge gotten up to draw people to town in order to advertise a race to come off Monday. A second dispatch, however, soon followed confirming the terrible calamity that befell the Chief Magistrate. Hundreds of people have surrounded the Western Union office all day eagerly awaiting for further information. At noon the report was spread that the President had died from the effects of his wounds, and immediately the deepest gloom pervaded every house. This was soon disputed by another telegram which only served to


All classes seem equally affected, and there exists one feeling, that of sympathy for the President and family and punishment speedy and condign for the assassin The Daily Democrat this evening says: 9 o'clock this morning a message passed over the wires stating that President Garfield had been shot. It was but a short time until the streets were thronged with anxious and excited people, all intently bent on getting the facts in regard to the sad affair. The telegrapg-office was crowded with men who had gone up to satisfy themselves touching the truth of the horrible report. It proved to be no hoax,but


Gloom and sorrow was depicted upon the countenance of every one, regardless of political difference. This thing of assassination in cold blood found no semblance of approval even among the bitter political enemies of the President here, but was met and denounced in the proper manner and spirit. We have all seen enough of the fearful results of murder, and the Nation today bows its head and weeps. The opinions are different as to the cause of the murderous attack, but nothing define it yet known. The conjectures are that the assassin is a Stalwart, and he hoped to benefit Conkling by making Arthur President. Whatever the motives of the assassin were, the effect will be the same as far as Conkling is concerned, and that is to kill him politically as the traditional doornail.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., July 2.—Universal sorrow pervade this city over the news of the President's attempted assassination. Business has been practically suspended during the entire day, and men have thronged about the news centres, discussing the terrible calamity which has befallen the Nation. Extra edition of the papers were eagerly sought for, and as the successive bulletins appeared intense sorrow and distress were depicted on every countenance. Senator Harrison, Gov. Porter, Gen. Foster, Judge Drummond, Judge Gresham, and, indeed, all other leading Republican spoken to upon the subject spurned the suggestion that there was any political significance attached to the assassination, all deeming it but the irresponsible act of a madman. Gov. Hendricks remarked that it was the tendency of one species of insanity to seek the death of great men. Senator Harrison started for Washington this afternoon. Tonight the telegraph offices, bulletin-boards, and street corners are thronged with men patiently awaiting the latest dispatcher who manifest feellings of gratitude and, delight when the announcement is more favorable, and of dejection and gloom when the balance seems to be trembling to the other side.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

LAFAYETTE, Ind., July 2,—The telegraph announcement of the attempted assassination of President Garfield created intense excitement here today. It is the only theme of conversation on the streets, and the telegraph and news paper offices were thronged during the day by anxious crowds desirous of hearing the latest. The various modes suggested for the disposing of the assassin include burning, quartering, and various other methods. There are universal expressions of regret among men of every shade of political belief.


Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.

VINCENNES, Ind., July 2.-Never since the War has any news so seriously impressed and stirred our people as the news of the past eight hours. The death of President Garfield will be lamented as that of Lincoln. Great apprehension is felt for the future by all intelligent citizens.



Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.

KALAMAZOO, Mich., July 2.-The news of President Garfield's attempted assassination casts a gloom over the city, and creates as much excitement was the news of Lincoln's assassination did in 1866. The streets are crowded, and all swell with anxiety the result of the wounds. Political preference are for the time unknown and all unite in urging a prompt punishment to the assassin, and seem to think insanity in this case should not be considered as a defense.


Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.

GRAND HAVEN, Mich., July 2-Senator T Ferry expressed the feeling of this community